CBSE Class 6 Social Science Geography Revision Notes

Class 6 Geography Notes

CBSE Class 6 Social Science Geography Notes

The CBSE Geography Class 6 Notes are authentic and reliable study materials that help students gain comprehensive knowledge on the subject. These notes guide students and aid them in attaining better grades. The Class 6 Geography Notes are written to the point and in simple language, so students can understand the concepts without stress. These notes give an overall overview of all the chapters covered in CBSE Class 6 Geography and explain the concepts thoroughly to the students.

Students can refer to the Class 6 Geography Notes for an in-depth understanding of the concepts and score better in the examination. Extramarks provides these revision notes, which are easily accessible from the website. These notes adhere to the updated NCERT regulations and syllabus and were written by subject matter experts.

Notes for CBSE Class 6 Geography

CBSE Class 6 Geography Notes

Class 6 Social Science Geography Notes

Geography Class 6 Overview

The overview of all the chapters of Geography class 6 is given below for easy understanding.

Chapter 1: The Earth in The Solar System

Students will learn about the Earth and the other planets in the solar system in this chapter.The third planet in the solar system is Earth, which is also the fifth largest planet in the entire solar system. It has a blue appearance because of its water bodies. The solar system consists of several planets and other heavenly bodies. Planets include Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune, and Uranus. Meteors, asteroids, and comets are heavenly bodies.

Chapter 2: Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes

The chapter mainly focuses on the globe, and how a globe can be used to study the Earth. It also provides details regarding longitudes and latitudes. The lines that go from East to West are called latitudes.  The latitude ranges from 0° to 90°.The most lengthened latitude is the equator. The lines that go from North to South are longitudes that generally range from 0o           to 180o. The prime meridian is the most elongated longitude.

Chapter 3: Motions of the Earth

In this chapter, students learn about the various motions of the earth. Rotation and revolution are the two types of motion on Earth. The motion that the Earth experiences when moving on its axis is known as rotation., whereas, the movement that the Earth experiences while revolving around the sun is called revolution.

Chapter 4: Maps

This chapter provides comprehensive information about maps and an analysis of a map. A visual representation of any location on a flat surface like paper is known as a map. Maps portray different features of a specific area, like vegetation, roads, climate, political divisions, railways, etc.

Chapter 5: Major Domains of the Earth

This chapter explains the various spheres of the Earth, like the hydrosphere, atmosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere. The lithosphere is the first layer that forms the crust of the Earth. The hydrosphere is the second sphere that contains water and covers three-fourths of the Earth’s surface. The atmosphere is the third sphere, which is composed of gases. It safeguards the Earth from the sun’s harmful rays. The biosphere is the last sphere that comprises all living as well as non-living things. 

Chapter 6: Major Landforms of the Earth

This chapter covers all the information about the solid or physical surfaces of the Earth. It also includes data about distinct landforms like plateaus, mountains, and plains. Mountains are categorised into various types like Block Mountains, Fold Mountains, and Volcanic Mountains. The low-lying regions with gentle slopes are called plains.

Chapter 7: Our Country – India

India is the seventh-largest country in the world in terms of area, and the second-largest country in terms of population. India is well-known as the land of rivers. It is enclosed by the Himalayas in the North, the Indian Ocean in the South, the Arabian Sea in the West, and the Bay of Bengal in the East.

Chapter 8: India: Climate, Vegetation, and Wildlife 

India is known as a country of biodiversity as it includes distinct types of plants and animals. The climate in India changes with the summer, winter, and rainy seasons. The distinct vegetation of India is dependent on climatic conditions. Numerous species of animals have been discovered in India.

Here is the list of chapters for the students’ reference.

Chapter 1 – The Earth in the Solar System

Chapter 2 – Globe Latitudes and Longitudes

Chapter 3 – Motions of the Earth

Chapter 4 – Maps

Chapter 5 – Major Domains of the Earth

Chapter 6 – Major Landforms of the Earth

Chapter 7 – Our Country: India

Chapter 8 – India – Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. How useful are the CBSE Class 6 Geography Notes?

The Class 6 Geography Notes offered by Extramarks are reliable study materials. These notes will help students solve any doubts they might have while studying for exams. Revision notes provide them with the necessary information to channelise their exam preparation. Examining these notes will help students score better marks.

2. Why should students of class 6 refer to Class 6 Geography notes?

In Class 6, students are taught the basics of geography that would be useful in later academic years. Notes prepared by extramarks will ensure that students are well versed with the concepts, and terminologies related to Geography syllabus of class 6. These notes consist of the important topics from all chapters of geography which will aid the students to get a thorough understanding of the chapter and help them clear their doubts themselves.

  Geography book

3. What are the different types of maps?

Maps are categorised into different types. They are mentioned below.

  • Physical or relief maps: Maps representing natural features present on the Earth like plateaus, mountains, rivers, plains, oceans, etc., are known as physical or relief maps.
  • Political maps: Maps representing towns, cities, villages, distinct countries, and the world’s states with their borders are known as political maps.
  • Thematic maps: A few maps aim at showing particular information like road maps, rainfall maps, industries, maps representing the segregation of forests, etc. These maps are called thematic maps.

4. Describe the environment.

The main life support system is the environment. Environment provides us with many essential things, such as water to drink, air to breathe, food to consume, and land to build houses on. It is necessary to maintain the balance of the environment by conserving its natural resources and promoting sustainable living for all.

5. What are endogenic forces and exogenic forces?

The lithosphere is split into several plates, named the lithospheric plates. These plates move very slowly, by a few millimetres every year. This is due to the motion of the molten magma within the Earth. The molten magma present on the Earth rotates in a circular manner. The variations on the surface of the Earth occur due to the movement of these plates. The movements of the Earth are categorised based on the forces that cause them. The forces which work inside of the Earth are known as endogenic forces, and the forces which act on the surface of the Earth are known as exogenic forces.