CBSE Class 10 Social Science Political Science Revision Notes Chapter 8

CBSE Class 10 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 8 Notes – Challenges to Democracy

Various nations frequently face escalating democratic challenges. To realise the challenges that democracy faces, one must have a particular level of understanding. Firstly, let’s define what a challenge is. A challenge is a difficulty that presents a chance for achievement and further advancement. What are the current challenges that democracy faces? Class 10 Political Science Chapter 8 Notes cover some of these issues.

It is well-known that at least one-fourth of the world still does not have a proper majority rule system of government. When it comes to forming a popular government, these countries have an exceptionally high rate of failure. As a result, they are unable to establish a suitable majority-rule government.

In general, the countries with majority rule systems or those that have successfully resolved them in the past might face a different kind of problem. A majority of these countries will generally have to pass the extension test. According to the Challenges to Democracy Class 10 section, a problem with development arises when countries are unable to apply specific standards of essential vote-based government to various regions and unique groups of people as well as some organisations within the nation. Accordingly, it suggests that there are less desirable options that will generally avoid the field of government that is based on popular preference. A couple of these nations that pass the extension test include the USA and India.

Currently, one of the very few challenges that every nation with a popular government must deal with is expanding the majority rules system. The problem of strengthening or developing all the organisations and practices suggested by a vote-based government exists regardless of whether it is in the same structure or one that is different. In this way, it becomes increasingly necessary to make efforts to lessen the influence and control of incredibly powerful and wealthy people who frequently help the public authority make decisions.

Challenges to Democracy Class 10 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 8 

Access Class 10 Notes Political Science Chapter 8 – Challenges to Democracy Notes

Some Thoughts on Political Reforms

Every suggestion made in the chapter “Challenges to the Vote-Based System” in chapter 10 looks at overcoming the various difficulties that vote-based systems in various countries face. These ideas are referred to as “Democratic Reform” or “Political Reform.” After students have read the discussion of the challenges of democracy in  Class 10 Chapter 8 Political Science Notes, they will then review some of the crucial rules that help in understanding the various political changes.

The law plays one of the most significant roles in political reform. The government can ensure that misconduct in political practice is best avoided by making a few very careful changes to the law. Not to mention that it will encourage some useful behaviour during the political week. However, changing the constitution will not be enough to solve the problems of a democracy. Political parties, activists, citizens, and specific movements must all properly carry out these democratic reforms.

There are some laws that, when properly applied, have a propensity to engage in equitable changes. The Correct to Data Act is one of the few examples of such laws. This Law has a significant impact on how well-informed the populace is about all the finer points of governance. They can then serve as some of the majority rule government gatekeepers.

To strengthen the various political practices within the nation, which is typically how nations will overcome the challenge of democracy, one of the main centres of political change is gathered.

Any specific suggestion made regarding the political changes should take into account the necessary arrangements and the people who can help carry them out.

Chapter 8 Political Science Class 10 Notes will familiarise students with the majority rule government’s most important principles. Without a doubt, the problems with the popular government are an important topic for students to learn. Class 10 Political Science Chapter 8 Notes provides quick notes on the problems with the popular government for the students to revise easily. These concise notes will help students answer the chapter’s questions and score better marks.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is a democracy?

A democracy is a system of government where a group of individuals is chosen by the country’s voters in elections.

2. What kinds of democratic challenges do different countries face?

The design of the constitution, democratic rights, elections, the operation of the institutions, and many other factors are some of the issues that pose challenges to democracy.

3. Which nations do not currently have democratic rights?

Saudi Arabia, Poland and Guantanamo Bay are a few of the nations that lag in ensuring that everyone has access to fundamental human rights.

4. What are the 5 outcomes of democracy in Class 10?

The following are the five outcomes of democracy: 

  • A legitimate government.
  • A government that can ensure that all of its citizens have equal rights.
  • An open and honest government.
  • A government that can improve the standard of decision-making.
  • A federal government that provides answers to all problems.


Democracy produces a legitimate, accountable and responsible government. In a democracy, the populace has the power to select and influence its leaders. Allowing citizens to participate in decision-making in a democracy when it is practicable and essential.