CBSE Class 6 Social Science Political Science Revision Notes Chapter 7

CBSE Class 6 Social and Political Life (Civics) Chapter 7 Notes – Urban Administration

Class 6 Social and Political Life Chapter 7 Notes give an overall overview of the urban administration in a metropolitan city. These notes include topics like the role of Municipal Corporations  in urban administration, the ward councillor and administrative staff, the impact of municipal corporations on daily life, ward issues and  community-level protests, and much more.  The chapter is related to the administrative functioning, role of councillors  to ensure schools, dispensaries and how it affects the life of a  city dweller. Extramarks offers detailed Class 6 Chapter 7 Social and Political Life Notes in accordance with the CBSE syllabus.

Students can access these notes from the Extramarks website. These notes are comprehensive and gain a deeper understanding of this topic. Students can  refer to these notes while preparing for exams.

Urban Administration Class 6 Notes Social and Political Life (Civics) Chapter 7

Access Class 6 Social and Political Life (Civics) Chapter 7 – Urban Administration Notes

Municipal Corporation and Urban Administration: 

There is a vast difference between the administration system run in urban and rural settings.  Several distinct forms of administration and governing bodies operate together to maintain and monitor various factors of the area. For example, the lamp posts, electricity, water, and other settings. 

  • The local governing body in a big city is referred to as Municipal Corporations and in small towns is referred to as Municipal Council. 
  • Municipal Corporation preserves infrastructures such as dispensaries, schools, and hospitals.
  • They also construct and maintain gardens in that city. 
  • The Municipal corporation provides public services like clean water supply,  garbage disposal, street lights, cleaning, urban street maintenance, and markets.  

The Ward Councillor and Administrative Staff:

  • The member of the Council for a particular ward in which the community centre is situated is referred to as a Ward Councillor.
  • The Ward Councillor decides the construction of new hospitals or parks. 
  • Cities are classified into several wards and every ward has its respective councillors, who address the needs of the people living in that particular ward.
  • Ward Councillors are elected and often hold meetings to discuss matters that directly or indirectly affect the city. 
  • The councillors of the particular ward can be approached by people who are facing certain difficulties, the councillor takes suggestions from the councillor’s committees before making a decision. 
  • The implementation of the decisions made by the committees is taken by the administrative staff and the commissioner.
  • Elections are held once every five years for the panchayat as well as for the municipality. 
  • The Ward Councillors are elected and the administrative staff is appointed.
  • The budget for the sustenance of the ward is determined in the meetings where the Councillors meet and develop plans while considering the needs of the people of the ward. 
  • Various departments manage the distinct needs of the ward. A few examples are a water department, a department to maintain gardens, a garbage collection department, and a department for cleanliness and maintenance of the roads. 

Impact of Municipal Corporations on Daily Life:

  • The daily life of the people living in a specific ward of a city is influenced by the Municipal Corporation. 
  • The Municipal Corporation takes the responsibility of establishing hospitals, new roads, parks, educational institutions, broken street lights, markets, etc. 
  • The authorities of the municipality ensure a proper drainage system by taking necessary measures if  the ward does not have  a well-maintained drainage system and leads  to a number of health issues. . 
  • The people working for the local governing body gather all the waste from each family living in the ward keeping the vicinity clean and facilitating a better living standard.
  • Municipal corporations take all the safety measures to prevent the outburst of any disease that leads to people living peacefully. 
  • The Ward Councillors are the elected members of the committee of a municipal corporation who make plans and solve the problems faced by the people of that particular ward successfully.

Ward Issues and Protests:

There are a few ward issues and protests mentioned in Chapter 7 Social and Political Life Class 6 Notes prepared by Extramarks subject experts.

  •  Quite often, the roads in the ward are not well-maintained. Garbage lays on the streets, which is not properly collected  and disposed of by the Municipal Corporation.  If it remains uncollected, it attracts  stray dogs,  flies, and mosquitoes breeding in the garbage. Rats and dogs scavenging  garbage in the area, spreading many diseases and further degrading  the environment. 
  • The drinking water consumed by the people of the ward is provided everyday  by the Municipal Corporation’s water department. Likewise, for the sustenance of the electricity supply, there is a different department. The people in the ward can approach these departments either by themselves with a relevant letter or directly take help from the Councillor of the ward.
  • After observing the rise in the number of problems in her vicinity, Gangabai planned a protest against the Councillor of her ward. Ward Councillors, ward engineers, and the public’s voices together can bring a change and encourage the Municipal Corporation to perform its duties in a better way..  

A Community-Level Protest:

  • When an issue related to the health and the well-being of the people living in the vicinity arises, people from the community can protest or submit a petition stating all the problems faced to the Ward Councillor. 
  • The ward engineer and the ward councillor both take responsibility to resolve the problems of the ward after it is addressed to the ward councillor. 
  • Next, the petition is passed on to the office of the Municipal Corporation. 
  • Later, a specific ward community supported by their Ward Councillors, begins protests against the Municipal Corporation.
  • Eventually, the problems are solved with proper measures and planning by the Municipal Corporation. 

Ward Problems:

  • Distinct kinds of problems related to loss of infrastructure, cleanliness, and shortage of water supply may arise in a ward.
  • The people communicate their problems to the Ward Councillor. For example, if a dangerous electric wire is hanging down, it may lead to accidents. Hence, it is important to convey this issue to the Ward Councillor to get in touch with the electricity authority so that it can be resolved. 
  • Similarly, if the people of the ward are facing problems  on the roads, then it is conveyed to the Municipal Corporation to be resolved in time. 
  • Water is essential for the survival of every living being therefore, every person in the ward requires a sufficient amount of water for staying alive. For instance, if an area needs a new pumping station due to a shortage of water supply then these problems are taken care of by the Municipal Corporation. 
  • Students can refer to Extramarks Class 6 Social and Political Life notes Chapter 7 for an in-depth understanding of this topic. 

Class 6 Social and Political Life – Civics Chapter 7 Urban Administration Notes

Introduction to Urban Administration

As mentioned earlier in Class 6 Social and Political Life Chapter 7 Notes, students get a detailed explanation of urban administration. These notes are easy to comprehend and simplified  language is used to aid the students in learning the functioning of the urban administration in a city. Additionally, everything is explained through concrete examples from daily life   about two boys who travelled to meet Yasmin Khala. She  is a retired municipal corporation member who describes the administration of municipal corporations to the boys. 

She further goes on to explain how Municipal Corporations provide an extensive range of services that are mainly funded by the government itself. Municipal corporations collect the funds in the form of revenue from the citizens of the city through various taxes. One of the prominent examples is property taxes, the municipal corporations earn substantial sums of money through it as it is evaluated on the basis of the area of the property. Municipal corporations have several departments that look into the different issues of the city. 

Therefore, the Chapter 7 Social and Political Life Class 6 Notes give students an insight into the overall functioning of a city. Extramarks’ notes are prepared in accordance with the CBSE syllabus by subject matter experts. 

The Ward Councillor and Administrative Staff

The Ward Councillor is the decision-maker in a city when an issue arises. For example, if a new hospital or a park is to be built, the War Councillors form committees to decide and debate the issue.. A city is divided into several wards. Ward Councillors are elected for these wards. A group of councillors collectively make a decision that has a huge impact on the entire city. These groups form committees that determine and perform debates regarding issues faced by the people and how to resolve them. 

People belonging to a particular ward generally reach out to their councillors to take action. These councillors make the decision and it is executed by the commissioner and the administrative staff. Both the commissioner as well as the administrative staff are appointed. An official meeting is conducted wherein the ward councillors come together and create a budget, and the money collected by people is spent according to it. 

Ward councillors need to make sure that every demand of their wards is kept before the entire council. The implementation of these decisions is carried out by the administrative staff. The Municipal corporation is split  into different departments. Some of these departments are the  park management department, garbage collection department, water department, roads-management, etc. These departments work on resolving different problems faced by city dwellers and try to ensure the smooth functioning of the city. 

Many changes took place after Yasmin khala retired. Earlier government workers of the municipalities throughout the country collected and handled garbage, whereas now, commissioners of many municipalities hired Private company-contract officials to collect and handle the waste which is known as Subcontracting which means that the work that was earlier done by the government is now being done by a private company. 

The Municipal Corporation and Its Impact on a City-Dweller

The functioning of municipal corporations impacts the life of the people living in the city. There are many functions carried out by municipal corporations. 

  • The corporation ensures that safe drinking water is provided to the citizens. 
  • Sanitization of  schools and hospitals run  by them. 
  • Regulating the traffic and managing the crowd on roads. 
  • Cleanliness of the streets and regular lighting are some crucial roles that impact the masses.  Regular clearance of the garbage..

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Explain the functioning of municipal corporations.

The municipal corporation provides a variety of services to the people. All the functions of municipal corporations are connected to the working of a city and its development. Public facilities like roads, water, education, etc are provided by Municipal Corporations. The municipal corporation collects the resources needed in several ways. The funds needed for these services are collected by levying taxes on water, properties, and other services in the form of revenues from residents that are living in the city. Taxes are evaluated based on the consumption of these services.