NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Our Pasts-2 Chapter-4

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 4 by Extramarks are prepared by subject matter experts for Class 7 students. The solutions have answers to all the questions given in Chapter 4 written in simple and easy-to-understand language. Students can access the solutions on the Extramarks’ website or app.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 4 - The Mughal Empire 

Access NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Our Pasts - 2 Chapter 4 – The Mughal Empire

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Our Pasts-2 Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Our Pasts-2 Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire are prepared by subject matter experts, as per the updated guidelines by CBSE. Students can count on these solutions for their accuracy. 

NCERT Class 7 Social Science - History Our Pasts-2 Chapter wise Solutions

Your search for the most reliable NCERT Class 7 Social Science - History Our Pasts-2 Chapterwise Solutions ends with Extramarks. We offer solutions for the following chapters:

  • Chapter 1 - Tracing Changes Through a Thousand Years
  • Chapter 2 - New Kings and Kingdoms
  • Chapter 3 - The Delhi Sultans
  • Chapter 4 - The Mughal Empire
  • Chapter 5 - Rulers and Buildings
  • Chapter 6 - Towns, Traders and Craftspersons
  • Chapter 7 - Tribes, Nomads and Settled Communities
  • Chapter 8 - Devotional Paths to the Divine
  • Chapter 9 - The Making of Regional Cultures
  • Chapter 10 - Eighteenth-Century Political Formations

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science are prepared by academicians who have many years of relevant experience. The solutions are written in simple language so that students can understand everything easily. Whether students are looking for study material to solve NCERT textbook questions or for last minute revisions, NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science serves the purpose.

Q.1 Match the following

Mansab Marwar

Mongol governor

Sisodiya Rajput Uzbeg

Rathor Rajput Mewar

Nur Jahan Jahangir

Subadar rank

Ans-

Mansab rank

Mongol Uzbeg

Sisodiya Rajput Mewar

Rathor Rajput Marwar

Nur Jahan Jahangir

Subadar governor

Q.2 Fill in the blanks –

(a) The capital of Mirza Hakim, Akbar’s half-brother, was _______.

(b) The five Deccan Sultanates were Berar, Khandesh, Ahmadnagar, _______ and _______.

(c) If zat determined a mansabdar’s rank and salary, sawar indicated his _______.

(d) Abul Fazl, Akbar’s friend and counsellor, helped him frame the idea of _______ so that he could govern a society composed of many religions, cultures and castes.

Ans-

(a) The capital of Mirza Hakim, Akbar’s half-brother, was Kabul.

(b) The five Deccan Sultanates were Berar, Khandesh, Ahmadnagar, Bijapur and Golconda.

(c) If zat determined a mansabdar’s rank and salary, sawar indicated his cavalrymen.

(d) Abul Fazl, Akbar’s friend and counsellor, helped him frame the idea of sulh-i kul so that he could govern a society composed of many religions, cultures and castes.

Q.3 What were the central provinces under the control of the Mughals?

Ans-

The central provinces under the control of the Mughals were Delhi, Sind, Kabul, Mewar, Marwar, Gujarat, Bihar, Bengal, Orissa, and Deccan.

Q.4 What was the relationship between the mansabdar and the jagir?

Ans-

(i) Mansabdars received their salaries as revenue assignments called jagirs.

(ii) However, mansabdars did not actually reside in or administer their jagirs.

(iii) They only had rights to the revenue of their assignments (jagirs) collected their servants for them, while the mansabdars themselves served in some other part of the country.

Q.5 What was the role of the zamindar in Mughal administration?

Ans-

(i) Zamindars were intermediaries to the Mughal rulers; they were local headmen of villages or powerful chieftains.

(ii) In some areas, the zamindars exercised a great deal of power.

(iii) Sometimes, zamindars and peasants of the same caste allied and rebelled against the Mughal authority.

Q.6 How were the debates with religious scholars important in the formation of Akbar’s ideas on governance?

Ans-

(i) Akbar interacted extensively on religions with religious scholars such as the ulama, Brahmanas, Jesuit priests (Roman Catholics), and Zoroastrians.

(ii) This experience made him realise that some of the religious scholars who emphasized ritual and dogma were often bigots. Their teachings created divisions and disharmony amongst his subjects.

(iii) This led to the birth of the idea of sulh-i kul or “universal peace”. This idea emphasized more on tolerance and taught against discrimination between people of different religions in Akbar’s realm.

(iv) It focused on universally applicable values such as ethics, honesty, justice, and peace.

(v) This governance model was later followed by Jahangir and Shah Jahan as well.

Q.7 Why did the Mughals emphasise their Timurid and not their Mughal descent?

Ans-

(i) The Mughals emphasized their Mongol descent because Genghis Khan’s memory was associated with the massacre of innumerable people. It was also linked with the Uzbegs, their Mongol competitors.

(ii) On the other hand, they were proud of their Timurid lineage, because their great ancestor had invaded and occupied Delhi in 1398.

Q.8 How important was the income from land revenue to the stability of the Mughal Empire?

Ans-

(i) The income from land revenue was the main source of income of the Mughal Empire.

(ii) The Mughal Empire was very large. A huge amount of finance for running the administration and maintaining law and order came from the revenue.

(iii) The land revenue was also important for salaries of the soldiers and officials and welfare works for the people.

(iv) Land revenue played a significant role in the economy of the Mughal Empire.

Q.9 Why was it important for the Mughals to recruit mansabdars from diverse backgrounds and not just Turanis and Iranis?

Ans-

(i) As the empire expanded to encompass different regions with different cultural practices and beliefs, the Mughal rulers recruited mansabdars from diverse backgrounds.

(ii) This strategy prevented any challenge to the Mughal authority, since it brought the powerful local chieftains under the control of the Empire.

Q.10 Like the Mughal Empire, India today is also made up of many social and cultural units. Does this pose a challenge to national integration?

Ans-

(i) Today, India is known for its multi-cultural identities; the country follows the principle of “unity in diversity”. People living here are united by the common historical pasts and knowledge. Every Indian consider this nation as his or her motherland.

(ii) India’s social and cultural units do not pose a challenge to national integration because the country has adopted a secular constitution and a democratic-republic political system, with universal suffrage.

Q.11 Peasants were vital for the economy of the Mughal Empire. Do you think that they are as important today? Has the gap in the income between the rich and the poor in India changed a great deal from the period of the Mughals?

Ans-

(i) Yes. Peasants are important today for the economy.

(ii) The gap in the income between the rich and the poor in India has changed significantly from the period of the Mughals, due to the growth of advanced science and technology in agriculture.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. Which NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 4 is good for self-study?

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 4 by Extramarks are good for self-study. Here’s why:

  • The solutions by Extramarks are written by subject experts in simple language and are self-explanatory, which eliminates the need  for any other resource or guidance while studying
  • The answers to textual questions in NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 4 by Extramarks are as per the latest syllabus and examination guidelines of the CBSE Class 7 module.
  • The solutions are accessible on both the Extramarks’ website and the app.

2. How does one memorise The Mughal Empire Class 7 chapter?

There is no shortcut to memorising The Mughal Empire Class 7 chapter quickly. You must study it consistently and with dedication. But to make the entire learning process easy to understand and effortless, NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 4 by Extramarks can prove to be of great help.

3. What is the right way to attempt The Mughal Empire Class 7 questions and answers?

Different questions in the chapter have a different answering pattern. For instance, when it comes to questions like fill in the blanks, students are expected to rewrite the sentence along with the answer in the filled blank. Furthermore, for lengthy answers, students might have to follow a pointwise writing pattern. To know which writing format is ideal for what type of question, refer to NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 4 on Extramarks’ app or website.

4. What is the importance of NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 4?

NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 4 is all about Indian history. If taught in the right way, it is an interesting chapter to study. Other than that, it is important for the youth of today to understand our country’s past battles, governance and milestones. This will in turn help them realise the hardships & sacrifices that it took to make India the country it is today, making them well-versed in their country’s past, thus making them better citizens of tomorrow. Furthermore, these historical concepts are very important, they serve to be a strong base in their future academic journey. 

5. How to make studying subjects like Social Science interesting for students?

Studying various subjects having numerous concepts can become tough at times. This mostly happens because the study material or teaching technique is either boring or not understood correctly by the students. But when the study material is made fun and easy to understand as in NCERT Solutions by Extramarks, students automatically develop an interest in the subject and the willingness to study.