NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science – The Earth Our Habitat Chapter-2

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 by Extramarks can help students score high marks in exams. Prepared by subject matter experts, NCERT Solutions are aligned  with the latest CBSE guidelines. If you are looking for NCERT Solutions Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 that have answers to all the questions, and are written in simple and easy language, check out at Extramarks official website. 

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NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Chapter 2 - Globe Latitudes and Longitudes

Access NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Social Science Chapter 2 – Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes

1. Answer the following questions briefly.

1. What is a globe?

Ans. A globe is an actual model of the earth.

2. Why is it 6.30 PM in India and 1 PM in London?

Ans. India is located east of Greenwich at 82°30’E, thus, it is 5 hours and 30 minutes ahead of GMT.

3. Name the three heat zones of the earth.

Ans. The three heat zones are - 

  • Torrid zone
  • Temperate zone
  • Frigid zone

2. Tick the correct answer

1. What is the value of Prime Meridian?

  1. 90°
  2. 60°

Ans.

2. Where does the frigid zone lie?

  1. The Equator
  2. The Poles
  3. The Tropic of Cancer

Ans. The Poles

3. Where is the Antarctic Circle located?

  1. The Southern hemisphere
  2. The Northern hemisphere
  3. The Eastern hemisphere

Ans. The Southern hemisphere

3. Fill in the Blanks

1. The Standard Meridian of India is __________.

Ans. 82°30’ E longitude

2. The distance between longitudes decreases towards _____________.

Ans. Poles

3. The Arctic Circle is located in the _____________ hemisphere.

Ans. Northern

NCERT Solutions Class 6 Social Science The Earth Our Habitat Chapter-2 

NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 introduces students to Latitudes and Longitudes and helps them get an idea about Geography's elementary concepts like equator, axis, standard meridian the poles and other topics. The fixed imaginary line on which the earth rotates once every 24 hours is known as the axis while the imaginary line that divides our earth into two halves is called the equator. Latitudes are the circles that run parallel to the equator while longitudes are the imaginary lines that run from the north to the south pole. Latitudes and Longitudes are both measured in degrees. 

Arctic circle, Antarctic circles, Tropic of Capricorn and Tropic of cancer are some of the topics students will learn in  this chapter as well. Heat Zones of the world are described in the chapter along with the torrid heat zone  which receives maximum heat. There is moderate temperature in the temperate zone while a cold climate is observed in the frigid zone as the Sun rays are  constantly slanting and it receives less heat. . 

NCERT the Earth is Our Habitat Chapter 2 - Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes 

Basic concepts of Geography are briefly touched upon in Chapter 2 Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6. Equator, latitude, longitude, axis, etc. are introduced in this chapter. All sorts of imaginary lines (Tropic of cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, Antarctic circle and Arctic circle) that run across the globe are explained to children of Class 6 through NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 2. Time zones and time differences are explained to students through this chapter along with the heat zones such as the Temperate and Torrid zone.

The syllabus of NCERT Class 6 Social science has been divided into three major sections  namely, Geography (The Earth Our habitat), History(Our Pasts I), and Civics (Social and Political Life I). The  Geography section includes 8 chapters, History includes 11, while Civics consists of 9 chapters.  Extramarks,one of the leading educational  platforms, offers NCERT Solutions that have comprehensive and concise answers to various  questions asked from these chapters. It’s a complete guide and students don’t have to look for answers elsewhere.

NCERT Solutions Class 6 the Earth is Our Habitat Chapter 2 – Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes 

There are 17 chapters in the NCERT Social Science Class 6 syllabus. It can be tough for students to handle such a vast subject. Extramarks completely understands this and has researched extensively to facilitate with students irrespective of their level. Each and every question from the exercise is explained in-depth in a simple manner in NCERT Solutions by Extramarks. Students will be able to understand every concept and answer any question easily. This encourages the students to master the topic and increase their confidence in achieving a higher grade.  

Extramarks - Your New Companion for Exam 

 Your study platform just like the school environment   plays a crucial role  in getting  good marks, and it should be chosen after careful consideration. . At Extramarks we have a  dedicated team of experienced subject experts  who genuinely care for your performance and have   curated study material. There is no need to doubt the credibility of our solutions as they have been prepared after extensive research by experts to help you excel in academics. Therefore, our NCERT Solutions Class 6 are the best prep material for exams. 

NCERT Class 6 Social Science - The Earth Our Habitat Chapterwise Solutions 

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science 

The NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 Solution are  conscientiously formatted by subject matter experts to aid students in exam preparation. These solutions are structured in a language that is simple which makes understanding all the topics of different subjects easy to understand. 

 Extramarks’ solutions are prepared by subject matter experts who meticulously follow the CBSE guidelines, are authentic and reliable study material that will prove to be an asset during exam prep.

Q.1 Answer the following questions briefly.

(a) What is the true shape of the earth?
(b) What is a globe?
(c) What is the latitudinal value of the Tropic of Cancer?
(d) What are the three heat zones of the Earth?
(e) What are parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude?
(f) Why does the torrid zone receive maximum amount of heat?
(g) Why is it 5.30 p.m. in India and 12.00 noon in London?

Ans-

(a) Earth is not a sphere. It is slightly flattened at the North and the South Poles and bulge in the middle. This shape is called “geoid” which means “earth-like shape”.
(b) Globe is a true model or a miniature form of the Earth. It is three dimensional, so the directions, location and surface feature can be accurately shown with the help of globe.
(c) The latitudinal value of the Tropic of Cancer is 23˚30’ N from the Equator.
(d) The three heat zones of the Earth are:

Torrid Zone
Temperate Zone
Frigid Zone
(e)

Parallels of Latitude Meridians of Longitude
These are the horizontal lines. These are the vertical lines.
They run parallel to each other. They meet at poles.
They are 180 in number. There are 360 meridians.
They determine heat zones of the earth. They determine the time zones.

(f) The Torrid Zone receives maximum amount of heat because the mid-day sun is exactly overhead at least once a year on all latitudes in between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.
(g) The earth rotates from west to east. The places, which are to the east of Greenwich, will be ahead of Greenwich Time and those to the west will be behind it. India located east of Greenwich at 82°30’E is 5 hours and 30 minute ahead of GMT. So, when the time is 12:00 noon in London, it is 5:30 p.m. in India.

Q.2 Tick the correct answers.

(a) The value of the prime meridian is
(i) 90° (ii) 0° (iii) 60°

(b) The frigid zone lies near
(i) the Poles (ii) the Equator (iii) the Tropic of Cancer

(c) The total number of longitudes are
(i) 360 (ii) 180 (iii) 90

(d) The Antarctic circle is located in
(i) the Northern hemisphere
(ii) the Southern hemisphere
(iii) the Eastern hemisphere

(e) Grid is a network of
(i) parallels of latitudes and meridians of longitudes
(ii) the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
(iii) the North Pole and the South Pole

Ans-

(a) (ii) 0°
(b) (i) the Poles
(c) (i) 360
(d) (ii) the Southern hemisphere
(e) (i) the parallels of latitudes and meridians of longitudes

Q.3 Fill in the blanks.

  1. The Tropic of Capricorn is located at ____.
  2. The Standard Meridian of India is ______.
  3. The 0° Meridian is also known as _________.
  4. The distance between the longitudes decreases towards _______.
  5. The Arctic Circle is located in the ____ hemisphere.

Ans-

  1. The Tropic of Capricorn is located at 23˚30’ S of the Equator.
  2. The Standard Meridian of India is 82˚30’ E.
  3. The 0° Meridian is also known as Greenwich Meridian.
  4. The distance between the longitudes decreases towards the Poles.
  5. The Arctic Circle is located in the northern hemisphere.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. Are the solutions provided by Extramarks enough for the preparation of the Geography exam for Class 6?

NCERT Solutions by Extramarks have every answer explained in a simple language. If you are looking for reliable study material to prepare for exams, these are perfect. The solutions are prepared by subject matter experts, so you can trust with their  accuracy, authenticity and conciseness. The solutions are enough to prepare for the exam and excel in  academics.

2. Give a summary of Chapter 2 Class 6 Social Science

Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 – Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes introduces some of the basic concepts of Geography to the students. Axis and equator along with latitude and longitude are introduced to the Class 6 students. Imaginary lines like the Arctic Circle, Antarctic Circle, Tropic of Capricorn and Cancer are lines that run across the globe. They are explained in great length  in the chapter. 

3. How do I prepare for Chapter Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes?

The second chapter from Class 6 NCERT Geography Book is called Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6. Based on the concepts discussed in The Earth Our Habitat, 3 major questions are asked in the exams. The answers to such questions are given in detail by Extramarks in their NCERT Solutions Class 6. This assures that the students achieve good grades by learning, understanding and revising the chapter. Solutions for History and Civics are available on Extramarks as well. These solutions can be referred to get high grades in exams. They are written by subject matter experts in such a way that you will be able to understand every concept, memorise and answer any question easily.