NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science (Geography) Our Environment Chapter-7

Geography is one of the interesting and high-sco-ring subjects that can impact the overall percentage of the students.   Geography comprises 10 chapters, of which  Chapter 7 is Human Environment. It is about the various environmental elements, both artificial and natural. The NCERT solutions for class 7 Geography Chapter 7 help students understand this textbook chapter thoroughly, ensuring they score good grades  in the exams.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7 - Human Environment 

NCERT solutions Class 7 Geography Chapter 7 provide conceptual information to the students, thus enhancing their interest in the subject. Students can access  NCERT solutions from Extramarks’ website and get started with their preparations for the examination.

Get NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science(Geography) Chapter 7 – Human Environment- Settlement, Transport, and Communication

Class 7 Geography chapter 7 solutions have question answers at the end of the chapter that help students develop their answer-writing skills. Most of the students know the answer, however find it  difficult to write to the  point answers within the timeframe.  Not to worry, these solutions can help students understand those writing skills during exams. The solutions are designed by subject matter experts  and faculty  possessing expertise in their subject as per the latest CBSE guidelines.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science 

You can access  the NCERT solutions for Social Science of Class 7 from Extramarks. Students are advised to practise the solutions regularly so that they are prepared thoroughly ahead of  the exams and get good grades. 

Chapter 7 - Human Environment - Settlement, Transport, and Communication

In Class 7, Geography Chapter 7 students will learn how humans developed new and vital skills themselves and started building their own home, transportation and communication system. They will also study about how human beings modified the environment by adopting permanent settlements near river valleys, how these settlements started growing leading to urban and rural settlements. Different modes of transportation- roadways, railways, waterways, airways and finally the evolution of communication systems with the help of print and electronic media transformed the process of communication. Technology developed by humans enhanced interconnectivity of people, services and institutions across the world and turned it into a global society.   

 Class 7, Geography Chapter 7,  explains about various settlements where people build their homes. In the beginning, humans lived in forests  and caves and spent life travelling from one place to another. However, when they started cultivating crops, the necessity for a permanent home arose. Fertile lands were the places where most of the settlements began. The human settlement started growing with more advancements such as trade, commerce, and manufacturing. 

There are two types of settlements, urban and rural. The villages are rural settlements where people usually perform fishing, trading crafts, agricultural activities, etc. The urban settlements are places that have jobs, better education,medical facilities, industries and other service sectors.


Class 7 Geography chapter 7 includes the study of transport used in the past  through which goods moved from one place to another. When there were no roads, people had to travel long distances themselves. To ease the travelling, they also rode on animals to cover distances. But, this was a time and energy-consuming process. After the invention of the wheel, transportation became easier and less time consuming.

In the beginning , mules, donkeys, camels, and horses were used in the country for transportation. Traders from outside the country travelled either through sea or via land routes. Gradually with the passage of time different means of transportation developed such as  the invention of aeroplanes made transportation faster. 

Nowadays, there are four major means  of transportation: airways, roadways, waterways, and railways.


NCERT solutions for Class 7 Geography Chapter 7 let students learn about the roads that are the most common methods of transport, especially for shorter distances. The roads can be metalled, pucca, unmetalled or kutcha. The development of roads has also been made possible even in deserts, forests, and mountain areas. India has the highest accessible road available, which is the Manali-Leh highway. There are also underground roads which are called underpaths  or subways. Flyovers were built over raised structures.


Class 7 Geography Chapter 7 explores the development of the rail transportation system for students. Railways are one of the best and cheapest means of transport for long distances. These can also carry heavy weights. The invention of the steam engine has contributed amazingly to the speed development of the railways. Now electric and diesel engines have replaced the steam engines.  Superfast trains operate in many regions across the world,  reducing  the time  it takes to travel long distances.. Indian Railways is the largest rail network in Asia and has been significantly developed over a period of time.


Waterways have been used for transportation since ancient times. . These offer the cheapest means  to transport heavy and bulky weights over long distances. They are of two types-  sea routes, and  inland waterways. 

Inland waterways are navigable rivers and lakes, just like Ganga and Brahmaputra, the Great lakes in North America and the river Nile in Africa. 

Sea routes are used to transport items from one country to another. These are connected with the  seaports. Some important ports are: Singapore and Mumbai in Asia, London and Rotterdam in Europe.


In the early 20th century, the fastest mode of transportation was the airways. NCERT solutions Class 7 Geography Chapter 7, students will learn about this mode of transport. It is one of the  most expensive means of transportation  because of the higher fuel rates and other factors. However, it is the only means to let you land in distant and remote places where no other means is available. Even in case of calamities , the airway transportation method is used to facilitate people with rescue operations, food, water, and more. It’s extremely useful in most inaccessible areas.


Communication is the term used for conveying messages from one person to another.  Different modes of communication are used to communicate, educate, entertain, or provide information to people. The methods that exist today include television, radio, newspapers, etc. we can communicate with a larger number of people called mass media. Due to the satellites, communication is faster and it has helped in oil exploration, forest survey, weather forecast,and so on. .

Additionally, wireless technology called cellular phones have  become popular. The Internet is  a popular  means  of communication such as social media, electronic mails or emails  that has made it easier to obtain worldwide information and interaction, promote products, make purchases, and much more.

Key Features of NCERT Solutions for Class Social Science Chapter 7

NCERT solutions Class 7 Geography Chapter 7 offer many features that let students enjoy multiple advantages and have a good command over the subject.  Some key features of solutions are:

  • NCERT solutions class 7 Geography chapter 7 have been designed using a simple and easy-to-understand language that aims to encourage  students so that they can find the subject interesting and learn conveniently at their own pace.  
  • The solutions are accessible   on the Extramarks website.
  • The solutions are designed by professional teachers keeping all the CBSE standards in mind  so that they can get to the point answers without wasting much time on a single subject.
  • The notes provided with the solutions help students quickly revise the chapters ahead  of the examination and be confident.

NCERT Class 7 Social Science Our Environment Chapterwise Solutions

Besides Chapter 7, students can access NCERT Solutions for all the chapters of Geography on Extramarks. All the solutions are prepared by subject matter experts and experienced faculty as per the latest CBSE curriculum. Students will get an understanding of what is important for their exams and the key notes help the students to revise thoroughly  and remember everything clearly.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science

Extramarks provide NCERT solutions for all the parts of social science for Class 7 students. Our solutions ensure that students get the best guidance to understand the subject effectively. The core aim of the solution designers is to pique  students’ interest  in the subject so that they can study it not just as a compulsion or requirement  to pass the exam but with the enthusiasm and desire to know  more about our History, Geography, and Economy. 

Q.1 Answer the following questions.

(i) What are the four means of transport?

(ii) What do you understand by the term ‘settlement’?

(iii) Which are the activities practised by the rural people?

(iv) Mention any two merits of railways.

(v) What do you understand by communication?

(vi) What is mass media?


(i)The four major means of transport are:


(b) Railways

(c) Waterways, and

(d) Airways

(ii) The places where people build their homes are known as settlements.
(iii) People in rural areas are engaged in activities like agriculture, fishing, forestry, crafts work, and trading, etc.

(iv) The railways carry:

(a) People cover long distances, and

(b) Heavy goods in bulk over long distances quickly and cheaply

(v) The process of conveying information to others by speaking, writing, or using some other medium is known as communication.
(vi) The various modes of communication like newspaper, radio, television, etc., through which one can communicate with a large number of people are collectively known as mass media.

Q.2 Tick the correct answer.

(i) Which is NOT a means of communication?

(a) telephone (b) books (c) table

(ii) Which type of road is constructed under the ground?

(a) flyover (b) expressways (c) subways

(iii) Which mode of transport is most suitable to reach an island?

(a) ship (b) train (c) car

(iv) Which vehicle does not pollute the environment?

(a) cycle (b) bus (c) aeroplane


(i) (c) table ✓

(ii) (c) subways ✓

(iii) (a) ship ✓

(iv) (a) cycle ✓

Q.3 Match the following.

(i) Internet (a) areas where people are engaged in manufacturing, trade, and services
(ii) Canal route (b) closely built area of houses settlement
(iii) Urban areas (c) houses on stilts
(iv) Compact (d) inland waterway
(e) a means of communication


(i) Internet (e) a means of communication
(ii) Canal route (d) inland waterway
(iii) Urban areas (a) areas where people are engaged in manufacturing, trade, and services
(iv) Compact (b) closely built area of houses Settlement

Q.4 Give Reason.

(i) Today’s world is shrinking.


Today’s world is shrinking because of improved means of transportation and communication. We can talk to any of our relatives and friends residing anywhere in the world because of the improved communication system. We can get the news from all over the world sitting in our home. We can also travel to any place in the world in a much reduced time as compared to earlier times because of the improved transport system.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. Where to download NCERT solutions for Class 7 Geography Chapter 7?

You can access  NCERT solutions for Class 7 Geography Chapter 7 from the official website of Extramarks. 

2. How can NCERT solutions for Class 7 Geography Chapter 7 help students?

NCERT solutions include the summary of the chapters with all the essential things highlighted pointwise, which students can find easy to learn and remember. These also work as revision notes at the time of examination.


3. Are the answers provided in the NCERT solutions for Class 7 Geography Chapter 7 legitimate?

The answers provided in NCERT solutions are accurate and are according to the CBSE standards. NCERT Solutions are complete in every way for students to learn and grasp with better understanding and score well. No wonder students have complete faith and trust in Extramarks and their numbers are steadily growing.