Ncert Solutions Class 6 Social Science Social And Political Life Chapter 8

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science – Social and Political Life Chapter-8

Many people living in rural areas earn their living via farming. The other common livelihoods are raising livestock and other non-farming activities. The Chapter 8 of NCERT Class 6 Social Science – Social and Political Life introduces students to different ways by which people make their living in rural areas. It discusses their jobs, problems of being flandless, and other issues of this section of population. 

The chapter has practise exercises at the end to help students revise what they have learned and get a better understanding of the topics discussed. To help students solve these practise exercises accurately, Extramarks provides NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics Chapter 8. The answers in NCERT solutions are explained in detail, which gives students an idea of how to attempt a question in the board exam in the right manner

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Chapter 8 – Rural Livelihoods 

Access NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Chapter 8 – Rural Livelihoods

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science – Social and Political Life Chapter 8 Rural Livelihoods

Rural Livelihoods Class 6, Chapter 8 of the NCERT textbook tells students about the various means and ways the country’s rural population makes their livelihood. In this chapter, they learn about different farming and non-farming work that people in the villages perform to make their living. NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Chapter 8 get detailed solutions to all the chapter-related questions through which they understand the core idea of the topics and gain knowledge about our villages and the people living there.

NCERT Solutions Class 6 Social Science Book All Chapters

NCERT Solutions are available for the chapters of Social Science Class 6. These chapter-wise solutions help students do an organised self-study and score good marks in the exams. Here’s the list of chapter-wise solutions for Class 6 Social Science – Social and Political Life.

  • Chapter 1- Understanding Diversity
  • Chapter 2- Diversity and Discrimination
  • Chapter 3- Government
  • Chapter 4- Key Elements of a Democratic Government
  • Chapter 5- Local Government and Administration
  • Chapter 6- Rural Administration
  • Chapter 7- Urban Administration
  • Chapter 8- Rural Livelihoods
  • Chapter 9- Urban Livelihoods

NCERT Solutions Class 6 Social Science Offers Great Benefits

There are many advantages of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 students, a few of which are as follows:

  • These are designed to make last-minute revision easy and quick.
  • The language of the solutions is simple, so that the students do not find it challenging to understand and gain knowledge over the subject.
  • The subject-matter experts at Extramarks with several years of experience prepare the solutions while ensuring they are as per the latest CBSE guidelines.

Rural Livelihoods Class 6 Social Science Chapter 8

There are no modern facilities in rural areas, and the population is relatively lesser than in the cities. In villages, around half of the population performs agricultural activities for livelihood. In contrast, the rest of the population performs other activities such as fishing, selling baskets, forming butter, raising livestock, etc. The Chapter 8 discusses all these in detail:

Occupations: The population in the rural areas are indulged in several professions such as weaver, washerman, blacksmiths, teacher, shopkeeper, barber, mechanic, etc.

Shops: There are a variety of retailers in the Kalpattu village, such as grocery stores, tea shops, tailors, barbershops, etc.

Girl Farmer: The section talks about Thulasi, who is a worker in the Ramalingam farmland, performs a lot of activities such as paddy, weeding, transplantation, harvesting, and more. Rs. 40 is her daily earning.

Farmers: People in the Kalpattu village are involved in various farming and non-farming activities such as making utensils, baskets, bricks, pots, etc. The most common work is teaching, weaving, washing clothes, repairing cycles, etc. A large number of farmers cultivate their land and sell their products.

Sources of Livelihood: People living in rural areas perform farming and non-farming activities to earn their livelihood.

Some of the other ways with which individuals earn their living in villages are discussed below:

  • People perform farming as well as non-farming work in the villages. Non-farming work includes making utensils, baskets, pots, etc.
  • Farm working involves activities such as sowing, weeding, and harvesting crops.
  • In India, 2 out of 5 families are manual labourers.
  • Various members of those families have to work in other people’s fields to earn a livelihood.
  • Several people from the rural areas are dependent on an assortment of agriculture, forest, fishing, farm manufacture, and more

Some Important Terms

Rural Livelihoods:  The different ways of earning a living in rural areas is called Rural livelihoods .

Pesticide: Pesticide is a kind of chemical that is sprayed on the crops to kill pests, especially insects.

Migration: Migration is the term used when people move from one place to another, in search of better job opportunities and standard of living.

Harvest: The process of cutting and gathering crops.

Terrace Farming: This is a type of farming during which flat plots are formed from the land on a hill slope in a stepwise format. The edges of the plot are raised to retain water. This helps water stay in the field, which is required for rice cultivation.

NCERT Class 6 Social Science – Social and Political Life Chapter wise Solutions

We not only offer NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics Chapter 8 but also provide detailed solutions to the other chapters of Civics. The chapter-wise availability of solutions helps students smoothen the approach of studying the subject by themselves. Students need not spend additional time memorising NCERT book that they find difficult. The solutions incorporate tips for remembering various things quickly, and the solutions have been designed in a summarised form without missing any essential facts.

Students who want help in preparing Civics chapters, can download the chapter-wise files for solutions on this website. These solutions will help students save time and effectively improve their preparation.

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science

Students can access the various chapters of Social Science for Class 6 . The solutions can be accessed on the website and the app of Extramarks. The NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science are prepared by subject matter experts who have many years of relevant experience in the education domain. All the solutions are as per the latest CBSE guidelines, so students can prepare well and score high marks in the exams.

Q.1 You have probably noticed that people in Kalpattu are engaged in a variety of non-farm work. List five of these.

Ans. Five non-farm work of people in Kalpattu village:
(i) Making baskets, utensils, pots, bricks, bullock-carts etc.
(ii) Blacksmiths
(iii) Nursing
(iv) Teaching
(v) Shop-keeping

Q.2 List the different types of people you read about in Kalpattu who depend on farming. Who is the poorest among them and why?

Ans. Different types of people who depend on farming are:
(i) Big landowner
(ii) Small landowners or Farmers
(iii) Landless farmers or Labourers
Landless farmers or labourers are the poorest among them because they have seasonal earnings. They always have to look for work at other places after the harvesting period is over and are paid very less. They do not have fixed income and sometimes go without work. Hence, in this chapter, Thulasi is the poorest.

Q.3 What do you think the government can do to help farmers like Sekar when they get into debt? Discuss.

Ans. The government can do the following things to help farmers like Sekar when they get into debt:
(i) Provision of easy farming loans from the banks at lower rate of interest.
(ii) Insurance of their cultivation.
(iii) Provision of subsidised fertilizers, pesticides and HYV seeds.
(iv) Farming schools and help should be provided at no cost.

Q.4 Compare the situation of Sekar and Ramalingam by filling out the following table:



Land cultivated

Labour required

Loans required

Selling of harvest

Other work done by them




Land cultivated

About 2 acres

About 20 acres

Labour required

Not required. They get help from other farmers during the time of harvesting.

Required in large numbers. They have larger land and thus need many labourers to cultivate it.

Loans required

Yes. For fertilisers and seeds.

Not required for harvest. However, they need loan to set up rice mills.

Selling of harvest

Sell harvest at low cost to the lender.

Sell harvest at market price to the traders or directly in the market.

Other work done by them

Work as labour in Ramalingham’s rice mill.

Owns rice mills and has several shops.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Why Prefer NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics Chapter 8?

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics Chapter 8 have been designed so that students can get help in solving the practise questions that are given at the end of the chapter in their NCERT textbook.

2. How do people in rural areas earn a livelihood?

People in rural areas perform various farming and non-farming activities to earn a livelihood. Farming activities include readying the land, sowing, weeding, and harvesting. The non-farming activities include making pots, baskets, utensils, crafts, butter, etc.