Maharashtra Board (MSBSHSE) Class 10 Science Syllabus – Latest 2022-2023
Science is a vast subject in itself. It is a subject that contains theories about the universe, planets, plants, small insects, large animals and so on. Science has always been a scoring subject for the students as it awakens the interest of students with its interesting facts. Having said that, if students study Science attentively, they can score well in the subject. The first step is to go through the syllabus to understand the topics properly. So, Extramarks is providing students with the latest Maharashtra Board Class 10 Science Syllabus to study systematically and score their best in the board examinations.
Maharashtra SSC Board Chemistry Syllabus for Class 10
Chemistry is a subject that teaches students about Chemical Reactions. There are millions of Chemical reactions going on in the human body each minute. The Maharashtra Board Class 10 Science Syllabus contains the basics of the subject of Chemistry that one has to study in higher classes. Extramarks provides students with a specified syllabus of Chemistry to make their studies easy and systematic. Chemistry is further divided into two topics, Organic and Inorganic Chemistry. The details will be mentioned properly with the Maharashtra State Board 10th Science Syllabus provided by Extramarks.
The Syllabus for Maharashtra Board (MSBSHSE) Class 10 (SSC) Science is Available for download at Extramarks
The vast subject of Science has three subjects namely Physics, Chemistry and Biology. So, the students who have thought of opting for Science as a subject for their higher studies should focus on building their basic concepts in the subject. There is a very high scope of this subject for the future of the students who want to go into the medical field or become an engineer, a pilot, etc. The Science Syllabus for Class 10 Maharashtra Board on the Extramarks’ website is based on the information provided by the educational board.
The Maharashtra Board Class 10 Science Syllabus has efficiently covered Chemistry, Biology, Physics and Environmental Science. The first section, which is titled Materials, is about Chemistry. Following are the topics covered in the section:
1.1 Acids and Bases: Acids, Bases and Salts: General properties, examples, and uses.
1.2 Chemical Reactions: Types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement double decomposition, precipitation, and neutralization.
1.3 Oxidation and Reduction: Oxidation and Reduction in terms of gain and loss of oxygen and hydrogen.
1.4 Metals and Non-Metals: Brief discussion on basic metallurgical processes. Properties of common metals. Elementary idea about bonding.
1.5 Carbon Compounds: Elementary idea about bonding. Saturated hydrocarbons, alcohols, carboxylic acids (properties only)
1.6 Common chemicals Used in Daily Life: Soap, common salt, Washing soda, Baking soda, bleaching powder, Plaster of Paris.
1.7 Classification of Elements: Brief historical account, Mendeleev’s periodic table, gradation in properties.
The second section, namely The World of the Living, talks about Biology. Following are the topics covered in the section:
2.1. Life Processes: Definition of “Living things”. Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals.
2.2. Control in the Living: Tropic movements in plants. Introduction to plant hormones; control and coordination in animals; voluntary, involuntary and reflex action, nervous system, chemical coordination, animal hormones.
2.3. Reproduction in the Living: Reproduction in plants and animals. Need for and methods of family planning. Safe Sex vs-. HIV/AIDS. Childbearing and women’s health.
2.4. Heredity and Evolution: Heredity, origin of life- brief introduction, Basic concepts of evolution
The third and the fourth section are based on Physics. The third section is called Moving Things. People and Ideas, whereas the fourth section, is called Natural Phenomena. Given below are the topics covered in the sections respectively:
3.1. Electric Circuits: Potential and Potential Difference. Ohm’s Law, Resistances in series and parallel. Power dissipated due to current. Inter relation between P, V, I and R.
3.2. Magnets: Magnetic field, Field Lines. Field due to a current carrying wire, coil, solenoid. Force on current carrying conductor. Fleming’s Left Hand Rule. Electric motor, electromagnetic induction. Induced potential differences, induced current. Electric generator, principle and working. Direct and Alternating current. Frequency of AC. Advantages of AC over DC. Domestic Electric Circuits.
4.1. Light: Convergence and Divergence of Light.
4.2 Spherical Mirrors: Images formed by a concave mirror. Related concepts: centre of curvature, principal axis, optical centre, focus, focal length.
4.3 Refraction: appreciation of the concept of refraction. Laws of refraction. Velocity of light. Refractive index; twinkling of stars; dispersion of light. Scattering of light.
4.4. Lenses: Images formed by a convex lens; functioning of the lens in the human problems of vision and their remedies. Application of spherical mirrors and lenses.
The fifth and the sixth section discuss Environmental Science. They are called Pollution and Striving for a Better Environment respectively. The topics covered in these sections are:
5.1 Types of pollution – air, water, (fresh and marine), soil, radiation, and noise.
5.2 Sources of Pollution and Major Pollutants, oil spills
5.3 Effect of Pollution on – Environment, Human Health and Other Organisms
5.4 Abatement of Pollution
6.1 Use of Efficient and Eco-friendly Technology
6.2 Sustainable Use of Resources
6.3 Enforcement of Acts, Laws and Policies
Benefits of having the Maharashtra Board (MSBSHSE) Class 10 Science Syllabus:
The Maharashtra Board Class 10 Science Syllabus provided by Extramarks gives students a systematic approach to their studies and provides them with a proper framework for their chapters and further topics in their subject. The students gain a better overview of the subject and the topics that are going to be covered. Since there are so many subjects, chapters, and topics, it gets challenging for the students to keep a track of their studies. This makes the student’s schedule very hectic, so Extramarks provides students with Maharashtra Board Class 10 Science Syllabus so that they can get a clear understanding of the topics mentioned in the syllabus while attempting to manage their time for exam preparations. In this way, no topic remains unattended or slips out of the minds of students. Extramarks also provides students with the Maharashtra State Board Sample papers and the Maharashtra State Board Question Papers so that students have handy materials for the revision of their exams.
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
The National curriculum Framework 2005(NCF 2005) is one of the most comprehensive documents published in the last decade. It suggests radical changes in curricula for the country and offers an excellent framework for preparing need based curricula. While revising the syllabi for Science and Technology, the position paper on science ( NCF 2005) has selected “Learning without burden” as the main theme. It also recommends a pedagogy which is hands-on and inquiry based. The present syllabus of Science and Technology for Std. IX and X is based on the principles and themes suggested in NCF 2005. The Themes are cross-disciplinary in nature: Food, Materials, The world of the Living, How things work, Moving things; people and ideas; Natural Phenomena and Natural Resources. Some themes have been merged to consolidate content.As suggested in NCF 2005, unnecessary focus on enumeration has been avoided. More importance has been given to the processes in science rather than focusing on only factual information.
Since the themes are inter-linked to each other, the entire syllabus has been integrated into one paper . This will facilitate better understanding of the subject across disciplinary boundaries and at the same time expose students to many topics in Biology, Physics and Chemistry.
- To enable the students to “Learn without Burden”.
- To expose the students to a “hands-on way’’ of learning
- To correlate scientific principles to the student’s
- To involve students in exploring topics through discussion and
- To imbibe the spirit of enquiry in students through valuable learning experiences through
- To help the students become autonomous
- Plant and animal breeding and selection for quality
- Use of fertilizers,
- Protection from pests and diseases; organic
- Matter: All things occupy space, possess Definition of matter, characteristics of solids, liquids and gases e.g. shape, volume, density. Change of state: freezing, melting, evaporation, condensation, sublimation. Cooling by evaporation. Absorption of heat.
- Elements, mixtures and Compounds: elements, compounds and mixtures as types of chemical Types of mixtures; Heterogeneous, homogeneous, colloids, suspensions.
- Combination of substances: Law of constant proportion, atomic and molecular Particle nature, basic units: Atoms and Molecules.
- Mole Concept: Relationship of mole to mass of the particles and Valency. Chemical formulae of common compounds.
- Atomic Structure: Electrons, protons and Atomic number and atomic mass number. Isotopes and Isobars.
3. The World of the Living
- Biological Diversity
Diversity of plants and animals: Basic issues in scientific naming. Basis of classification, Hierarchy of categories/ groups.
Plant classification: Major Plant groups (salient features): Bacteria,
Thalophyta, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, gymnosperms and Angiosperms. Animal Classification : Major groups of animals (salient features): Non- Chordates up to phyla and non chordates up to classes.
- Smallest living unit of Life, Cell : Cell as a basic unit of life prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, multicellular organisms;cell membrane and cell wall, cell organelles, chloroplast, mitochondria, vacuoles, ER, Golgli Nucleus, chromosomes, basic structure, number.Tissues, organs, organ system, organism
Structure and functions of animal and plant tissues. (four types in animals;meristematic and permanent tissues in plants).
- Failure of health leading to
- Disease and its
- Diseases caused by microbes and their prevention: Typhoid, diarrhoea, malaria,hepatitis, rabies, AIDS, TB,
- Pulse Polio
- Exchange of substances by living organisms with the external world:
Diffusion/exchange of substances between cells and their environment and between the cell themselves in the living system; role in nutrition, water and food transport, excretion, gaseous exchange.
4. Moving Things. People and ideas. Motion.
4.1 Motion: displacement, velocity, Uniform and non-uniform motion along a straight line,acceleration, distance-time and velocity-time graphs for motion and uniformly accelerated motion. Equations of motion by graphical method . Elementary idea of uniform circular motion.
- Force and Newton’s Laws : Force and Motion; Newton’s Laws of Inertia of a.body, inertia and mass, momentum, force and acceleration.
Elementary idea of conservation of momentum, action and reaction forces.
- Gravitation: gravitation, universal law of gravitation, force of gravitation of the- earth (earth’s gravity), acceleration due to gravity, mass and weight, free fall .
- Work, Energy and Power: work done by a force, energy, power. Kinetic and Potential energy, Law of conservation of
4.5 Floating Bodies: Thrust and Pressure, Archimedes’ Principle, Buoyancy. Idea of relative density.
4.6. Sound; Nature of sound and its propagation through different media, speed of sound, range of hearing in humans; ultrasound; reflection of sound; echo and SONAR Structure of the Human Ear. (Auditory aspect).
5. Natural Resources – Understanding Ecosystem –
- Types of ecosystem – forest, grassland, desert, aquatic, costal, marine
- Interaction between biotic and abiotic factors in an eco-system
- Energy flow and its Cycles of nutrients in terrestrial and aquatic
(fresh water and marine) ecosystems, nature’s mechanism in maintaining balance.
6. Waste Generation and Management
- Sources of waste – domestic, industrial, agricultural and commercial
- Classification of waste : biodegradable non biodegradable, toxic, non- toxic
- Impact of waste accumulation – Spoilage of landscape, pollution, health hazards, effect on terrestrial and aquatic (fresh water and marine)
- Need for management of
- Methods of safe disposal of waste segregation, dumping, composting, drainage, treatment of effluents before discharge, incineration, use of scrubbers and electrostatic precipitators.
- Need for reducing, reusing and recycling
- Legal provisions for handling and management of
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
- To prepare
- A true solution of common salt, sugar and alum
- A suspension of soil, chalk powder and fine sand in water
- A colloidal of starch in water and egg albumin in water and distinguish between these on the basis of
- filtration criterion
2. To prepare
- a mixture
- A compound
Using iron filings and sulphur powder and distinguish between these on the basis of:
- Appearance e., homogeneity and heterogeneity
- Behaviour towards a magnet
- Behaviour towards carbon disulphide as a
- Effect of heat.
- To carry out the following chemical reactions and record Also identify the type of reaction involved in each case
- Iron with copper sulphate solution in
- Burning of Magnesium in air.
- Zinc with dilute sulphuric acid
- Heating of Lead Nitrate
- Sodium sulphate with Barium chloride in the form of their solutions in
- To verify laws of reflection of
- To determine the density of (denser than water) by using a spring balance and a measuring cylinder.
- To establish the relation between the loss in weight of a solid when fully immersed in
- tap water
- strongly salty water, with the weight of water displaced by it by taking at least two different
- To measure the temperature of hot water as it cools and plot a temperature- time
- To determine the velocity of a pulse propagated through stretched string/
- To prepare stained temporary mounts of onion peel and to record observations and draw labeled
- To identify parenchyma and sclerenchyma tissues in plants, striped muscle fibers and nerve cells in animals, from prepared slides and to draw their labeled diagrams.
- To separate the components of a mixture of sand, common salt and ammonium chloride (or camphor) by
- To determine the melting point of ice and the boiling point of
- To test (a) the presence of starch in the given food sample (b) the presence of the adulterant metanil yellow in dal.
- To study the characteristic of spirogyra/ Agaricus, Moss/Fern, Pinus (either with male or female cone) and an Angiospermic Draw and give two identifying features of groups they belong to.
- To observe and draw the given specimens-earthworm, cockroach, bony fish and For each specimen record.
- one specific feature of-its phylum
- one adaptive feature with reference to its
- Acids and Bases: Acids, Bases and Salts: General properties, examples and
- Chemical Reactions: Types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement double decomposition, precipitation, and
- Oxidation and Reduction: Oxidation and Reduction in terms of gain and loss of oxygen and
- Metals and Non-Metals: Brief discussion on basic metallurgical Properties of common metals. Elementary idea about bonding.
- Carbon Compounds: Elementary idea about Saturated hydrocarbons, alcohols, carboxylic acids (properties only)
- Common chemicals used in daily life: Soap, common salt, Washing soda, Baking soda, bleaching powder, Plaster of
- Classification of Elements: Brief historical account, Mendeleev’s periodic table, gradation in
- The World of the Living
- Life Processes: Definition of “Living things”. Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and
- Control in the Living: Tropic movements in plants .Introduction to plant hormones; control and coordination in animals; voluntary, involuntary and reflex action, nervous system, chemical coordination, animal Reproduction in the Living: Reproduction in plants and animals. Need for and methods of family Safe Sex vs-. HIV/AIDS. Child bearing and women’s health.
- Heredity and Evolution: Heredity, origin of life- brief introduction, Basic concepts of
- Moving things. People and Ideas
- Electric Circuits: Potential and potential Ohm’s Law, Resistances in series and parallel. Power dissipated due to current. Inter relation between P, V, I and R.
- Magnets: Magnetic field, field Field due to a current carrying wire, coil, solenoid. Force on current carrying conductor. Fleming’s Left Hand Rule. Electric motor, electromagnetic induction. Induced potential differences, induced current. Electric generator, principle and working.
Direct and Alternating current. Frequency of AC. Advantages of AC over DC. Domestic Electric Circuits.
4. Natural Phenomena
4.1. Light : Convergence and Divergence of Light.
- Spherical Mirrors: Images formed by a concave Related concepts: centre of curvature, principal axis, optical centre, focus, focal length.
- Refraction: appreciation of the concept of refraction. Laws of refraction. Velocity of light. Refractive index; twinkling of stars; dispersion of light. Scattering of
4.4. Lenses: Images formed by a convex lens; functioning of the lens in the human problems of vision and their
remedies. Application of spherical mirrors and lenses.
- Types of pollution – air, water, (fresh and marine), soil, radiation, and
- Sources of pollution and major pollutants, oil spills
- Effect of pollution on -environment, human health and other organisms
- Abatement of pollution
- Striving for a Better Environment
- Use of efficient and eco-friendly technology
- Sustainable use of
- Enforcement of acts, laws and policies
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
- To find the pH of the following samples by using pH paper universal
- Dilute Hydrochloric acid
- Dilute NaOH solution
- Dilute Ethanoic acid solution
- Lemon juice .
- Dilute Sodium Bicarbonate Soution.
- To study, the properties of acids and bases HCl & NaOH by their reaction with
- Litmus solution (Blue/Red)
- Zinc metal
- Solid Sodium Carbonate
- To determine the focal length of
- Concave mirror
- Convex lens by obtaining the image of a distant
- To trace the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of incidence. Measure the angle of incidence, angle of refraction, angle of emergence and interpret the
- To study the dependence of current (I) on the potential difference (V) across a resistor and determine its resistance. Also plot a graph between V and I.
- To determine the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series.
- To determine the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in parallel.
- To prepare a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show
- To show experimentally that light is necessary for
- To show experimentally that carbon dioxide is given out during
- To study (a) binary fission in Amoeba and (b) budding in yeast with the help of prepared
- To determine the percentage of water absorbed by
- To perform and observe the following reactions and classify them into;
- Combination Reaction .
- Decomposition Reaction
- Displacement Reaction
- Double Displacement Reaction
- 1. Action of water on quick .
- 2. Action of heat on Ferrous Sulphate crystals
- 3. Iron Nails kept in copper sulphate solution
- 4. Reaction between Sodium sulphate and Barium chloride
- a) To observe the action of Zn, Fe, Cu and Al metals on the following salt
- ZnS04 (aq.)
- FeS04 (aq.)
- CuS04 (aq.)
- Al2(S0)3 (aq.)
- b) Arrange Zn, Fe, Cu and Al metals in the decreasing order of reactivity based on the above
- To study the following properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid):
- solubility in water
- effect on litmus
- reaction with sodium bicarbonate
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. What is the best way to study for the Maharashtra State Board Exams Class 10?
The best way to study for the board examinations is to make a study plan and cover the topics having higher weightage first and then systematically shift to topics which are less important. This will make sure that students score well in the exam. This process becomes easier when students have their syllabus in their hands.
2. Why should Students download the Maharashtra Board Class 10 Science Syllabus provided by Extramarks?
The Maharashtra Board Class 10 Science Syllabus provided by Extramarks is updated and cross-checked by professionals. The syllabus is according to the latest exam pattern and is very easy to download and can be stored on any device.
3. What should be the next step for the students after going through the Maharashtra State Board Syllabus?
After going through the Maharashtra Board Class 10 Science Syllabus the students should browse the website of Extramarks. It provides students with K12 study material, various tests, and expert guidance. It has many other features which will make it easier for students to study for and ace their examinations.
4. How many books of Science are there in the course of Class 10?
There is only one book of Science in Class 10, but the chapters of that book are divided into three subjects that are Physics, Chemistry and Biology.