NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science The Earth Our Habitat Chapter 3

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science - The Earth Our Habitat Chapter-3

Rotation and revolution cause day-night patterns and seasons change on the earth. When the earth rotates around its own axis, it is called rotation. It rotates clockwise from west to east, which causes the day-night phenomenon. When the earth revolves around the sun, it is called revolution. 

After finishing the chapter, students should solve the exercise  given at the end of the chapter. Answering the NCERT textbook questions is an excellent way to study the key topics quickly. 

Students can use our NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 3 to get help with solving the textbook questions. All the questions from the NCERT textbook are answered here in a detailed and step-by-step manner. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Chapter 3 - The Earth Our Habitat- Motions of the Earth

Access NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science (Geography) Chapter 3- The Earth Our Habitat

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography the Earth Our Habitat

Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 describes the motions of the earth, and how they interact with the rest of the universe. The earth's rotation and revolution are two different types of motions. Rotation is the motion of the earth around its axis from west once every 24 hours. It also revolves around the sun in a fixed path known as earth's orbit, which takes about 365 14 days to complete. The rotation of the earth is also explained in this chapter. 

The sun provides light to the earth. The part of the earth that faces the Sun is illuminated as a result of this movement. We call it day, and the rest of it, which is not illuminated by sunlight, is referred to as night. If the earth did not rotate, the half facing the Sun would have constant day and constant warmth, while the other half would have constant night and constant cold. In such circumstances, life on the earth would have been impossible. 

Our earth completes the revolution around the Sun by moving around it at a speed of 96000 kilometres per hour. The increasing and decreasing days and nights are described in Chapter 3 of the earth's motion. It also clarifies the concept of the earth's changing seasons, which occur every year. Polar days and nights are also discussed in this chapter. During the summer season (March to September) in the Northern Hemisphere, the sun shines for 24 hours on the Northern Pole. 

This situation lasts six months at the North Pole. Similarly, the Southern Hemisphere has a summer season (September-March), resulting in six-month-long nights at the North Pole and vice versa. This chapter also explains the different seasons that occur throughout the world each year. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography The Earth Our Habitat- Chapter-Wise Solutions

Here’s the summary of the chapters included in Class 6 Social Science Geography - The Earth Our Habitat

  • Chapter 1: The Earth in the Solar System
  • Chapter 2: Globe – Latitudes and Longitudes 
  • Chapter 3: Motions of the Earth 
  • Chapter 4: Maps
  • Chapter 5: Major Domains of the Earth
  • Chapter 6: Major Landforms of the Earth
  • Chapter 7: Our Country India
  • Chapter 8: India – Climate, Natural Vegetation, and Wildlife

Find Easy and Section Wise NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 3

You can find accurate, reliable  and up-to-date Motions of the Earth Class 6 Questions and Answers at Extramarks. Extramarks also offers NCERT Solutions with relevant sample papers and test papers for practise in order to excel in exams. 

If you're looking for high-quality study materials, your search ends here. NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 3 are available at Extramarks. You can also find solutions for Science, Mathematics, English, and Hindi on Extramarks.

Why prefer Extramarks for your NCERT Solutions Class 6 Social Science Geography?

For students studying for their Class 6 Geography exam, Extramarks decodes the CBSE Motions of the Earth Class 6 Questions and Answers. Here are some of the benefits of using Extramarks solutions and questions for Class 6: 

 Easy to comprehend: NCERT textbooks are designed to keep things simple and provide detailed explanations. The solutions have in-depth answers for every question especially for students in Class 6. 

Best for CBSE Final Exams: Practising these questions will assist students in revising their NCERT Class 6 Geography book while  preparing  for their exams. Furthermore, Extramarks' expert solutions are created in accordance with the updated CBSE guidelines, which help students to get detailed and authentic solutions without having to look elsewhere and excel in academics.  .

Always complete assignments on time: Following the completion of any chapter in class, you may be required to complete the exercise questions as an assignment. Extramarks’ expert solutions ensure that your assignments are completed on time and to the highest standard. 

Everything is covered: Extramarks' expert solutions are developed after a thorough examination of the entire curriculum. In the NCERT Solutions Class 6 for Geography, all of the fundamentals and concepts from previous chapters are covered to the minutest detail. . 

NCERT Class 6 Social Science - The Earth Our Habitat Chapter-Wise Solutions

Students can now be confident in their ability to achieve good results in CBSE Class 6. These solutions address and resolve all of the students' questions covered in the chapter. All they have to do now is learn and practise the answers to these questions. The links below provide  chapter-wise  NCERT Solutions Class 6 Social Science subjects. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science

Extramarks provides detailed solutions to help with the study process. It provides good practice with different questions, and they can prepare for the exams. The more you practise, the better you will get. For students who are having trouble answering textbook questions, these solutions are the best study material. These solutions make it easy for students to solve relevant questions and answers and be exam ready. 

Q.1 Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) What is the angle of inclination of the earth’s axis with its orbital plane?
(b) Define rotation and revolution.
(c) What is a leap year?
(d) Differentiate between the Summer and Winter Solstice.
(e) What is an equinox?
(f) Why does the Southern Hemisphere experience Winter and Summer Solstice in different times than that of the Northern Hemisphere?
(g) Why do the poles experience about six months day and six months night?

Answer

(a) The angle of inclination of the earth’s axis with its orbital plane is 66½˚.
(b) Rotation is the movement of the earth on its axis. It takes 24 hours to complete one rotation. It causes day and night. The movement of the earth around the sun in a fixed path or orbit is called Revolution. The earth takes 365 days and 6 hours to complete one revolution. It causes the seasons.
(c) The earth takes 365 days and 6 hours to complete one revolution. A year consists of 365 days but six hours are ignored for the sake of convenience. Six hours saved every year are added to make one day or 24 hours over a span of four years. This surplus day is added to the month of February. Thus every fourth year, February is of 29 days instead of 28 days. Such a year with 366 days is called a leap year.
(d) The difference between the summer and winter solstice are:

Summer Solstice Winter Solstice
This phenomenon is seen on 21st June, in the Northern Hemisphere. This phenomenon is seen on 22nd December, in the Southern Hemisphere.
The Northern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun so the rays of the sun fall directly on the Tropic of Cancer. The Southern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun so the rays of the sun fall directly on the Tropic of Capricorn.
Northern hemisphere receive more heat and light; hence, the Northern Hemisphere has summers while the Southern Hemisphere has winter season. The southern hemisphere receive more heat and light; hence, the Southern Hemisphere has summers while the

Northern Hemisphere has a winter season.

The Northern Hemisphere experiences longer days and shorter nights, but the Southern Hemisphere has shorter days and longer nights. The Southern Hemisphere has longer days and shorter nights, but the Northern Hemisphere has short days and longer nights.

(e) The Sun shines vertically on the Equator twice a year, i.e., 21st March and 23rd September. At this position, neither of the poles is tilted towards the sun; so, the whole earth experiences equal days and equal nights. This is called an equinox.
On 23rd September, it is the autumn season in the Northern Hemisphere and spring season in the Southern Hemisphere. The opposite is the case on 21st March when it is spring in the Northern Hemisphere and autumn in the Southern Hemisphere.
(f) During the course of the revolution, in the Summer Solstice the Northern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun while the Southern Hemisphere tilted away from the sun, so the rays of the sun fall directly on the Tropic of Cancer and the Northern Hemisphere experiences summer season and the Southern Hemisphere has a winter season.
During the Winter Solstice, the Southern Hemisphere tilts towards the sun while the Northern Hemisphere is tilted away from the sun, hence; the Tropic of Capricorn receives directs rays of the sun and the Southern Hemisphere has summer season while the Northern Hemisphere has winter season.
(g) The poles experience about six months day and six months night because of the tilting axis of the earth. Because of this tilted axis of the earth, the poles remain towards and away from the sun for nearly six months.
When the Northern Hemisphere tilts towards the sun, the North Pole has six months a day and the South Pole has six months a night. The reverse happens in the case of Winter Solstice.

Q.2 Tick the correct answers.
(a) The movement of the earth around the sun is known as
(i) Rotation
(ii) Revolution
(iii) Inclination
(b) Direct rays of the sun fall on the equator on
(i) 21 March
(ii) 21 June
(iii) 22 December
(c) Christmas is celebrated in summer in
(i) Japan
(ii) India
(iii) Australia
(d) Cycle of the seasons is caused due to
(i) Rotation
(ii) Revolution
(iii) Gravitation

Ans-

(a) (ii) Revolution ✓

(b) (ii) 21 June ✓

(c) (iii) Australia ✓

(d) (ii) Revolution ✓

Q.3 Fill in the blanks.
(a) A leap year has _______________ number of days.
(b) The daily motion of the earth is _______________.
(c) The earth travels around the sun in ______________ orbit.
(d) The sun’s rays fall vertically on the Tropic of ___________ on 21st June.
(e) Days are shorter during ___________ season.

Ans-

(a) A leap year has 366 number of days.
(b) The daily motion of the earth is Rotation.
(c) The earth travels around the sun in elliptical orbit.
(d) The sun’s rays fall vertically on the Tropic of Cancer on 21st June.
(e) Days are shorter during winter season.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. List the topics covered in NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography, Chapter 3.

The Earth and its motions: rotation and revolution, which result in seasons and day-night patterns, are covered in Class 6 Geography Chapter 3.

This chapter’s main topics are:

  1. Seasons
  2. Rotation
  3. Revolution

Students can use the NCERT Solutions of Extramarks to learn more about these topics in depth and to correctly answer  the end text questions. 

2. Can you get good grades using the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 3?

The NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 follow the CBSE format and guidelines to help students achieve high marks in the annual exam. The solutions are 100 percent accurate and conform to the CBSE’s exam pattern and. Furthermore, by referring to these solutions on a regular basis, students will effectively comprehend the  key concepts and chapter wise weightage. Students can access the solutions  in both online and offline modes once they register themselves on Extramarks website. 

3. In Social Science Class 6, what is the Summer Solstice?

The summer solstice refers to the time of year when the longest day and shortest night occur in the northern hemisphere on June 21st, and the shortest day and longest night occur in the southern hemisphere on June 22nd. On the 21st of June, the northern hemisphere is tilted toward the Sun, resulting in the longest day and shortest night. The North Pole receives full sunlight for the entire day when the northern hemisphere is tilted towards the Sun. 

4. Explain the concept of equinox.

The equator receives direct sunlight on March 21st and September 23rd of each year. Neither pole is tilted towards the sun in this position. As a result, the  earth has the  equal number of days and nights. This is known as  equinox.