NCERT Solutions Class 6 Social Science Social And Political Life Chapter 4

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science – Social and Political Life Chapter-4

Chapter 4 of Class 6 “Social and Political Life” NCERT discusses the key elements of  democratic government, people’s participation , conflict resolution, equality and justice , and  fundamentals of democratic governance. . Solutions to the questions covered in this chapter are included in NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics Chapter 4 by Extramarks. Students can access these solutions from the links provided below to have conceptual clarity of each and every topic and can answer any question from this chapter more easily  in no time.

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Chapter 4 – Key Elements of a Democratic Government – Download 

Access NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science (Civics) Social and Political life Chapter 4 – Key Elements of a Democratic Government

NCERT Solutions Class 6 Civics Chapter 4 – Download

A democratic government is administered by and for the people. In a democracy, everyone has a say or a right to vote in electing the government. In 510 BC, Cleisthenes (also known as the Father of Democracy) established the world’s first democracy in Athens. On the other hand, one person holds absolute control under a monarchy or dictatorship. Students will learn about the democratic process, its importance and how it’s different from monarchy in this chapter. 

Key Elements of Democratic Government: Summary of Class 6 Notes

Every person in a democratic government has equal  rights. Constitutional law is also uniform across the board. The state of South Africa is  described in the first section of Chapter 4 of Class 6 Civics NCERT where South African people were divided under the apartheid laws on the basis of race which comprises of white, black , Indian and other coloured races and under the laws they lived with each other and even used common facilities..

According to previous laws enacted and revised in this country, one race cannot mix with the other. These races were  separated from one another. Apartheid laws were created by colonial authorities wherein the best land was reserved for the white people and the worst land was left for the non-whites.  This did not  change  until the formation of the African National Congress. The campaigners spoke  against the apartheid laws. . For years, Nelson Mandela, the group’s leader, campaigned tirelessly against the apartheid system. The activists were able to reclaim their equal status.. When this law was repealed, all races were treated equally. In 1994 South Africa became a democratic country.


Democracy entails that everyone is treated equally. It signifies that a leader will be chosen based on the majority’s decision. An election is conducted to select a democracy’s government. Everyone has the right to elect a specific member from among the representatives through elections. These individuals are chosen to represent the public and take  decisions on their behalf. According to the key elements of democratic government Class 6 notes, when making such judgments, the representing leader must consider  everyone’s best interests.

This is how a government is formed for a set period. The government is either reelected or replaced in the election based on its performance. In India, a government has five years to demonstrate its competence. The people decide whether or not a group of leaders will remain in power for the following five years. Elections are undertaken regularly to limit the authority of the leaders.

How Can People Participate in Democracy?

In India, elections take place every five years. People can criticise the way a government works for them. They are politically interested and study how a government serves the public in a regime.

Consider this case to see how people react to a government decision. The electricity bill was increased in 2005 for a specific purpose. The general public was unhappy with the decision, and protests and rallies were held to express their displeasure. They organised signature campaigns and rallies to demonstrate their dissatisfaction with the decision. Even though the current government gave its explanation, it had to submit to the authorities.The former version of the electricity bill has been reinstated.

It demonstrates how common people’s attentiveness and awareness may be used to check any  misuse of power by the government. The way ordinary people think determines the country’s democratic shape. Various political tools enable ordinary citizens to express their displeasure with a government’s actions.

Resolving Conflict: A Big Concern

 In history we can learn how  conflicts can spiral out of control if persons in positions of authority do not manage them well. It can cause violence, vandalism, loss of life,  chaos, riots, destruction and damage, and can  quickly spread between two  groups with conflicting interests and opinions.. India is a diverse nation with many languages and religions, which can lead to conflicts between the people belonging to different backgrounds. The government needs to  resolve these conflicts in a way that it is able to address the concerns of all while maintaining a balance. 

Justice and Equality: The Main Pillar of Democracy

The primary goal of establishing democracy in a society is to treat all citizens equally regardless of caste, religion, or gender. Many societal stigmas and evil practices have been eliminated as new regulations that people must adhere to. They must be well-educated to distinguish between good and evil. They must also determine whether they are politically motivated to make an irrational conclusion.

NCERT Class 6 Social Science – Social and Political Life Chapter Wise Solutions

Chapter-wise NCERT solutions for Class 6 Social Science – Social and Political Life are mentioned below:

  • Chapter 1 – Understanding Diversity
  • Chapter 2 – Diversity and Discrimination
  • Chapter 3 – What is Government
  • Chapter 4 – Key Elements of a Democratic Government
  • Chapter 5 – Panchayati Raj
  • Chapter 6 – Rural Administration
  • Chapter 7 – Urban Administration
  • Chapter 8 – Rural Livelihoods
  • Chapter 9 – Urban Livelihoods

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science

Extramarks offers a wide range of effective study materials and solutions to help students. For students who find it challenging to solve textbook questions, these solutions are the best source of study material. Students will be able to recognize their weak areas and work on them to enhance their academic performance. The solutions include thorough explanations, and students will be able to achieve good results using them regularly. Social Science NCERT Solutions are  on the official website of Extramarks.

Q.1 How would Maya’s life be different in South Africa today?

Ans. Maya’s life would be different in South Africa today due to following reasons:

(i) Practice of apartheid is abolished today.
(ii) She would have enjoyed equal rights before the law.
(iii) No discrimination on the basis of caste, color, creed and religion.
(iv) She would have the right to choose and participate in the government.

Q.2 What are the various ways in which people participate in the process of government?

Ans. Various ways in which people participate in the process of government are as follows:

(i) By participating in the election.
(ii) By casting their vote to choose their government.
(iii) By mass protests like rallies, strikes, signature campaigns, etc.
(iv) Limiting of power by regular election.
(v) By expressing their views and criticizing the government on social media, televisions, newspapers, etc.
(vi) Keeping on track and informed about government works and decisions.

Q.3 Why do you think we need the government to find solutions to many disputes or conflicts?

Ans. We need the government to find solutions to many disputes or conflicts because:

(i) It can turn into outrageous or violent movement in future if not solved.
(ii) Government is accountable to its people and thus takes care of them.
(iii) It is necessary to maintain law and peace in the nation.
(iv) To maintain the trust of its people in law and justice.

Q.4 What actions does the government take to ensure that all people are treated equally?

Ans. Steps the government should take to ensure that all people are treated equally:

(i) Everybody should be treated equally before the law and according to the Constitution.
(ii) All should be given equal rights to enjoy their freedom.
(iii) There should be no discrimination in providing justice on the basis of caste, colour, creed or religion.
(iv) Special protection should be provided to the underprivileged classes.
(v) Ensuring basic facilities of food, shelter, health and clothes to all.

Q.5 Read through the chapter and discuss some of the key ideas of a democratic government. Make a list. For example, all people are equal.

Ans. Key ideas of a democratic government:

All people are equal

Justice for all

Equal opportunities for education and jobs

Abolition of discriminations

Abolition of Untouchability

Equal status to all religions

Please register to view this section

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the importance of democracy?

Democracy is a form of government where rules are elected  by the people. It gives people the right to elect its representatives. Every citizen has  equal  rights irrespective of their caste, gender, economic status and religion, to be treated respectfully. It is a form of government where all citizens are free to express their opinions. The role of citizens is given prime importance in the formation of government.

2. What is the purpose of an election?

Regular elections are held to select the most capable leaders and replace the incumbents. It is done to limit their  power and to assess their performance.

3. How do I prepare for the exam with Extramarks NCERT solutions for Chapter 4 of Class 6 Social and Political Life?

Here’s how you can prepare conscientiously and ensure 100% marks in your exam results::

  1.  Read the NCERT textbook thoroughly. They are alone sufficient to crack the exam with optimum results.
  2. Solve the NCERT textbook’s practice solutions independently. Examine yourself by comparing your solutions to Extramarks’ solutions. Students can get detailed and accurate solutions to questions given in the NCERT textbook.
  3. For in-depth explanations to each question covered in the chapter, refer to  Extramarks NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science.
  4. These easy-to-understand explanations can also be used for a quick revision. Along with     the NCERT textbook, students should solve questions from NCERT solutions to build a strong foundation