Important Questions Class 8 Social Science Social And Political Life Chapter 4

Important Questions Class 8 Social Science and Political Life Chapter 4

Political science is a subfield of the social sciences that focuses on governmental, political, and state affairs. Analysis of political systems, theoretical and practical applications to politics, and the study of political conduct are all major topics in political science. Chapter 4 of the NCERT Civics books is titled “Understanding Laws.” The Indian Constitution provides a series of rules and laws that are common to everyone and that must be observed, as discussed under the subsection social and political life. This chapter also discusses the distinctions between British law and post-independence Indian law.

How a law operates is explained in this chapter. In designing laws, the Parliament plays a crucial role. This Chapter also covers the significant laws that went into effect. The law against domestic abuse, established in 2006, is among the most important laws to go into effect. Chapter 4 Class 8 Social Science and Political Life Important Questions briefly discusses the other controversial and disputed laws. Students can easily access all this and more on the Extramarks website.

We at Extramarks understand the importance of solving important questions of each subject. The Social Science experts of Extramarks have recently developed the Social Science and Political Life Class 8 Chapter 4 Important Questions using NCERT Textbook, other reference books, past exam papers, and other sources. To help students understand each chapter, our Social Science experts have compiled a list of step-by-step solutions. Students can register with Extramarks and access Class 8 Social Science and Political Life Chapter 4 Important Questions.

In addition to Important Questions Class 8 Social Science and Political Life Chapter 4, students can easily access materials like NCERT Solutions, CBSE revision notes, past year question papers, NCERT books, and more on the Extramarks website.

Important Questions Class 8 Social Science and Political Life Chapter 4- with Solutions

Social Science experts at Extramarks have curated a list of Important Questions in Class 8 Social Science and Political Life Chapter 4. The Indian Constitution provides a series of rules and laws that are common to everyone and that must be observed, as discussed under the subsection on social and political life. This chapter also discusses the distinctions between British law and post-independence Indian law.

These questions and solutions help students comprehend the chapter, Understanding Laws. Mentioned below are a few Important Questions from Class 8 Social Science and Political Life Chapter 4 and their solutions:

Question 1. Re-read the storyboard on how a new law on domestic violence got passed. Describe in your own words the different ways women’s groups worked to make this happen.

Answer 1. The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act of 2005 was passed to safeguard women from all forms of violence, including verbal and physical abuse. Several women’s organisations contributed to this by filing numerous reports of domestic violence in various venues. Activists, law students, and attorneys collaborated to create the Domestic Violence (Prevention and Protection Bill). In addition, the National Commission for Women and other women’s organisations sent letters to the Parliamentary Standing Committee. The government passed the domestic violence statute due to all these women-led initiatives conducted collectively.

Question 2. Briefly define the rule of law and how it is applied.

Answer 2. The law is a set of guidelines that governs a population and is often enacted by the state or another legal authority. Such laws ensure that all residents live in peace and harmony by helping shape a country’s society and politics in several ways. Such laws are regularly violated, which results in punishment. An illustration of a legal infringement is when someone tries to impose their religion on a school or other educational institution. Students shouldn’t be pushed or compelled against their will to practise a certain faith. Such limitations go against the free exercise of religion.

Question 3. Write what you understand by the term “the rule of law” in your own words. In your response, include a fictitious or real example of a violation of the rule of law.

Answer 3. All citizens in independent India are treated equally before the law, according to a clause in the Indian Constitution known as the rule of law. Every legislation is fair to every country resident. The President and all other senior officials are subject to the law. Everyone will get the same punishment for every crime regardless of their position or level of authority. For instance, if a clerk is penalised for corruption, a higher official or minister must also get the same sentence for the same crime of corruption.

Question 4. How was the Rowlatt Act put into practice?

Answer 4. Through the Rowlatt Act, the British gained the authority to detain people without a trial. Mahatma Gandhi and other Indian nationalists vehemently opposed the Rowlatt laws. On March 10, 1919, the Rowlatt Act was approved over strong resistance. In Punjab, protests against the law persisted, and on April 10, Dr Satyapal and Dr Saifuddin, two of the campaign’s organisers, were arrested. To protest the arrests, a large gathering was scheduled for April 13 in Amritsar’s Jallianwala Bagh.

Question 5. Write in your own words what you understand by the following sentence on pages 44-45: They also began fighting for greater equality and wanted to change the idea of law from a set of rules that they were forced to obey to the law, including ideas of justice.

Answer 5. India was compelled to abide by British government regulations before becoming independent. These regulations were arbitrary and had little support from Indian nationalists. As a result, the liberation fight against the British also tried to create a system of fair and reasonable laws for everyone, rather than merely imposing them on the Indians. Indian nationalists started to struggle for their rights and sought a system of laws that applied equally to everyone.

Question 6. In what ways did the law differ in ancient India?

Answer 6. In the past, India had a vast array of regional laws, most of which overlapped. The degree to which different groups were autonomous in establishing these rules among themselves varied. Other times, the severity of the penalty meted out to two persons for the same offence varied according to their caste origins, with lower castes receiving harsher punishment. During the colonial era, this shifted, as legal practice developed due to widespread caste and religious inequality across India.

Question 7. State two reasons why historians refute the claim that the British introduced the rule of law in India.

Answer 7. According to historians, the British did not establish the rule of law in India for two reasons:

  • Colonial legislation was arbitrary.
  • In British India, the Indian nationalists were a significant force in forming the legal system.

Question 8. How did the Rule of Law alter under the reign of British India?

Answer 8. The 1870 Sedition Act was a turning point in the war for Indian independence. According to this act, anyone seen participating in a protest or denouncing the British government was immediately subject to arrest. This incensed Indian nationalists, who started protesting and denouncing the arbitrary exercise of power by the British people. The Indians had made their presence felt in colonial courts by the late 1800s. Indian judges’ contributions to the decision-making process started to increase. This explains why Indians were so crucial to the colonial period’s creation of the rule of law.

Question 9. How was the law “Prevention and Protection from Domestic Violence” approved as an act? Discuss it briefly.

Answer 9. In the early 1990s, domestic violence against Indian women was widespread. Law students and activists started demonstrating so that lawmakers would develop the Domestic Violence (Prevention and Protection) Bill. Meetings were held nationwide to support this measure by people from all over the nation. There was a lot of opposition when this bill was initially offered in Parliament in 2002. Several women’s organisations have requested changes to this measure. In December 2002, the Parliamentary Standing Committee brought these issues up and offered suggestions to the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha. Many of the demands were accepted by the Committee. The President approved the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act in 2006 after being approved by both chambers of Parliament.

Question 10. Why does any nation require laws?

Answer 10. For the reasons listed below, laws are essential:-

  • Everyone is shielded from exploitation by laws.
  • Untouchability is restricted by some regulations, which contributes to the growth of inequality.
  • Everyone is treated equally, thanks to the laws.
  • Laws help the government make the most of all available resources.

Question 11. Briefly describe the events, including the dates, starting with the Rowlatt Act and ending with the Jallianwala Bagh slaughter.

Answer 11. The Rowlatt Act, which the British approved, empowered the government to jail people without a fair trial. Mahatma Gandhi and other prominent Indian rationalists fiercely opposed the Rowlatt Act. On March 10, 1919, the Rowlatt Act went into force despite the numerous protests.

Protests against this measure persisted in Punjab rather aggressively, and on April 10, two women’s leaders, Dr Satyapal and Dr Saifuddin Kitchlew were taken into custody. On April 13, a mass gathering was organised in Amritsar’s Jallianwala Bagh to express opposition to these arrests. General Dyer and his forces moved into the park and started firing. Several hundred individuals perished in the firing, and many more—including women and children—were injured.

Question 12. What do you mean by domestic violence? Describe how the Domestic Violence Act of 2005 contributes to a greater understanding of “domestic.”

Answer 12. Injuries or hurt committed against a woman by an adult male, typically the husband, is referred to as domestic violence. Both physical and emotional abuse of the woman can result in harm. Verbal, sexual, and financial abuse of women is all forms of abuse.

The Protection of Women expanded the definition of “domestic” from the Domestic Violence Act of 2005 to cover any women who “live or have lived together in a common home” with the male perpetrator.

Question 13. How can we claim that the Parliament plays a significant role in enacting laws?

Answer 13. The Parliament has a significant role in the creation of laws. There are numerous ways for this to happen, and various social groupings frequently argue that a certain rule is necessary. Being attentive to the public’s issues is crucial to Parliament’s role. The Parliament is made aware of the problems, and the problems will eventually become laws.

Question 14. Describe the procedure that led to the Domestic Violence Act’s implementation in 2006.

Answer 14. The Standing Committee presented its recommendations to the Rajya Sabha in December 2002 and laid them before the Lok Sabha. Most of the demands made by women’s organisations were considered in the Committee’s report. In 2005, a new measure was finally tabled in Parliament. It was forwarded to the President for approval after passing both houses of Parliament. In 2006, legislation protecting women from domestic abuse went into force.

Question 15. What is sedition?

Answer 15. This rule applies to anything the government views as trying to stoke resistance or rebellion. In some situations, the government might arrest an individual without having solid proof. The British had a liberal definition of what constituted sedition under the Sedition Act of 1870, which allowed them to imprison and arrest anybody they saw fit.

In the section given above of Important Questions, Class 8 Social Science and Political Life Chapter 4 all the chapter’s important concepts are covered.

Benefits of Solving Important Questions Class 8 Social Science and Political Life Chapter 4

Many students find it tricky to keep up with all the events in Political Science. As a result, students are encouraged to read Extramarks to help them with Important Questions Class 8 Social Science and Political Life Chapter 4. Students can gather confidence by answering the important questions and going over their solutions.

Mentioned below are some benefits of solving Important Questions Class 8 Social Science and Political Life Chapter 4:

  • These solutions help students save time while preparing for the upcoming examination and cover the entire chapter.
  • Students can entirely rely upon these important questions as they are made following all the guidelines laid by CBSE.
  • Important Questions Class 8 Social Science and Political Life Chapter 4 covers the concepts of the entire chapter – Understanding Laws.

Extramarks provides comprehensive learning solutions for students from Class 1 to Class 12. Our website has abundant resources, along with important questions and solutions. Students can easily click on the links given below to access some of these resources:

Q.1 Why did Phule dedicate his book Gulamgiri to the American movement to free slaves


(i) In 1873, Phule wrote a book titled Gulamgiri, meaning slavery. Some ten years before this, the American Civil War had been fought, leading to the end of slavery in America.

(ii) Phule dedicated his book to all those Americans who had fought to free slaves, thus establishing a link between the conditions of the lower castes in India and the black slaves in America.

Q.2 Ramakrishna Mission stressed the ideal of salvation through social service and selfless action.

1) Write about Swami Vivekanand in brief. (3 marks)

2) Who was Sri Ramakrishna (2 marks)


1) Swami Vivekananda was a phenomenal spiritual guru who refurbished Vedanta with newer modern meanings and connotations. He took the knowledge of Indian spiritualism and way of life at the global level. He was deeply concerned with the miseries his fellow men went through. Thus, he was of the opinion that uplifting the masses is the only way to go for the success of reform. His speech at the World Parliament of Religions event is still revered as one of the best pieces of wisdom.
2) Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa was Swami Vivekanands teacher who imparted him with great knowledge. It is after him that he named his mission Ramakrishna Mission.

Q.3 Write in brief about E. V. Ramaswamy Naicker and his work.


E. V. Ramaswamy Naicker, also known as Periyar came from a humble middle-class background. Once he came across caste distinctions in seating arrangements which changed him as a man. Ever since he had fought for the dignified rights of lower castes. He founded the Self Respect Movement for the very same reason. He believed that the untouchables were the actual representatives of Tamil and Dravidian culture, which had been enslaved by Brahmans. He ridiculed Hindu literature such as the Manu Codes, Bhagavad Gita, and Ramayana. He was a firm believer that the untouchables needed to be free of all faiths in order to create social inequity, which he considered to be a watershed moment in Indian history.

Q.4 By the second half of the nineteenth century, people from within the non-Brahman castes began organising movements.
1) Write about the ideas of Shri Narayan Guru. (3 marks)
2)Write about the Satnami movement. (2 marks)


1) Shri Narayan Guru was a spiritual guru from the Ezhava caste of Kerala. He enunciated the idea of unity for his people. He was vehemently against the ill-treatment that caste differences brought. He propagated the idea that all humankind belonged to the same caste. He is well-known for his remark, ‘oru jati, oru matam, oru daivam manushyam,’ which translates to ‘one caste, one religion, one god for humankind.’

2) Satnami movement was one of many movements that fought for justice and equality for the lower castes. It was founded in Ghasidas in Central India. Ghasidas worked among the leatherworkers and genuinely felt their concern and hence organized a movement to improve their livelihood.

Q.5 Write about Jyotiba Phules contribution to the caste movement.


Jyotiba Phule was one of the tallest leaders who spoke against caste discrimination. He slammed the brahmans’ claim to superiority based on their Aryan ancestry. He was for the idea that Shudras and Atishudras, that is untouchables and depressed classes should unite and fight caste discrimination. Later on, he created the Satyashodhak Samaj, which promoted caste equality. He also published Gulamgiri, a book in which he linked black slaves in America to low castes in India, focusing on how upper castes and elites have exploited them and discriminated against them.

Q.6 Read the passage given below and answer the following question.

Ambedkar was born into a Mahar family. As a child he experienced what caste prejudice meant in everyday life. In school he was forced to sit outside the classroom on the ground, and was not allowed to drink water from taps that upper-caste children used. After finishing school, he got a fellowship to go to the US for higher studies. On his return to India in 1919, he wrote extensively about upper-caste power in contemporary society. In 1927, Ambedkar started a temple entry movement, in which his Mahar caste followers participated. Brahman priests were outraged when the Dalits used water from the temple tank.

1)What did Ambedkar initiate in 1927 (1 mark)
2) Who was outraged when Dalits tried to use the water from temple tank (1 mark)
3) What was Ambedkars topic that he wrote deeply about (1 mark)


1)Ambedkar initiated the temple entry movement in 1927.
2) Brahman priests were outraged when Dalits tried to use the water from the temple tanks.
3) Ambedkar wrote deeply about the power that upper castes hold in contemporary India in 1919.

Please register to view this section

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. How many questions are there in Chapter 4 of the Class 8 Civics NCERT Solutions?

NCERT Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 has four questions. Students can utilise the Important Questions Class 8 Social Science and Political Life Chapter 4 supplied by Extramarks to help them gain extra information for exam preparations. These important question papers are based on the most recent exam pattern and are created by subject matter experts with decades of expertise. 

2. According to Chapter 4 of Class 8 Civics, why are laws necessary?

To keep peace throughout the nation, laws are essential. They guarantee that all citizens are treated fairly. They do away with discrimination against residents based on their sex, caste, colour, or religion. They help resolve conflict, provide justice to wrongdoers, guard against over-exploitation of the nation’s resources, and uphold just and moral behaviour in all professions. To gain a deeper perspective, students can refer to Extramarks Important Questions Class 8 Social Science and Political Life Chapter 4. 

3. According to Chapter 4 of Class 8 Civics, how can a bill become law?

A legislative proposal is presented to one of the two chambers of the Parliament, the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha. The public is then given access to the proposed law so they may remark and democratically express their ideas. The President is then asked to sign off on the law and approve it. The measure is published in the Indian Gazette after receiving the President’s attestation, at which point it is made into law.