NCERT Solutions Class 6 Social Science History Our Past Chapter 8

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History – Our Past Chapter-8

History is completely based on theory, so it is essential for the students to accurately understand and memorise the important events. The NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 8 can be an excellent reference material for students to solve the exercises given in NCERT Chapter 8. The solutions are easily accessible on the website and app of Extramarks.

Students can completely rely on the NCERT Solutions, as these are made by subject matter experts who have years of relevant experience. It has been ensured that the solutions adhere to the latest CBSE guidelines so that students score higher marks in their exams.

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Chapter 8 – Vital Villages, Thriving Towns

Access NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science

NCERT Social Science Class 6 Solutions Chapter 8: An Overview

Chaper 8 – Vital Villages, Thriving Towns teaches students how cities evolved during the period. It talks about how important towns such as Mathura played a crucial role in shaping up India’s history. Let’s look at some of the topics covered in this chapter:

Iron Tools and Agriculture

People started using iron in the subcontinent around 3000 years ago. Many weapons and tools made of iron were found in megalithic burials.

Other Steps to Increase Production: Irrigation

Kingdoms couldn’t have flourished without the support of the villages. While new tools and systems of transplantation were being used, farmers also relied on irrigation. Canals, tanks, and artificial lakes were used for the purpose.


There is evidence proving that people also lived in cities, villages, and even forests. There are carvings depicting the lives of people living in these places.


Punch marked coins were also used almost 500 years ago.

Cities with Many Functions

Mathura was one of the important cities because it was located at the crossroads of two most important routes of travel and trade. Fine sculptures were also produced in this city.

NCERT Social Science Class 6 Solutions: Syllabus

The NCERT syllabus for Class 6 Social Science is further divided into three broad sections:

  • History
  • Political Science, and
  • Geography

History NCERT Solutions for Class 6 under the CBSE curriculum include many vital chapters suitable to the average standard of Class 6. It is well designed and follows a standard pattern. It deals with topics such as our past, the ancient people and their lifestyles, hunting-gathering and the rise of agriculture, the Harappan civilisation and it is structural systems, the Vedas and its types, early kingdoms, Buddhism and Jainism, the Ashokan empire, traders, pilgrims, new empires, stupas, buildings and many more.

The NCERT Solutions of Political Science for Class 6 include many essential topics such as diversity and its importance, discrimination, the government and how it works, the significance of a democratic government, Panchayati raj, the rural and urban administration, rural and urban livelihoods and many more.   

Geography, NCERT Solutions Class 6 include various topics. The earth, the solar system, latitudes and longitudes, GMT, rotation and revolution of the earth, maps, and their constituents, the important domains of earth, major landforms, India and its geography, Indian climate and vegetation, etc.

All the solutions are professionally curated and can be used as a reference to learn and prepare for the examinations.

Why Is Extramarks Best For The Study Material?

Extramarks is one of the leading e-learning platforms in India. The faculty at Extramarks prepare all the learning aids in an easy-to-understand language and ensure that all the material is factually correct. Not just for Class 6 History Chapter 8, Extramarks has curated study materials for all the chapters of all the subjects in the CBSE curriculum. Our experts hold ample experience in the required fields and are excellent teachers who intend to assist the students and address their doubts, all the time. 

The study materials cover various concepts from the textbooks, which are crucial for the students in preparing for their examinations. The solutions provided by Extramarks can be used by teachers and students. You can also download the NCERT solutions from the official website of Extramarks and use it anywhere and anytime.

NCERT Class 6 Social Science History – Our Past Chapter Wise Solutions

Given below are the chapter-wise solutions for Class 6 Social Science History.

  • Chapter 1: What, Where, How and When?
  • Chapter 2: From Hunting – Gathering to Growing Food
  • Chapter 3: In the Earliest Cities
  • Chapter 4: What Books and Burials Tell Us
  • Chapter 5: Kingdoms, Kings, and An Early Republic
  • Chapter 6: New Questions and Ideas
  • Chapter 7: Ashoka the Emperor Who Gave Up War
  • Chapter 8: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns
  • Chapter 9: Traders Kings and Pilgrims
  • Chapter 10: New Empires and Kingdoms
  • Chapter 11: Buildings, Paints and Books

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science

Social Science is a compulsory subject in Class 6. It is a crucial category of academic discipline that deals with the study of humans, their surroundings, different societies, and many more. Social Science has three main branches: History, Geography, and Civics or Political Science. All three subjects are of great significance and are very scoring. The NCERT Solutions Class 6 of Social Science is an amazing study material to help students discern all the concepts in a simplified manner. There are fundamental lessons in the Social Science subjects of Class 6, and it is necessary to be well versed in all the topics and concepts taught by the teachers at school.

Q.1 Make a list of the occupations of the people who lived within the Mauryan Empire.


The following were the occupations of the people who lived within the Mauryan Empire:

• Farming

• Herding

• Working as officials

• Handicrafts

• Trading

• Hunting-gathering

Q.2 Complete the following sentences:

(a) Officials collected………………from the area under the direct control of the ruler.
(b) Royal princes often went to the provinces as ………….
(c) The Mauryan rulers tried to control …………………….and ……………..which were important for transport.
(d) People in forested regions provided the Mauryan officials with ………………………………………


(a) Officials collected taxes from the area under the direct control of the ruler.
(b) Royal princes often went to the provinces as governors.
(c) The Mauryan rulers tried to control roads and rivers which were important for transport.
(d) People in forested regions provided the Mauryan officials with elephants, timber, honey and wax.

Q.3 State whether true or false:

(a) Ujjain was the gateway to the north-west.
(b) Chandragupta’s ideas were written down in the Arthashastra.
(c) Kalinga was the ancient name of Bengal.
(d) Most Ashokan inscriptions are in the Brahmi script.


(a) False
(b) False
(c) False
(d) True

Q.4 What were the problems that Ashoka wanted to solve by introducing dhamma?


Ashoka wanted to solve the following problems by introducing dhamma:

• People in the empire followed different religions, and this sometimes led to conflicts among various beliefs.

• Animals were sacrificed.

• Slaves and servants were ill treated, and there were quarrels in families and amongst neighbours.

Q.5 What were the means adopted by Ashoka to spread the message of dhamma?


(i) Ashoka appointed officials, known as the dhamma mahamatta. These officials went from place to place teaching people about dhamma.

(ii) Besides, he got his dhamma messages inscribed on rocks and pillars and instructed his officials to read the message to those who could not read.

(iii) He also sent messengers to spread ideas about dhamma to other lands, such as Syria, Egypt, Greece and Sri Lanka.

(iv) He built roads, dug wells, and built rest houses and he arranged for medical treatment for both human beings and animals.

Q.6 Why do you think slaves and servants were ill-treated? Do you think the orders of the emperor would have improved their condition? Give reasons for your answer.


(i) The slaves and servants were ill-treated because they were mostly prisoners of wars. They were used as labouring tools by their owners and masters.

(ii) Yes, I think the orders of the emperor would have improved their condition as he was the head of the state, with power to prevent the ill-treatment to them.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Who was the village headman in Northern villages according to the Class 6 History Chapter 8?

The headman of the Northern villages was the Grama Bhojaka, who held a hereditary position and derived power from it. He was often the largest landowner in the village and collected taxes from the village for the king. He also served as a judge and policeman at times. He also had the authority to hire workers for agricultural purposes.

2. Why was Mathura an important settlement for over 2500 years?

Mathura was located at the junction of two major trade and travel routes, which is why it was necessary. The routes included the one from northwest to the east and the other from north to south. It had several fortifications around the city and many shrines. It was the centre of great and fine sculptures. Nearby farmers and herders provided food to the people living in the city.

3. How to study Chapter 8 of Class 6 History effectively?

History contains pure theory and, at times, can become exhausting since it requires lots of concentration and patience. You can learn Class 6 History Chapter 8 effectively with the help of the study materials available at Extramarks. The NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 8 questions and answers contain detailed explanations of the crucial topics from the chapter and can guide students to prepare for the examinations effectively.