NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science The Earth Our Habitat Chapter 5

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science - The Earth Our Habitat Chapter-5

Class 6 Geography Chapter 5 introduces students to the four major domains of the Earth -  Earth's four realms, namely the Lithosphere, Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, and Biosphere. The relationship between the four is also explained in the chapter.

To help students understand the chapter better, there are three practise exercises and a map question given at the end of the chapter. Extramarks provides solutions for Chapter 5. The NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 5 provide answers to all the chapter end exercises. These are written by our subject matter experts while keeping the latest CBSE guidelines in mind.

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Chapter 5 - Major Domains of the Earth 

Access NCERT Solutions for Class 06 Social Science

NCERT Class 6 Geography – Chapter Wise Solutions

The transition from fifth to sixth grade is also the transition from elementary to middle  school. Furthermore, the majority of the topics covered in the CBSE Class 6 curriculum are geared toward preparing students for their higher  classes. NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 are useful learning aids that will encourage  and motivate students to learn joyfully and  perform well  in their exams. 

Extramarks provides solutions for following chapters for Class 6 Geography:

  1. Chapter 1 - The Earth in the Solar System
  2. Chapter 2- Globe Latitudes and Longitudes
  3. Chapter 3 - Motions of the Earth
  4. Chapter 4 - Maps
  5. Chapter 5 - Major Domains of the Earth
  6. Chapter 6 - Major Landforms of the Earth
  7. Chapter 7 - Our Country India
  8. Chapter 8 - India Climate Vegetation and Wildlife

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 5 

Class 6 Chapter 5 - Major Domains of The Earth

Earth is the only planet where life exists. The Earth's surface is a complex zone where the three major environmental components meet, overlap, and interact with each other. The lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere are the four major domains of the Earth as explained in Major Domains of the Earth Class 6

  • All solid parts of Earth-like plateaus, mountains, and valleys make up the lithosphere.
  • The hydrosphere comprises water bodies and covers three-quarters of the Earth.
  • The atmosphere forms a protective layer around the Earth,  protecting from harmful rays of the sun. .
  • The biosphere is the final domain, and it includes all living and non-living things.
  • The Lithosphere is the land's domain. It is the  outermost portion of the Earth, which includes the Upper Mantle as well as the Earth's Crust. 

Lithosphere is further divided into two parts - large land masses called continents and huge water bodies called ocean basins.

Hydrosphere consists of water in all the forms. Oceans are a major part of the hydrosphere and more than 71 percent of the Earth is covered with water.

Atmosphere mainly consists of oxygen and nitrogen. The nitrogen constitutes 78%, oxygen constitutes 21% and other gases are 1% in the atmosphere.

Biosphere is the domain of life. The interaction of lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere affects the biosphere. It is the domain where life exists.

Why is Extramarks considered one of the  best educational institutes?

The CBSE curriculum is designed to strengthen the foundation of students. While NCERT books cover the entire curriculum, at times these are not sufficient from exam preparation perspective. Students must attempt mock tests, solve sample papers, and attempt past years’ exam papers to score high grades in exams. This is where Extramarks can help students in improving their performance.  Extramarks, being one of the leading online platforms, provides a repository  of learning aids  for students to learn with better understanding  and to solidify their concepts. Extramarks resources   definitely boost students’  preparation to get excellent grades.

NCERT Class 6 Social Science - The Earth Our Habitat Chapter-wise Solutions

Social Science is a  theoretical subject, making it simple to achieve the highest possible grade. The primary goal of the NCERT Solutions is to assist students in their studies. The solutions have been prepared with the detailed explanations and are written in an easy-to-understand manner, making it easier for students to access the relevant information.

You can access the chapter-wise solutions for Class 6 Social Science on the Extramarks  website or app..

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science

Extramarks offers NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography that have been curated by subject experts and cover all the textbook question answers. 

Q.1 Answer the following questions.

(a) What are the four major domains of the earth?
(b) Name the major continents of the earth.
(c) Name the two continents that lie entirely in the Southern Hemisphere.
(d) Name the different layers of atmosphere.
(e) Why is the earth called the ‘blue planet’?
(f) Why is the Northern Hemisphere called the Land Hemisphere?
(g) Why is the Biosphere important for living organisms?

Ans-

(a) The four major domains of the earth are Lithosphere, Hydrosphere, Atmosphere and Biosphere.
(b) The major continents of the earth are Asia, Europe, Africa, North America, South America, Australia and Antarctica.
(c) Australia and Antarctica are the two continents that lie entirely in the Southern Hemisphere.
(d) The different layers of atmosphere are the troposphere, the stratosphere, the mesosphere, the thermosphere and the exosphere.
(e) The earth is called the blue planet because more than 71 per cent of the earth is covered with water and 29 per cent is with land.
(f) The Northern Hemisphere is called the Land Hemisphere because the greater part of the land mass lies in the Northern Hemisphere.
(g) The biosphere is the narrow zone of contact between the land, water and air where the life exists. It is important for living organisms because all the living organisms including humans are linked to each other and to the biosphere for survival.

Q.2 Tick the correct answer.

(a) The mountain range that separates Europe from Asia is
(i) the Andes
(ii) the Himalayas
(iii) the Urals

(b) The continent of North America is linked to South America by
(i) Isthmus
(ii) Strait
(iii) Canal

(c) The major constituent of atmosphere by per cent is
(i) Nitrogen
(ii) Oxygen
(iii) Carbon dioxide

(d) The domain of the earth consisting of solid rocks is
(i) the Atmosphere
(ii) the Hydrosphere
(iii) the Lithosphere

(e) Which is the largest continent?
(i) Africa
(ii) Asia
(iii) Australia

Ans-

(a) (iii) the Urals ✓
(b) (ii) Strait ✓
(c) (i) Nitrogen ✓
(d) (iii) the Lithosphere ✓
(e) (ii) Asia ✓

Q.3 Fill in the blanks.

(a) The deepest point on the earth is ____in the Pacific Ocean.
(b) The ______Ocean is named after a country.
(c) The ______ is a narrow contact zone of land, water and air that supports life.
(d) The continents of Europe and Asia together are known as ______.
(e) The highest mountain peak on the earth is ____.

Ans-

(a) The deepest point on the earth is the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean.
(b) The Indian Ocean is named after a country.
(c) The biosphere is a narrow contact zone of land, water and air that supports life.
(d) The continents of Europe and Asia together are known as Eurasia.
(e) The highest mountain peak on the earth is Mt. Everest.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. What types of questions are asked in the practise exercises of Chapter 5?

The chapter has three practise exercises:

  • Short answer questions
  • Tick the correct answer
  • Fill in the blanks

Apart from this, there is a map question included in the chapter end  exercise..

2. Write a brief note about the oceans.

The hydrosphere is dominated by oceans. The five great oceans are:

  • Pacific Ocean – A It is the largest ocean and it covers one third of the Earth.  It’s almost circular in shape and is surrounded by Asia, Australia, North and South America. 
  • Atlantic Ocean – Second-largest ocean in the world. 
  • Indian Ocean – Only ocean named after a country, India, and it has a nearly triangular shape. 
  • Southern Ocean – Encompasses the continent of Antarctica. 
  • Arctic Ocean – Encompasses the Arctic Circle and surrounds the North Pole.