Important Questions Class 6 Social Science The Earth Our Habitat Chapter 8

Important Questions Class 6 Social Science the Earth Our Habitat Chapter 8 – India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife

Geography is an important subject of Social Science. It is not a mere study of the earth’s surface but an understanding of the variations under different physical and cultural phenomena and related factors. 

The last Chapter of Class 6 Geography is about India’s climate, wildlife and natural vegetation. In other words, it studies the environment and biodiversity of our country. The topics discussed here may seem easy but are extremely important. It has become important to protect our natural life as many species will be extinct due to different human activities. The concepts are relatively new, and students need to practise answer writing to score better in exams.

Extramarks is a leading educational company in India, helping lakhs of students daily. Our experts identify the importance of solving questions regularly. For this purpose, they have made the Important Questions Class 6 Social Science the Earth Our Habitat Chapter 8 for students. Our experts have taken help from NCERT textbooks, CBSE sample papers and reference books and written the answers following the CBSE guidelines. The questions will help students in their preparations.

One can register on the official website of Extramarks and download a wide range of study materials related to CBSE and NCERT. You can avail of the CBSE syllabus, CBSE sample papers, CBSE past years’ question papers, NCERT solutions, NCERT important questions, formulas, CBSE revision notes and more with a single click.

Important Questions Class 6 Social Science the Earth Our Habitat Chapter 8 with Solutions

Students must practice answer writing to generate suitable answers in exams. Sometimes, the exercises in the textbooks are not enough for this purpose. After that, students have to search for questions in reference books. The subject matter experts of Extramarks have made the task easier by gathering all the questions from this Chapter. They also have written the answers following CBSE guidelines. 

Below are a few sets of questions and their answers from our question bank of Important Questions Class 6 Social Science the Earth Our Habitat Chapter 8.

Question 1. During the southwest monsoon period, the moisture-laden winds blow from 

(a) land to sea 

(b) sea to land 

(c) plateau to plain

Answer 1: (b) sea to land 

Explanation: During The south-western monsoon period, humid winds blow from the Indian Ocean toward the Indian peninsula. The wet winds bring rain to the country, so option (b) is the correct 


Question 2. The world’s highest rainfall occurs in 

(a) Mumbai 

(b) Asansol 

(c) Mawsynram

Answer 2: (c) Mawsynram

Explanation: Mawsynram is a village in Meghalaya. It receives the highest rainfall caused by the Southwest monsoon winds. The town receives more than 1100 cm of precipitation throughout the year. So, the correct answer is (c).

Question 3. Wild goats and snow leopards are found in the

 (a) Himalayan region 

(b) Peninsular region 

(c) Gir forests

Answer 3: (a) Himalayan region

Explanation: Wild goats and snow leopards are found in the Himalayan region. People in the Himalayas depend greatly on these goats for milk, fur and transportation. Snow leopards are endangered due to clearing forests and increasing poaching activities.

Question 4. The states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu receive a great amount of rainfall during the season of________________.

Answer 4: The states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu receive a great amount of rainfall during the season of winter.

Question 5. Hot and dry winds known as ________________ blow during the day in the summers.

Answer 5:  Hot and dry winds known as loo blow during the day in the summers.

Question 6. ________________ forest in Gujarat is the home of ________________.

Answer 6: Gir forest in Gujarat is the home of Asiatic lions.

Question 7. When is wildlife week celebrated?

Answer 7: Wildlife week is celebrated from 1st to 7th October.

Question 8. What is the national bird of India?

Answer 8: The national bird of India is the peacock.

Question 9. Which winds cause rainfall in India?

Answer 9: The Southwest monsoon winds cause rainfall in India.

Question 10. What is natural vegetation?

Answer 10: Natural vegetation is the plants that grow in an area without help from human beings. The natural vegetation of a place depends on temperature, rainfall, elevation and other physical factors. Variation in these factors results in variation in natural vegetation.

Question 11. Name the different seasons in India.

Answer 11: There are mainly four seasons in India. These are summer (March to May), rainy season (June to September), autumn (October and November) and winter (December to February).

Question 12. What are migratory birds?

Answer 12: Migratory birds travel long distances from their natural habitat and return with changes in seasons. For example, Pintails and Flamingos migrate to India during winter and return to their natural habitat at the end of this season.

Question 13. What is a wildlife sanctuary?

Answer 13: The wildlife sanctuary is where the natural vegetation and wildlife are protected from the outer world. Here poaching of animals and clearing of forests are strictly prohibited. It helps to conserve vegetation and other living beings.

Question 14. What is Project Tiger?

Answer 14: Project Tiger is a programme launched by the Indian government to save tigers from extinction. It aims to increase the number of tigers in their natural habitats. The programme was launched on 1st April 1973.

Question 15. What do you mean by wildlife?

Answer 15: Wildlife comprises the non-domesticated animals, birds, reptiles and other living beings that live in a natural habitat. The wildlife varies with the natural vegetation and climate of their habitat. For example, wildlife in desert areas will differ from mountain wildlife.

Question 16. What is the climate?

Answer 16: Climate is the mean weather of an area recorded over a long period. It is generally the mean weather for 35 years in any area. Climate is characterised by mean temperatures, average annual rainfall, variation in humidity, etc.

Question 17. What do you mean by weather?

Answer 17: Weather is the daily change in different elements of the atmosphere. This includes rainfall, temperature, cloud cover, humidity, etc. Weather in an area can be almost the same or different on different days.

Question 18. What is monsoon?

Answer 18: The seasonal winds that cause rainfall in the Indian peninsula are called monsoons. The word ‘monsoon’ has been taken from the Arabic word ‘mausim’, which means rainfall. Due to these winds, India only experiences seasonal rainfall, so the rainy season here is also called monsoon.

Question 19. Briefly describe the summer season in India.

Answer 19: Summer lasts in India from March to May. Temperature becomes highest in this season. Though, there is variation in temperature throughout the country. Summer is characterised by hot winds or ‘loo’ and occasional afternoon thunderstorms.

Question 20. How does climate influence natural vegetation?

Answer 20: Natural vegetation greatly depends on the climatic conditions of the area. Various elements of climate, mainly rainfall and temperature influence most. Trees are large in areas with abundant rainfall while in dry areas the natural vegetation includes shrubs and grasses.

Question 21. Which winds bring rainfall in India? Why is it so important?

Answer 21: The monsoon winds bring rainfall to India. These winds are seasonal, which means they blow over India in a particular season. In the first week of June, the monsoon winds that reach the Indian peninsula start raining after being obstructed by the mountains. It continues to rain until September. In the first week of October, it starts to return from the Indian peninsula. While returning, it causes rainfall in the coastal land of Tamil Nadu. The monsoons are very important because they generate more than 90% of rainfall in India. The agricultural activities depend on monsoonal rainfall. So, when the amount of rain is good, crop production is good too. If the rainfall is too much, it causes floods and the destruction of crops. On the other hand, if too little rain causes drought, crop yield is obstructed.

Question 22. How can we conserve forests?

Answer 22: It is high time to conserve our forests. Many trees are being cut down for the sake of different human activities. Forests are very important because they prevent soil erosion, help in rainfall, and provide shelter to wildlife. So, the loss of forests has many economic and environmental impacts. We can conserve forests in several ways. First of all, cutting trees should be restricted. We should plant new trees and save the existing ones. The government can build sanctuaries and reserve forests for this purpose. Apart from this, general awareness should be spread among people. We can celebrate Van Mahotsav to create awareness and plant saplings.

Question 23. Give a short description of the wildlife of India.

Answer 23: India is rich in wildlife. Thousands of different species of animals, birds, reptiles and fishes are found here. The tiger is the national animal of India. Apart from tigers, lions, panthers, leopards and other big cats are also found here. Monkeys, bears, deer, camels, rhinoceroses, foxes and elephants are found in great numbers too. India is the home of different bird species. The national bird of the country is the peacock. Many migratory birds come here during the winter. Many species of reptiles are found here. Cobra and kraits are the most common types of snakes. Apart from them; wild lizards and crocodiles are also common here. Though the country is rich in biodiversity, many species are becoming extinct due to habitat loss. The red Panda is one such endangered animal.

Question 24. How can wildlife be conserved in India?

Answer 24: India has great diversity in wildlife. Thousands of animals, birds and reptiles live here. But continuous clearing of forests is leading to habitat loss. This is causing danger to many species. Tigers, elephants, red pandas and white crocodiles are some common species that are becoming more endangered day by day. The government has taken necessary steps for the conservation of wildlife. Several reserve forests, sanctuaries, and biosphere reserves have been made for this purpose. The government has also launched Project Tiger and Project Elephant to increase the number of these animals. As an individual, the general people can also help in saving wildlife. One can avoid buying commodities made of animal skin, fur or claws. Government should restrict the illegal poaching of wild animals and spread awareness among common people.

Question 25. How does the climate vary all over India?

Answer 25: The climate of a place depends on several factors such as elevation, latitudes, distance from the sea and relief. As India has great physical diversity, it experiences different climates. The northern mountainous region of India is freezing cold due to high altitudes. On the other hand, the temperature in the Great Plains is not very high or low. The cities and towns near the Thar Desert experience high heat and less rainfall. The coastal areas are very humid, and the temperature is almost the same throughout the year. The Deccan plateau records high temperatures in summer and low temperatures in winter. There is also variation in rainfall throughout the country. The state of Meghalaya receives the most rain, while the desert area remains dry most of the year.

Question 26. How do forests help us?

Answer 26: Forests are a vital part of the environment. The roots of the trees hold the soil materials and prevent the soil from erosion. Forests are home to many species of animals, birds, reptiles and insects. It plays a significant role in the ecosystem. Forests also help in causing rainfall. Trees absorb Carbon Dioxide from the air to produce food, thus reducing air pollution. The economic value of forests is extreme too. It provides wood and leaves for the fuels and paper industry. Besides, a man collects many necessary materials like honey, roots, fruits and flowers from forests. The fruits, barks and roots of specific trees help in preparing medicines. Forests play as significant tourist spots too. People visit forests each year which helps in the development of the tourism industry. Rural and tribal communities also depend on forests for fuels, food and shelter. Thus, forests play a significant role in our lives as well.

Benefits of Solving Important Questions Class 6 Social Science the Earth Our Habitat Chapter 8

Practice is critical to improving one’s knowledge. It helps in clearing doubts and mastering the subject matter. As Geography is a social science, students must explain various facts and phenomena. The only way they can do it perfectly is by practising writing answers. The NCERT textbook exercise is there to help students, but it contains a limited number of questions. Hence, our experts have made Important Questions Class 6 Social Science the Earth Our Habitat Chapter 8 with Solutions to provide them with a wide range of questions. Not only so, but they have also written the answers. It will help the students in multiple ways, such as

    • The subject matter experts have collected these questions from sources like NCERT textbooks, CBSE sample papers, CBSE past years’ question papers and important reference books. So, students don’t have to find questions in different sources but can find them in this PDF. The Important Questions Class 6 Social Science the Earth Our Habitat Chapter 8 includes all the possible questions from this Chapter. They have taken care that no important concept remains absent in the series. Thus, students can build an idea regarding which type of questions comes from this chapter. We can say it will help them solve questions and boost their confidence for exams.
    • The experts have written the answers following CBSE guidelines. Experienced professionals further checked the answers. Thus, Extramarks guarantees that students only get quality content. The answers are complete and to the point. Students may follow these to understand quality answers. They take help from The Social Science the Earth Our Habitat Class 6 Chapter 8 Important Questions for answering writing skills. They may follow question series to generate quality answers.
  • The last Chapter is not very straightforward in nature. Students can’t follow book lines to answer questions. They must take help from their creative skills to explain various factors and phenomena. Experts have kept this fact in mind too. If you study the Important Questions Class 6 Social Science the Earth Our Habitat Chapter 8, you may notice that the answers are described beautifully. This is a key feature of quality answers. Writing long answer questions may seem a little tough to students because they haven’t done much in earlier classes. But they must practice such answers as they will write more descriptive answers in higher classes. So, the question series will be a great help for them indeed.


Extramarks helps lakhs of students and teachers by providing study materials. You can register on our official website and download many study materials with a single click. We provide CBSE syllabus, NCERT textbooks, important formulas, CBSE revision notes, CBSE sample papers, NCERT solutions, Chapter wise important questions and many more. Click the link below to avail of the following materials:

Q.1 Why does Mawsynram in Meghalaya receive the world’s highest rainfall?



  • Mawsynram lies in a valley and is surrounded by the Khasi hills on three sides.
  • The South-west monsoon winds from the Bay of Bengal get trapped within the funnel-shaped valley.
  • The winds repeatedly try to escape and shed their moisture, thus making it the wettest place in the world.

Q.2 The weather is temporary and changes from day to day. Climate is the average weather conditions of a large area over a long period. India has four main seasons, which are, the Cold Weather season, Hot Weather season, Rainy season, and Autumn.
I. Why do some areas have extremely cold climates and others experience very hot climates? (2)
II. Explain the position of the Earth during winter in India. (3)



I. The location, altitude or height above mean sea level, relief or the terrain, and the distance from the sea determines the climate of a place.
II. India lies in the Northern Hemisphere. The northern hemisphere of the Earth is tilted away from the Sun from December to February. When the sun rays do not fall directly on India and other northern regions due to the tilt, temperatures fall. This leads to the winter season.

Q.3 Study the map carefully and answer the questions based on the map.

I. Which one is the oldest National Park? (1)
II. Name the National Park that has the world?s largest population of Indian one-horned rhinoceros and the state. (2)
III. How are National Parks different from Wildlife Sanctuaries? (2)



I. The oldest National Park is Jim Corbett National Park.
II. The Kaziranga National Park in Assam is home to the world’s largest population of Indian one-horned rhinoceros.
III. A National Park has heavier restrictions compared to a Wildlife Sanctuary. National Parks fall under the Category II type, while Wildlife Sanctuaries fall under the Category IV type of Protected Area. National Park preserves flora, fauna, landscapes, and historical objects, while wildlife sanctuaries protect insects, birds, animals, etc.

Q.4 Many wildlife species are becoming extinct in India due to human activities like hunting and deforestation. Multiple wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, and biosphere reserves have been set up to protect these species and provide for them in their natural habitat.
I. Name any two government projects aimed at wildlife conservation. (1)
II. Describe some ways you can do your part in protecting wildlife. (2)



I. Project Tiger and Project Elephant are two government projects aimed at wildlife conservation.
II. You can do your part to protect wildlife by refusing to purchase products that use animal body parts like fur, bones, horns, skins, and feathers. You can also observe Wildlife Week in the first week of October to spread awareness about the need for the conservation of animal habitats.

Q.5 Two statements are given below as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the appropriate option.

Assertion (A): Trees in the mountains are cone shaped.
Reason (R): The rain does not accumulate on the branches.

Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A.

Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A.

A is true, but R is false.

A is false, but R is true.



The trees in the mountains are cone shaped so that the snowfall does not accumulate and can easily fall off without damaging the branches.

Q.6 Identify the INCORRECT codes:
I. Weather is the average condition over a long period.
II. Summer starts in March and ends in May.
III. Winter starts in November and ends in February.
IV. Rainfall, sunshine, temperature, etc., constitute weather.

I, II, and IV only

II, III and IV only

I and III only

II and IV



Q.7 Which animal will NOT be found in the Great Indian Desert?



Wild asses

Wild goats



We can find wild goats in the Himalayan Region.

Q.8 Your school wants to celebrate Van Mahotsav. Which date is the most appropriate for them to celebrate it?

1st July

8th July

1st June

7th May



1st July

Van Mahotsav is a week-long celebration held from 1st July to 7th July.

Please register to view this section

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Is Class 6 Social Science the Earth our Habitat Chapter 8 difficult?

The Chapter is relatively new. It studies the climate, natural vegetation and wildlife of the country. It also points out the importance of wildlife conservation. The content may be unfamiliar to Class 6 students, but the textbook has described it beautifully. If they follow the textbook, it wouldn’t be hard for them to understand the Chapter. They should solve questions to prepare better for the exams. For help, they can go through the Important Questions Class 6 Social Science the Earth Our Habitat Chapter 8 prepared by the experts of Extramarks. It will help them in writing complete answers.

2. Why do we need to conserve wildlife?

 Wildlife is the natural habitat of an area. Due to several human activities, many species of animals are becoming endangered. If they are not saved, they’ll become extinct. To prevent this situation, we have to conserve wildlife. The extinction of a specific living being will hugely impact the ecosystem. Wildlife is an important source of medicine, research and recreation. The loss of the animals will harm these sectors too. Both governments and the general people have to play a role in wildlife conservation. You can read our Chapter 8 Class 6 Social Science the Earth Our Habitat Important Questions for further knowledge.

3. How can Important Questions Class 6 Social Science the Earth Our Habitat Chapter 8 help students?

Students must practise answering questions to gain better marks. They can follow the exercise in the textbook. But the questions given in the textbook are limited in number. It may not be enough for them. Our experts have prepared the Important Questions Class 6 Social Science the Earth Our Habitat Chapter 8 to help students. They have gathered these questions from NCERT textbook, CBSE sample paper, CBSE past years’ question papers and essential reference books. They have also written the answers following the CBSE guideline. So, it will not only help students in practising questions, but they can follow the answers to write quality answers. Students may take help from Class 6 Social Science the Earth Our Habitat Chapter 8 Important Questions for better preparation.