Why do we need a Parliament?

With coming into force of the Constitution on 26 January, 1950, Constituent Assembly functioned as the Provisional Parliament until the first Lok Sabha came into existence. Parliament consists of the President and two Houses: Lok Sabha (House of the People) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States). The Congress Party was formed in 1885 with the initiative of A.O.Hume, Dadabhai Naoroji and Sir Dinshaw Edulji Wacha. After a long struggle, India achieved independence on 15th August 1947. The first elected Parliament came into being in April 1952.

People send their representatives to the Parliament through elections. The system of Universal Adult Franchise is adopted for elections. In modern democracies, political parties are integral part of democratic system. The Parliament is the authority which formulates laws for the country. The bills which are being introduced in the Parliament are being discussed at different levels before making it a law. Indian Parliament is bicameral in nature, i.e. it has two Houses. One representative is elected to the Lok Sabha from each constituency. The Parliament, while in session, begins with a question hour. During the question hour, MPs can elicit information about the working of the government and raise issues of national or public interest.

Groups and people that were till now unrepresented are beginning to get elected to the Parliament. There is also an increase in the participation of Dalits, Backward Castes and minorities. However, women are still inadequately represented in the Parliament, considering their percentage in total population. The 16th Lok Sabha has highest ever 62 women members.

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