NCERT Books Class 7 Social Science Our Environment

NCERT Books for Class 7 Social Science Our Environment

NCERT Books Class 7 Social Science Our Environment is one of the three social science books that students must study in class 7. As the name suggests, this book introduces of CBSE students to the environment and its components. It also talks about how humans have interacted with the environment for ages, depending on the climate and availability of natural vegetation. It also talks about climate change at length and shares valuable insights on protecting the environment.

Class 7 Social Science Our Environment NCERT Books 

The best part of NCERT Books Class 7 Social Science Our Environment is that the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) has adopted a fascinating method of making learning fun and easy. The organisation’s subject experts have explained all the concepts by associating them with exciting stories. As students lose themselves to the stories, they understand the concepts better. Also, it becomes easier for them to commit the concepts to memory for an extended period.

You do not have to wait for your school to start the session as now you can read the chapters easily, thanks to their free PDF versions. NCERT Books Class 7 Social Science Our Environment PDFs are available for free to help students start their lessons in advance. Also, students can access these chapters anywhere on their mobiles, laptops, or computers without carrying a physical book.


NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Our Environment | Chapterwise Solutions

While you download the NCERT Books Class 7 Social Science Our Environment PDFs, do not forget to download the NCERT solutions that Extramarks offer for free. These solutions answer the questions you found in the exercises at the end of each chapter. The best part is that you can also download the solutions chapter-wise.  

Key Learnings from the Class 7 Social Science book- Our Environment are:

NCERT Books Class 7 Social Science Our Environment help students learn about their environment in fun ways. Here are the things that you can expect to learn in this chapter. 

  • What happens inside the Earth and its composition and evolution
  • The three spheres of Earth – Lithosphere, Hydrosphere, and Atmosphere
  • The environment and its components
  • How humans interact with the environment
  • Life in various types of habitats bearing adverse climatic conditions
  • How vegetation happens naturally on different land types and its connection to wildlife and humans
  • How and why earthquakes, tsunamis and other natural calamities take place


The NCERT book Our Environment is divided into the following chapters –

The NCERT Books Class 7 Social Science Our Environment and its chapter-wise PDF versions cover many topics concerning the environment, its ecosystem, the Earth, human beings, wildlife, natural vegetation, etc. All these topics have been segregated into nine chapters so that related concepts could be packed together. Also, the organisation has ensured a smooth transition from one chapter to another so that the readers do not face any problems following the matter.  

  1. Environment – Introduction

The first chapter introduces us to several components of the environment that include the natural environment like air, water, land, and living things, human-made structures like parks, buildings, industries, roads, etc., and the human environment comprising individuals, families, communities, etc. You also learn about the ecosystem in this chapter.

  1. Inside the Earth

Here, you learn about Earth and its interior, rocks, and minerals like igneous rocks, metamorphic rocks, sedimentary rocks, primary rocks, etc. You come across various terms like Earth’s crust and mantle, lithosphere, outer core and inner core of Earth, continent, continental crust, ocean, and oceanic crust.  

  1. Our Changing Earth

This chapter deals with the evolution of landforms and Earth movements. You learn about earthquakes, volcanos, landslides, and the work of rivers, sea waves, ice, and wind. You come across terms like endogenic forces, exogenic forces, meanders, floodplains, sea caves, arches, sea cliffs, glacial moraines, dunes, etc. This chapter also teaches you how to keep yourself safe when earthquakes hit.   

  1. Air

This chapter informs you about the atmosphere and its components like oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, etc. It also talks about the structure of the atmosphere and its five layers – troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, and exosphere. Apart, there are other concepts like weather, climate, air pressure, temperature, cyclone, etc.  

  1. Water

One cannot survive without water, but do you know how it is formed and what are its variations? In this chapter, you get introduced to the concept of the water cycle, distribution of water bodies, ocean circulation, waves, tsunamis, tides, ocean currents, and the impact of these currents on the weather.

  1. Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

Have you ever wondered what the different types of natural vegetation are? Primarily there are forests, grasslands, and shrubs, and this chapter takes you through a detailed study of them. You learn about forests, including tropical evergreen forests, tropical deciduous forests, temperate evergreen forests, temperate deciduous forests, Mediterranean vegetation, and coniferous forests. And then there are the grasslands – tropical grasslands, temperate grasslands, and thorny bushes.  

  1. Human Environment – Settlement, Transport, and Communication

You acquire detailed knowledge about settlements, transport, and communication here. Settlements include both primary and temporary variations, transport includes roadways, railways, waterways, and airways, and the communication segment talks about mass media, satellites, and the internet.

  1. Human-Environment Interactions – The Tropical and the Subtropical Region

You get introduced to how people live in different natural regions worldwide. It talks about the Amazon basin and how life is over there, its climate, rainforests, and the people of the rainforests. Then comes life in the Ganga-Brahmaputra basin. You learn about the tributaries of Ganga, features of the basin, its varied topography, crops, vegetation, and wildlife. Do you know tourism is a significant activity in the basin?

  1. Life in the Deserts

Life in deserts is not as easy as it is on land. This chapter takes you to those places of the world where people have adapted to the desert lifestyle. One of the hottest deserts is the Sahara Desert in North Africa. You learn about the challenging climatic conditions of the desert, and how it receives minimal rains, its flora, fauna, and people. Then you get to know about Ladakh, a cold desert in the Great Himalayas. Here the climate is arid and extremely cold. You find out how flora, fauna, and people adapt to the challenging situations of the desert and survive.

Benefits of Referring to Class 7 Social Science – Our Environment

  1. The NCERT Books Class 7 Social Science Our Environment PDF saves students from carrying the physical book as they now have access to the chapters from anywhere.
  2. The free PDFs also contain NCERT solutions of the respective chapters that help students prepare better for examinations.
  3. The PDF versions save not only students’ money as they no longer have to buy the books but also trees, which are felled to make paper.
  4. Since each chapter has been segregated into individual PDFs, it becomes hassle-free for students to refer to the chapters.
  5. Each chapter contains a summary, enabling the students to understand the concept matter in a jiffy.
  6. Several competitive examinations follow the CBSE Syllabus to make their questions. The free PDFs help students academically and with honing their skills for further improvement.
  7. With each PDF, you get free lessons that help you study the chapters on your own without any help.
  8. Important concepts are highlighted throughout the chapter to help students quickly identify and grasp them.  

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Are these NCERT Books Class 7 Social Science Our Environment PDFs updated?

Students do not have to fret about the validity or authentication of these PDFs. Our group of experts is constantly working to offer you updated versions of the PDFs by including the changes in the academic years. Students can follow these PDFs worry-free to prepare themselves for the best.

2. How can I download the NCERT Books Class 7 Social Science Our Environment PDF?

To download the accessible version of NCERT Books Class 7 Social Science Our Environment PDF, go to the Extramarks website. Over there, search for the option CBSE, and select NCERT books. Now, select the required class, and the subject and the chapter-wise PDFs of that subject will become accessible to you. Download them as per your needs.  

3. What should be my plan of action to understand the NCERT Books Class 7 Social Science Our Environment better and perform well in the examinations?

To better understand the subject and score well in examinations, follow the following steps:

  • Read each chapter thoroughly and understand its concepts.
  • Practise the exercises provided at the end of each chapter.
  • Make notes if needed.
  • Refer to the NCERT solutions offered by Extramarks to check how well you are prepared.
  • You can also refer to CBSE Important Questions and CBSE Revision Notes available on the Extramarks website to prepare yourself better.

4. Can I score good marks by studying the NCERT Books Class 7 Social Science Our Environment PDF independently?

You can study independently without the help of teachers and excel in the examinations using PDF versions of the subject. First, each chapter is written by subject experts in very lucid language. Second, Extramarks is here to help you bridge the gap.

You get all the help you need over here. Apart from the NCERT solutions, you also get CBSE Extra Questions. Those willing to walk the extra mile can also refer to the CBSE Sample Papers and CBSE Previous Year Question Papers to get an idea of the types of questions usually asked in the examination.