NCERT Books Class 7 Science

NCERT Books for Class 7 Science

Like any other Class, those studying in Class 7 in a CBSE-affiliated school will have NCERT Books Class 7 Science in their curriculum. Designed by NCERT’s subject experts, this book introduces students to the various concepts, topics, and lessons with utmost care and dedication. Not only are the chapters error-free, but they have also been planned in a way that colourful pictures and diagrams engage the students for better understanding. Students will hardly find any text-heavy chapter. All the pictures and diagrams are also well captioned to help students learn with interest and enhance their curiosity to learn more about the subject. Apart, the chapters contain interesting interactions between two characters who help students get a clear picture of the concepts. 

CBSE Class 7 NCERT Science Books 

For Class 7 CBSE students, science is an integral part of the course curriculum. The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) prepares the curriculum for all CBSE students. The organization has designed the NCERT Books Class 7 Science to make students aware of the simple logic and concepts of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in a lucid and easy-to-grasp language. 

You can download the NCERT Class 7 Science Book PDF online. The chapters covered in the subject offer an in-depth study of each topic, helping you to hone your logical, analytical, and thinking skills. Start your educational journey by downloading the NCERT Class 7 Science book for free. This book is available in English, Hindi, and Urdu medium. 

NCERT curriculum for Class 7

NCERT curriculum for Class 7 covers topics and subtopics that are not only relevant for the CBSE students but also for students of other boards. This apart, several competitive examinations take a cue from the CBSE Syllabus to prepare their questionnaires. So, downloading the pdf version of NCERT Books Class 7 Science gives you adequate time to understand the lessons, including the Formulas, well in advance while not rushing through them. You can also refer to the NCERT solutions for cross-checking the answers to the CBSE Important Questions or to know where you might have gone wrong while solving them. NCERT offers the solutions chapter-wise. Access to the solutions will help you progress in a systematic and organised manner.. 

When you comprehend and master all the topics covered in the Class 7 science book, you not only get to score well in the examination but also prepare a solid base for smooth progression in higher classes and enjoy the process of learning. 

The science book prepared by the NCERT is prescribed  by the CBSE board to all the schools under its umbrella, affiliated with CBSE use the same NCERT Books for Class 7 science across India. 

This book has a total of 18 chapters. Each chapter has multiple sub-branches. Study them thoroughly to understand them and grasp the concepts. The best part of the NCERT Books is the concepts are written in an easy language with enough illustrations and examples. . Also, each chapter has exercises, modules, and activities that will help you establish a link between what you have learned and connect with your daily life. You are encouraged to identify the relations these topics have in real life, increasing your interest and knowledge of the subject and helping you draw better conclusions and get a deeper understanding of the concepts learnt in class. 

NCERT Books for Class 7 science offer you chapter-wise PDF files for free to help the students plan better and check the syllabus before you begin. . It’s great to have ebooks which can be easily downloaded and used by students anytime they want to read and need not carry those bulky books anymore. Not to mention, they erase the need for a physical book. You can also access the CBSE Sample Papers and CBSE Previous Year Question Papers once your preparation is complete to gauge where you stand. These study materials can help you revise better and help you self-study without having to look elsewhere for solutions or any other side book to supplement your studies. 

The CBSE Syllabus has primarily influenced the syllabus of several other boards. Also, the examination papers are heavily based on the contents covered by NCERT Books. Most of the time, the examination paper has questions that are precisely the same or relatable to the questions present at the end of each chapter in the NCERT science 7 books. However, if you want to go a step ahead and keep yourself prepared for difficult papers, study the entire chapter thoroughly. Do not focus on memorising the chapters word by word without exercising your mind; science is all about concepts and Formulas that require you to be mindful. Understand the concepts and make notes. The NCERT Class 7 science book is undoubtedly accurate, foolproof and a source of high-quality information.  

The CBSE board has several other things to make your educational journey smooth and easy. You can now download subject-wise books available in digital format from their main website’s student area page for handbooks, textbooks, teacher’s manuals, and other learning tools such as e-Books or PDFs. All these materials will help you to have books, solutions, sample papers, important questions and more to help you to appear for the examination confidently. 

The subjects covered by the NCERT Books for Class 7 science are briefly discussed below to give you an idea of how you should approach them and help you plan and learn better in a systematic and organised manner. 

  1. Nutrition in Plants

This chapter discusses how plants make food using raw materials available in their surroundings, like water, carbon dioxide, sunlight, and minerals. You will find concepts like autotrophs and heterotrophs and the difference. Moving ahead, the chapter discusses the photosynthesis process in detail with enough supporting diagrams to make your understanding easy. You also learn about other plant nutrition modes, parasite Cuscuta, plants that eat animals, saprotrophs, etc. 

  1. Nutrition in Animals

Chapter 2 begins by discussing how animals consume food. While some birds prefer sucking nectar, snakes swallow their prey, and humans chew and swallow their food. But how do human beings digest food? You find the detailed answer in this section. From the mouth and buccal cavity to the oesophagus, stomach, and intestines – you get to learn about their role in digestion in this chapter. You will also learn about ruminants and amoeba and how they eat food and absorb nutrition. 

  1. Fibre to fabric

This chapter deals with fibres and types of fibres and talks in detail about wool and silk. Have you ever thought about the intricate process involved in getting wool from sheep and silk from silkworms? Well, you will get to know them now. From shearing and scouring the hair of the sheep to dying the fleece and rolling them into yarns and from rearing silkworms to processing the silk, you will learn everything here. 

  1. Heat

As the name suggests, you will learn about heat, the concepts of hot and cold and their varying degrees. By now, you may have seen or used a thermometer; now, it’s time to know more about it and laboratory thermometers. 

  1. Acids, Bases and Salts

This chapter starts with distinguishing between acids and bases while giving examples of edible acidic and alkaline items like lemon, curd, vinegar, etc. It then shifts to the natural indicators that change colours and help us identify the acids and bases and the term ‘neutral’. This chapter also contains an elaborate explanation of the neutralisation process while taking help from daily life activities. 

  1. Physical and Chemical changes

This chapter is segregated into four sections for easy understanding of various concepts. In the first section, you learn about physical changes with the help of five activities that include physical experiments. You know about the concepts of physical properties and physical changes. The following section deals with chemical changes, again with various experiments. Then the focus shifts to rusting or iron and crystallisation. You also get to learn some  Formulas

  1. Weather, Climate and Adaptations of Animals to Climate

This chapter deals with the climate and weather of various places and how living beings adapt to them. You learn the fundamental difference between weather and climate and then study in detail the impact of climate on living beings – plants, animals, and humans. You also get an idea about the polar region and the tropical rainforest and how plants and animals adapt themselves to the extreme climatic conditions of these regions. 

  1. Winds, Storms and Cyclones

Do you know the difference between winds, storms, and cyclones? How are they formed, and why do they differ in intensity? You get all your answers in this chapter. You learn concepts like air exerts pressure, reduced air pressure accompanying high-speed winds, expansion of air on heating and how wind currents are generated. Then there is a detailed sub-section about thunderstorms and cyclones that explains how a thunderstorm becomes a storm. You also learn about the destructive powers of cyclones, the safety measures that can help and how advanced technology has been aiding the world to be prepared and safe. 

  1. Soil

Soil is a precious natural resource and forms a dynamic and complex ecosystem. This chapter begins with plants and animals’ relation with the soil and then shifts to soil profiling. Do you know how many types of soil there are? You will get an idea here. There are also subsections dealing with concepts like soil texture, soil structure, soil porosity, soil colour, moisture in the soil, water absorption by soil, soil erosion, etc. 

  1. Respiration in Organisms

You learn about the reasons behind respiration, concepts like cell respiration and anaerobic respiration, and the mechanism of breathing in human beings with the help of diagrams. The breathing mechanism followed by animals and the underwater breathing procedure are also explained. Seven subsections deal with breathing and respiration here. Some of them are why do we respire, breathing, what do we breathe out, do plants also respire, etc.

  1. Transportation in Animals and Plants

This chapter discusses the transportation of food, oxygen, and waste materials inside the body. You get to know in detail about the circulatory system, which comprises blood vessels and the heart. You learn about the roles of arteries, veins, plasma, RBCs, WBCs, haemoglobin, and platelets in the human body. After the circulatory system, the excretory system and what forms it in the body are discussed. Thereafter, the focus is on plants, how they transport substances and the transpiration in them.  

  1. Reproduction in Plants

This chapter begins with the definition of reproduction and the modes of reproduction in plants – asexual and sexual. You become aware of the several modes of asexual reproduction methods like vegetative propagation, fragmentation, budding, and spore formation. You also learn about the concepts of self-pollination and cross-pollination, how fertilisation takes place in flowers and the ways through which seeds are dispersed. 

  1. Motion and Time

As the Class 6 science book has already covered the basics of motion, this chapter deals with the types of motion in detail. You learn several concepts related to motion here like speed, time, their measurement and measuring units, distance, displacement, and how to calculate time and speed. This chapter also contains information about distance-time graphs. 

  1. Electric Current and Its Effects

To explain to you better the concept of electric current, this chapter makes you aware of the several symbols of electronic components like electric cells, electric bulbs, batteries, wires, etc. Then it switches to the effects of electric current that include heating and magnetic effects. You also learn about electromagnets and electric bells.  

  1. Light

You get to learn about light and its properties in this chapter. Do you know light always travels in a straight line? You learn about light reflection, lateral inversion, spherical mirrors, and the different types of lenses available. This chapter uses several real-life examples, charts, graphs, and pictures to make learning exciting and fun. Also, it encourages you to perform several homemade experiments to learn more about the lenses. 

  1. Water – A Precious Resource

Water is one of the most precious and necessary resources, but not all people are fortunate enough to get it adequately. Scarcity of water has plagued at least one-third of the population of the world. So, this chapter starts by informing you about water available for future use. Then, it talks about the various forms of water like solid, liquid, and gaseous. It also stresses groundwater as an essential water source and sheds light on the depletion of the water table, water distribution and management, effects of water scarcity on plants, and finally, how you can minimise the wastage of water. You learn the concepts of infiltration, aquifer, rainwater harvesting, drip irrigation, etc., here. 

  1. Forests: Our Lifeline

This chapter contains only one subsection – Visit to a forest. The atmosphere inside the forest, the importance of forests, and the drawbacks of deforestation are discussed here. The chapter informs you about the biodiversity present in the woods and how it has been supporting various living organisms. You learn that forests provide raw materials to humans and industries and food for animals, act as wind barriers, maintain temperature, prevent soil erosion, etc. 

  1. Wastewater story

This chapter elaborately defines wastewater and talks about the various types of effluents. You learn about contamination, sewage, wastewater treatment plants, on-site sanitation system, sludge, biogas, ways to dispose of excreta safely, ill effects of defecating in the open drain system, etc.  

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Why is the NCERT Class 7 science book important?

NCERT Book of  Class 7 science book is essential as experts in physics, chemistry, and biology have prepared the chapters in this book. You get in-depth information about each topic. The USP of the NCERT Class 7 science book is every concept, even the complicated ones, has easy step-by-step explanations and provides answers to questions at the chapter end. The book helps you prepare thoroughly for the Class 7 examinations.

2. How can I get the free NCERT solutions for Class 7 science?

You can get the free NCERT solutions from the website of Extramarks. The solutions are well explained without leaving any room for confusion to help the Class 7 student prepare better for the assignments, tests and exams. Besides this, you get the answers in a proper format as supported by the CBSE. You get chapter-wise solutions that help you proceed in a more organised way. 

3. What is the best way to prepare for the Class 7 science examination?

Students can best prepare for the Class 7 science examination by reading the chapters thoroughly and referring to the NCERT solutions. Prepare a timetable and target completing the chapters within the stipulated time. This will save you time for revisions. You can also refer to CBSE Extra Questions, and the CBSE Revision Notes offered by Extramarks. Also, write the answers to check your speed and whether you need to work on it to complete the question paper within the time frame. 

4. What are the benefits of studying NCERT Books for Class 7 science?

The benefit of studying NCERT Class 7 science book is that the concepts have been explained in an easy-to-understand language. Each chapter has in-text and end-text exercises. Also, NCERT uses multiple diagrams, charts, and graphs to make learning exciting and engaging. . Besides, it encourages you to perform several activities at home to relate the concepts to your daily life easily and provide a deeper understanding of the concepts. 

5. What are the tips to learn the concepts presented in the Class 7 science book perfectly?

You need to understand the concepts instead of memorising them. Be regular in class, study regularly and be thorough with the Formulas. You can refer to the NCERT solutions to better understand the concepts. Make a note of the concepts that you find difficult to grasp and devote more time to get a clear understanding of the topic before moving on to the next one.