Cbse Class 7 Social Science Political Science Revision Notes Chapter 3

CBSE Class 7 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 3 Notes – How the State Government Works

The Class 7 Political Science Chapter 3 Notes were created by subject matter experts according to the revised CBSE syllabus. Class 7 Social Science Chapter 3 explains how the state government operates. It explains the duties of ministers and MLAs. The chapter also sheds some light on how citizens can voice their opinions about how the government is run.

Students can quickly understand the content of these notes as they are organised and structured for easier learning. They can utilise the Class 7 Chapter 3 Political Science Notes easily from the website.

How the State Government Works Class 7 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 3 Notes

Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 3 – How the State Government Works Notes

Who is an MLA?

A prominent member of the local community is an MLA (Member of Legislative Assembly), who is chosen by the residents.

Every state in India has its legislative assembly, which is broken up into various constituencies.

One representative is chosen by the residents of each constituency to address issues that affect the community.

How do these MLAs later become chief ministers?

The work done for the benefit of the people determines whether someone is appointed chief minister of the entire state. The majority-holding party that an MLA represents is referred to as the ruling party. Following the election, the ruling party’s MLAs will choose the leader, who will then take office as the Chief Minister.

The Debate in the Legislative Assembly

The legislative assembly serves as a forum for discussion between MLAs from the governing and the opposition parties. Every MLA present in the assembly is free to voice their opinions and ask questions. Each MLA has particular obligations that must be met throughout his/her term. The MLA may be suspended for a specific amount of time as a result of heated debates on such occasions. Detailed information on how the debate in the legislative assembly is conducted is also provided in the NCERT Class 7 Civics Chapter 3 Notes. 

Working of the Government

People elect MLAs in a democratic nation like India, and they are fully entitled to ask questions. Chief ministers and other senior ministers also have the authority to act. They accomplish this with the assistance of Public Work Departments (PWDs), and health and education departments, among others. They must also respond to inquiries from the ruling party and the voters who chose them.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 3

Students can visit Extramarks’ website to find quality revision notes to understand how the state government functions. They can easily learn these concepts by referring to these comprehensive Political Science Class 7 Chapter 3 Notes. The chapter’s concepts are conceptualised and designed for simplicity.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What are the roles and duties of an MLA?

The MLA or the legislator’s job is to comprehend the issue facing the particular constituency and work toward a solution. The legislator’s role also includes deciding whether to support or oppose new laws.


  • An MLA must act as the representative of your constituency and help resolve issues.
  • The job of an MLA also entails developing expertise and planning and coordinating strategy within the house.
  •  Debate bills at plenary meetings 
  •  Represent constituents in the Assembly

The role of MLA  involves understanding the spirit of existing laws, planning new laws, and studying, discussing and then supporting or opposing the enactment of new laws.

2. What are the duties of an MLA?

Several tasks must be completed by the MLA to improve the constituency. However, depending on the position, Member of the Cabinet, Member of the Opposition, or Government Backbencher, the duties may vary.


As an MLA, he or she is in charge of directing the activities of the department that the state government or the ruling party has designated. Political parties that represent the house are given memberships because MLAs serve as members of various committees.


To ensure there are no issues, MLAs must use every available means to stay in touch with the residents of their districts.

3. What are Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha?

The Lok Sabha is made up of representatives chosen by the eligible voters of a country. The house can have up to 552 members, of which 530 represent states, 20 represent UT, and 2 are from the Anglo-Indian community.


There are 250 members of the Rajya Sabha, 238 of whom represent the states and the Union Territory. The president nominates 12 of the members. It is important to note that in the Rajya Sabha, every two years, one-third of the members retire and are replaced by newly elected individuals.