NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science The Earth Our Habitat Chapter 6

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science - The Earth Our Habitat Chapter-6

The major landforms of the earth will be discussed in Class 6 Geography Chapter 6. Students will learn about the different properties of the Earth's surface, some of which we can see while others  we can't. We will learn about mountains and their formation. Plateaus, their formations, and their characteristics will also be discussed. The plains and people's lives in the plains are also discussed in this chapter. 

In order to get help with the questions given at the end of this chapter, Students can refer to the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Chapter 6 by Extramarks. The solutions provided contain thorough explanations that have been written in a simple-to-understand language. Students will find these solutions very useful for their preparations, last-minute revisions, and for any help that they may need with their assignments.

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Chapter-6 - Major Landforms of the Earth - Free Download

Access NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Chapter 6 — Major Landforms of the Earth

Students will benefit from Class 6 Social Science solutions of Major Landforms of the Earth Class 6 Questions and Answers. The solutions are simple to understand, and each step in the solution is described to correspond to the students' comprehension. You may refer to the solutions for Chapter 6 Major Landforms of the Earth here at your convenience. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science - The Earth Our Habitat Chapter 6 Major Landforms of the Earth

Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 Major Landforms of the Earth expounds on what landforms are, how they are formed, the major landforms, their importance, and much more.

Landforms have four major types: mountains, hills, plateaus, and plains. A mountain is categorised as any natural elevation of the earth's surface. Mountains are classified into three types: fold mountains, block mountains, and volcanic mountains. A plateau is a flat-topped table land that rises above its surroundings. Plains are large flat areas of land. 

  • Landforms

Physical features on the Earth's surface are known as landforms. Mountains, Plateaus, and Plains are some of the Earth's major landforms. Weathering, water, elevation, sinking, and soil erosion are all natural processes that shape the Earth's surface. It isn't something that happens overnight. In fact, we don't notice these changes for hundreds of thousands of years. Landforms are formed as a result of these processes. Landforms, in other words, are the result of geological processes. 

  • Formation

The earth's landforms are the result of two opposing processes: external and internal processes. Moving waves, wind, and ice, as well as running water, are examples of external processes that act slowly on the earth's surface. Internal processes such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions act within the earth's surface, causing upliftment of the surface and the formation of plateaus and mountains. 

  • Mountains

Mountains are the natural elevation of the earth's surface. Mountains are generally narrow at the top and broad at the bottom. As the altitude rises, the temperature drops, causing the top area to be covered in snow.

  • Plateaus

Plateaus are major landforms of the Earth Mountains, and they are typically flatlands that rise high above the ground. Plateaus have one or more steep sloped sides that differ in height from one another. The best example of the plateau is the Deccan Plateau. Lava has carved out these plateaus. They are, in other words, volcanic in origin. The African plateau and the Tibetan plateau are two other major plateaus. 

  • Plains

Plains are flat stretches of land in fertile areas. These long stretches of land are ideal for human settlement and agriculture. Rivers that flow down the mountains usually form plains. These rivers continue to deposit sediment in valleys as they flow. The best example and most densely populated region is the Indo-Gangetic plains. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 - Free Download

Extramarks NCERT Solutions are regarded as a valuable exam preparation resource since they are written by subject experts and are guaranteed to help students achieve high grades. Extramarks provides accurate NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Chapter-6.

NCERT Class 6 Social Science Geography Solutions- Past Chapter-Wise Solutions

For CBSE Class 6 students, their NCERT textbook is the most important source of learning. To prepare for their exam, students should go through all the chapters at least once and should attempt all the questions given at the end of each chapter.

With this in mind, Extramarks has put together a comprehensive set of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography covering all the questions for each chapter. We have compiled all of the chapter-by-chapter solutions for students to assist them in better and faster preparation. 

Why Should a Student Go For Extramarks?

Students find it difficult to locate a chapter, chapter explanation, questions, and solutions, sample questions, previous year question papers with solutions, and exam preparation tips in one location. We make it possible because all of these resources are available on the platform, which is also free. Extramarks is a platform that allows students to easily access all of the relevant and informative concepts provided by professional teachers. 

Some of the key features of the NCERT solutions provided by Extramarks include:

  • The solutions include detailed explanations along with illustrations and examples wherever required to make it easier for students
  • The solutions are provided by subject matter experts that give special attention to providing accurate solutions
  • The solutions are authored keeping CBSE guidelines and best practices in mind
  • Students can use these solutions to prepare effectively and score better marks

NCERT Class 6 Social Science - The Earth Our Habitat Chapter-wise Solutions

Extramarks offers clear and concise solutions to textbook questions for all the chapters covered in their NCERT Social Science textbook - The Earth Our Habitat. Students can access these chapter-wise solutions below:

  1. Chapter 1: The Earth in the Solar System
  2. Chapter 2: Globe Latitudes and Longitudes
  3. Chapter 3: Motions of the Earth
  4. Chapter 4: Maps
  5. Chapter 5: Major Domains of the Earth
  6. Chapter 6: Major Landforms of the Earth
  7. Chapter 7: Out Country India
  8. Chapter 8: India Climate Vegetation and Wildlife

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science

Class 6 Social Science curriculum is divided into three parts, namely History, Civics, and Geography. Apart from Geography solutions, students can also access solutions to all the chapters covered in their History and Civics textbooks from the Extramarks website.

  • History solutions
  • Civics solutions

Q.1 Answer the following question.

(a) What are the four major domains of the earth?
(b) Name the major continents of the earth.
(c) Name the two continents that lie entirely in the Southern Hemisphere.
(d) Name the different layers of atmosphere.
(e) Why is the earth called the ‘blue planet’?
(f) Why is the Northern Hemisphere called the Land Hemisphere?
(g) Why is the Biosphere important for living organisms?

Answer

(a) The four major domains of the earth are Lithosphere, Hydrosphere, Atmosphere and Biosphere.
(b) The major continents of the earth are Asia, Europe, Africa, North America, South America, Australia and Antarctica.
(c) Australia and Antarctica are the two continents that lie entirely in the Southern Hemisphere.
(d) The different layers of atmosphere are the troposphere, the stratosphere, the mesosphere, the thermosphere and the exosphere.
(e) The earth is called the blue planet because more than 71 per cent of the earth is covered with water and 29 per cent is with land.
(f) The Northern Hemisphere is called the Land Hemisphere because the greater part of the land mass lies in the Northern Hemisphere.
(g) The biosphere is the narrow zone of contact between the land, water and air where the life exists. It is important for living organisms because all the living organisms including humans are linked to each other and to the biosphere for survival.

Q.2 Tick the correct one –

(a) The mountain range that separates Europe from Asia is
(i) the Andes
(ii) the Himalayas
(iii) the Urals

(b) The continent of North America is linked to South America by
(i) Isthmus
(ii) Strait
(iii) Canal

(c) The major constituent of atmosphere by per cent is
(i) Nitrogen
(ii) Oxygen
(iii) Carbon dioxide

(d) The domain of the earth consisting of solid rocks is
(i) the Atmosphere
(ii) the Hydrosphere
(iii) the Lithosphere

(e) Which is the largest continent?
(i) Africa
(ii) Asia
(iii) Australia

Ans-

(a) (iii) the Urals ✓
(b) (ii) Strait ✓
(c) (i) Nitrogen ✓
(d) (iii) the Lithosphere ✓
(e) (ii) Asia ✓

Q.3 (a) The deepest point on the earth is ____in the Pacific Ocean.
(b) The ______Ocean is named after a country.
(c) The ______ is a narrow contact zone of land, water and air that supports life.
(d) The continents of Europe and Asia together are known as ______.
(e) The highest mountain peak on the earth is ____.

Ans-

(a) The deepest point on the earth is the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean.
(b) The Indian Ocean is named after a country.
(c) The biosphere is a narrow contact zone of land, water and air that supports life.
(d) The continents of Europe and Asia together are known as Eurasia.
(e) The highest mountain peak on the earth is Mt. Everest.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. Is the NCERT Solution for Class 6 Geography sufficient for final exam preparation?

The NCERT textbook is the best book recommended by the CBSE for exam preparation. It is from here that the majority of exam questions are derived. NCERT Solutions by Extramarks are available for download and provide answers to all NCERT questions in simple language so that all students can grasp the concepts. Students can use them to understand the concepts and practise additional questions. Students can review the solutions, and all pertinent information is presented in a concise manner. 

 

2. According to Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 Major Landforms of the Earth, how do mountains and plateaus differ?

 Because the earth has many different landforms, many people confuse mountains and plateaus.

Small summits and broad bases are typical of mountains. On the other hand, a plateau is a flat-topped table on the earth’s surface.

There are three types of mountains:

  • Fold Mountains
  • Block Mountains
  • Volcanic Mountain

Plateaus can range in height from a few hundred metres to thousands of metres.

3. In Class 6 Geography Chapter 6, explain why landforms are important.

These various landforms around the world are significant and essential to the ecological system. The importance and the different landforms are given below:

Mountains

  • They are resource-rich, and many major rivers originate in the mountains
  • Ideal for farming, particularly in river valleys
  • Herbs, medicinal plants, honey, and other natural products are abundant in many mountains

Plateaus

  • Many Indian plateaus are vast mining areas.
  • Waterfalls run through many plateaus, passing through different regions. The best example is Jog Falls in Karnataka
  • A deposit of black soil exists on lava plateaus, which is suitable for cultivation.

Plains

  • Plains are ideal for agriculture and human settlement.
  • Plains are home to many densely populated areas around the world. The Indo-Gangetic plains are an example.
  • They are the best option for transportation networking.