NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Our Pasts-II Chapter-9

Today's regional cultures result from complicated intermixing of local traditions with ideas from other regions of the subcontinent. Some traditions appear exclusive to some locations, while others seem to be universal. Students can learn more about Chapter 9 of CBSE History Class 7 with the help of NCERT solutions. All the exercises in the History book "Our Pasts-II" are included in the NCERT solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 9. For school examinations, the NCERT solutions are a valuable resource for each and every student irrespective of their level.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 9 - The Making of Regional Cultures

NCERT solutions are drafted by subject matter experts at Extramarks. The solutions are accessible on the official website of Extramarks. By going over the solutions, you will  get all the   information regarding the exercises, presented in a systematic and organised manner which will undoubtedly benefit the students in the exam. The NCERT solutions for Class 7 are prepared following the latest CBSE curriculum. 

Access NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 9 - The Making of Regional Cultures

People are generally described in terms of the language they use. A Tamil or Oriya person, for example, is someone who speaks Tamil or Oriya and resides in Tamil Nadu or Orissa. We link cuisine, clothing, poetry, dance, music, and painting with different regions. We sometimes take these identities for granted and assume that they have existed for a long time. However, the dividing lines between the zones have changed throughout time (are still changing). Today's regional cultures have a mix of cultures and traditions. Some traditions appear to be regionally distinct, while others appear to be regionally similar. Chapter 9 of CBSE Class 7 History explains how regional cultures are formed in a very simple and engaging manner for students to remember everything clearly.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science: History 

From Extramarks' official website, you can now get all the solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 9. The NCERT solutions help students in quickly reviewing the entire chapter and  enjoy the process of learning conveniently at their own pace. 

Chapter 9 – The Making of Regional Cultures

NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 9 includes many important topics, keywords and concepts, which are reliable and accurate for students to enable smooth and deep learning experience so that students need not look elsewhere for any other resource and be prepared and confident ahead of the exam.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapters

All the NCERT Class 7 Social Science text book questions are included in the NCERT solutions. All questions in CBSE Class 7 Social Science are incorporated here with clear explanations so that students can get good academic results in the examination.


Many languages and genres of literature arose during the middle ages. People prefer to link a specific language with a place. Each region has its unique culture consisting of dance, clothing style, poetry, music, painting, and other types of art and language.

Cheras and Development of Malayalam

The evolution of the Malayalam language is explained in this section of NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 9. The Chera dynasty brought the Malayalam language in the 9th century. They were from the Mahodayapuram area in Kerala's southern region. In their inscriptions, the rulers of Chera used the Malayalam language and script. The first work of Malayalam literature is from the 12th century and is based on  Sanskrit language.

Rulers and Religious Traditions – The Jagannath Cult

Regional culture is closely related to religious traditions in many places in India. The clearest example of this tradition is the cult of Jagannatha (or Lord of the World), which is another name for Vishnu. Locals first created a wooden image  of the deity. But later, in the 12th century, Anantavarman , a prominent monarch of the Ganga dynasty, erected the famous temple for Lord Jagannatha in Puri. The temple was eventually turned into a pilgrimage site.

The Rajputs and The Tradition of Heroism

This section of Chapter 9 History Class 7  is about the Rajput culture. The British dominated India in the 19th century. What we now know as Rajasthan was known as Rajputana. Many people in Northern and Central India are referred to as Rajputs. They are known for their heroic deeds who chose death over defeat and their women followed their husbands in both life and death.There were stories that women committed Sati (self-immolation). Prithviraj Chauhan was one of the  most powerful Rajput monarchs. Rajput warriors and their courage are celebrated in many poems and songs.

Beyond Regional Frontiers – The Story of Kathak

As a storytelling method, Kathak arose from a caste of storytellers in North Indian temples (Katha). Radha and Krishna's rasleela, or playful actions, were portrayed in folk plays in Kathak form. Kathak became a kind of dance in the 15th and 16th centuries when the bhakti movement began to spread. It was the most popular dance at the Mughal emperors' and nobles' courts.

Kathak evolved into two distinct gharanas, one in the courts of Rajasthan (Jaipur) and the   other in Lucknow Gharana, each having its particular performance. Although Kathak was viewed with disfavour by the British administrators, it continued as one of six ‘classical’ forms of dance post independence. 

By the end of the nineteenth century, Kathak had become a traditional dance form in Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh.

New instruments, such as the sitar, and novel singing styles, such as qawwali and khayal, were also introduced.

Paintings For Patrons – The Tradition of Miniatures

Miniature painting became popular during this period as well. These are watercolour paintings on fabric that are small in size. The manuscript Kitab Khana contains the accounts of emperors like Akbar, Shah Jahan, and Jahangir. They engaged professional painters to complete the work in miniature. In the Himalayas, such as Basohli and Kangra, schools arose in the 17th century to teach miniature painting.

A Closer Look – Bengal

The Bengali language and culture are discussed in this NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 9. The language spoken by the people of some regions is referred to as its regional language. Bengali is spoken in Bengal, yet it is derived from Sanskrit. Translations from Sanskrit epics and Nath literature are two broad types of Bengali literature. Since Bengal is a riverine plain  and produces abundance of  rice and fish which is also their staple diet.  Fishing has been an important occupation of the Bengalis, it finds reference in several Bengali literature too. 

Pirs and Temples

People began migrating from western Bengal to southeastern Bengal in the 16th century due to the west side's barren soil. Because the Mughals ruled Bengal at the time, the capital was relocated to Dhaka, with officials receiving land grants and mosques being built.

Pirs were early settlers' teachers who helped them establish law and order. Pirs included saints, Sufis, and prominent religious figures. From the 15th century onward, temples were built on a massive scale.

Exercise Let’s Recall

NCERT answers for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 9 are provided to help learners understand the concepts deeply. This encourages the students to master the topic and increases their confidence in achieving a high grade

Exercise Let’s Recall: 4 inquiries (3 short questions, 1 match the following)

Exercise Let’s Discuss

Students will be able to comprehend the substance of the entire chapter through different extended questions in this Class 7 SST History chapter 9 activity.

Exercise Let’s Recall: 3 Inquiries (3 long questions)

Key Features of NCERT Solutions for Class Social Science Chapter 9

NCERT solutions for Class 7 History chapter 9 are ideal for students since they will get  a thorough review of the chapter by just reading  the solutions. The following are some of the numerous advantages of utilising these services:

  • The well-designed solutions, which are available at Extramarks, can be accessed  at any time and used offline by students.
  • History subject matter experts  have curated the solutions. They have answered all the questions in the exercise to assist students with the concepts, not just to complete their assignments and to help them in their self study.
  • By using these online resources, students will learn how to deal with different types of  questions in exam-like situations and improve their time management skills to be ahead of their peers.

NCERT Class 7 Social Science - History Our Pasts-II  Chapter Wise Solutions

The best study tool for students to beat the stress and anxiety level is the NCERT solutions which explains each and every topic in a systematic and organised manner. The content provided is in tune with the guidelines provided by the CBSE. However, the ideal way of studying is to give first preference to the NCERT Books.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science

Social Science answers, which are available at Extramarks, are popular among Class 7 students. These solutions help students to complete their assignments quickly and prepare for their examinations. You can find all of the questions and answers from Chapter 9 of the NCERT Book for Class 7 Social Science on Extramarks website for every subject not just Social Science.

Q.1 Match the following:

Anantavarman Kerala
Jagannatha Bengal
Mahodayapuram Orissa
Lilatilakam Kangra
Mangalakavya Puri
Miniature Kerala


Anantavarman Orissa
Jagannatha Puri
Mahodayapuram Kerala
Lilatilakam Kerala
Mangalakavya Bengal
Miniature Kangra

Q.2 What is Manipravalam? Name a book written in that language.


(i)Manipravalam literally means “diamonds and corals” referring to the two languages, Sanskrit and Malayalam.

(ii)Lilatilakam, a fourteenth-century text on grammar and poetics, was written in the language.

Q.3 Who were the major patrons of Kathak?


(i) Under the Mughal emperors and their nobles, Kathak was performed in the court, where it acquired its present features and developed into a form of dance with a distinctive style.

(ii) Subsequently, it developed in two traditions or gharanas: one in the courts of Rajasthan (Jaipur) and the other in Lucknow.

(iii) In Lucknow, under the patronage of Wajid Ali Shah, the last Nawab of Awadh, it grew into a major art form.

(iv) By the third quarter of the nineteenth century, it was firmly entrenched as a dance form not only in these two regions, but in the areas of present-day Punjab, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh.

Q.4 What are the important architectural features of the temples of Bengal?


(i) The temples of Bengal began to copy the double-roofed (dochala) or four-roofed (chauchala) structure of the thatched huts.

(ii) This led to the evolution of the typical Bengali style in temple architecture.

(iii) In the comparatively more complex four-roofed structure, four triangular roofs placed on the four walls move up to converge on a curved line or a point.

(iv) Temples were usually built on a square platform.

(v) The interior was relatively plain, but the outer walls of the temples were decorated with paintings, ornamental tiles or terracotta tablets.

Q.5 Why did minstrels proclaim the achievements of heroes?


(i) Stories about heroes were recorded in poems and songs, which were recited by specially trained minstrels.

(ii) These preserved the memories of heroes were expected to inspire others to follow their example.

(iv) Ordinary people were also attracted by these stories of dramatic situations, and a range of strong emotions – loyalty, friendship, love, valour, anger, etc.

Q.6 Why do we know much more about the cultural practices of rulers than about those of ordinary people?


(i) We know much more about the cultural practices of rulers because their achievements were recorded, and their artistic works were safely preserved in the palaces for the centuries.

(ii) For example, stories about heroic kings were recorded in poems and songs and were recited by specially trained minstrels; these preserved the memories of heroes.

(iii) But the ordinary people were busy in earning their livelihood and did not have enough resource to preserve their cultural products and artistic creations.

Q.7 Why did conquerors try to control the temple of Jagannatha at Puri?


Conquerors try to control the temple of Jagannatha at Puri due to the following reasons:

(i) This temple gained in importance as a centre of pilgrimage.

(ii) Its authority in social and political matters also increased.

(iii) The conquerors who conquered Orissa felt that if they occupy this temple, then, it would be easy to make their rule acceptable to the local people.

Q.8 Why were temples built in Bengal?


(i) Temples were built in Bengal by powerful individuals or groups to both demonstrate their power and proclaim their piety.

(ii) Many of the modest brick and terracotta temples were built with the support of several “low” social groups, such as the Kolu (oil pressers) and the Kansari (bell metal workers).

(iii) The coming of the European trading companies created new economic prosperity; many of such “low” social groups prospered and improved their social and economic position.

(iv) They proclaimed their status through the construction of temples.

(v) When local deities, once worshipped in thatched huts in villages, gained the recognition of the Brahmanas, their images began to be housed in temples.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. What Does "Manipravalam" mean?

“Manipravalam” literally means “diamonds and corals”. It applies to two languages: Sanskrit and regional dialects of Kerala. Lilatilakam is a text in Manipravalam, which was a book dealing with grammar and poetics

2. Why did people begin to migrate from Western Bengal to Southeast?

The Mughal rule over the region at that time was detrimental to the population.  From the 16th-century, people from less fertile regions of  western Bengal began to move to the marshy and forested areas of southeastern Bengal. They moved eastwards and cleared forests and brought  the land under rice cultivation. Mosques were being erected, and authorities received land grants after Dhaka’s capital was relocated.