NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science – Social and Political Life Chapter-3

NCERT Solutions Class 7 Social Science Chapter 3 by Extramarks is a study material prepared by subject matter experts according to the latest CBSE curriculum. These cover answers to all questions included in the chapter on ‘How the state government works’. With NCERT Solutions Class 7 Social Science Chapter 3, students will be able to understand and reflect upon it since it has been explained with narratives and case studies  and help to learn and grasp with better understanding  to score higher marks in their Class 7 term examinations. 

Students can access the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 3 on the Extramarks website or app. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 3 – How the State Government Works 

Access NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science

Who is an MLA?

MLA stands for Member of the Legislative Assembly. An MLA is an elected representative appointed by the voters from a certain constituency to the legislature of the state government. This elected MLA has a term of 5 years. In order to  become an MLA , he/she must be more than 25 years of age. Every constituency of the country has one person representing it in the Legislative Assembly. Legislative, financial, executional, and electoral are a few of the many powers bestowed upon an MLA.

The chapter on “How the State Government Works”, highlights many such political concepts in detail.

Election of Members of Legislative Assembly

The Members of Legislative Assembly (MLAs) are elected by the people, after which they form the government. An MLA is a representative of the people. 

How do MLAs become ministers or chief ministers?

The party whose MLAs have won seats in more than half of the constituencies is in majority. After elections, MLAs of the ruling party will choose their leader who will become the chief minister. It is the chief minister who selects other people in the party as ministers.

Decisions made by the Chief minister and other ministers

The Chief minister and other ministers take decisions and run the government, but they have separate offices. Also, all the MLAs from ruling and opposition parties meet at the Legislative Assembly to discuss different issues. Some MLAs have to work as ministers also.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 3 by Extramarks deals with everything related to legislature in an elaborate manner. 

NCERT Solution for Class 7 Civics Chapter 3

NCERT Class 7 Civics Chapter 3 includes information like how the  government functions, how rules are made, the role of MLAs and MPs, how they are elected, debates in the legislative assembly and other political intricacies.  It is important to understand these topics one needs to think  through a particular narrative to apply the underlying concept  & get  to write appropriate answers in the examination. Now it isn’t that difficult as  one can easily  rely on the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 3. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 3 are available on Extramarks website and app. 

Q.Why is understanding the chapter very important?

As mentioned earlier, Social and Political Life (SPL) is a new subject in middle school which is related to social,political and economic life in contemporary India  and it is vital for students  to know about  the government institutions and its  functioning.  Furthermore, a child would never be interested in  politics if he/she doesn’t have  enough knowledge about it. Students must read this chapter like ‘How the State Government Works’ can enhance their knowledge and understanding about it. It gives Class 7 students a chance to strengthen their fundamental  base along with providing them with enough insight on how it all works in real life. 

Understanding the chapter – How the state government works- is very important because of the following reasons:

  • Every year,  students get questions from this chapter. To ensure a high score, they  must read and understand this chapter  thoroughly. 
  • It’s vital for students to learn about the functioning of the state government, role of Chief Minister, appointment of ministers at various levels, role of legislative assembly, press conference, public meetings,etc. to enhance their awareness and to become participants in real life as informed citizens rather than mute spectators.  

The Significance and Need of NCERT Solutions

  • NCERT Solutions have answers to all the textbook questions. Moreover, the answers are accurate and to-the-point, which helps students in understanding the chapter in a better way.
  • Furthermore, every NCERT solution of Class 7 by Extramarks is according to  the latest CBSE syllabus and in tune  with the NCERT textbooks and CBSE  guidelines. This  ensures that the students not only understand what they study in NCERT solutions but also solve the questions as expected by their examiners. 

Solved Examples

 Fill In The Blanks:

  1.     As per constitutional norms, the ruling party elects its leader as the ______ of the respective state. 
  •       MLA
  •       Governor
  •       Chief Minister

Answer: Chief Minister

NCERT Class 7 Social Science – Social and Political Life Chapter Wise Solutions

There are eight more chapters in Class 7 Social Science – Social and Political Life. The role of democracy isn’t limited to the functioning of the government and its institutions, in fact it discusses the need for equality, fight for equality,and also highlights inequality as  a global issue. Democracy and equality are dynamic and not static concepts. If Class 7 students want to master every chapter in Class 7 Social Science – Social and Political Life, they can tune in to the NCERT Class 7 Social Science – Social and Political Life Chapterwise Solutions by Extramarks:

  • Chapter 1: On Equality
  • Chapter 2: Role of the Government in Health
  • Chapter 3: How the State Government works
  • Chapter 4: Growing up as Boys and Girls
  • Chapter 5: Women change the world
  • Chapter 6: Understanding Media
  • Chapter 7: Understanding Advertising
  • Chapter 8: Markets around us
  • Chapter 9: A shirt in the market

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science

Class 7 is the foundation of higher studies. If a student wants to excel in their Class 10 Board examination and create their first milestone he/she must begin at middle school.. Social science being a  theoretical subject makes scoring a tad difficult for students. But not anymore as NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science is here.

Extramarks offers NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science that answer questions of each and every chapter in the textbook, in a simple, comprehensive manner   to understand better and enjoy the process of learning. . Check the various NCERT Solutions out on Extramarks’ website and the app now. 

Q.1 Use the terms ‘constituency’ and ‘represent’ to explain who an MLA is and how is the person elected?


MLA is a member of the legislative assembly who represents people and also forms the government.

(i) Each state has a legislative assembly.

(ii) Each state is divided into different areas or constituencies.

(iii) From each constituency, people elect one representative who then becomes a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA).

(iv) MLA is elected by people who contest in an election by voting.

Q.2 How did some MLAs become Ministers? Explain.


(i) After the elections, a political party whose MLAs have won more than half the number of constituencies in a state becomes the ruling party.

(ii) The MLAs belonging to the ruling party elect their leader who later becomes the chief minister.

(iii) The chief minister then selects other people as his ministers

(iv) The Governor of the state then appoints the chief minister and other ministers

Q.3 Why should decisions taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers be debated in the Legislative Assembly?


(i) In a democratic government, participation is important from each and every section of the society.

(ii) Thus, whatever decisions are being taken, have to be approved by the members of the legislative assembly.

(iii) These members then ask questions, debate an important issue, decide where money should be spent, etc.

(iv) After that, they have the main authority to finalize any decision.

Q.4 What was the problem in Patalpuram? What discussion/action was taken by the following? Fill in the table.

Public meeting
Legislative Assembly
Press conference
Chief Minister


Main problem in Patalpuram:
(i) Lack of proper sanitation and hygiene.
(ii) Scarcity of clean drinking water.
(iii) No proper medical facilities.
(iv) Spread of diarrhea.

Discussion/action was taken by the following:

Public meeting: Demand for the improvement of healthcare and sanitation facilities from the officials.
Legislative Assembly: Intend to supply drinking water to every village through tanker trucks and also explained the steps the government had taken. Collection of garbage.
Press conference: Organized by the health minister. Newspapers and media widely discussed the issue and prompted the government to hold a press conference.
Chief Minister: Visited Patalpuram district. He went to visit the families who had lost their relatives and also visited people in the hospitals. Promised funds for the works and also planned to start a campaign to create awareness.

Q.5 What is the difference between the work that MLAs do in the Assembly and the work done by government departments?


(i) Act of making laws on certain issues is done by MLAs in the Legislative Assembly of each state while the implementation of these laws is done by various government departments.
(ii) Whatever work is done by these government departments has to be approved by the members of the legislative assembly or MLAs.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. How can NCERT Solutions make studying easy for students?

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science by Extramarks is the need of the hour because students only get access to well-researched study material but they also acquire the confidence to pass their tests and exams with flying colours. Because NCERT solutions are a solved guide curated by subject matter experts. Every answer is written as per the latest CBSE syllabus, adhering to the guidelines and drafted in simple manner with a lucid explanation.

2. What will I learn about the state government after studying ‘How the state government works’?

You’ll get to learn  the following topics: 

  • Who is an MLA? How is this person appointed?
  • A debate in the Legislative Assembly
  • Working of the government
  • Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, Majoring Party, Opposing Party, Constituency etc.

3. Where can I find the best NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 3?

You can find the best NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 3 on Extramarks’ website and app.