NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science: History Our Pasts-II, Chapter-7

Social science is an interesting and fascinating subject, however not many students are capable  of scoring good grades in the examination. One of the reasons perhaps could be that it involves many historical events and facts that students find very difficult to memorise. Students may have problems while writing answers especially when it requires high order thinking skills and how to present them within the time frame requires practice and proper guidance.  

Extramarks has been in the education industry for little over a decade and knows how to tackle this problem and to put the students at ease. NCERT Solutions for Class 7: History Chapter 7, which comprises a summary of the chapter covering key topics along with important questions that can be asked in the exams. NCERT solutions will definitely solve the problem by going through different types of long and short question answers besides MCQs, sample papers etc. to help students revise and strengthen their preparation through doubt clearing sessions to make them confident ahead of exams. It is a sure way to come out with flying colours.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science: History Chapter 7 – Tribes, Nomads and Settled Communities 

NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 7 Solutions are available on Extramarks. The solutions have been designed and curated by the experienced faculty and subject matter expert with years of teaching experience. They are aware of the concepts, key topics, and new information that most of the students find difficult to comprehend and prepare adequate notes before the exam. Therefore,  the study material is prepared in a simple, self-explanatory way and  is complete in every way. It doesn’t require further assistance and the students can find smart and easy ways to better their performance. 

The solutions are created to make it convenient for students to understand the chapter thoroughly and thus get good scores in the examinations. NCERT Solutions include a summary of the whole chapter and several tips to learn the essential facts easily. 

Access NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science:History Chapter 7 – Tribes, Nomads, And Settled Communities

NCERT solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7 consists of various questions and answers that are important for students from  the examination point of view. These question answers include match  the column, filling in the blanks, true or false, and a few descriptive questions.

In Class 7, History chapter 7, students learn about various tribes and communities of the 8th century. Several social transformations took place in the Indian subcontinent under the Delhi Sultans and the Mughals. However, these social transformations were not uniform.  Different   kinds of societies  evolved differently. In large regions of the subcontinent, society was divided according to the rules of varna. Many societies did not follow the social rules prescribed by the Brahmanas.Nor were they divided into numerous clashes. Such societies were called Tribes. Sometimes they clashed with caste-based societies , they managed to retain their freedom and separate culture. 

Tribal people were found in almost every region of the subcontinent. There were other types of societies, and tribes controlled territories and how these nomads lived. There was considerable social change as varna based society as tribals constantly interacted with each other. This interaction led both kinds of societies to adapt and change. The Gonds and the Ahoms are two tribes discussed in the chapter.  Students can explore all about societies with NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7. These solutions also include questions and answers and other  exercises so that students can develop their answer writing skills while also enhancing their interest in the subject.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science:History Our Pasts-II, Chapter 7 Tribes, Nomads and Settled Communities

The NCERT solutions are  prepared by subject matter experts with great care and understanding while   following all CBSE standards. The solutions are available in very simple and easy to understand language so that students do not find any difficulty using these solutions. To build a strong foundation and have a thorough understanding of the subjects the NCERT solutions prove to be very helpful. Chapter 7- Tribes, Nomads and Settled Communities talk about the various tribes and communities, their habitats and lifestyle. Different societies developed in different regions and they evolved differently. NCERT Solutions in a way  encourage the students in the process of learning and self-study. The answers  provided  are of great help for last-minute revisions especially when students are running out of time.

NCERT Class 7 Social Science – History Our Pasts-II,  Chapter wise Solutions

Extramarks provides NCERT solutions for all the subjects  of Social Science. The chapter-wise solutions help students ease the process of studying  and  complete the syllabus within a short span of time.   The solutions are  written in a condensed format without leaving  any  crucial information. These notes are meticulously prepared, concise, and to the point for  the students to be well prepared and confident ahead of the exams.

These solutions will help you save time and pay attention to other subjects as well. That itself reduces stress and anxiety to a great extent. NCERT Solutions are complete in every way  for students  to learn and grasp with better understanding and score well. No wonder students have complete faith and trust in Extramarks and  their numbers are steadily growing. 

The solutions are available on the official website of Extramarks. The solutions can be referred to anytime, according to one’s convenience. 

In addition to social science, Extramarks also provides solutions and other related study materials for all the subjects of Class 7.

Q.1 Match the following:

Garh Khel
Tanda Chaurasi
Labourer Caravan
Clan Garha Katanga
Sib Singh Ahom state
Durgawati Paik


Garh Garha Katanga
Tanda Caravan
Labourer Paik
Clan Chaurasi
Sib Singh Khel

Q.2 State whether true or false:

(a) Tribal societies had rich oral traditions.

(b) There were no tribal communities in the northwestern part of the subcontinent.

(c) The chaurasi in Gond states contained several cities.

(d) The Bhils lived in the north-eastern part of the subcontinent.



(b) False

(c) False

(d) False

Q.3 What kinds of exchanges took place between nomadic pastoralists and settled agriculturists?


Nomadic pastoralists exchanged wool, ghee, etc., with settled agriculturists for grain, cloth, utensils and other products.

Q.4 How was the administration of the Ahom state organised?


(i) The Ahom state depended upon forced labour called paiks.

(ii) Total number of population was calculated through a census. Each village had to send a number of paiks by rotation.

(iii) People from heavily populated areas were shifted to less populated places.

(iv) Ahom clans were thus broken up. By the first half of the seventeenth century the administration became quite centralised.

(v) Almost all adult males served in the army during war. At other times, they were engaged in building dams, irrigation systems and other public works.

Q.5 What changes took place in varna-based society?


(i) Varna-based society and tribal people constantly interacted with each other.

(ii) This interaction caused both kinds of societies to adapt and change.

(iii) There were many different tribes and they took up diverse livelihoods.

(iv) Over a period of time, many of them merged with caste-based society.

(v) Others, however, rejected both the caste system and orthodox Hinduism.

(vi) Some tribes established extensive states with well-organised systems of administration.

(vii) They thus became politically powerful. This brought them into conflict with larger and more complex kingdoms and empires.

Q.6 How did tribal societies change after being organised into a state?


The following changes happened in the tribal societies after being organised into a state:

(i) With the support of the Brahmanas, many tribes became part of the caste system.

(ii) Leading tribal families joined ruling classes and a large majority joined the lower jatis of caste society.

(iii) Dominant tribes of Punjab, Sindh and the North-West Frontier had embraced Islam.

(iv) Some tribes became politically powerful and conflicted with larger and more complex kingdoms and empires.

Q.7 Were the Banjaras important for the economy?


(i)Yes. The Banjaras were the most important for the economy. They were the most important trader-nomads.

Their caravan was called tanda.

(ii)Sultan Alauddin Khalji used the Banjaras to transport grain to the city markets.

(iii)Emperor Jahangir wrote in his memoirs that the Banjaras carried grain on their bullocks from different areas and sold it in towns.

(iv)They transported food grain for the Mughal army during military campaigns. With a large army there could be 100,000 bullocks carrying grain.

Q.8 In what ways was the history of the Gonds different from that of the Ahoms? Were there any similarities?



(i) Gonds lived in a vast forested region called Gondwana while the Ahoms migrated to the Brahmaputra valley from present-day Myanmar in the thirteenth century.

(ii) Gonds practiced shifting cultivation while the Ahoms introduced new methods of rice cultivation.

(iii) Gonds were completely annexed by Mughal Empire while the Ahoms were defeated by the Mughals; however, the direct control over the region could not last long.


(i) Gonds and Ahoms had a centralized-administration.

(ii) Both were smaller tribes who emerged as powerful kingdoms by annexing neighbouring small societies and got power.

(iii) Ahom society was divided into clans or khels while the large Gond tribe was further divided into many smaller clans.

Q.9 (a) The new castes emerging within varnas were called ____________.

(b) ___________ were historical works written by the Ahoms.

(c) The ____________ mentions that Garha Katanga had 70,000 villages.

(d) As tribal states became bigger and stronger, they gave land grants to ____________ and ____________.


(a) The new castes emerging within varnas were called jatis.

(b)Buranjis were historical works written by the Ahoms.

(c) The Akbar Nama mentions that Garha Katanga had 70,000 villages.

(d) As tribal states became bigger and stronger, they gave land grants to poets and scholars

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Who were tribal people according to Chapter 7 History of Class 7 Social Science?

In large parts of the subcontinent, society was divided according to the rules of the varna laid down by the Brahmanas. However, the tribal people did not follow the rules and rituals prescribed by them. Nor were they divided into unequal classes. Such societies were called Tribes.Tribals were found in every region of the subcontinent. Sometimes they clashed with powerful caste-based societies, however they retained their freedom and culture. For instance the Khokhar in Punjab, the Balochis in the north-west, the Gaddis in the Himalaya and the Nagas, Ahoms and others in the north-east. 

2. How can one access NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History chapter 7?

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 7 can be accessed from Extramarks official website.

3. Who writes NCERT solutions?

The NCERT solutions are prepared by subject matter experts and experienced faculty. The Solutions undergo revision and refinement as per the latest CBSE curriculum and are thoroughly checked and approved by the experts. All the Solutions for every subject are reliable and accurate. No wonder students have complete trust and faith in Extramarks.  

4. Are the answers provided in the Solutions acceptable in the exams?

The answers provided at the end of every exercise in the NCERT Solutions are framed by our experienced faculty and subject experts who diligently follow the latest CBSE standards. Needless to say,  they  completely understand what is legitimate as per the board’s standards. and therefore, we can consider that the solutions are  in fact a stepping stone in student’s academic excellence.