CBSE Class 6 Social Science Geography Revision Notes Chapter 7

Class 6 Geography Chapter 7 Notes

CBSE Class 6 Geography Chapter 7 Notes – Our Country – India

India has a vast geographical area. It is surrounded by the Himalayas in the North, the Arabian Sea in  the West, the Bay of Bengal in the East, and the Indian Ocean in the South. India’s population has been  growing steadily, with the country ranking second in the world next to China in terms of population. India is only six countries behind in terms of area.

The following topics are discussed as part of Chapter 7 “Our Country India” of the CBSE Class 6 Social Science syllabus.

  • Introduction to the Indian peninsula
  • Locational settings of India
  • The countries neighbouring India
  • Political and administrative divisions in India
  • Physical divisions in India

For students taking Class 6 exams, referring to Extramarks Class 6 Geography Chapter 7 Revision Notes will help them gain a better understanding of the chapter without overlooking any of the key concepts. These notes are compiled and reviewed by subject matter experts and written in a concise and organised  format. They are also easy to understand and memorise before examinations. Students can score good grades with the help of these carefully curated notes.

Our Country – India Class 6 Geography Chapter 7 Notes

Access Class 6 Social Science Chapter 7 – Our Country: India Notes

An Overview of Our Country: India

The chapter sheds light on India’s vast geographical expanse.India is also considered the world’s second-most populous country. It is also the world’s seventh-largest country. The chapter also discusses India’s geographical locations, administration, and political divisions.

Indian  borders comprises : the Himalayas in the North, the Bay of Bengal in the East, the Arabian Sea in the West, and the Indian Ocean in the South.

The total area covered by India is 3.28 million square kilometres.

The distance between Kashmir and Kanyakumari (North-South) is 3200 kilometres.

The distance between Arunachal Pradesh and Kuchchh (East-West) is 2900 kilometres.

India has some of the most beautiful and lofty mountains in the world. The Northern Plains, the Great Indian Desert, some uneven plateaus, and islands and coasts are a part of the country. India is also home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. It is one of the most amazing places on the planet, with a diverse range of climates and vegetation. Every location in this country has a different language and culture. India is considered densely populated, with a population of approximately 120 crores.

The Location Setting of India

India is located in the Northern Hemisphere. Furthermore, the Tropic of Cancer (about 23°30’N) runs right through the middle of the country. The upper half of the Tropic of Cancer has a cool climate, while the lower half has a tropical climate. The country’s southernmost point is also known as ‘Indira Point,’ but it was submerged by a tsunami in 2004. Andaman and Nicobar Islands are located in the Bay of Bengal, south-east of India, while Lakshadweep islands are located in the Arabian Sea, southwest of India.

The Indian mainland stretches from the South to the North between the latitudes of 8°4’N and 37°6’N, respectively. India stretches just between the longitudes 68°7’E and 97°25’E from the West to the East, respectively. There are a total of seven different countries that share their land borders with India.

In terms of landmass, India is the seventh-largest country. India has an area of 3.28 million square kilometres. It also covers 2.4% of the planet’s total area and has a land boundary of 15,200 km. The coastal boundary includes the island and extends for 7,516 kilometres. Other features of India that can be seen on the Indian map include mountains, plains, plateaus, coastal areas, and islands. To prevent invasion from other countries, all parts are bordered.

The West-East and South-North stretches of the country are nearly identical in length. However, the South-North stretch is shorter than the West-East stretch.

The time difference between Arunachal Pradesh and Gujarat is two hours, but the time displayed in both places is the same because India follows  the Indian Standard Time  (IST) system. More information can be found in the Class 6 Geography Chapter 7 Notes.

The Administrative and Political Divisions of India

We are all aware of the fact that India is a large  country.  India is divided into 29 states and 9 union territories. The states are subdivided into districts. Each of these union territories and states has its own government to look after them and their administrative needs.

Telangana was added as a new state in the month of June 2014, bringing the total number of states to 29. Earlier Telangana was a  part of the state of Andhra Pradesh. New Delhi is India’s capital. The Indian states have been divided based on the language spoken and the community that lives there.

Jammu and Kashmir, India’s newest union territory, is known as the Crown of India because of its shape and location. . The capital of Punjab and Haryana  is Chandigarh, which is also a Union Territory. This is because Haryana was an essential part of Punjab until 1966.

New Delhi is India’s capital and the country’s largest metropolitan area.  It also has  a Legislative Assembly, a Council of Ministers, a Lieutenant Governor, and a Chief Minister.

Indira Point is located on the southernmost island of India in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. However, the area was submerged by a tsunami in 2004.

A collection of closely spaced islands in a body of water is known as an archipelago. Ritchie’s archipelago is located in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and is regarded as an important archipelago in India. This area contains a cluster  of islands.

In addition to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep is a well-known archipelago. It is known as the Coral Paradise because it contains beautiful corals.

India is a large country and its  borders are generally shared with several other countries, including China, Nepal, Bhutan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan in the North, and Myanmar and Bangladesh in the East. It also shares borders with the Maldives, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, and Thailand.

Some Important Physical Divisions of India

India has a diverse range of physical features, including plateaus, mountains, islands, and coastlines. The Himalayas, meaning “abode of snow”, form India’s northern border. These mountains are  divided into three distinct but parallel ranges. These ranges are known as Himadri, or the Great Himalaya, and are located on the country’s northernmost border. The world’s highest peaks are located in  this mountain range. The Himachal , also known as the Middle Himalayas, are located to the south of the Himadri. It is home to popular hill stations. The Shiwalik is the  southernmost range   of the Great Himalayas.

The northern Indian plains are located on the southern side of the Great Himalayas. The surface of these plains is very flat and level. These plain surfaces are formed when alluvial deposits are washed down from various rivers. India is also home to numerous rivers, including the Ganga, the Indus, and the Brahmaputra, as well as a number of tributaries. Rivers are in charge of providing suitable land and fertile soil for crop cultivation and farming.

The Great Indian Desert can be found in the western part of the country. This is a large stretch of land covered in hot and dry sand. The Peninsular Plateau borders the northern plain on the South. This region is densely forested, with numerous valleys and hills. .

The Aravalli hills, one of the most popular and ancient ranges, are located in this area. The Aravalli Hills’ border is located in the north-western part of the country. The Satpura and Vindhya ranges are important as well. The rivers Tapi and Narmada flow through these ranges. These rivers flow westward and eventually drain into the Arabian Sea.

The Lakshadweep Islands are located near the Arabian Sea. These coral-dominated islands are located off the coast of Kerala. Other islands, such as the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, can be found on the Indian mainland around the south-east corner of the Bay of Bengal.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Describe India.

India is one of the world’s most popular countries and it overtakes Britain as the fifth largest economy in the world according to the latest figures from the International Monetary Fund. It has a population of approximately five billion people. It is well-known for its democracy, as well as its rich heritage and culture. In a community,  people of different religions live in harmony with each other. . It is well-known for its integrity, benevolence  and strength.

2. How big is our country India?

India is the world’s seventh most populous country. It has a total area of 3.287 million square kilometres. India has a population of around five billion people belonging to different religions and sects. Different parts of India have a diverse range of heritage and cultures. It is well-known for its values and rich hospitality  around the world.

3. What countries have land borders with India?

Our country, India, shares land borders with seven other countries: Pakistan, Afghanistan, Nepal, China, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Bhutan.

4. Comment briefly on the geographical area of India.

India is primarily located in the Northern Hemisphere. It is surrounded by mountains in the North. India is surrounded by water bodies on three sides, viz., the Arabian Sea on its West, the Bay of Bengal guards on its East, and the Indian Ocean on its south. The total area of the country is 3.28 million square kilometres.

5. Why is India regarded as a treasure trove of heritage?

India is regarded as a treasure trove of heritage and culture because it’s not only the most ancient but it’s one of the most extensive and varied.In our country, there are people of many different casts, faiths, customs and religions. Each ethnic group has its own unique culture and tradition. In India, one can see people from various cultures living in harmony. . Everyone respects each other’s cultures and grows as a result of learning and understanding different traditions. No wonder, Indian literature is as rich as its culture, for instance the vedic literature, religious texts like Panchatantra and the Jataka tales are some examples. Because of people travelling from one place to another in the past, the country’s heritage has grown immensely. Each component is important in contributing to the country’s rich heritage.

6. Why is Lakshadweep known as a coral island?

Lakshadweep is known as a coral island because it is entirely made of corals. Corals are the skeletons of Polyps, which are microscopic marine creatures. When living polyps die, their skeletons are left behind. Other polyps form coral islands by growing on top of the hard skeleton, which continues to climb higher and higher to form corals.