CBSE Class 6 Social Science Political Science Revision Notes Chapter 5

Class 6 Social and Political Life Chapter 5 Notes

CBSE Class 6 Social and Political Life Chapter 5 Notes – Panchayat Raj

We are all aware that in cities, the government appoints several specific people from the neighbourhoods, who are known as city representatives. They are in charge of listening to the demands and concerns of the city’s residents and taking the necessary actions. Similarly, rural India has a regulatory body known as the Gram Panchayat, where representatives from the village are elected and perform activities to benefit the people of the village. CBSE Class 6 Social Science (Social and Political Life) Chapter 5 introduces us to rural India’s current administrative system, the Panchayat Raj.

Extramarks CBSE Class 6 Social and Political Life Chapter 5 Notes are meticulously prepared by subject matter experts. These Panchayat Raj Class 6 notes are simple to understand, comprehensive, and a useful study resource before the board exams. Students can study Class 6 Social and Political Life Chapter 5 Notes from the Extramarks website.

Panchayat Raj Class 6 Notes Social and Political Life (Civics) Chapter 5

Access Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 05 – Panchayat Raj Notes

Gram Sabha:

The Hardas village Gram Sabha meeting is attended by everyone in the village.

The Gram Sabha in Hardas village holds its first meeting since the new Gram Panchayat was elected.

The Gram Sabha meeting of the village begins with the Panchayat President. They decide to address the problems that the people of Hardas village face with their roads.

The Panchayat President is also known as the Sarpanch of Hardas village.

The Sarpanch is joined in the meeting by the Panch, or other members of the Hardas village panchayat.

The Gram Sabha meeting starts with discussions about repairing the village road that connects Hardas village to the main highway.

Following that discussion, the meeting continues on to the topic of water and the water shortages faced by the villagers.

The Gram Sabha is a meeting of all adults in the population served by a Panchayat.

Every village Panchayat is divided into wards that are like local areas.

Every ward or area elects a representative known as the Ward member or Panch.

The Sarpanch of the Gram Sabha is the Panchayat President and is elected by all members of the Gram Sabha.

As a result, the Gram Panchayat is made up of the Ward Panch and the Sarpanch of the village.

The Gram Panchayat has a five-year term to govern the villagers.

The Gram Panchayat also has an organisation secretary, who also serves as the Gram Sabha secretary.

The secretary, on the other hand, is appointed by the Government of India rather than elected by the people or Panchs of the village.

The main responsibility of the secretary is to call meetings of the Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat, as well as to keep a record of village meetings and proceedings.

The Gram Sabha ensures that the Gram Panchayat fulfils its responsibilities.

The Gram Sabha is the meeting place in a village where all plans for the work of Gram Panchayat in the village are presented to the villagers.

The Gram Sabha prevents the Panchayat from misusing funds or favouring certain people in the village over others.

As a result, the Gram Sabha plays an important role in monitoring the representatives of the village wards and holding them accountable to the villagers who elected them.

The Gram Panchayat:

The Gram Panchayat meets on a regular basis, and one of its primary responsibilities is to implement development programmes for all villages under its jurisdiction.

The Gram Sabha approves the work of the Gram Panchayat.

Gram Sabhas in some states form committees for construction and development.

These committees function as organisational bodies, along with Gram Sabha members to seek approval from the Gram Panchayat.

Gram Panchayat is responsible for the construction and maintenance of water sources, roads, drainage, school buildings, and common property resources.

It is also in charge of collecting and levying local taxes from the villagers.

Other responsibilities of the Gram Panchayat include carrying out government schemes aimed at creating jobs for the people of the village.

Let us take the example of a meet organised by the Hardas Gram Panchayat to address the village’s water crisis.

The Gram Panchayat members first debated the idea of deepening the two hand pumps that the villagers use every day to pump water for their homes.

Another idea was to clean one of the hand pump wells to generate drinkable water.

In response to these two suggestions, the Sarpanch of Hardas village suggested that because the Panchayat had received funds for the maintenance of handpumps, that money could be used to solve the water problem.

The members agreed on this suggestion, and the Secretary recorded the decision.

The Gram Panchayat members then discussed the options available to them for providing a long-term solution to the crisis in Hardas village.

Members of the Gram Sabha would propose these solutions in the next meeting.

Some Ward Panchs of the Gram Panchayat questioned the watershed programme, wondering if it would make a significant difference in the village’s water level.

Following this, there were numerous discussions about the Gram Panchayat members.

Finally, the Gram Panchayat decided to contact the Block Development Officer for more information on the scheme.

Three Levels of Panchayats:

The Panchayati Raj System is a way for people to participate in their government.

The Gram Panchayat is the first tier of democratic government in India’s rural areas.

A democratic government is one in which the people of a country or nation have the right to elect their representatives through general elections.

The Panch and the Gram Panchayat are accountable to the Gram Sabha because they were elected by the members of the Gram Sabha.

This concept of citizen participation in the Panchayati Raj system extends to two additional levels.

The Block level is one of the two other levels. This is referred to as the Janpad Panchayat or Panchayat Samiti.

This level is subdivided into many Gram Panchayats.

The District Panchayat, also known as the Zila Parishad in local languages, exists above the Panchayat Samiti level.

The Zila Parishad’s job is to create actual development plans at the district or Zila level of the village(s) it serves.

With the help of the Panchayat Samitis, the Zila Parishad can regulate money distribution among all Gram Panchayats in the district.

Each state in the country is entitled to have its own laws regarding Gram Panchayats under the  guidelines that are present in the Indian Constitution. The main goal of this provision is to provide more facilities in the villages and to allow them to participate in the system, to voice their opinions.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is Panchayati Raj?

The Panchayati Raj System allows citizens to have a say in how their government is run. The Panchayati Raj System is the very first tier or layer of democratic governance. There are two more levels to it. The first level is the Block level, also known as the Janpad Panchayat or Panchayat Samiti. The District Panchayat, also known as the Zila Parishad, is the administrative level above the Panchayat Samiti.

2. What is Gram Samiti?

Gram Samiti is a regional local authority (Panchayat) intermediary organisation in India. It serves as a governing body and approves the work done by the Gram Panchayat. It serves the tehsil’s settlements, which are grouped together as a development block. The Gram Sabha is a public meeting in which people actively participate and ask questions of their elected representatives. It is also known as the “Panchayat of Panchayats.

3. Who is the head of Gram Panchayat?

The Gram Panchayat is led by the Sarpanch. A Sarpanch, Gram Pradhan, or Muka in India is a decision-maker elected by the Gram Sabha (village government), a village-level constitutional body of local self-governance. Sarpanchs and other elected Panchayat members form Gram Panchayats and Zila Panchayats (known as commissioners or a Panch). The Sarpanch contacts government officials as the main person of the village, and he or she is in charge for a period of five years.

4. Describe the Panchayat classification of a village.

For each village in India’s districts, the village Panchayat is divided into different wards. Each ward is made up of smaller areas and segments of the village. Each of these wards elects its own representatives, known as the Panch or Ward Members. The Gram Sabha elects a Sarpanch, who serves as the Panchayat’s President. As a result, these Ward Panchs and the Gram Sarpanch form the village Panchayat. This regulatory body is elected for a five-year term. In addition, the Gram Panchayat includes the Secretary of the Gram Sabha.

5. What are the responsibilities of a Gram Panchayat?

The Gram Panchayat is responsible for the construction and maintenance of water resources, roads, drainage systems, village school buildings, and other common property resources. As a result, building and maintaining public properties are important tasks for a Gram Panchayat. Similarly, the Gram Panchayat is in charge of levying and collecting local taxes from the people of the village. Besides this,  the Gram Panchayat is in charge of carrying out government schemes aimed at generating employment among the villagers. As a result, the Gram Panchayat is also in charge of taxation and government schemes in villages.

6. Who appoints the secretary of Gram Panchayat?

Ward Panches and Sarpanches make up the Gram Panchayat. The Gram Panchayat is an elected body that serves a 5-year term. The Sarpanch, who becomes the Panchayat President, is elected by all Gram Sabha members. Both the Gram Sabha and the Gram Panchayat have the same secretary. The Panchayat is made up of five members, known as the Panch.