# Important Questions Class 9 Maths Chapter 13

## Important Questions Class 9  Mathematics Chapter 13 – Surface Areas and Volumes

Mathematics syllabus Chapter 13 of CBSE Class 9 is about ‘Surface Areas and Volumes’.The surface area and volume are computed for any three-dimensional geometrical shape. The surface area of any type of given object is the area or region occupied by the surface of the object. At the same time, the volume is the total amount of space accessible in any object. In geometry, there are numerous shapes and sizes, like spheres, cubes, cuboids, cones, cylinders, etc. Every shape has its surface area as well as volume. But in the case of two-dimensional figures like squares, circles, rectangles, triangles, etc., we can calculate only the area covered by these figures, and there is no volume involved.

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## Important Questions Class 9 Mathematics Chapter 13 – With Solutions

Our in-house Mathematics faculty experts have compiled a set of  Important Questions for  Class 9 Mathematics Chapter 13  by referring to various sources. For every question, the entire team has prepared a step-by-step explanation that will help students understand the concepts used in each question. Also, the questions are chosen in a way that would cover full chapter topics. So by practising from our question bank of Important Questions Class 9 Mathematics Chapter 13, students will be able to revise their chapters and grasp their strong and weak points. And upgrade their preparation by strengthening weak areas and aiming for a  100% score during the exams.  .

Given below are a few of the questions and answers from our question bank of Important Questions Class 9 Mathematics Chapter 13:

Question 1: Hameed had built a cubical water tank along with a lid for his house, with every outer edge 1.5 m long. He buys the tank’s outer surface, not including the base, covered with square tiles of each side 25 cm (observe the figure given below). Find how much he would have to spend on the tiles if the cost of the tiles is Rs.360 per dozen.

Image Source: NCERT Textbook

The edge of the given cubical tank (a) = 1.5 m = 150 cm

Thus, the surface area of the given tank = 5 × 150 × 150 cm²

The measure of each side of a square tile = 25 cm

Area of every square tile = side × side = 25 × 25 cm²

The required number of tiles in the cubical water tank= (Surface area of the tank)/(Area of each and every tile)

= (5 × 150 × 150)/(25 × 25)

= 180

Also, the cost of the tiles per dozen is Rs. 360.

Hence, the cost of each tile = Rs. 360/12 = Rs. 30

Therefore, the total cost of all the 180 tiles = 180 × Rs. 30

= Rs. 5400

Question 2: A particular plastic box 1.5 m long, 1.25 m wide and 65 cm deep are to be made. It is opened at the top. Ignoring the estimated thickness of the plastic sheet, determine the:

(i)The area of the sheet needed for making the box.

(ii)The cost of the separate sheet for it, if a sheet measuring 1m² cost Rs. 20.

Answer 2: Given: The length (l) of the given box = 1.5m

The breadth (b) of the given box = 1.25 m

The depth (h) of the given box = 0.65m

(i) Box is to be open at the top

The area of the sheet needed.

= 2 x length x height + 2 x breadth x height + 2 x length x breadth.

= [ 2 × 1.5 × 0.65 + 2 × 1.25 × 0.65 + 1.5 × 1.25 ]m²

= (1.95 + 1.625 + 1.875) m²

= 5.45 m²

(ii) The cost of a sheet per m² Area = Rs.20.

The cost of a sheet of 5.45 m² area = Rs (5.45×20)

= Rs.109.

Question 3: Find out

(i) the curved surface area of a closed given cylindrical petrol storage tank that is 4.2 m in

diameter and 4.5m high.

(ii) How a small amount of steel actually used if 1/12 of the steel actually used was wasted in making the tank? (Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 3:  The height of the given cylindrical tank, h = 4.5m

The radius of the given circular end, r = (4.2/2)m = 2.1m

(i) The curved surface area of the cylindrical tank is 2πrh

= 2×(22/7)×2.1×4.5 m²

= (44×0.3×4.5) m²

= 59.4 m²

Thus, the Curved Surface Area of the tank is 59.4 m².

(ii) The total surface area of given tank = 2πradius (radius + height)

= 2 × (22/7) × 2.1 × ( 2.1 + 4.5 )

= 44 × 0.3 × 6.6

= 87.12 m²

Now, Let S m² steel sheet be actually used in making the tank.

S(1 -1/12) = 87.12 m²

This implies that S = 95.04 m²

Thus, 95.04 m² steel was used in actuality while making such a tank.

Question 4: The total surface area of a certain cube is 96 cm². The volume of the cube is:

(A) 8 cm³ (B) 512 cm³(C) 64 cm³ (D) 27 cm³

Explanation:

The surface area of the given cube is 96 cm²

Let the length of the given cube is l cm.

Thus,

6 × l²= 96

According to the given formula

l² = 96/6

l² = 16

l = 4

Thus the length of the given cube is 4 cm.

The volume of a cube = l³

= 43

= 64

Thus the volume is 64 cm³ which is option c.

Hence, option C is the correct answer.

Question 5:A particular right circular cylinder encloses a sphere of radius r (see fig. 13.22). Find out

(i) surface area of the given sphere,

(ii) curved surface area of the given cylinder,

(iii) ratio of the given areas obtained in (i) and (ii).

Image Source: NCERT Textbook

(i) The surface area of the given sphere = 4πr², where r is the radius of the given sphere

(ii) The height of the given cylinder, h = r+r =2r

The radius of the given cylinder = r

Curved Surface Area of cylinder formula = 2πrh = 2πr(2r) (using value of h)

= 4πr²

(iii) Ratio between areas = (Surface area of the sphere)/(CSA of Cylinder)

= 4πr²/4πr²= 1/1

The ratio of the given areas obtained in (i) and (ii) is 1:1.

Question 6: A particular lead pencil consists of a wooden cylinder with a solid cylinder of graphite filled in the interior. The diameter of the particular pencil is 7 mm, and the diameter of the graphite is 1 mm. If the pencil length is 14 cm, find out the volume of the wood and that of the graphite. (Assume π = 22/7)

Image Source: NCERT Textbook

The radius of the given pencil, r1 = 7/2 mm = 0.7/2 cm = 0.35 cm

The radius of the given graphite, r2 = 1/2 mm = 0.1/2 cm = 0.05 cm

The height of the given pencil, h = 14 cm

The volume of wood in pencil = (r1²-r2²)h cubic units

Substitute the values we have

= [(22/7)×(0.35²-0.05²)×14]

= 44×0.12

= 5.28

This implies the volume of wood in pencil = 5.28 cm³

Again,

The volume of graphite = r2²h cubic units

Substituting the values we obtained

= (22/7)×0.052×14

= 44×0.0025

= 0.11

Thus, the volume of graphite is 0.11 cm³.

Question 7: In a cylinder, the radius is doubled, and the height is halved; the curved surface area

(A) is halved (B)is doubled (C) is the same (D) is four times

Explanation:

Let the radius of the given cylinder = r unit

Let the height of the given cylinder = h unit.

As per the question,

Height is halved = h/2

Then,

The required curved surface area of the given cylinder = 2 × π × r × h

And as per the above condition,

The curved surface area = 2 × π × 2 × r × h/2

= 2 × π × r × h

This is the same as the curved surface area of the cylinder with radius r and height h.

Hence, option C is the correct answer.

Question 8: A patient in a certain hospital is given soup daily in a cylindrical bowl of diameter 7cm. If the cylindrical bowl is served with soup up to a height of 4cm, how much soup ought to call the hospital to prepare daily to serve 250 patients? (Assume π = 22/7)

Image Source: NCERT Textbook

The diameter of the given cylindrical bowl = 7 cm

The given radius of the cylindrical bowl, r = 7/2 cm = 3.5 cm

The bowl is served with soup up to a height of 4cm, so h = 4 cm

The volume of soup in one bowl= πr²h

(22/7)×3.5²×4 = 154

The volume of soup in one bowl is 154 cm³

Therefore,

The volume of soup served to 250 patients = (250×154) cm³= 38500 cm³

= 38.5litres.

Question 9: The paint present in a particular container is sufficient to paint the required area of 9.375 sq.m. How many bricks of dimensions 22.5 cm × 10 cm × 7.5 cm can be painted out of this container?

Image Source: NCERT Textbook

The dimensions of the given brick = 22.5 cm × 10 cm × 7.5 cm

Now, l = 22.5 cm, b = 10 cm, h = 7.5 cm

Surface area of each brick = 2(length x breadth + breadth x height  + height  x length)

= 2 ( 22.5 × 10 + 10 × 7.5 + 7.5 × 22.5 ) cm²

= 2 ( 225 + 75 + 168.75 ) cm²

= 2 x 468.75 cm²

= 937.5 cm²

The Area that can be painted by the container = 9.375 m² (given)

= 9.375 × 10000 cm²

= 93750 cm²

Hence, the required number of bricks = (Area that the container can paint)/(Surface area of 1 brick)

= 93750/937.5

= 937500/9375

= 100

Question 10: In a certain right circular cone, height, radius and slant height are not always sides of a right triangle.

Answer 10: In the required right circular cone, height, radius and slant height are not always sides of a right triangle.

Consider a given right circular cone with height h, slant height l and radius r.

In a required right-angled triangle, one angle = 90°

∠AOB = 90°

Evaluating triangle AOB,

By utilising the Pythagorean theorem

AB² = OA² + OB²

l² = h² + r²

This indicates that the cone’s height, radius and slant height can consistently be the sides of a right triangle.

Hence, the provided statement is true.

Question 11:A room’s given length, breadth, and height are 5 m, 4 m and 3 m, respectively. Find out the cost of whitewashing the walls of the room and ceiling at the given rate of Rs 7.50 per m

Answer 11: The length (l) of the given room = 5m

The breadth (b) of the given room = 4m

The height (h) of the given room = 3m

It can be seen that the four walls and the room’s ceiling are to be whitewashed.

The total area required to be whitewashed = Area of the given walls + Area of the ceiling of the given room

= 2 x length x height + 2 x breadth x height +length x breadth

= [ 2 × 5 × 3 + 2 × 4 × 3 + 5 × 4 ]

= ( 30 + 24 + 20 )

= 74

The area is 74 m²

Also,

Cost of whitewash per m² Area = Rs.7.50 (Given)

Cost of whitewashing 74 m² areas = Rs. (74×7.50)

= Rs. 555

Question 12: In the figure, you can observe the frame of a lampshade. It is to be covered with a certain decorative cloth.

The required frame has a base diameter of 20 cm and a height of 30 cm. A margin of 2.5 cm is given for folding it over the top and bottom of the frame. Find out how much cloth is needed to cover the lampshade. (Assume π = 22/7)

Image Source: NCERT Textbook

Answer 12: Say h = height of the frame of the lampshade, looks similar to a cylindrical shape

The total height is h = (2.5+30+2.5) cm = 35cm and

r = (20/2) cm = 10cm

Use the curved surface area formula to find the cloth required for covering the lampshade, which is 2πrh

= (2×(22/7)×10×35) cm²

= 2200 cm²

Hence, 2200 cm² cloth is required to cover the lampshade.

Question 13: If the radius of a certain cylinder is doubled and its curved surface area is not changed, the height is to be halved.

Justification:

Let the radius of the cylinder = r

Height of the cylinder = h

Then, the curved surface area of the cylinder, CSA = 2πrh

According to the question,

The radius is doubled, and the curved surface area is not changed.

The new radius of the cylinder, R = 2r

The new curved surface area of the cylinder, CSA’ = 2πrh …(i)

Alternate case:

When R = 2r and CSA’ = 2πrh

The curved surface area of the required cylinder, in this case, Curved Surface Area’= 2πRh = 2π(2r)h = 4πrh …(ii)

Comparing the given equations (i) and (ii),

We obtain,

But, 2πrh ≠ 4πrh

equation (i) ≠ equation (ii)

Hence, if h = h/2 (height is halved)

so,

Curved Surface Area’ = 2π(2r)(h/2) = 2πrh

Thus, the given statement, “If the radius of a given cylinder is doubled and its curved surface area is not modified, the height must be halved”, is true.

Question 14: The diameter of the base of a given cone is 10.5 cm, and its required slant height is 10 cm. Find out its curved surface area (Assume π=22/7)

Answer 14: The radius of the given base of cone = diameter/ 2 = (10.5/2)cm = 5.25cm

The slant height of the given cone, say l = 10 cm

Curved Surface Area of cone = πrl

= (22/7)×5.25×10 = 165 cm²

Thus, the curved surface area of the required cone is 165cm².

Question 15: A matchbox measures 4 cm×2.5cm×1.5cm. What will be the required volume of a packet containing 12 such boxes?

Answer 15: The dimensions of a given matchbox (a cuboid) are l×b×h = 4 cm×2.5 cm×1.5 cm, respectively

The volume of the given matchbox = l×b×h = (4×2.5×1.5) = 15

Volume of matchbox = 15 cm³

The volume of 12 such matchboxes = (15×12) cm³ = 180 cm³

Therefore, the volume of 12 matchboxes is 180 cm³.

Question 16: Find out the volume of the given right circular cone with

(i) the radius is 6cm, height is 7 cm (ii) the radius is 3.5 cm, height is 12 cm (Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 16: The volume of cone = (1/3) πr²h cube units

let r be the required radius and h be the height of the cone

The height of the given cone, h = 7cm

Say V be the volume of the given cone; we obtain

V = (1/3)×(22/7)×36×7

= (12×22)

= 264

The volume of the given cone is 264 cm³.

(ii) The radius of the given cone, r = 3.5cm

The height of the given cone, h = 12cm

The volume of the given cone = (1/3)×(22/7)×3.5²×7 = 154

Therefore,

The volume of the given cone is 154 cm³.

Question 17: The volume of the largest given right circular cone that can be accommodated in a cube whose edge is 2r is the same as the volume of the required hemisphere of radius r.

Answer 17: According to the question,

Edge of the cube, l = 2r

Then, the diameter of the given cone = 2r

The radius of the given cone = 2r/2

= r

The height of the given cone, h = height of the cube

= 2r

The volume of the cone is given by,

The volume of cone = 1/3 πr²h

= 1/3 πr²(2r)

= 2/3 πr³

= Volume of the given hemisphere of radius r

Thus, the required statement “the volume of the given largest right circular cone that can be accommodated in a cube whose edge is 2r equals the volume of the required hemisphere of radius r” is true.

Question 18:The height of a given cone is 15cm. If its volume is 1570cm³, find out the diameter of its base. (Use π = 3.14)

Answer 18: Height of the cone, h = 15 cm

The volume of the cone =1570 cm³

Let r be the needed radius of the given cone.

The volume of the cone, V = (1/3) πr²h

So, (1/3) πr²h = 1570

(1/3)×3.14×r² ×15 = 1570

r² = 100

r = 10

The radius of the base of the required cone is 10 cm.

Question 19: A room’s length, breadth and height are 5 m, 4 m and 3 m, respectively. Find the cost of whitewashing the room’s walls and the ceiling at Rs.7.50 per sq.m.

The length of the given room (l) = 5 m

The breadth of the given room (b) = 4 m

The height of the room (h) = 3 m

Area of walls of the given room = Lateral surface area of a cuboid

= 2h(l + b)

= 2 × 3(5 + 4)

= 6 × 9

= 54 sq.m

Area of the given ceiling = Area of base of the cuboid

= lb

= 5 × 4

= 20 sq.m

Area required to be whitewashed = (54 + 20) sq.m = 74 sq.m

The cost of whitewashing per sq.m = Rs. 7.50

Hence, the total amount of whitewashing the walls and ceiling of the room = 74 × Rs. 7.50 = Rs. 555

Question 20: The floor of a particular rectangular hall has a given perimeter of 250 m. If the cost of painting the four given walls is Rs.10 per m² is Rs.15000, find out the height of the particular hall.

Answer 20: Let the length, breadth, and height of the given rectangular hall be l, b, and h, respectively.

The Area of four walls = 2lh+2bh

= 2(l+b)h

The perimeter of the given floor of the hall = 2(l+b)

= 250 m

The area of four walls = 2(l+b) h = 250h m2

The cost of painting per square metre  area = Rs.10

The cost of painting 250h square meter area = Rs (250h×10) = Rs.2500h

Although, it is given that the cost of painting the walls is Rs. 15000.

15000 = 2500h

Or h = 6

Thus, the height of the given hall is 6 m.

Question 21: Metal spheres, separately of radius 2 cm, are loaded into a rectangular box of the required internal dimensions 16 cm × 8 cm × 8 cm. When 16 spheres are compacted, the box is loaded with preservative liquid. Find the volume of this liquid. Give your answer to the nearest integer. [Use π =3.14]

Answer 21: According to the question,

Radius of each sphere, r = 2 cm

The volume of a given sphere

Volume of 1 sphere = 4/3 πr³

Hence, there are 16 spheres in our question,

Volume of 16 spheres = 16 × 4/3 πr³

= 16 × 4/3 × 3.14 × 2³

= 535.89 cm³

The dimensions of the given rectangular box = 16 cm × 8 cm × 8 cm

The volume of the given rectangular box = 16 × 8 × 8 = 1024 cm³

In order to find the volume of the liquid that is filled in a rectangular box,

We need to find the space left in the given rectangular box after the space occupied by the spheres.

The volume of the given liquid = (Volume of the given rectangular box) – (Volume of the given 16 spheres)

⇒ Volume of the given liquid = 1024 – 535.89

= 488.11 cm³

Thus, the volume of this liquid is 488.11 cm³.

Question 22: The students of a particular Vidyalaya were asked to partake in a competition for creating and embellishing penholders in the form of a cylinder with a base utilising cardboard. Per penholder was to be of radius 3 cm and height 10.5 cm. The Vidyalaya was to provide the competitors with cardboard. If there were around 35 competitors, how much cardboard was needed to be bought for the competition? (Assume π =22/7)

Answer 22: The radius of the circular end of the given cylindrical penholder, r = 3cm

The height of the given penholder, h = 10.5cm

The surface area of a given pen holder = Curved Surface Area of pen holder + Area of base of the given penholder

= 2πrh+πr²

= 2 × (22/7) × 3 × 10.5 + (22/7) × 3² = 1584/7

Thus, the Area of cardboard sheet used by one competitor is 1584/7 cm²

So, the Area of cardboard sheets used by 35 competitors = 35×1584/7 = 7920 cm²

Therefore, a 7920 cm² cardboard sheet will be needed for the competition.

Question 23: Find out the total surface area of a cone if its slant height is 21 m and the diameter of the required base is 24 m. (Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 23: The radius of the given cone, r = 24/2 m = 12m

The slant height of the given cone, l = 21 m

The total Surface area of the required cone = (22/7)×12×(21+12) m²

= 1244.57m²

Question 24: A particular cuboidal water tank is around 6m long, 5m wide and 4.5m deep. How many litres of water can the water tank hold? (1 m³= 1000 l)

Answer 24: Dimensions of a cuboidal water tank are: l = 6 m and b = 5 m and h = 4.5 m

Formula to find the volume of the tank, V = l×b×h

Put the values, we get

V = (6×5×4.5) = 135

The volume of the water tank is 135 m³

The amount of water that 1 m³ volume can hold = 1000 l

The required amount of water, 135 m³ volume hold = (135×1000) litres = 135000 litres

Thus, given cuboidal water tank can hold up to135000 litres of water.

Question 25: A particular storage tank is in the form of a cube. When it is filled with water, the volume of water is 15.625 m³. If the current depth of water is 1.3 m, find out the volume of water already used from the tank.

Answer 25: When the cubical tank is full:

The volume of water = Volume of cube = 15.625 m³

So, we know that

The volume of cube = (length of the edge of cube)³

⇒ (length of the edge of cube)³ = 15.625

⇒ The required length of the edge of the given cube = ∛15.625

= 2.5 m

The length of the edge of the given cube = 2.5 m.

When the current depth of the water is 1.3 m:

The length of the given tank = 2.5 m

The breadth of the given tank = 2.5 m

So, the volume of water up to 1.3 m depth = length × breadth × depth

= 2.5 × 2.5 × 1.3

= 8.125 m³

The volume of water already utilised from the tank = (Volume of the tank when it was full of water) –

(Volume of water when its depth is 1.3 m)

= 15.625 – 8.125

= 7.5 m³

Thus, the volume of water already used from the tank is 7.5 m³.

Question 26: If the volume of a right circular cone of height 9cm is 48πcm³, find the diameter of its base.

Answer 26: Height of cone, h = 9cm

The volume of the cone =48π cm³

Let r be the necessary radius of the given cone.

The volume of the required cone, V = (1/3) ²

So, 1/3 π r²(9) = 48 π

r² = 16

r = 4

The radius of the given cone is 4 cm.

So, diameter = 2 × Radius = 8

Thus, the diameter of the base is 8 cm.

Question 27: The curved surface area of the given right circular cylinder of height 14 cm is 88 sq. cm. Find out the diameter of the base of the cylinder.

Answer 27: Let d be the diameter and r be the radius of a right circular cylinder.

Given,

Height of cylinder (h) = 14 cm

The curved surface area of the given right circular cylinder = 88 cm2

⇒ 2πrh = 88 cm²

⇒ πdh = 88 cm² (d = 2r)

⇒ 22/7 x d x 14 cm = 88 cm²

⇒ d = 2 cm

Accordingly, the diameter of the required base of the cylinder is 2 cm.

Question 28: A certain storage tank is in the form of a cube. When it is filled with water, the volume of water is 15.625 m³. If the present water depth is 1.3 m, find the volume of water already used from the tank.

Answer 28:  When the given cubical tank is full:

The required volume of water = The required volume of cube = 15.625 m³

So, we know that,

The volume of cube = (length of the edge of cube)³

⇒ (length of the edge of cube)³ = 15.625

⇒ length of the edge of cube = ∛15.625

= 2.5 m

We know that,

The length of the edge of the cube = 2.5 m.

When the present depth of the given water is 1.3 m:

The length of the given tank = 2.5 m

The breadth of the given tank = 2.5 m

So, the volume of water up to 1.3 m depth = length × breadth × depth

= 2.5 × 2.5 × 1.3

= 8.125 m³

The required volume of water already utilised from the tank = (Volume of the tank when it was filled with water) –

(Volume of water if the depth is 1.3 m)

= 15.625 – 8.125

= 7.5 m³

Thus, the volume of water already used from the tank is 7.5 m³.

Question 29: The paint in a particular container is sufficient to paint an area equal to 9.375 m2. How many bricks of dimensions are required, 22.5 cm×10 cm×7.5 cm and can be painted out of this particular container?

Answer 29: The total surface area of one particular brick = 2 (length x breadth + breadth x height + length x breadth)

= [2 ( 22.5 × 10 + 10 × 7.5 + 22.5 × 7.5 )] cm²

= 2(225+75+168.75) cm²

= (2×468.75) cm²

= 937.5 cm²

Let n be the required number of bricks that can be painted out by the paint of the certain container.

The area of n bricks = (n×937.5) cm²= 937.5n cm²

As per the given data, the Area that can be painted by the paint of the container = 9.375 m² = 93750 cm²

So, we have 93750 = 937.5n

n = 100

Hence, 100 bricks can be painted out by the paint of the container.

Question 30: The curved surface area of a particular cone is 308 cm2, and its required slant height is 14 cm. Find out

(i) the required radius of the base and (ii) the total surface area of the cone.

(Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 30: The slant height of the given cone, l = 14 cm

Let the required radius of the cone be r.

(i) We know the Curved Surface Area of the cone = πrl

The required Curved surface area of a cone is 308 cm²

(308 ) = (22/7)×r×14

308 = 44 r

r = 308/44 = 7 cm

The required radius of a cone base is 7 cm.

(ii) Total surface area of cone = Curved Surface Area of cone + Area of base (πr2)

The total surface area of the cone = 308+(22/7)×72 = 308+154 = 462 cm².

Therefore, the required total surface area of the cone is 462 cm².

Question 31: Find out the amount of water displaced by a solid spherical ball of diameter 4.2 cm when completely immersed in water.

Answer 31: Water displaced when a solid spherical ball is immersed completely in water equals its volume.

As per the question,

The diameter of the given spherical ball = 4.2 cm

The radius of the given spherical ball = 4.2/2 = 2.1 cm

So, the volume of a sphere = 4/3 πr³

(4/3) (22/7)(2.1)³ = 38.81

Thus, the volume of water displaced is 38.81 cm³.

Question 32: A particular cuboidal vessel is 10m long and 8m wide. How high must the vessel be made to hold 380 cubic metres of liquid?

Answer 32: The length of the given cuboidal vessel, l = 10 m

The width of the given cuboidal vessel, b = 8m

The volume of the given cuboidal vessel, V = 380 m³

Let the height of the required vessel be h.

The volume of the given cuboid, V = l×b×h

Using the formula, we have

l×b×h = 380

10×8×h= 380

Or h = 4.75

Thus, the height of the vessels is 4.75 m.

Question 33: A conical pit with a top diameter of 3.5m is 12m deep. What is its capacity in kiloliters?

(Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 33: The diameter of the given conical pit = 3.5 m

The radius of the given conical pit, r = diameter/ 2 = (3.5/2)m = 1.75m

The height of the given pit, h = Depth of pit = 12m

Volume of cone, V = (1/3) πr²h

V = (1/3)×(22/7) ×(1.75)²×12 = 38.5

The volume of a cone is 38.5 m³

Thus,the capacity of the given pit = (38.5×1) kiloliters = 38.5 kiloliters.

Question 34: How many square metres of the canvas are required for a conical tent whose height is to be 3.5 m, and the radius of the base is 12 m?

Answer 34: According to the question,

Dimensions of the conical tent are:

Height = 3.5 m

The required curved surface area of the given cone = πr√(r² + h²)

= 22/7 × 12 √(122 + 3.52)

= 22/7 × 12 × √156.25

= 22/7 × 12 × 12.5

= 471.43 m²

Since the Area of canvas = curved surface area of conical tent

Therefore, the Area of canvas required is 471.43 m².

Question 35: A particular right triangle ABC with sides 5cm, 12cm and 13cm is revolved about the side 12 cm. Find out the volume of the required solid so obtained.

Image Source: NCERT Textbook

Height (h)= 12 cm

Radius (r) = 5 cm, and

Slant height (l) = 13 cm

Volume of cone, V = (1/3) πr²h

V = (1/3)×π×5²×12

= 100π

The volume of the given cone  formed is 100π cm³.

Question 36: If the triangle ABC revolves around the side 5cm, find out the volume of the given solids so obtained. Find out also the ratio of the volumes of the two solids obtained.

Image Source: NCERT Textbook

In a right-angled ΔABC is revolved about its side 5cm; a cone will be formed with a radius of 12 cm, a height of 5 cm, and a slant height of 13 cm.

The volume of the cone = (1/3) πr²h; where r is the radius and h is the height of the cone

= (1/3)×π×12×12×5

= 240 π

The volume of the cones formed is 240π cm³.

Hence, required ratio = (result of question 35) / (result of question 36) = (100π)/(240π) = 5/12 = 5:12.

Question 37: The curved surface area of the given right circular cylinder is 4.4 sq.m. If the required radius of the base of the cylinder is 0.7 m, find its height.

Answer 37: Let h be the height of the given cylinder.

The necessary radius of the base of the given cylinder (r) = 0.7 m

The required curved surface area of the given cylinder = 4.4 m².

2πrh = 4.4

2 × 3.14 × 0.7 × h = 4.4

4.4 × h = 4.4

h = 4.4/4.4

h = 1

Thus, the required height of the cylinder is 1 m.

Question 38: A certain cubical box has an edge of 10 cm, and the other cuboidal box is 12.5cm long, 10 cm wide, and 8 cm high.

(i) Which box has the greater lateral surface area, and by how much?

(ii) Which box has the smaller total surface area, and by how much?

Answer 38: As per the given question, we have

The edge of a particular cube = 10cm

The length of a particular cube, l = 12.5 cm

The breadth of a particular cube, b = 10cm

The height of a particular cube, h = 8 cm

(i) Find out the lateral surface area for both the given figures

The lateral surface area of the given cubical box = 4 (edge)²

= 4(10)²

= 400 cm² …(1)

The lateral surface area of cuboidal box = 2[lh+bh]

= [2(12.5×8+10×8)]

= (2×180) = 360

Therefore, the Lateral surface area of the cuboidal box is 360 cm². …(2)

From (1) and (2), the lateral surface area of the cubical box is more than the lateral surface area of the cuboidal box. The difference between both lateral surfaces is 40 cm².

(Lateral surface area of the given cubical box – Lateral surface area of the given cuboidal box =400 cm²–360cm² = 40 cm²)

(ii) Find out the total surface area for both the figures

The total surface area of the given cubical box = 6(edge)²

= 6(10 cm)²

2 = 600 cm²…(3)

The total surface area of a given cuboidal box

= 2[ length x height + breadth x height + length x breadth]

= [ 2 ( 12.5 × 8 + 10 × 8+ 12.5 × 100 )]

= 610

The total surface area of the given cuboidal box is 610 cm²..(4)

From (3) and (4), we can see that the total surface area of the given cubical box is smaller than that of the given cuboidal box. And their difference is 10 cm².

Accordingly, the required total surface area of the given cubical box is smaller than that of the given cuboidal box by 10. As per the given question, we have

The edge of a particular cube = 10cm

The length of a particular cube, l = 12.5 cm

The breadth of a particular cube, b = 10cm

The height of a particular cube, h = 8 cm

Question 39: A particular cylindrical tube open at both ends is made of an iron sheet, which is 2 cm thick. If the required outer diameter is 16 cm and its length is 100 cm, find out how many cubic centimetres of iron have been used in making the tube.

Answer 39: According to the question,

Outer diameter d = 16cm

Then,

Outer radius r – 16/2 = 8cm

Height = length = 100cm

The thickness of the iron sheet = 2cm

Volume of cylinder = πr²h, where r= outer radius and π = 3.14

Thus, Volume of cylinder = πr²h

= 3.14 × (8)²× 100

= 20,096 cm³

Here, inner diameter = outer diameter – 2× thickness of the iron sheet

Inner diameter = 16-(2× 2) = 12cm

Inner radius R = 12/2 = 6cm

Thus, Volume of hollow space = πR² h, where R= inner radius and π = 3.14

= πR² h

= 3.14 × (6)²× 100

= 11,304 cm³

Thus,

The volume of iron used = Volume of the cylinder – Volume of hollow space

= (20,096 – 11,304 ) cm³

= 8800 cm³

Question 40: Find out the cost required for digging a cuboidal pit which is around 8m in length, 6m in breadth and 3m in depth at the rate of Rs 30 per m³.

Answer 40: The pit has its given length(l) as 8m, breadth (b)as 6m and depth (h)as 3 m.

The volume of the given cuboidal pit = l×b×h = (8×6×3) = 144 (using formula)

The required Volume is 144 m³

Now,

Cost of digging per m³ volume = Rs 30

Cost of digging 144 m³ volume = Rs (144×30) = Rs 4320

Question 41:Find out the volume of a sphere whose radius is

(i) 7 cm (ii) 0.63 m

(Assume π =22/7)

Using, Volume of sphere = (4/3) πr³

= (4/3)×(22/7)×7³

= 4312/3

Hence, the volume of the sphere is 1437.33 cm³

(ii) The radius of the given sphere, r = 0.63 m

Using the volume of sphere = (4/3) πr³

= (4/3)×(22/7)×0.63³

= 1.0478 m³

Thus, the volume of the sphere is 1.05 m³ (approx).

Question 42: Find out the amount of water displaced by a solid spherical ball of diameter

(i) 28 cm (ii) 0.21 m

(Assume π =22/7)

Answer 42: (i) Diameter = 28 cm

Radius, r = 28/2 cm = 14cm

The volume of the solid spherical ball = (4/3) πr³

The required volume of the ball = (4/3)×(22/7)×14³ = 34496/3

Hence, the volume of the ball is 34496/3 cm³

(ii) Diameter = 0.21 m

The required radius of the ball =0.21/2 m= 0.105 m

The volume of the ball = (4/3 )πr³

The required volume of the ball = (4/3)× (22/7)×0.105³ m³

Hence, the volume of the ball = 0.004851 m³

Question 43: In a given hot water heating system, there is a certain cylindrical pipe of length 28 m and diameter 5 cm. Find out the required total radiating surface in the given system.

The length of the given cylindrical pipe = h = 28 m

The diameter of the given pipe = 5 cm

The radius of the given piper (r) = 5/ 2 cm = 2.5 cm = 0.025 m

The total radiating surface in the system = Total surface area of the cylinder

= 2πr(h + r)

= 2 × (22/7) × 0.025 (28 + 0.025) m²

= (44 x 0.025 x 28.025)/7 m²

= 4.4 m² (approx)

Question 44:A little indoor greenhouse (herbarium) is constructed entirely of glass panes (including base) carried together with tape. It is around 30cm long, 25 cm wide, and 25 cm high.

(i)What is the required Area of the glass?

(ii)How much tape is required for all 12 edges?

Length of the greenhouse, say l = 30cm

The breadth of the greenhouse, say b = 25 cm

Height of greenhouse, say h = 25 cm

(i) Total surface area of given greenhouse = Area of the glass = 2[lb+lh+bh]

= [2(30×25+30×25+25×25)]

= [2(750+750+625)]

= (2×2125) = 4250

The required total surface area of the glass is 4250 cm²

(ii)

Image Source: NCERT Textbook

From the figure, the length of the tape  needed for all the 12 edges  AB, BC, CD, DA, EF, FG, GH, HE AH, BE, DG, and CF.

Full length of tape = 4(l+b+h)

= [4 ( 30 + 25 + 25 )] (after replacing the values)

= 320

Thus, 320 cm tape is required for all 12 edges.

From the figure, the length of the tape needed for all the 12 edges AB, BC, CD, DA, EF, FG, GH, HE AH, BE, DG, and CF.

Total length of tape = 4 ( length + breadth + height)

= [ 4 ( 30 + 25 + 25 )] (after replacing the values)

= 320

Hence, 320 cm tape is required for all 12 edges.

Question 45: A particular conical tent is 10 m high, and the radius of its base is 24 m. Find out

(i) the slant height of the particular tent.

(ii) cost of the canvas needed to make the tent if the cost of 1 m2 canvas is Rs 70.

(Assume π=22/7)

Image Source: Internet

Let ABC be a conical tent

Height of conical tent, h = 10 m

The radius of the given conical tent, r = 24m

Let the slant height of the given tent be l.

(i) In the right triangle ABO, we have

AB² = AO²+BO²(using Pythagoras theorem)

l² = h²+r²

= (10)²+(24)²

= 676

l = 26 m

Accordingly, the required slant height of the tent is 26 m.

(ii) Curved Surface Area of tent = πrl

= (22/7)×24×26 m2

Cost of 1 m² canvas = Rs 70

The cost of (13728/7)m² canvas is equal to Rs (13728/7)×70 = Rs 137280

Hence, the cost of the canvas needed to make such a tent is Rs 137280.

Question 46:The diameter of a particular metallic ball is 4.2cm. What is the required mass of the ball if the density of the given metal is 8.9 g per cm3? (Assume π=22/7)

The diameter of a given metallic ball = 4.2 cm

The radius(r) of the metallic ball, r = 4.2/2 cm = 2.1 cm

Volume formula = 4/3 πr³

The volume of the metallic ball = (4/3)×(22/7)×2.1 cm³

The volume of the metallic ball = 38.808 cm³

Now, using the relationship between density, mass and volume,

Density = Mass/Volume

Mass = Density × volume

= (8.9×38.808) g

= 345.3912 g

The required mass of the ball is 345.39 g (approx).

Question 47: The height of a particular cone is 16 cm, and its base radius is 12 cm. Find out the curved surface area and the total surface area of the cone. (Take π = 3.14)

Answer 47: i) Height of a cone (h) = 16 cm

Radius of the base (r) = 12 cm

Now,

Slant height of cone (l) = √(r2 + h2)

= √(256 + 144)

= √400

= 20 cm

1. ii) The curved surface area of the cone = πrl

= 3.14 × 12 × 20 cm²

= 753.6 cm²

Total surface area = πrl + πr²

= (753.6 + 3.14 × 12 × 12) cm²

= (753.6 + 452.16) cm²

= 1205.76 cm²

Question 48: Shanti Sweets Stall placed an order for preparing cardboard boxes for packing their sweets. Two sizes of boxes were required. The bigger dimensions are 25 cm×20cm×5cm, and the smaller dimension is 15cm×12cm×5cm. 5% of the total surface area is needed extra for all the required overlaps. If the cardboard cost is Rs. 4 for 1000 cm², find out the cost of cardboard needed for supplying 250 boxes of each kind.

Answer 48: Let l, b and h be the box’s length, breadth and height.

Bigger Box:

length = 25cm

height = 5 cm

Total surface area of the given bigger box = 2(lb+lh+bh)

= [2(25×20+25×5+20×5)]

= [2(500+125+100)]

= 1450 cm²

Extra Area needed for overlapping 1450×5/100 cm2

= 72.5 cm²

While considering all overlaps, the total surface area of the bigger box

= (1450+72.5) cm2 = 1522.5 cm²

Area of cardboard sheet needed for 250 such bigger boxes

= (1522.5×250) cm2 = 380625 cm²

Smaller Box:

Similarly, the total surface area of smaller box = [2(15×12+15×5+12×5)] cm²

= [2(180+75+60)] cm²

= (2×315) cm²

= 630 cm²

Therefore, the extra Area required for overlapping 630×5/100 cm² = 31.5 cm²

The total surface area of 1 smaller box while considering all overlaps

= (630+31.5) cm² = 661.5 cm²

Area of cardboard sheet needed for 250 smaller boxes = (250×661.5) cm² = 165375 cm²

Now, Total cardboard sheet required = (380625+165375) cm²

= 546000 cm²

Given: Cost of 1000 cm² cardboard sheet = Rs. 4

Therefore, the Cost of 546000 cm² cardboard sheet =Rs. (546000×4)/1000 = Rs. 2184

Hence, the cost of cardboard required for supplying 250 boxes of each kind will be Rs. 2184.

Question 49: How many litres of milk can a separate hemispherical bowl of diameter 10.5cm hold? (Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 49: Diameter of hemispherical bowl = 10.5 cm

The radius of the given hemispherical bowl, r = 10.5/2 cm = 5.25 cm

The formula for the volume of the hemispherical bowl = (2/3) πr³

The volume of the given hemispherical bowl = (2/3)×(22/7)×5.25³ = 303.1875

The volume of the given hemispherical bowl is 303.1875 cm³

The capacity of the bowl = (303.1875)/1000 L = 0.303 litres(approx.)

Therefore, the hemispherical bowl can hold 0.303 litres of milk.

Question 50: Find out the total surface area of a cone if its given slant height is 21 m and the given diameter of its required base is 24 m.

The diameter of the given cone = 24 m

The radius of the given cone (r) = 24/2 = 12 m

The slant height of the given cone (l) = 21 m

The required total surface area of a given cone = πr(l + r)

= (22/7) × 12 × (21 + 12)

= (22/7) × 12 × 33

= 1244.57 m²

Question 51: Praveen needed to make a temporary shelter for her car by making a box-like structure with a tarpaulin that covers all four sides and the canopy of the car (with the front face as a flap which can be rolled up). Presuming that the stitching margins are very small and therefore negligible, how many tarpaulins would be needed to construct the shelter of height 2.5m, with base dimensions 4m×3m?

Answer 51: Let l, b and h be the length, breadth and height of the temporary shelter.

Given:

l = 4m

b = 3m

h = 2.5m

Tarpaulins will be required for the top and four wall sides of the shelter.

Using the given formula,

Area of required tarpaulin = 2(lh+bh)+lb

On substituting the values of l, b and h, we obtain

= [2(4×2.5+3×2.5)+4×3] m²

= [2(10+7.5)+12]m²

= 47 m²

Hence, 47 m² tarpaulins will be required.

Question 52: What is the length of tarpaulin 3 m wide needed to make a conical tent of the given height 8 m and base radius 6m? Presume that the extra length of material that will be required for stitching margins and wastage in cutting is approximately 20 cm. [Use π=3.14]

Answer 52: Height of conical tent, h = 8m

The required radius of the base of the given tent, r = 6m

Slant height of tent, l2 = (r2+h2)

l2 = (62+82) = (36+64) = (100)

or l = 10 m

Again, CSA of conical tent = πrl

= (3.14×6×10) m2

= 188.4m2

Let the length of the tarpaulin sheet needed by L

As 20 cm will be wasted, therefore,

The effective length will be (L-0.2m).

Breadth of tarpaulin = 3m (given)

The required area of sheet = The required curved Surface Area of the tent

[(L–0.2)×3] = 188.4

L-0.2 = 62.8

L = 63 m

Thus, the length of the required tarpaulin sheet will be 63 m.

Question 53:A particular village, having a population of 4000, needs 150 litres of water per head per day. It has a tank which measures 20 m×15 m×6 m. For how long will the water of this tank last?

Answer 53: The length of the given tank = l = 20 m

The breadth of the given tank = b = 15 m

The height of the given tank = h = 6 m

The total population of a particular village = 4000

The consumption of water per head per day = 150 litres

Water consumed by the individuals in 1 day = (4000×150) litres = 600000 litres …(1)

the capacity of the given tank, C = l×b×h

Using the given data, we have

C = (20×15×6) m³= 1800 m³

Or C = 1800000 litres

Let the required water in this tank last for d number of days.

The water consumed by all people in d days = Capacity of the tank (using equation (1))

600000 d =1800000

d = 3

Hence, the water in this tank will last for 3 days.

Question 54: A particular hemispherical tank is made up of an iron sheet 1cm thick. If the essential inner radius is 1 m, then find out the volume of the iron used to make the tank. (Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 54: The inner Radius of the given tank, (r ) = 1m

The outer Radius of the given (R ) = 1.01m

The required volume of the given iron used in the given tank = (2/3) π(R³– r³)

Putting values,

The required volume of the given iron used in the given hemispherical tank = (2/3)×(22/7)×(1.01³– 1³) = 0.06348

So, the volume of the iron used in the hemispherical tank is 0.06348 m³.

Question 55: A particular dome of a building is in the shape of a hemisphere. From inside, it was white-washed at the price of Rs. 4989.60. If the cost of white-washing is Rs 20 per square metre, find the

(i) The required inside surface area of the dome (ii) The volume of the air inside the dome

(Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 55: (i) The cost of white-washing the dome from inside = Rs 4989.60

Cost of white-washing 1m² area = Rs 20

The curved surface area of the inner side of the dome = 498.96/2 m² = 249.48 m²

(ii) Let the required inner radius of the hemispherical dome be r.

Curved Surface Area of the inner side of dome = 249.48 m² (from (i))

Formula to find CSA of a hemisphere = 2πr²

2πr = 249.48

2×(22/7)×r² = 249.48

r² = (249.48×7)/(2×22)

r² = 39.69

r = 6.3

So, the radius is 6.3 m

The volume of air inside the given dome = Volume of hemispherical dome

Using the formula, the volume of the hemisphere = 2/3 πr³

= (2/3)×(22/7)×6.3×6.3×6.3

= 523.908

= 523.9(approx.)

The required volume of air inside the dome is 523.9 m³.

Question 56: Twenty-seven solid iron spheres, each of radius r and surface area S, are melted to assemble a sphere with surface area S’. Find the

(i) the radius r’ of the new sphere,

(ii) the ratio of Sand S’.

Answer 56: The volume of the solid sphere = (4/3)πr³

The required volume of the given twenty-seven solid sphere = 27×(4/3)πr³ = 36 π r³

(i) New solid iron sphere radius = r’

The required volume of this new sphere = (4/3)π(r’)³

(4/3)π(r’)³ = 36 π r³

(r’)³ = 27r³

r’= 3r

The required radius of the new given sphere will be 3r (thrice the radius of the original sphere)

(ii) Surface area of an iron sphere of radius r, S =4πr²

The surface area of a given iron sphere of radius r’= 4π (r’)²

Now

S/S’ = (4πr²)/( 4π (r’)²)

S/S’ = r²/(3r’)² = 1/9

The required ratio of S and S’ is 1: 9.

Question 57: A particular capsule of medicine is in the shape of a sphere of diameter 3.5mm. How much medicine (in mm³) is required to fill this capsule? (Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 57: The diameter of the given capsule = 3.5 mm

The radius of the given capsule, say r = diameter/ 2 = (3.5/2) mm = 1.75mm

The volume of the given spherical capsule = 4/3 πr³

The volume of the given spherical capsule = (4/3)×(22/7)×(1.75)³ = 22.458

The required volume of the spherical capsule is 22.46 mm³.

Question 58: The required slant height and base diameter of a given conical tomb are 25 m and 14 m, respectively. Find out the cost of white-washing its curved surface at the rate of Rs.210 per 100 sq.m.

The slant height of a given cone (l) = 25 m

The diameter of the given base of cone = 2r = 14 m

∴ Radius = r = 7 m

Curved Surface Area = πrl

= (22/7) x 7 x 25

= 22 × 25

= 550 sq.m

Also, given that the cost of white-washing 100 sq.m = Rs. 210

Thus, the required total cost of white-washing for 550 sq.m = (Rs. 210 × 550)/100 = Rs. 1155

Question 59: The required curved surface area of a given right circular cylinder of height 14 cm is 88 cm2. Find out the diameter of the base of the cylinder. (Assume π =22/7 )

Answer 59: The height of the given cylinder, h = 14cm

Let the diameter of the given cylinder be d

The curved surface area of the cylinder = 88 cm²

We know that the formula to find the Curved surface area of a cylinder is 2πrh.

So 2πrh =88 cm² (r is the radius of the base of the cylinder)

2×(22/7)×r×14 = 88 cm²

2r = 2 cm

d =2 cm

Thus, the required diameter of the base of the given cylinder is 2 cm.

Question 60: A godown measures 40 m×25m×15 m. Find out the maximum number of wooden crates, each measuring 1.5m×1.25 m×0.5 m, that can be stored in the godown.

Answer 60: From the statement, we have

The length of the given godown = 40 m

The breadth of the given godown = 25 m

The height of the given godown = 15 m

The length of the wooden crate = 1.5 m

Height = 0.5 m

Since the godown and wooden crate are in cuboidal shape, find the volume of each using the formula V = length x breadth x height.

Now,

Volume of a godown = (40×25×15) m³= 15000 m³

The volume of a wooden crate = (1.5×1.25×0.5) m³ = 0.9375 m³

Let us say that n wooden crates can be stored in the godown, then

The volume of n wooden crates = Volume of godown

0.9375×n =15000

Or n= 15000/0.9375 = 16000

Hence, the required number of wooden crates that can be stored in the godown is 16,000.

Question 61: The respective capacity of a cuboidal tank is 50000 litres of water. Find out the breadth of the tank if its length and depth are respectively 2.5 m and 10 m.

Answer 61: The tank’s length (l) and depth (h) is 2.5 m and 10 m, respectively.

The value of breadth, says b.

The volume of a given tank = l×b×h = (2.5× b×10) m³= 25b m³

The capacity of the tank= 25b m³, which is equal to 25000b litres

Also, the capacity of a given cuboidal tank is 50000 litres of water (Given)

Therefore, 25000 b = 50000

This implies that b = 2

Thus, the required breadth of the tank is 2 m.

Question 62: A particular wooden bookshelf has external dimensions as follows: Height = 110cm, Depth = 25cm,

Breadth = 85cm . The required thickness of the plank is 5cm everywhere. The required external faces are to be polished, and the required inner faces are to be painted. If the required rate of polishing is 20 paise per cm²6 and the rate of painting is 10 paise per cm², find the total expenses required for polishing and painting the surface of the bookshelf.

Image Source: NCERT Textbook

Answer 62: External dimensions of book self,

The length, l = 85cm

The breadth, b = 25 cm

The height, h = 110 cm

The external surface area of the shelf while leaving out the front face of the shelf

= length x height + 2 ( length x breadth + breadth x height)

= [85 × 110 + 2 ( 85 × 25 + 25 × 110 )] = ( 9350 + 9750 ) = 19100

The external surface area of the shelf is 19100 cm²

The area of the given front face = [85×110-75×100+2(75×5)] = 1850+750

So, the Area is 2600 cm²

Area to be polished = (19100+2600) cm² = 21700 cm².

Cost of polishing 1 cm² area = Rs 0.20

Cost of polishing 21700 cm² area Rs. (21700×0.20) = Rs 4340

Dimensions of a row of the bookshelf

The length(l) = 75 cm

The breadth (b) = 20 cm and

The height(h) = 30 cm

The area to be painted in one row= 2(l+h)b+lh = [2(75+30)× 20+75×30] = (4200+2250) = 6450

The Area is 6450 cm².

The area to be painted in 3 rows = (3×6450)cm² = 19350 cm².

The cost of painting 1 cm² area = Rs. 0.10

The cost of painting 19350 cm² area = Rs (19350 x 0.1) = Rs 1935

The total expense needed for polishing and painting the given book shelf= Rs. (4340+1935) = Rs. 6275

The cost for polishing and painting the book shelf’s surface is Rs. 6275.

Question 63: The pillars of a certain temple are cylindrically shaped. Every pillar has a circular base of a radius of 20cm and a height of 10m. How much would concrete mixture be required to build 14 such pillars?

Answer 63:  It is given that

Radius of the pillar = 20cm = 0.2m

Height of pillar = 10m

We know that

The volume of one pillar = πr²h

By substituting the values

Volume of one pillar = (22/7) × (0.2)² × 10

So we get

The volume of one pillar = 1.2571 m³

So the volume of concrete mixture in 14 pillars = 14 × 1.2571 = 17.6m³

Therefore, the volume of concrete mixture required in 14 pillars is 17.6m³.

Question 64: The hollow sphere in which the particular circus motorcyclist carries out his stunts has a diameter of 7 m. Find out the Area available to the motorcyclist for riding.

The diameter of the given sphere = 7 m

The radius (r) of the sphere = 7/2 = 3.5 m

Here, the riding space available for the motorcyclist = Surface area of the sphere

= 4πr2

= 4 × (22/7) × 3.5 × 3.5

= 154 m²

Question 65: It is essential to make a closed cylindrical tank of height 1m and base diameter 140cm from a given metal sheet. How many square metres of the sheet is required for the same? Assume π = 22/7

Answer 65: Let h be the height and r be the radius of a cylindrical tank.

Height of the given cylindrical tank, h = 1m

Radius = half of diameter = (140/2) cm = 70cm = 0.7m

The area of sheet needed = Total surface area of the given tank = 2πr(r+h) m²

= [2×(22/7)×0.7(0.7+1)]

= 7.48 m²

Hence, 7.48 square metres  of the sheet are required.

Question 66: A required joker’s cap is in the form of a particular right circular cone of the required base radius of 7 cm and height of 24cm. Find out the Area of the sheet required to make 10 such caps. (Assume π =22/7)

Answer 66: The radius of the given conical cap, r = 7 cm

The height of the given conical cap, h = 24cm

The slant height, l² = (r²+h²)

= (72+242)

= (49+576)

= (625)

Or l = 25 cm

The curved surface area of 1 conical cap = πrl

= (22/7)×7×25

= 550 cm²

Curved Surface Area of 10 caps = (10×550) cm² = 5500 cm²

Hence, the Area of the sheet required to make 10 such caps is 5500 cm².

Question 67: A particular solid cube of side 12 cm is cut into eight cubes of equal volume. What will be the side of the newly formed cube? Also, find out the ratio between their surface areas.

Answer 67: Side of a cube = 12cm (Given)

Find the volume of the cube:

The volume of cube = (Side)³ = (12)³= 1728cm³

The surface area of a given cube with a side 12 cm = 6a² = 6(12) ² cm² …(1)

The required cube is cut into eight small cubes of equal volume; say the side of each cube is p.

The volume of a given small cube = p³

The surface area = 6p² …(2)

The volume of each small cube = (1728/8) cm³ = 216 cm³

Or (p)³ = 216 cm³

Or p = 6 cm

Now, The surface areas of the cubes ratios = (Surface area of the bigger cube)/(Surface area of smaller cubes)

From equations (1) and (2), we get

The surface areas of the cubes ratios = (6a²)/(6p²) = a²/p²= 122/62 = 4

Therefore, the required ratio is 4: 1.

Question 68: The radius of a particular spherical balloon increases from 7 cm to 14 cm as air is pumped into it. Find out the ratio of surface areas of the balloon in the two cases.

The radius of the given balloon = r = 7 cm

The radius of the given pumped balloon = R = 14 cm

The ratio of the given surface area = (TSA of the balloon with r = 7 cm)/(TSA of the balloon with R = 14 cm)

= (4πr²)/(4πR²)

= r²/R²

= (7)²/(14)²

= 49/196

= 1/4

Thus, the ratio of surface areas of the balloon in the two given cases is 1: 4.

Question 69: A metal pipe is 77 cm long. The inner diameter of a given cross-section is 4 cm, the outer diameter being 4.4cm.

Image Source: NCERT Textbook

Find its

(i) inner curved surface area,

(ii) outer curved surface area

(iii) total surface area

(Assume π=22/7)

Answer 69: Let r1 and r2 Inner and outer radii of a cylindrical pipe

r1 = 4/2 cm = 2 cm

r2 = 4.4/2 cm = 2.2 cm

The height of cylindrical pipe, h = length of cylindrical pipe = 77 cm

(i) curved surface area of the outer surface of pipe = 2πr1h

= 2×(22/7)×2×77 cm²

= 968 cm²

(ii) curved surface area of the outer surface of pipe = 2πr2h

= 2×(22/7)×2.2×77 cm²

= (22×22×2.2) cm²

= 1064.8 cm²

(iii) Total surface area of the given pipe = inner curved surface area + outer curved surface area + Area of both circular ends of the pipe.

= 2r1h+2r2h+2π(r1²-r2²)

= 9668+1064.8+2×(22/7)×(2.2²-2²)

= 2031.8+5.28

= 2038.08 cm²

Accordingly, the required total surface area of the given cylindrical pipe is 2038.08 cm².

Question 70: A particular cloth having an area of 165 m² is shaped into the form of a conical tent of radius 5m.

How many students can sit in the tent if a student, on average, occupies 5/7 m2 on the ground?

Answer 70: A cone is a solid three-dimensional geometric object with a circular base and a pointed apex at the top. A cone consists of one face and one vertex. For a cone, there are no edges.

We know that

The required area of the floor of the given tent = πr²

By substituting the values

The required area of the floor of the given tent = (22/7) × 5² = 550/7 m²

We know that the required Area required by one student is 5/7 m²

So the required number of students = (550/7)/ (5/7) = 110

Question 71: A bus stop is barricaded from the remaining part of the road using 50 hollow cones made of recycled cardboard. Every cone has a base diameter of 40 cm and a height of 1 m. If the outer side of each cone is to be painted and the cost of painting is Rs. 12 per m², what will be the required cost of painting all these cones? (Using π = 3.14 and take √(1.04) =1.02)

Answer 71: The radius of the required cone, r = diameter/2 = 40/2 cm = 20cm = 0.2 m

The height of the required cone, h = 1m

The slant height of the required cone is l, and l2 = (r2+h2)

Using given values, l2 = (0.22+12)

= (1.04)

Or l = 1.02 m

The slant height of the required cone is 1.02 m

Now,

Curved Surface Area of each cone = πrl

= (3.14×0.2×1.02)

= 0.64056 m

The curved Surface Area of 50 such cones = (50×0.64056) = 32.028

The curved Surface Area of 50 such cones = 32.028 m2

The cost of painting 1 m² area = Rs 12 (given)

The cost of painting is 32.028 m² Area = Rs (32.028×12)

= Rs.384.336

= Rs.384.34 (approximately)

Hence, the cost of painting all these cones is Rs. 384.34.

Question 72:The circumference of the base of the cylindrical vessel is 132cm, and its height is 25cm. How many litres of water does the cylindrical vessel hold? (1000 cm³= 1L) (Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 72: The circumference of the base of the given cylindrical vessel = 132 cm

The height of the given vessel, h = 25 cm

r be the radius of the given cylindrical vessel.

Step 1: Find out the radius of the vessel

circumference of base = 2πr, so

2πr = 132 (given)

r = (132/(2 π))

r = 66×7/22 = 21

Step 2: Find the volume of the vessel

Formula: Volume of cylindrical vessel = πr²h

= (22/7)×21²×25

= 34650

Therefore, the volume is 34650 cm³

Since, 1000 cm³ = 1L

So, Volume = 34650/1000 L= 34.65L

Hence, the vessel can hold 34.65 litres of water.

Question 73: How many spheres 12cm in diameter can be made from a metallic cylinder of diameter 8cm and a height of 90cm?

Answer 73: It is given that

Diameter of the sphere = 12cm

Radius of the sphere = 12/2 = 6cm

We know that

The volume of the sphere = 4/3 πr³

By substituting the values

The volume of the sphere = 4/3 × (22/7) × 6³

So we get

The volume of the sphere = 905.142 cm³

It is given that

Diameter of the cylinder = 8cm

Radius of the cylinder = 8/2 = 4cm

Height of the cylinder = 90cm

We know that

The volume of the cylinder = πr²h

By substituting the values

The volume of the cylinder = (22/7) × 4² × 90

So we get

Volume of the cylinder = 4525.714 cm³

The required number of spheres = The required volume of cylinder/ Volume of a sphere

By substituting the values

Number of spheres = 4525.714/ 905.142 = 5

Thus, 5 spheres can be made from a metallic cylinder.

Question 74:A river 3 m deep and 40 m wide flows at a rate of 2 km per hour. How much water will be needed to fall into the sea in a minute?

The depth of the given river (h) = 3 m

The width of the given river (w) = 40 m

The flow rate of water = 2 km/hr

i.e. Flow of water in an hour = 2 km = 2000 m

Flow of water in a minute = 2000/60 = 100/3 m

Hence, length (l) = 100/3 m

The required volume of water falling into the sea in 1 minute = Volume of a given cuboid with dimensions l, w, h

= l × w × h

= (100/3) × 40 × 3

= 4000 m³

= 4000 x 1000 L

= 4000000 L

Question 75: The diameter of a given roller is 84 cm, and its length is 120 cm. It takes around 500 complete revolutions to move once over to level a playground. Find out the Area of the playground in m². (Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 75: A roller is in the shape of a cylinder.

Let h be the height of the given roller and r be the given radius.

h = Length of the given roller = 120 cm

The radius of the given circular end of roller = r = (84/2) cm = 42 cm

Now, the Curved Surface Area of the roller = 2πrh

= 2×(22/7)×42×120

= 31680 cm²

Area of field = 500×CSA of roller

= (500×31680) cm²

= 15840000 cm²

= 1584 m²

Therefore, the  area of the playground is 1584 m²

Question 76: A sphere of diameter 15.6cm is melted and cast into a right circular cone of height 31.2cm. Find out the diameter of the base of the cone.

Answer 76:It the question it is given:

The diameter of sphere = 15.6 cm

The radius of  sphere = 15.6/2 = 7.8 cm

The height of  cone = 31.2 cm

It is known that

4/3 πR3 = 1/3 πr2h

So we would get,

4/3 × (22/7) × 7.83 = 1/3 × (22/7) × r2 × 31.2

Furthermore

r2 = (4/3 × (22/7) × 7.83)/ (1/3 × (22/7) × 31.2)

Therefore we get

r2 = (4 × 474.552)/ 31.2 = 60.84

Now by taking square root on the RHS

r = 7.8cm

Diameter = 2 (7.8) = 15.6cm

Thus, the required diameter of the base of the given cone is 15.6cm.

Question 77: Find out the surface area of a given sphere of radius:

(i) 10.5cm (ii) 5.6cm (iii) 14cm

(Assume π=22/7)

Answer 77: Formula: Surface area of a sphere (SA) = 4πr²

(i) The radius of the given sphere, r = 10.5 cm

SA = 4×(22/7)×10.5² = 1386

The surface area of a given sphere is 1386 cm²

(ii) The radius of the given sphere, r = 5.6cm

Using formula, Surface area = 4×(22/ 7)×5.62 = 394.24

The surface area of a sphere is 394.24 cm²

(iii) Radius of sphere, r = 14cm

SA = 4πr²

= 4×(22/7)×(14)²

= 2464

The surface area of a sphere is 2464 cm²

Question 78: The inner diameter of a certain cylindrical wooden pipe is 24cm, and its outer diameter is 28 cm. The length of the pipe is 35cm. Find the mass of the pipe if 1cm³ of wood has a mass of 0.6g. (Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 78: The inner radius of the given cylindrical pipe, say r1 = diameter 1/ 2 = 24/2 cm = 12cm

The outer radius of the given cylindrical pipe, say r2 = diameter2/ 2 = 28/2 cm = 14 cm

The height of pipe, h = Length of pipe = 35cm

Now, the Volume of pipe = π(r2²-r1²)h cm³

Substitute the values.

Volume of pipe = 110×52 cm³ = 5720 cm³

Since, Mass of 1 cm³ wood = 0.6 g

Mass of 5720 cm³ wood = (5720×0.6) g = 3432 g or 3.432 kg.

Question 79: A particular lead pencil consists of a wooden cylinder with a solid cylinder of graphite filled in the interior. The diameter of the particular pencil is 7 mm, and the diameter of the graphite is 1 mm. If the length of the particular pencil is 14 cm, find out the volume of the wood and that of the graphite.

Diameter of the pencil = 7 mm

The radius of the given pencil (R) = 7/2 mm

The diameter of the given graphite cylinder = 1 mm

The radius of the given graphite (r) = 1/2 mm

The height of the given graphite (h) = 14 cm = 140 mm (since 1 cm = 10 mm)

The volume of a cylinder = πr²h

Volume of graphite cylinder = πr2h

= (22/7) × (1/2) × (1/2) × 140

= 110 mm³

The volume of pencil = πR²h

= (22/7) × (7/2) × (7/2) × 140

= 490 × 11

= 5390 mm³

The volume of wood = Volume of a penciler – Volume of the given graphite

= 5390- 110 = 5280 mm³

= 5280/1000 (since 1 mm³ = 1/1000 cm³)

= 5.28 cm³

Question 80: The radii of two spheres are in the ratio 1:2. Find the ratio of their surface

Answer 80: Consider x and 2x as the radius of two spheres and S1 and S2 as the surface areas.

It can be written as

S1/ S2 = 4πx²/ 4π (2x)²

On further calculation

S1/ S2 = x²/ 4x²

So we get

S1/ S2 = 1/4

Hence, the ratio of their given surface areas is 1:4.

Question 81: Find out the surface area of a sphere of diameter:

(i) 14cm (ii) 21cm (iii) 3.5cm

(Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 81: (i) Radius of sphere, r = diameter/2 = 14/2 cm = 7 cm

The required Surface area of the sphere = 4πr²

= 4×(22/7)×72 = 616

The surface area of a given sphere is 616 cm²

(ii) Radius (r) of the given sphere = 21/2 = 10.5 cm

The surface area of the sphere = 4πr²

= 4×(22/7)×10.5² = 1386

The surface area of a particular sphere is 1386 cm²

Hence, the surface area of a sphere having a diameter of 21cm is 1386 cm²

(iii) The radius(r) of sphere = 3.5/2 = 1.75 cm

The surface area of the sphere = 4πr²

= 4×(22/7)×1.75² = 38.5

The surface area of a sphere is 38.5 cm²

Question 82: Find out the total surface area of a hemisphere of radius 10 cm. [Use π=3.14]

The required total surface area of the hemisphere = 3πr²

= 3×3.14×10² = 942

The required total surface area of the given hemisphere is 942 cm².

Question 83:A particular soft drink is obtainable in two packs – (i) a tin can with a rectangular base of the given length of 5cm and the given width of 4cm, having the required height of 15 cm and (ii) the required plastic cylinder with a given circular base of diameter 7cm and height 10cm. Which container has greater capacity, and by how much? (Assume π=22/7)

Answer 83: (i) tin can will be cuboidal in shape

Image Source: NCERT Textbook

Dimensions of the tin can are

The length of the given tin, l = 5 cm

The breadth of the given tin, b = 4 cm

The height of the given tin, h = 15 cm

The capacity of the given tin can = l×b×h= (5×4×15) cm³ = 300 cm³

(ii) Plastic cylinder will be cylindrical

Image Source: NCERT Textbook

Dimensions of the plastic can are:

The radius of the circular end of a given plastic cylinder, r = 3.5cm

Height of the circular end of a given plastic cylinder, H = 10 cm

The capacity of the given plastic cylinder = πr²H

The capacity of the given plastic cylinder = (22/7)×(3.5)²×10 = 385

The capacity of a plastic cylinder is 385 cm³

The plastic cylinder has more capacity from the results of (i) and (ii).

Difference in capacity = (385-300) cm³ = 85cm³

Question 84: The volume and surface area of a certain solid hemisphere are numerically equal. What is the diameter of the hemisphere?

The volume of a solid hemisphere = Surface area of a solid hemisphere

So we get

2/3 πr³ = 3 πr²

It can be written as

r3/ r2 = (3 × π × 3)/ (2 × π)

We obtain

r = 9/2 units

So the given diameter = 2 (9/2) = 9 units

Accordingly, the required diameter of the hemisphere is 9 units.

Question 85: Meera owns a piece of canvas whose Area is 551 m². She uses it to prepare a conical tent with a base radius of 7 m. Presuming that all the stitching margins and the wastage incurred while cutting amount to approximately 1 m2, find out the volume of the tent that can be made with it.

Given,

The Area of the particular canvas = 551 m²

The Area of the canvas lost in wastage = 1 m²

Hence, the area of canvas available for making the tent = (551 – 1) m² = 550 m²

Let l be the slant height

h be the vertical height,

then slant height (l)=Areaπr=550×7/22×7=25 m.

∴ The Vertical height (h)=√l²−r²

=√25²−7²m

=√625−49

=√576m

=24 m

Now the volume of the tent=13πr²h=13×22/7×7×7×24 m³

= 1232 m³

Question 86: The diameter of a sphere is 6cm. It is melted and drawn into an individual wire of diameter 2mm. Find the length of the wire.

Answer 86: In the question, below details are given

The diameter of  sphere = 6cm

So the radius of sphere = 6/2 = 3cm

The  diameter of wire = 2mm = 0.2 cm

So the radius of  wire = 2/2 = 1mm = 0.1 cm

Now let us consider h cm as the required length

So we get

πr2h = 4/3 πR³

By substituting the values we get

(22/7) × 0.12 × h = 4/3 × (22/7) × 3³

On further simplification we get

h = (4/3 × (22/7) × 27)/ ((22/7) × 0.12)

Therefore by solving we get

h = 36/0.01 = 3600cm = 36m

Hence, the length of the wire is 36m.

Question 87: A particular cylindrical pillar is 50 cm in diameter and 3.5 m in height. Find out the cost of painting the given curved surface of the pillar at the rate of Rs. 12.50 per m².

(Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 87: Let h be the height of a cylindrical pillar and r be the radius.

Height cylindrical pillar = h = 3.5 m

Radius of the circular end of given pillar = r = diameter/2 = 50/2 = 25cm = 0.25m

Curved Surface Area of pillar = 2πrh

= 2×(22/7)×0.25×3.5

= 5.5 m²

The cost of painting 1 m² area = Rs. 12.50

The cost of painting 5.5 m² Area = Rs (5.5×12.50)

= Rs.68.75

Hence, the cost of painting the curved pillar’s curved surface at Rs. 12.50 per m² is Rs 68.75.

Question 88:The required radius of a spherical balloon increases from 7cm to 14cm as air is pumped into it. Find out the ratio of the given surface areas of the balloon in the two cases.

Answer 88: Let r1 and r2 be the given radii of the spherical balloon and spherical balloon when air is pumped into it, respectively.

r1 = 7cm

r2 = 14 cm

Now, the Required ratio = (initial surface area)/(Surface area after pumping air into the balloon)

= 4πr1²/4πr2²

= (r1/r2)²

= (7/14)² = (1/2)² = 1/4

Hence, the ratio between the surface areas is 1:4.

Question 89: If the lateral surface of a particular cylinder is 94.2cm² and its height is 5cm, then find out

(i)the required radius of its base, (ii) its volume.[Use π= 3.14]

Answer 89: CSA of cylinder = 94.2 cm²

Height of cylinder, h = 5cm

(i) Let the radius of the given cylinder be r.

Using the CSA of the cylinder, we get

2πrh = 94.2

2×3.14×r×5 = 94.2

r = 3

(ii) Volume of cylinder

The formula for the volume of the cylinder = πr²h

Now, πr2h = (3.14×(3)²×5) (using value of r from (i))

= 141.3

Volume is 141.3 cm³

Question 90: A particular capsule of medicine is in the shape of a sphere of diameter 3.5 mm. How much medicine (in mm³) is needed to fill this capsule?

The diameter of the given capsule = 3.5 mm

The radius of the given capsule = (r) = 3.5/2 = 1.75 mm

The volume of the spherical capsule = (4/3)πr³

= (4/3) × (22/7) × 1.75 × 1.75 × 1.75

= 22.458 mm³

Hence, the volume of the capsule is 22.46 mm³

approx.

Question 91: The curved surface area of a given right circular cylinder is 4.4 m². If the radius of the base of the given cylinder is 0.7 m, find its height. (Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 91:Let h be the height of the circular cylinder and r be the radius.

The required radius of the base of the given cylinder, r = 0.7m

CSA of cylinder = 2πrh

CSA of cylinder = 4.4m²

By equating both equations, we obtain

2×(22/7)×0.7×h = 4.4

Or h = 1

Hence, the height of the cylinder is 1 m.

Question 92: A separate hemispherical bowl made of brass has an inner diameter of 10.5cm. Find out the cost of tin-plating, which is Rs 16 per 100 cm². (Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 92: Inner radius of hemispherical bowl, say r = diameter/2 = (10.5)/2 cm = 5.25 cm

The given formula for the Surface area of a hemispherical bowl = 2πr²

= 2×(22/7)×(5.25)² = 173.25

The surface area of the hemispherical bowl is 173.25 cm²

The required cost of tin-plating 100 cm² area = Rs 16

The required cost of tin-plating 1 cm² area = Rs 16 /100

The required cost of tin-plating 173.25 cm² area = Rs. (16×173.25)/100 = Rs 27.72

Hence, the cost of tin-plating the inner side of the hemispherical bowl at the rate of Rs 16 per 100 cm² is Rs 27.72.

Question 93: Calculate the amount of ice cream that can be put into a cone with a base radius of 3.5 cm and height of 12 cm.

Base radius = r = 3.5 cm

Height = h = 12 cm

The amount of ice cream that can be put into a cone = Volume of a given cone

= (1/3) πr²h

= (1/3) × (22/7) × 3.5 × 3.5 × 12

= 154 cm³

Question 94:The inner diameter of a certain circular well is 3.5m. It is 10m deep. Find out

(i) its required inner curved surface area,

(ii) the cost required of plastering this curved surface at Rs. 40 per m².

(Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 94: Inner radius of circular well, r = 3.5/2m = 1.75m

Depth of circular well, say h = 10m

(i) Inner curved surface area = 2πrh

= (2×(22/7 )×1.75×10)

= 110 m²

Hence, the inner curved surface area of the circular well is 110 m².

(ii)The cost of plastering 1 m² area = Rs.40

The cost of plastering 110 m² area = Rs (110×40)

= Rs.4400

Thus, the cost of plastering the curved surface of the well is Rs. 4400.

Question 95: Find out the radius of a sphere whose surface area is 154 cm². (Assume π = 22/7)

Surface area of sphere = 154 (given)

Now,

4πr² = 154

r2 = (154×7)/(4×22) = (49/4)

r = (7/2) = 3.5

Hence, The radius of the given sphere is 3.5 cm.

Question 96: The capacity of a certain closed cylindrical vessel of height 1m is15.4 litres. How many square metres of the given metal sheet would be required to make it? (Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 96: The height of the given cylindrical vessel, h = 1 m

The capacity of the given cylindrical vessel = 15.4 litres = 0.0154 m³

r be the radius of the given circular end.

Now,

Capacity of cylindrical vessel = (22/7)×r²×1 = 0.0154

After simplifying, we obtain r = 0.07 m

The total surface area of the given vessel = 2πr(r+h)

= 2×22/7×0.07(0.07+1)

= 0.44×1.07

= 0.4708

The total surface area of the given vessel is 0.4708 m²

Therefore, 0.4708 m² of the metal sheet would be required to make the cylindrical vessel.

Question 97: A particular spherical ball is broken up into two equal halves. The curved surface area of each and every half is 56.57 cm. What will be the given volume of the spherical ball?

The curved surface area of half of the spherical ball = 56.57 cm²

(1/2) 4πr² = 56.57

2 × 3.14 × r² = 56.57

r² = 56.57/6.28

r² = 9 (approx)

r = 3 cm

Now,

The volume of spherical ball = (4/3)πr³

= (4/3) × 3.14 × 3 × 3 × 3

= 113.04 cm³

Question 98: A hot water heating system has a cylindrical pipe of length 28 m and a diameter of 5 cm. Find out the whole radiating surface in the system. (Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 98: The height of cylindrical pipe = Length of cylindrical pipe = 28m

The radius of circular end of pipe = diameter/ 2 = 5/2 cm = 2.5cm = 0.025m

Now, the Curved Surface Area of cylindrical pipe = 2πrh, where the r = radius and h = height of the cylinder

= 2×(22/7)×0.025×28 m²

= 4.4m²

Hence, The Area of the radiating surface of the system is 4.4m².

Question 99: The required diameter of the moon is approximately one-fourth of the diameter of the earth.

Find out the ratio of their surface areas.

Answer 99: If the diameter of the earth is said d, then the diameter of the moon will be d/4 (as per the given statement)

The radius of earth = d/2

The radius of moon = ½×d/4 = d/8

The surface area of the moon = 4π(d/8)²

The surface area of earth = 4π(d/2)²

The ratio of their surface areas = 4π(d/8)²/ 4π(d/2)² = 4/ 64= 1/16

The ratio between their given surface areas is 1:16.

Question 100: A separate hemispherical bowl is made up of steel 0.25 cm thick. The required inner radius of the bowl is 5 cm. Find out the outer curved surface of the bowl. (Assume π =22/7)

Answer 100: The inner radius of the hemispherical bowl = 5 cm

The thickness of the given bowl = 0.25 cm

The outer radius of the given hemispherical bowl = (5+0.25) cm = 5.25 cm

The formula for the outer Curved Surface Area of a hemispherical bowl = 2πr², where r is the radius of the hemisphere

= 2×(22/7)×(5.25)² = 173.25 cm².

Accordingly, the outer curved surface area of the bowl is 173.25 cm².

Question 101: It costs Rs 2200 to paint the curved inner surface of a cylindrical vessel 10m deep. If the cost of painting is Rs 20 per m², find out.

(i) The required inner curved surface area of the given vessel

(ii) The radius of the base

(iii) The capacity of the vessel

(Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 101: (i)The cost of painting a 1 m² area =Rs 20.

Rs 1 is the cost to paint a 1/20 m² area.

Here, Rs 2200 is the cost of painting = (1/20×2200) m²

= 110 m² area

The inner surface area of the given vessel is 110m².

(ii) The radius of the base of the vessel, let us say r.

The height (h) = 10 m and

Surface area formula = 2πrh

Using the result of (i)

2πrh = 110 m²

2×22/7×r×10 = 110

r = 1.75

(iii) The volume of vessel formula = πr² h

Here r = 1.75 and h = 10

The volume = (22/7)×(1.75)² ×10 = 96.25

The volume of the vessel is 96.25 m³

Hence, the capacity of the vessel is 96.25 m³ or 96250 litres.

Question 102: The required slant height and base diameter of a particular conical tomb are 25m and 14 m, respectively. Find out the cost of white-washing its curved surface at the rate of Rs. 210 per 100 m2. (Assume π = 22/7)

Answer 102: The slant height of the given conical tomb, l = 25m

The base radius, r = diameter/2 = 14/2 m = 7m

CSA of conical tomb = πrl

= (22/7)×7×25 = 550

CSA of conical tomb= 550m²

Cost of white-washing 550 m² area, which is Rs (210×550)/100

= Rs. 1155

Therefore, the cost will be Rs. 1155 while white-washing the tomb.

Question 103: The volume and surface area of a certain solid hemisphere are numerically equal. What is the diameter of the hemisphere?

The volume of a solid hemisphere = Surface area of a solid hemisphere

So we get

2/3 πr³ = 3 πr²

r3/ r2 = (3 × π × 3)/ (2 × π)

We get

r = 9/2 units

So the given diameter = 2 (9/2) = 9 units,

Therefore, the required diameter of the hemisphere is 9 units.

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• The questions and solutions provided are entirely based on the latest CBSE syllabus and as per CBSE guidelines. Hence, The students can completely bank  on it.
• By solving our Chapter 9 Class 13 Mathematics Important Questions, students will get an idea about  the question paper pattern.. Practising these questions similar to the exam questions would help the students gain  confidence, perform much better in their examinations, and eventually top them.

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Q.1 The internal measurements of a cuboidal room are 10 m × 4 m × 6 m. Find the cost of white washing of the walls at the rate of 5 per square metre.

Marks:3
Ans

Area of four walls of room = 2(l + b)h
= 2—(10 + 4)—6
= 168 m2
Rate of white washing = 5 per m2
So,
the total cost of white washing
= 5—168
= 840

Q.2 How many bricks will be required for a wall 8 m long, 6 m high and 22.5 cm thick if each brick measures 25 cm x 11.25 cm x 6 cm

Marks:3
Ans

$\begin{array}{l}\text{Lengthofthewall=}\left(\text{8—100}\right)\\ \text{=800cm}\\ \text{Breadthofthewall}\\ \text{=22.5cm}\\ \text{Heightofthewall}\\ \text{= 6—100}\\ \text{= 600cm.}\\ \text{Volumeofthewall}\\ \text{=}\left(\text{800—22.5—600}\right){\text{cm}}^{\text{3}}\\ \text{Numberofbricksrequired}\\ \text{=}\frac{\text{Volumeofwall}}{\text{Volumeofbrick}}\\ \text{=}\frac{\text{800—22.5—600}}{\text{25—11.25—6}}\\ \text{So,thenumberofbricksrequired=6400.}\end{array}$

Q.3 Three equal cubes are placed adjacently in a row. Find the ratio of total surface area of the new cuboid to that of sum of the surface areas of the three cubes.

Marks:3
Ans

$\begin{array}{l}\text{three equal cubes are placed in row.}\\ \text{Let the side of each cubeislunit.}\\ \text{Total lenght of thecuboidformed=3lunit}\\ \text{Width=lunit,Height=lunit}\\ \text{Totalsurfaceareaofcuboid=2}\left({\text{3l}}^{\text{2}}{\text{+l}}^{\text{2}}{\text{+3l}}^{\text{2}}\right)\\ {\text{=14l}}^{\text{2}}\\ {\text{Totalsurfaceareaofthreecubes=3—6l}}^{\text{2}}\\ {\text{=18l}}^{\text{2}}\\ \text{Therequiredratio=}\frac{{\text{14l}}^{\text{2}}}{{\text{18l}}^{\text{2}}}\text{=7:9}\end{array}$

Q.4 The radius and slant height of a cone are in the ratio 4:7. If its curved surface area is 792 sq cm, find its radius.

Marks:3
Ans

$\begin{array}{l}\text{let radius of cone = r and slant height = lcm.}\\ \text{Therefore,}\frac{\text{r}}{\text{l}}\text{=}\frac{\text{4}}{\text{7}}\\ \text{curved surface area of cone = rl}\\ {\text{r}}^{\text{2}}\frac{\text{l}}{\text{r}}\text{=792}\left(\text{on multiply and divide by rinLHS}\right)\\ {\text{r}}^{\text{2}}\text{=792—}\frac{\text{4}}{\text{7}}\\ {\text{r}}^{\text{2}}\text{=}\frac{\text{792—4—7}}{\text{22—7}}\text{=144}\\ \text{r=12cm.}\end{array}$

Q.5 The diameter of a sphere is decreased by 50%. By what percent will its curved surface area decrease

Marks:3
Ans

$\begin{array}{l}\text{Letthediameterofthesphere=D}\\ \text{radius}\left(\text{r}\right)\text{=}\frac{\text{D}}{\text{2}}\\ \text{Curvedsurfaceareaofthesphere,}\\ {\text{=4r}}^{\text{2}}\\ \text{=4}\frac{{\text{D}}^{\text{2}}}{\text{4}}\text{}\\ \text{So,thecurvedsurfaceareaofthesphere,}\\ {\text{=D}}^{\text{2}}\text{}...\left(\text{1}\right)\\ \text{Now,diameterdecreasesby50%.}\\ \text{Curvedsurfaceareaofthenewsphere}\\ \text{=}{\left(\frac{\text{D}}{\text{2}}\right)}^{\text{2}}\\ \text{=}\frac{{\text{D}}^{\text{2}}}{\text{4}}\text{}...\left(\text{2}\right)\\ \text{Decreaseincurvedsurfaceareaofsphere}\\ {\text{=D}}^{\text{2}}\text{–}\frac{{\text{D}}^{\text{2}}}{\text{4}}\text{=}\frac{{\text{3D}}^{\text{2}}}{\text{4}}\\ \text{Therefore,requireddecreasepercent=}\frac{\left(\frac{{\text{3D}}^{\text{2}}}{\text{4}}\right)}{{\text{D}}^{\text{2}}}\text{—100%}\\ \text{=75%}\end{array}$

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### 1. What can I get from the Extramarks website?

Extramarks is one of the best educational platforms as it has its own archive of educational resources, which assists students in acing their exams. You can get all the NCERT-related material like NCERT solutions, solved exemplar solutions, NCERT-based mock tests, CBSE revision notes, and Important Questions Class 9 Mathematics Chapter 13 on the Extramarks website. Apart from this, you can get comprehensive guidance from our subject experts and take doubt-clearing sessions once you sign up on our official website for all the study resources.

### 2. How many total chapters will students study in Class 9 Mathematics?

There are 15 chapters in Class 9 Mathematics. The list is given below:

• Chapter 1- Number System
• Chapter 2 –Polynomials
• Chapter 3 – Coordinate Geometry
• Chapter 4 –Linear Equations In Two Variables
• Chapter 5 – Introduction To Euclid’s Geometry
• Chapter 6 – Lines And Angles
• Chapter 7 –Triangles