CBSE Class 6 Social Science Political Science Revision Notes Chapter 6

CBSE Class 6 Social and Political Life Chapter 6 Notes – Rural Administration

India is a nation with more than 6 lakh villages. As a result, the nation requires a solid administrative system for these rural areas to function properly. For instance, determining the needs for water, roads, electricity, and other things is a difficult task. Additionally, conflicts must be resolved and land records must be essentially regulated. In Class 6 of Civics Chapter 6, the topic of rural area administration is covered. The roles of the rural administrative officials will be thoroughly explained to the students.

Students can gain insight into various concepts of the governance of a rural area from the Class 6 Social and Political Life Chapter 6 Notes. For the purpose of assisting students in learning what they need to know about rural administration, a brief summary of the chapter is provided. Rural administration also discusses the distinct roles and responsibilities of the Patwari, police, and Tehsildar. Students will gain  in-depth information about the chapter’s main topics and effectively prepare for their exams with Extramarks’ Class 6 Chapter 6 Social and Political Life Notes prepared by subject experts.

Rural Administration Class 6 Notes Social and Political Life (Civics) Chapter 6

Class 6 Social Science – Social and Political Life Chapter 6 Rural Administration Notes

Introduction to Rural Administration

This chapter begins with the tale of Raghu and Mohan. These two people are farmers and the owners of adjacent lands that are divided by an oddly smaller boundary. This border is called bund. Raghu made the decision to reposition his boundary one day to take a portion of Mohan’s land. After that, Mohan went to confront Raghu about the circumstances. Raghu, however, not only rejected Mohan’s claims, but also commanded his staff to beat him up. After that, Mohan and a few witnesses went to the police station to lodge a complaint.

Mohan had already considered the scenario in which Raghu had bribed the neighbourhood police. However, because each police station only has jurisdiction over a small portion of the city, Mohan was unable to file a complaint at another police station. Every person living there has the right to report an injury, an accident, a fight, and other incidents, and they must do so to the local police station. The primary duty of the police is to look into each case in the area, ask questions, and take appropriate action. At first, the police refused to listen to Mohan. The police didn’t file the case until after the witnesses had spoken with them.

However, if Mohan had any records indicating who owned which portion of the land, the police could have properly looked into this case. They would have compared the land records to the current measurements to support Mohan’s claims and demonstrate that Raghu had stolen a portion of his land.

Working of the Patwari

Patwaris are primarily responsible for regulating the records and measuring of lands. Patwari is essentially identified by various names in various states. Patwari officials are also referred to as Lekhpal-Kanungo, village officials, and even Karamchari in some villages. Every Patwari is responsible for the development of a village or a collection of villages. Additionally, they must routinely update the records of these villages. Patwaris utilise special  techniques to measure agricultural fields. Long chains are employed in several locations.

Patwari also investigates how the village’s various farmers organise a collection of land revenue. They also provide the government with information about various crops grown in the region. However, updated records are needed to provide such information. Therefore, it is crucial for a Patwari to monitor the records of these farmers. This is due to the fact that farmers occasionally change the crop or crops they grow. The revenue division of the government is crucial in managing these components.

Summarising Rural Administration

Numerous aspects of village or rural area regulation are covered in Class 6 Social and Political Life Notes Chapter 6 in great detail. Here are a few of the key ideas you might learn in this chapter.

Every police station has a designated area that is under its control. Thus, each resident of this area must go to the local police station to file any number of complaints regarding theft, assault, fights, accidents, and so forth.

The police are primarily in charge of looking into, gathering information about, and simultaneously taking action on various cases in the area.

A Patwari is needed to measure the land and keep track of various farmer records. In various villages, Patwaris are known by various names. These names include Kanungo, Karamchari, and Lekhpal.

Each Patwari is responsible for keeping a group of villages operational. The Patwari oversees and keeps track of the respective village records.

Patwari controls the measurements of agricultural fields, updates the information on the map, collects land rent from village farmers, and provides the government with data on the crops grown by the farmers.

The work of a Patwari is supervised and guided by a number of officials under this department, including Tehsildar, Sub-Divisional Magistrate (SDM), and Naib.According to the new “Hindu Succession Amendment Act, 2005,” land is equally divided among the mother, daughters, and sons of the family. Union territories and the nation’s states are also subject to the same law.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What are the roles of a Patwari?

Patwari is in charge of several things. These include:- 

  • Tracking the land’s records and measuring it.
  • Looking into a village group’s regulations.
  • Controlling, maintaining, and updating the village’s relevant records.
  • Collecting farmers’ land revenue records and sending them to the government along with information about the different crops grown there.

2. Discuss the "Hindu Succession Amendment Act, 2005".

In 2005, the Hindu Succession Amendment Act was proposed. Previously, women were not permitted to own an equal share of the agricultural land owned by a family. All of the family’s property was divided equally among the sons after the father passed away. This aspect has changed as a result of the law. In fact, it implies that the family’s daughters, mother, and sons all receive an equal share of the father’s property.

3. What are the Tehsildars' responsibilities?

Every state in India has districts, which are then further divided into units known as tehsils. The District Collector, who frequently serves as the head, is subordinate to the revenue officers, also known as tehsildars. They are responsible for hearing and resolving disputes. In addition, they oversee the Patwari and make sure they are performing their duties.

4. Why are copies of farmers' land records necessary?

Farmers have the right to obtain a copy of their land records. However, the process to get this copy is complicated. Therefore, to aid farmers with quick access to their records, this data is now computerised and stored securely with the Panchayat. Farmers can request it and easily obtain it as and when needed. The farmers will be able to safeguard their lands from any future problems.