CBSE Class 10 Social Science History Revision Notes

Class 10 History Notes CBSE

History is one of the essential subjects for Class 10 students as it constitutes a crucial part of Social Science. Since history is a theoretical subject, students need to write precise answers. Class 10 History Notes will teach students about European history, the French Revolution, globalisation, and the rise of imperialism. Extramarks provides History Class 10 Notes exclusively prepared by experienced teachers to help students with board exam preparation. All the important concepts are covered while preparing notes. You can access these notes online on the Extramarks website to understand the concepts and revise quickly before exams.

CBSE Class 10 History Notes 

The Class 10 History textbook consists of a total of 5 chapters. Extramarks has prepared the notes of all the chapters in such a way that students can easily understand and memorise them. These notes include important questions and formulas for all the chapters to assist students with quick revision before exams. Along with the CBSE revision notes, students can access CBSE sample papers, CBSE extra questions, and CBSE past years’ question papers on the Extramarks website.

Class 10 History Chapter 1 Notes 

Class 10 History Chapter 2: Nationalism In India 

Indian nationalism started at the time of the Indian independence movement and is connected to the anti-colonial movement. In January 1915, Mahatma Gandhi came up with the idea of Satyagraha. The movement originally began in Gujarat, Bihar and many other areas. In 1919, Satyagraha was launched against the Rowlatt Act. 

Along with this, the notorious Amritsar massacre also took place during this time. Looking at back-to-back violent wars, Mahatma Gandhi called off the Satyagraha movement. Later, he began concentrating on the Khilafat issue and in 1920, the Non-Cooperation movement was adopted. But unfortunately, by February 1922, Mahatma Gandhi had also called off the Non-Cooperation Movement. 

A few significant incidents of this period are as follows:

  • Formation of Swaraj Party by C R Das and Motilal Nehru
  • Civil Disobedience movement 
  • The Salt March 

Chapter 3 History Class 10 Notes – A Deeper Insight 

Chapter 3 of History Class 10 primarily deals with the making of the global world. It is a significant chapter in the context of the CBSE syllabus. The chapter focuses on the effect of globalisation on the economic world and the Indian economy in light of the Industrial Revolution. It provides a basic idea about the pre-modern world. The chapter discusses the economic, political, social, cultural and technological effects of the 19th century. It also covers the essential topic of the Rinderpest or the Cattle Plague and the inter-war economy. In the last part of the chapter, you will learn about the top rebuilding of the world economy, where the post-war era is vividly described. 

The Great Depression 

The year 1929 is considered the period of the Great Depression, which lasted until 1930. The Great Depression affected almost all parts of the world while reducing production, employment, income and trades. It had a significant impact on India and mostly affected communities and agricultural industries.

The Indian trading industry was most affected by the Great Depression. Prices for agricultural goods dropped sharply. However, the colonial government’s demand for revenue was not reduced. Still, India became a major exporter of precious metals, particularly gold.

Class 10 History Chapter 4: The Age Of Industrialisation 

The Proto-Industrialisation period was the era when industries did not exist even in England or Europe. In 1730, the earliest factories came up in England. The first mills produced cotton and metals. Iron and steel industries also developed by 1840. Before that, James Watt enhanced and improved the steam engine in 1781. In these early stages of industrialisation, labour shortage was never a concern. However, the excess of workers resulted in a lack of job opportunities, which caused unemployment.

Spinning Jenny was used in the woollen industry in the early 19th century. The expansion of roads, tunnels, waterways, and railway lines made noticeable technological improvements. The international textile market was dominated by Indian silk and cotton products. But the export of textiles started declining at the start of the 19th century. The first cotton mill in Bombay was built in 1854, followed by the first jute mill in 1855.

Class 10 History Chapter 5: Print Culture And The Modern World 

Print technology was invented and first implemented in Japan, Korea and China. China is still one of the largest producers of printing materials. However, with increased reading habits amongst people, the print culture started adopting new technologies. The Buddhist Diamond Sutra, the oldest Japanese book, was printed in AD 868. 

Marco Polo brought the concept of printing into Europe. Simultaneously, discussions about religion emerged, and fear of print was also created. The Index of Prohibited Books prepared by the Roman Church came into use around 1558. Around the mid-16th century, print culture was introduced in India. 

Did You Know?

  • Frederic Sorrieu’s vision was described in a picturesque way in four points. The first print depicts the people of Europe and America travelling in a long train and paying homage to the Statue of Liberty. One female is seen carrying the torch of Enlightenment on the one hand and the charter of human rights on the other.
  • In Sorrieu’s utopian vision, people are grouped together as distinct nations that can be identified by their respective flags and national costume.
  • During the phase of the Great Depression, Mahatma Gandhi led the civil disobedience movement.
  • The Industrial Revolution is closely linked with the rise of nationalism around the world.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. How did nationalism in India begin?

Nationalism in India started from the time of the Indian independence movement. It eventually got connected to the anti-colonial movement. 

2. What do you know about the Satyagraha movement?

In January 1915, Mahatma Gandhi came up with the idea of Satyagraha. This movement first gained traction in Gujarat, Bihar and many other places. In 1919, the idea of Satyagraha was launched against the Rowlatt Act.

3. What was the effect of the Great Depression?

 The Great Depression started in 1929 and lasted until 1930. It affected almost all parts of the world, reducing production, income, employment, and trade. The Great Depression severely impacted India, and the most affected sectors were communities and agricultural industries.

4. Discuss the industrialisation phase of India.

The international textile markets began to be dominated by Indian silk and cotton products. However, exports began to fall from the start of the nineteenth century. The first cotton mill was built in Bombay in 1854. However, the first jute mill industry was established in 1855.

5. Why was there an issue of unemployment during the age of industrialisation?

Unemployment was never a problem in the early stages of industrialisation. However, there was a shortage of open positions due to excess labour, which eventually resulted in unemployment.