NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science: History- Our Pasts II, Chapter-5

Chapter 5 of Class 7 History is one of the most exciting chapters in Social Science that involves the study of ancient buildings and monuments. It is important for students of Class 7 to know about these monuments and also the rulers associated with them. Students find it difficult to remember the dates, names of buildings, and associate rulers most of the time. And this difficulty impacts  the marks scored in the exam. To help students ease the process of understanding this chapter, we offer detailed NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 5. These solutions provide thorough information about the chapter with topics on buildings and monuments and essential notes that make it convenient for students to remember everything clearly.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science: History Chapter 5 – Rulers and Buildings

Students can get the solutions of Class 7 History Chapter 5 from Extramarks official website. The best part of these solutions is available for students to access from anywhere and take the maximum advantage without worrying too much about the authenticity of the updated CBSE syllabus. 

Chapter 5  Rulers and Buildings Class 7 holds importance from examination point of view. If you have a poor understanding of this chapter, it can impact  your overall marks in the subject. What students need for examination purposes is a solution that can help them understand the important points easily and make them revise quickly. So students are advised to get the Solutions from Extramarks website and enjoy the process of learning conveniently and effortlessly  at their own pace. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science: History- Our Pasts II, Chapter-5

The major problem that students face is that they don’t know  how to write  a specific answer to a question in History for different types of questions. NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 5 can definitely help students of Class 7  to know how to write  answers quickly and  to  prepare as per the latest exam instructions. A systematic and well structured answer by the students can help them get  good marks in the examination and thus improve their overall academic performance.  

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 SST: History Chapter 5  

The NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 5 include some of the most commonly asked questions in the examinations. These questions have been included to ensure the students’ capability to answer the questions and check  their understanding of the chapter. The solutions have been meticulously designed to clear the students’ conceptual doubts and help them memorise important facts, certain details about historical buildings and monuments, and rulers   in the chapter. Students need to practice these solutions regularly and revise  them frequently and be thoroughly prepared  ahead of the examination. No wonder these  solutions   encourage and give added confidence to students from Extramarks website. If you are not a student of Extramarks, do give it a shot.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science: History Chapter 5 – Rulers and Buildings

The NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 5 includes all the important topics and facts for students to understand and learn. These solutions have been curated by  History subject matter experts. They understand the key topics which students might find challenging while studying, therefore the Solutions are prepared in such a way that they can get to the point answers  without wasting much time on a single subject.


NCERT Solutions for History, Chapter 5:Rulers and Buildings is an interesting chapter which deals with the rulers of the middle ages and their architectural wonders which provides an insight into the technologies used for construction and their engineering skills which is mindblowing. For instance- Rajarajeshwara temple at Thanjavur, The Taj Mahal at Agra, The Qutub Minar at Delhi and so on.

Expected Outcome

NCERT Solutions Class 7 History Chapter 5 

Between the eight and the eighteenth centuries,the two kinds of structures were built:i) forts, palaces, garden residences and tombs-safe, protected and grandiose to be used by the royal family ii) temples, mosques,tanks, wells, caravanserais and bazaars were meant for public activity. 

Talking about their elaborate superstructures, architects in the 7th and 10th centuries added more rooms,doors, and windows to the buildings. Two technological developments were: i) ‘arcuate’- the new architectural form ii) use of limestone cement in construction.

Next, the temples and mosques  were not just the places of worship but constructed by kings which also demonstrated the power, wealth and devotion of the patron.  At the same time, rulers constructed  tanks and reservoirs for use by ordinary people

In the political culture of the middle ages, most leaders displayed their political might and military success by attacking and looting the places of worship such as Sultan Mahmud is credited as the hero of Islam since he looted and destroyed the temple of Somnath.

Under the Mughals, architecture became more complex. It was during Shah Jahan’s reign that different elements of Mughal architecture were fused together in a grand harmonious synthesis.

Finally, the creation of large empires that brought different regions under their rule helped in this cross fertilisation of artistic forms and architectural styles. It was the result of considerable sharing of ideas across regions: the traditions of one region adopted by another.  

Although the authority of the Mughal rulers waned in the 18th cent., the architectural styles were constantly used and adapted by other rulers.

The NCERT Solutions encourages students to learn better with narratives, case studies and examples to make them confident learners. Solutions have been crafted to bring conceptual clarity  among the students and enhance their  knowledge with concise answers  that can help them in their higher studies as well. The solutions have been designed in such a  way that students can revise these topics easily in a systematic and organised manner. .


The chapter has  been designed meticulously with MCQs, Question Answers, Sample papers, in text and end text exercises to help students test their knowledge  and understand the important topics and key points that can be recalled easily during the exams.

Answer the Following (8 Questions)

Rulers and buildings Class 7 question answers provided with the Solutions help students  to practice their writing skills. Without proper guidance, sometimes students find it difficult to answer questions precisely. With the solutions, students follow their routine with discipline and become better learners. .

Key Features of NCERT Solution of History Class 7 Chapter 5

Our  experienced  faculty has  designed these Solutions to help students get adequate help for scoring good marks in the examination. NCERT solution of History Class 7 Chapter 5 offers the following features:

  • After studying the chapter from the solutions, students can effectively prepare for their examination.
  • The answers provided in these solutions are accurate and reliable, as they are prepared by subject experts with years of experience.
  • These solutions also offer additional tips to students for effectively memorising the key points as well as detailed answers. .

NCERT Class 7 Social Science – History Our Pasts-II  Chapter Wise Solutions

In addition to the NCERT solutions for Class 7 chapter 5, we offer NCERT Solutions for all the chapters of Social Science. All the solutions and other materials are available on Extramarks website that students can  access conveniently anytime. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science

Students can access  the Class 7 Social Science for various chapters from the official website of Extramarks. These solutions are perfect for students who believe in self-study. This makes the revision process more accessible and convenient. 

We also provide NCERT solutions for different subjects of  Class 7. All the subject solutions are available with just one click. Students can effectively score well in their exams by following these solutions. 

Q.1 How is the “trabeate” principle of architecture different from “arcuate”?


(i) In the architectural style of “trabeate” (also known as “corbelled”), roofs, doors and windows were made by placing a horizontal beam across two vertical.

(ii) In the architectural style of “arcuate”, the weight of the superstructure above the doors and windows was sometimes carried by arches.

Q.2 What is a shikhara?


Shikhara is the highest concrete roof of the Hindus temples.

Q.3 What is pietra-dura?


Pietra-dura is an architectural style in which coloured, hard stones placed in depressions carved into marble or sandstone creating beautiful, ornate patterns.

Q.4 What are the elements of a Mughal chahar bagh garden?


(i) Chahar bagh were the formal gardens, placed within rectangular walled enclosures and divided into four quarters by artificial channels.

(ii) These gardens were called chahar bagh, four gardens, because of their symmetrical division into quarters.

Q.5 How did a temple communicate the importance of a king?


(i) The largest temples were constructed by kings. Temples communicated the importance of a king as they were meant to demonstrate the power, wealth and devotion of the patron.

(ii) It helped the king to appear like a god as the king took the god’s name because it was auspicious.

(iii) In the temples, gods and goddesses of the allies and subordinates of the ruler were worshipped; it indicated the king’s relations with the God.

(iv) The temple was a miniature model of the world ruled by the king and his allies.

(v) They worshiped their deities together in the royal temples; it seemed as if they brought the just rule of the gods on earth.

Q.6 An inscription in Shah Jahan’s diwan-i khas in Delhi stated: “If there is Paradise on Earth, it is here, it is here, it is here.” How was this image created?


(i) During Shah Jahan’s reign, the different elements of Mughal architecture were fused together in a grand harmonious synthesis.

(ii) Shah Jahan’s ceremonial halls of public and private audience (diwan-i khas or am) were carefully constructed. These courts were also described as chihil sutun or forty-pillared halls, placed within a large courtyard.

(iii) The pedestal on which his throne was placed was frequently described as the qibla which means the direction faced by Muslims at prayer, as everybody faced that direction when court was in session.

(iv) The idea of the king as a representative of God on earth was suggested by these architectural features. Therefore by the means of architecture style, this image of paradise was created.

Q.7 How did the Mughal court suggest that everyone – the rich and the poor, the powerful and the weak – received justice equally from the emperor?


The Mughal royal court suggested that everyone – the rich and the poor, the powerful and the weak – received justice equally from the emperor:

(i) The Mughal architectural features highlighted the idea of the king as a representative of God on earth.

(ii) The connection between royal justice and the imperial court was emphasised by Shah Jahan in his newly constructed court in the Red Fort at Delhi.

(iii) There were a series of pietra dura inlays behind the emperor’s throne which depicted the legendary Greek god Orpheus playing the lute.

(iv) The construction of Shah Jahan’s audience hall aimed to communicate that the king’s justice would treat the high and the low as equals creating a world where all could live together in harmony.

Q.8 What role did the Yamuna play in the layout of the new Mughal city at Shahjahanabad?


Role of Yamuna in the layout of the new Mughal city at Shahjahanabad:

(i) The imperial palace was located in front of river Yamuna in the new city of Shahjahanabad in Delhi.

(ii) Only a few selected nobles were given access to the river.

(iii) All others had to construct their homes in the city away from the River Yamuna.

(iv) The access to the river Yamuna to the nobles was controlled by developing architectural form, developed by Shah Jahan.

Please register to view this section

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. How to prepare for exams with NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 5?

It seems very difficult for the students to get the revision notes and thus remember too many facts and other key points included in this chapter. But with NCERT Solutions for Class 7 chapter 5, students can have a quick view of the complete chapter with the critical summary. Students can also learn important questions from the Solutions and get good marks in the exam. 

2. Why did ancient rulers construct various buildings?

In the ancient period, various rulers built several tombs, mosques, forts, palaces, tanks, etc. because they were interested in literature, art and architecture.  In the middle ages,it  was a common practice among rulers to construct temples to demonstrate their devotion to God, and their power and wealth.  

3. Why did kings destroy the temples when they attacked each other?

Since the temples used to showcase the king’s power, wealth and devotion to God.,   Therefore, when  one king attacked another, they tried to destroy the former’s  iconic creations. Several attacks were carried out to acquire wealth, gold, jewels, and similar precious things.For instance Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni looted and plundered the temple of Somnath tried to credit himself as the hero of Islam.