CBSE Class 8 Social Science Geography Revision Notes Chapter 1

Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Notes

CBSE Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Notes – Resources

Class 8 Geography Notes Chapter 1 covers the various types of resources, meaning, and principles of sustainable development. It also covers why resources are unevenly distributed around the earth, how to conserve resources, and other concepts.

Students can refer to Extramarks Class 8 Chapter 1 Geography Notes for in-depth understanding of these concepts and thereby, score better in the examination. Extramarks’ revision notes are easily accessible from the website. These notes are written by subject matter experts and adhere to the revised NCERT guidelines and syllabus.

Resources Class 8 Notes Geography Chapter 1

Access Class 8 Social Science (Geography) Chapter 1 – Resources Notes

What Are Resources?

Any object or subject which is used in daily life and has some usability or serviceability is considered a resource. Some resources have an economical value attached to them and some do not have any economical value. Substances such as food grains, honey, match sticks, water, etc. are resources that are consumed every day. One feature that is common among these substances is that each of them has some use and an economical value. On the other hand, things such as scenic views do not have any economic value attached to them but are still considered a resource.

Time and Technology

The two crucial components that change substances into resources are time and technology. Both of these components are related to the needs of the people. Technology is the application of recent knowledge and advanced skills in doing or making things. Humans are also considered a valuable resource. It is the knowledge, ideas, and skills that humans possess that help creates more resources. Each discovery or invention leads to the further evolution of humankind.

  • The discovery of fire and its application for cooking and other processes.
  • The wheel’s invention eventually led to the development of different modes of transport.
  • The technology to generate hydroelectricity has turned the energy in fast-flowing water into an important resource.

Types of Resources

Resources are mainly classified into three types of resources. They are natural, human-made, and human.

  • Natural resources are the resources that are extracted or taken from nature and utilised as they are. Natural resources are further classified into two categories, they are renewable and non-renewable resources.
  • Human-made resources are natural resources modified by people to make more resources. Human-made resources are machinery, buildings, roads, bridges, and vehicles.
  • Human beings are valuable resources themselves. They are considered human resources. People have the knowledge, skill, and technology to make the best use of nature to create more resources.

Conservation of Resources

The judicious use of resources while avoiding their exploitation is referred to as resource conservation. It provides the necessary time for resources to regenerate for upcoming generations. Sustainable development is maintaining a balance between the need to use resources now and the need to protect them for the future. Reusing and recycling items are two ways to achieve this. Humans can reduce the usage of precious resources in daily life.

Principles of Sustainable Development

There are a few principles of sustainable development. They are as follows:

  • Respect and care for all forms of life.
  • Improve the quality of human life.
  • Conserve the earth’s vitality and diversity.
  • Minimise the depletion of natural resources.
  • Change personal attitudes and practices toward the environment.
  • Enable communities to care for their environment.

Important Questions and Answers

Q 1.) What is sustainable development? State its principles.

Ans. Sustainable development means conscientiously utilising resources so that there is no scarcity of resources in the present, and there is enough stock of resources for future generations as well.

There are certain principles of sustainable development, such as:

  • Respect and care for all forms of life.
  • Improve the quality of human life.
  • Conserve the earth’s vitality and diversity.
  • Minimise the depletion of natural resources.
  • Change personal attitudes and practices toward the environment.
  • Enable communities to care for their environment.

Q2.) What are human resources? How can human resources be developed?

Ans. Human resources refer to the number (quantity) and abilities (mental and physical) of people. Humans are dependent on each other’s skills. Farmers cultivate food grains for other humans; this is their occupation. Scientists recommend several ways to tackle problems related to agriculture and enhance farm production.

People can create more resources when they have the knowledge, skill, and technology to do so. This is why human beings are distinctive resources. People are human resources themselves.

Human resources can be developed by providing advanced education, and good health can make people a valuable resource. This quality of people’s skills which can be upgraded to produce more resources is known as human resource development.

Q3.) Why is the distribution of resources uneven around the earth?

Ans. The spread of natural resources relies on numerous physical factors like terrain, climate, and altitude. The distribution of resources is uneven because these factors vary all over the earth.

Q4.) What is the stock of resources?

Ans. It is the total amount of resources accessible for one’s use at any point in time.

Q5.) What are the major types of natural resources?

Ans. Natural resources are further categorised into renewable and non-renewable resources:

  • Renewable resources: These are the resources that get renewed or regenerate rapidly. Most of these resources are abundant in nature and are not altered by human operations, such as solar and wind energy. Even though the resources are replenished, the absent-minded use of certain renewable resources like water, soil, and forests can reduce the reserve of these resources. Water is considered to be an unlimited renewable resource, yet the problem of scarcity and droughts is prevalent in various parts of the world.
  • Non-renewable resources: These are the resources that have limited reserves. Certain resources take more than thousands of years to be regenerated once they are depleted.  As they take a longer period to be restored than renewable resources, such resources are considered to be non-renewable. Coal, petroleum, and natural gas are a few common examples of non-renewable resources.

Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Notes – Resources

Benefits of Studying from the Class 8 Geography Notes

  • Extramarks provides notes which explain all the important topics of the chapters in-depth.
  • Students can enhance their understanding of the subject before their exams and cover every minute concepts in the chapters.
  • These notes are prepared by subject matter experts according to the revised CBSE syllabus.
  • Revision notes are highly useful for self-study exams.

Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 – Resources

This chapter briefly describes the resources and how they are utilised in daily life. Resources such as transportation systems, electricity, food grains, water, etc. are categorised on the basis of the utility one can derive from these resources. It is necessary to understand the significant properties of a resource, its utility, and how the people of the world can benefit as a whole.

As previously stated, every resource needs to have worth. Any item or commodity that has value and can be useful to people is considered a resource that can be further modified to attain more resources. Several resources are known for being useful and possessing a certain economic value. Students will gain in-depth knowledge of resources in Geography Class 8 notes with precise information on how resources are utilised in different walks of life and practical ways to conserve the resources. It is effective to refer to the textbook before revising Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Notes.


Everything that may be possibly transformed into a component that holds a certain value is a resource. It is important to recognise and group resources for any country to expand. A resource is normally intended to fulfil a necessity or a want of an economy. Resource allocation takes place when certain resources are appointed as per their use in the economy and it is a vital process. Every business’s most prominent element is a resource. Without resources, no business can start or function. There is a vast classification of resources. Extramarks provides crisp and precise Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Notes that covers various terminologies.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is a patent?

It means the exclusive right over any idea or invention.

2. What is technology?

It is the application of the latest knowledge and skill in doing or making things.

3. Define human resources.

Human resource refers to the number (quantity) and abilities (mental and physical) of people. Though there are differing views regarding the treatment of humans as a resource, one cannot deny the fact that it is the skills of humans that help in transforming biological material into a valuable resource.