NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science – Social and Political Life Chapter-4

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 4 by Extramarks is a solved study material for Class 7 students. NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 4 consists of answers to end-text  questions of Chapter 4 of the Social Science textbook. These answers are developed by subject matter experts ensuring accurate solutions that comply with the NCERT books and CBSE examination guidelines. Thus, this solution by Extramarks proves to be a very valuable study resource for Class 7 students. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 4 - Growing up as Boys and Girls 

Access NCERT Solutions for Class 07 Social Science Chapter 4 – Growing up as Boys and Girls

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science - Social and Political Life Chapter-4

Class 7 Social Science Chapter 4 is all about what it is like growing up for boys and girls and how the different roles assigned to boys and girls prepare them for their future roles as men and women. How inequalities emerge with the help of an example from a small town in Madhya Pradesh, and these distinctions can be observed in daily life as well. Do children in Samoan Island go to school? If not, why? Students will get to learn about how people devalue housework, differences in work culture and the kind of mindsets people have about these social issues with examples.

5.1 Gender

  • Gender is more than just a biological difference. It is an element that divides the social and cultural roles of men and women. It was more visible in a patriarchal society. Does this difference still exist and has it changed?
  • During that time, the work done by women was valued less than the work done by men.  Contemporary society has defined roles and norms for both genders- what is acceptable and what’s not acceptable, however, the new generation is trying to break the stereotype. 
  •  Equality is an important principle in our constitution. Being male or female should not become an issue for discrimination. However, inequality between sexes does exist. It is an important issue yet to be properly addressed by everyone.  Social and Political life deals with the topic where children need to learn through experiential learning and not just memorise because it's a theoretical subject. In fact, it tries to create awareness through a critical and informed way of learning about contemporary society.  We recommend Class 7 students register with , Extramarks  NCERT Solutions to develop and enrich their learning to frame better answers and excel in their studies. 
  • The following examples show how most societies value men and women differently:

 Growing up in the Samoan Islands in the 1920s

  • The Samoan Islands are one of the largest groups of small islands in the South Pacific Ocean. It is said that until the 1920s, the children on the Samoan Islands didn’t go to school.
  • The boys of the Samoan Islands engaged in outdoor activities like fishing and planting coconuts while the girls were expected to take care of their siblings at home.
  • Though, after 14 years of age, the girls enjoyed more freedom whereas in case of boys, after nine years they could learn outdoor jobs.

Growing up in a small town in Madhya Pradesh in the 1960s

  • Madhya Pradesh is a state in India.
  • From Class 6 onwards, boys and girls went to separate schools with both places being very different. Girls' school had a courtyard at the center where girls played in total seclusion, while boys' school had a big, open playground. 
  • When girls came out of school in the evening, they looked purposeful and were only concerned about reaching home safely. Maybe because they were afraid of being teased or attacked.
  • Whereas, when boys came out of school, they were seen playing tricks, standing around idling, and enjoying themselves. 
  • Seeing both the situations, it can be said that there are different ways of growing up. 
  • Also, society starts differentiating between boys and girls from an early age. They grow up in different environments, which shape their personalities.
  • This also affects the career choices of men and women.

Valuing Housework

  • In contemporary society , only working women are respected. Across the world, women who indulge in daily chores and care-giving tasks like taking care of the family, especially children, the elderly and the sick are not recognised as work. They do not enjoy the same status in society. 
  • The ones who do household chores like sweeping, cleaning, washing, cooking, taking care of children are not respected enough. Despite these tasks being as physically and mentally draining as a full-time job.
  • Even though the major chunk of women still caters to only household work, they are not treated equally.
  • This is because society has conditioned everyone to believe that domestic work doesn’t matter, and women are born to do it.

Women’s Work and Equality

  • Although the Indian constitution guarantees the right to equality. However, differences between the sexes exist. 
  •  Fortunately, the Indian government has taken certain positive measures  like starting Anganwadis or Child Care Centers for women
  • To make employment accessible and women financially independent, creche facilities are also being provided by the government.

4.2 Role of Men and Women

The roles of men and women have been specified for generations. For instance, a woman is expected to do all household chores like cleaning dishes, washing clothes, cooking, sweeping, taking care of children and elderly parents etc. On the other hand, men are supposed to go to offices and earn bread for the entire family. 

However, with time and awareness, the role of women in society is changing. Now they are also working in the office besides carrying out various domestic chores. The double-burden describes the women’s work situation.  Although inequality is quite prevalent in society, both the government and individuals can bring about a positive change.  

Class 7 Political Science Chapter 4  these topics are discussed   in detail. 

Features of Class 7 Civics NCERT Book Solutions Chapter 4

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 4 - Growing up as Boys and Girls by Extramarks is a study material curated by the experienced faculty, they are 100% per cent accurate and reliable. By referring to solutions, students will get a better understanding of how to frame answers in the exams and this will definitely help them to get higher grades.  

The features of Class 7 Civics NCERT Book Solutions Chapter 4 include:

  •   Provide concise reference material with answers written in simple language, and explained with relevant examples as and when necessary.
  •   Follows the latest CBSE syllabus and guidelines. 
  •  Easily accessible from a phone, tablet, laptop or desktop. It can be accessed anywhere anytime online or offline.
  • Self-explanatory for students to study NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social science Chapter 4 by themselves. 
  • It’s the secret to being smart and getting excellent scores with the right solutions.

NCERT Class 7 Social Science - Social and Political Life Chapter Wise Solutions

Just like NCERT solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 4, Extramarks provides chapter-wise solutions for every lesson in Class 7 Social Science - Social and Political Life. For ensuring outstanding marks in Class 7 Social Science, refer to NCERT Class 7 Social Science - Social and Political Life Chapterwise Solutions given below:

  •       Chapter 1: On Equality
  •       Chapter 2: Role of the Government in Health
  •       Chapter 3: How the State Government works
  •       Chapter 4: Growing up as Boys and Girls
  •       Chapter 5: Women change the world
  •       Chapter 6: Understanding Media
  •       Chapter 7: Understanding Advertising
  •       Chapter 8: Markets around us
  •       Chapter 9: A shirt in the market

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science

NCERT Solutions are, no doubt, a great resource for students to use for their tests and exam preparations.  Since many exam questions are usually on the same pattern as the NCERT textbook questions, students just can’t skip solving NCERT questions. The solutions provided by Extramarks will ensure that students have a quick guide to cross-check their solutions and get a better understanding of how they should frame answers in their final exams and even clarify their doubts while revising.

Q.1 Are the statements given alongside true or false. Support your answer with the use of an example –

a. All societies do not think similarly about the roles that boys and girls play.
b. Our society does not make distinctions between boys and girls when they are growing up.
c. Women who stay at home do not work.
d. The work that women do is less valued than that of men.


a. True
In most societies, the roles men and women play or the work they do are not valued equally. They do not have the same status. It is supposed that household works must be done by women while men do the office work.

b. False
The distinction between boys and girls begins from a very young age. For example, both of them are given different toys to play with. Boys are usually given cars to play with and girls are given dolls. Additionally, they are told how girls must dress, what games boys should play, how girls need to talk softly or boys need to be tough.

c. False
The responsibility of housework i.e. looking after children, cooking, washing clothes, cleaning, etc. bear a lot of pressure and hard-work. Even after that it is not recognized as work and presumed as natural work for women, while women work right from morning to night completing her household duties.

d. True
As men get paid for what they do in the offices and earn the livelihood while a woman who is working from morning to night in household duties and is still not paid. The household work is considered as natural duty for a woman and thus is less valued than men.

Housework is invisible and unpaid work.

Housework is physically demanding.

Housework is time consuming.

Q.2 Write in your own words what is meant by the terms‘invisible’, ‘physically demanding’, and ‘time consuming’? Give one example of each based on the household tasks undertaken by women in your home.


Invisible: The things which can’t be seen.
The household work is invisible which can be seen only when it is not done.

Physically demanding: Demands hard-work and effort.
Cleaning of floors and washing of clothes are physically demanding works.

Time consuming: Work which takes a lot of time to be completed.
Cooking is a time consuming work.

Q.3 Make a list of toys and games that boys typically play and another for girls. If there is a difference between the two lists, can you think of some reasons why this is so? Does this have any relationship to the roles children have to play as adults?


Toys and games that boys typically play: Cars, Toy guns, Cricket, Football, Hockey, Kabaddi, etc.
Toys and games that girls typically play: Kitchen set, Doll, Teddy, Badminton, Skipping, etc.

Reasons for the difference in the list of games:
(i) Mentality of the society.
(ii) Physical aspects of the body.
(iii) The thought that girls need to talk softly and boys need to be tough.

Yes, it does have a relationship with the roles children have to play as adult as men are supposed to work outside in office and earn money while women are supposed to do household works.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. Is class 7 Social Science chapter 4 too hard?

Yes, Class 7 Social Science Chapter 4 is difficult as students are introduced to gender equality, the role of men and women, and other sensitive topics that play a critical role in determining the course of society in future. At times, it takes a lot of examples and open discussions for teachers to make students relate to the chapter. 

2. How does Class 7 Social Science Chapter 4 impact students?

In order to avoid falling into the realms of inequality, a child should be educated and informed with real-life experiences, narratives or anecdotes at a young age. This chapter discusses  various examples of inequalities that exist and what steps can be taken by the government and the people to bring about a positive change. So that  students can apply the underlying concept  as an informed citizen  in the future and make a difference. 

3. What makes NCERT solutions by Extramarks credible?

  • Extramarks has been in the education industry for a little over a decade. This means NCERT solutions by Extramarks has been a tried, tested and reliable resource for students for a long time now.
  • These solutions are conscientiously and diligently prepared by subject expert faculties to make learning fun and interesting for students. 
  • We update our solution every year to meet the changing demands of the curriculum and present the students with very simple and easy solutions.