# Maharashtra Board (MSBSHSE) Class 12 Maths Syllabus – Latest 2022-23

Students who wish to score higher marks in their board examination should access the latest Maharashtra Board Class 12 Maths Syllabus for the academic year 2022- 23 to ace their exams. The academic experts at Extramarks have gone through the syllabus rigorously in accordance with the latest Maharashtra state board examination pattern. The Maharashtra Board Class 12 Maths Syllabus that is being provided here has been checked and provided for Class 12 students.

Class 12 is a crucial academic year of every student’s life and therefore, it becomes extremely important for students to achieve good grades in the examinations. These grades determine the colleges they will get enrolled into. A Class 12 student should focus on their studies well to have a bright future ahead.

Students who are looking forward to opting for Engineering and other related fields after Class 12 should study Maths and Stats sincerely. Maharashtra Board Class 12 Maths Syllabus offers a preview of the chapters and the topics of which the students need to have a thorough understanding. It is the beginning of a journey of strategic preparation for the subject.

Hence, it is highly essential for not only the final board exams but also for other Engineering Entrance and Competitive Exams.

**Maharashtra HSC Board Maths Syllabus for Class 12**

Extramarks is providing the students with a PDF for their Maharashtra Board Class 12 Maths Syllabus. Download the PDF for a thorough understanding of the syllabus. Extramarks provides students with the syllabus and also the Maharashtra State Board Sample Papers and Maharashtra State Board Question Papers for additional practice. To score well in the exams, a student must have a strong grasp of the fundamental concepts and practice problems of the Maths and Statistics syllabus The Maharashtra Board Class 12 Maths Syllabus introduces students to areas that aid them during the course of their learning. It t is essential for students to have a good understanding of this subject.

**Maharashtra Board (MSBSHSE) Class 12 Maths syllabus**

The Maharashtra Board Class 12 Maths Syllabus for the academic year consists of two parts. The first book consists of 7 chapters. These chapters are – Mathematics Logic, Matrics, Trigonometric Functions, Pair of Straight Lines, Vectors, Line & Lane, and Linear Programming respectively. The second book consists of 8 chapters. These chapters are – Differentiation, Applications of Derivations, Indefinite Integration, Definite Integration, Application of Definite Integration, Differential Equations, Probability Distribution, and Binomial Distribution. Students should make a note of all the important chapters out of the 15 mentioned here, and their preparation should be done accordingly. Students can check the Maharashtra Board Class 12 Maths Syllabus from the Extramarks’ website.

**Introduction**

**Mathematics & Statistics**

**(For Arts and Science)**

**Std. XI & XII**

Mathematics is the language of all sciences and is perhaps the only subject which merits this distinction. Mathematics is the backbone of all sciences and it is an inseparable part of human life.

Higher Secondary is a launching stage from where students would go to either for academic education in Mathematics or professional courses like Engineering and Computer Technology, Physical and Biological Sciences. Hence to fulfil the needs of students, it is utmost important to make the study of Mathematics more meaningful by acquainting the student with many branches of mathematics. This will help them in developing Mathematical tools to be used in the professional education. Apart from motivating topics from real life situations and other subject areas, major thrust is also on application of various concepts.

The proposed syllabus has been designed in accordance with National Curriculum Framework 2005 and as per guidelines given in Focus Group on Teaching of Mathematics 2005 which is to meet the emerging needs of all categories of students.

**Objectives**

**To enable the students**

- to acquire knowledge and critical understanding, particularly by way of motivation and visualization of basic concepts, terms, principles, symbols and mastering the underlying processes and skills.
- to apply the knowledge and skills in Mathematics and related problems from other subjects, by more than one
- to develop positive attitude to think, analyze and articulate
- to develop interest in Mathematics by participating in various related competitions and self-learning.
- to acquaint students with different aspects of Mathematics used in real
- to develop an interest in students to study Mathematics as a
- to develop awareness of the need for national integration, protection of an environment, removal of social barriers, elimination of sex biases and observance of small family
- to develop reverence and respect towards great mathematicians for their contribution to the field of
- to develop interest in the subject by participating in related

**Std. XI – PART – 1**

**1. Measurement of Angles**

Need & concept, Revision of directed angle (+ve and –ve angles), zero angle, straight angle, angles in standard position, coterminal angles, angles in quadrant & quadrantal angles*. *Sexagesimal system, circular system, relation between degree measure and radian measure. Theorem: Radian is a constant angle. Length of an arc of a circle (s = r. q, q is in radians) (without proof). Area of the sector of a circle A = ½ r^{2}. q, q is in radians (without proof).

**2. Trigonometric functions**

Need & concept, Trigonometric functions with the help of standard unit circle, signs of trigonometric functions in different quadrants, trigonometric functions of particular angles (00, 300, 450, 600, 900, 1800, 2700, 3600), domain and range of trigonometric functions, periodicity of functions, fundamental identities, graphs of trigonometric functions, Graph of y = a sin bx, y = a cos bx, trigonometric functions of negative angles.

**3. Trigonometric functions of compound angles**

Introduction, trigonometric functions of sum and difference, trigonometric functions of multiple angles (upto double and triple angles only), trigonometric functions of half angles.

**4. Factorization Formulae**

Introduction, Formulae for conversion of sum or difference into products, formulae for conversion of product into sum or difference, trigonometric functions of angles of a triangle.

**5. Locus**

Introduction, Definition and equation of locus, points of locus, shift of the origin.

**6. Straight Line**

Revision. Inclination of a line, slope of a line, equation of lines parallel to co-ordinate axes, intercepts of a line, revision of different forms of equations of a line, slope-point form, slope-intercept form, two point form, double intercept form, other forms of equations of a line, parametric form, normal form, general form, **Theorem 1 : **A general linear equation Ax + By+ C=0, provided A and B are not both zero, simultaneously, always represents straight line. **Theorem 2 : **Every straight line has an equation of the form Ax +By + C = 0, where A, B and C are constants (without proof), Reduction of general equation of a line into normal form, intersection of two lines, parallel lines, perpendicular lines, identical lines, condition for concurrency of three lines, angle between lines, distance of a point from a line, distance between two parallel lines, equations of bisectors of angle between two lines, family of lines, equation of a straight line parallel to a given line, equation of a straight line perpendicular to a given line, equation of family of lines through the intersection of two lines.

**7. Circle and Conics **:

Revision, standard equation, centre-radius form, diameter form, general equation, parametric equations of standard equation, Conics Napees – Intersection of Napees of a cone and Plane, introduction, focus-directrix property of parabola, ellipse, hyperbola, parabola, standard equation (different forms of parabola), parametric equations, ellipse, standard equation, hyperbola, standard equation, parametric Application of conic section.

**8. Vectors**

Definition, magnitude of a vector, free and localized vectors, types of vectors, zero vector, unit vector, equality at vectors, negative of a vector, collinear vectors, coplanar vectors, coinitial vectors, like and unlike vectors, scalar multiple of a vector, triangle law, parallelogram law, polygon law, properties of addition of vectors, three dimensional co-ordinate geometry, co- ordinate axes & coordinate planes in space, co-ordinates of a point in space, distance between two points in a space, unit vectors along axes, position vector of a point in a space, product of vectors, scalar product, definition, properties, vector product, definition, properties, simple applications, work done by force, resolved part of a force, moment of a force.

**9. Linear Inequations**

Linear inequations in one variable – solution of linear inequation in one variable & graphical solution, solutions of system of linear inequations in one variable, Linear inequations in two variables – solution of linear inequation in one variable & graphical solution, solution of linear inequations in two variables & graphical solution, solutions of system of linear inequations in two variables, Replacement of a set or domain of a set, Transposition.

**10. Determinants**

Revision, determinant of order three, definition, expansion, properties of determinants, minors & co-factors, applications of determinants, condition of consistency, area of a triangle, Cramer’s rule for system of equations in three variables.

**11. Matrices**

Introduction, concepts, notations, order, types of matrices – zero matrix, row matrix, column matrix, square matrix, determinant of a square matrix, diagonal matrix, scalar matrix, identity matrix, triangular matrices, singular & non-singular matrices, transpose of a matrix, symmetric & skew symmetric matrices, operations on matrices – equality, addition, subtraction, multiplication of a matrix by a scalar, simple properties, multiplication of matrices – definition, properties of matrix multiplication, properties of transpose of a matrix -(*A’)’ = A*, (*KA*)*‘ = KA’, *(*AB*)*‘ = B’A’.*

**PART – 2**

**1. Sets, Relations and Functions**

Set – Revision, subset, proper improper subset and their properties, union, intersection, disjoint sets, empty set, finite & infinite sets, equal sets, equivalent sets, universal set, Venn diagrams, complement of a set, difference of two sets, power set, Relations – ordered pairs, equality of ordered pairs, Cartesian product of two sets, No. of elements in the Cartesian product of two finite sets, Cartesian product of the reals with itself, definition of relation, pictorial diagrams, domain, codomain and range of a relation, types of relations, one-one, many-one, binary equivalence relation, functions – function as a special kind of relation, pictorial representation of a function, domain, codomain and range of a function, equal functions, types of functions – constant function, identity function, one-one function, onto function, into function, even & odd functions, polynomial function, rational function, modulus function, signum & greatest integer, exponential function, logarithmic function, functions with their graphs, sum, difference, product, quotient of functions, scalar multiplication, composite function, inverse function, binary operations, real valued function of the real variable, domain and range of these functions.

**2. Logarithms**

Introduction, definition, properties, laws of logarithms, change of base, characteristics & mantissa – method of finding characteristics, method of finding mantissa, method of finding antilogarithm.

**3. Complex Numbers**

Introduction, need for complex numbers, definitions –(real parts, imaginary parts, complex conjugates, modulus, argument), algebra of complex numbers – equality, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, powers and square root of a complex number, higher powers of i, DeMoivre’s formula – (without proof), square root of a complex number, properties of complex numbers – properties of addition of complex numbers, 1) Closure Property 2) Commulative Law 3) Associative law 4) Existence of additive identity 5) Existence of additive inverse. Properties of product of complex numbers –Existance of multiplicative identity – Existance of multiplicative inverse, properties of conjugate & modulus of complex numbers, Argand Diagram – representation of a complex number as a point in plane, geometrical meaning of modulus and argument, polar representation of complex numbers, Fundamental theorem of algebra, cube roots of unity – solution of quadratic equations in the complex number system, cube roots of unity.

**4. Sequences & Series**

Revision – sequence, A.P., Sum of first n terms of A.P., properties of A.P., geometric progression – introduction, general term, sum of the first ‘n’ terms, (n terms from the end of G.P.) containing finitely many terms & sum to infinite terms, properties of G.P., H.P. as a special type of A.P, Means – arithmetic mean, geometric mean, harmonic mean, relation between A.M., G.M., H.M., Arithmetico-Geometric sequence, special series, sum of cube of first n natural numbers, sum of cube of first n odd natural nos., exponential & logarithmic series.

**5. Permutations & combinations**

Introduction, fundamental principle of counting, factorial notation, permutations, when all r objects are distinct, when all r objects are not distinct, circular permutations, simple applications, combinations – definition, properties, relations between permutations and combinations, simple

**6. Mathematical Induction and Binomial Theorem**

Principle of mathematical induction, simple applications, binomial theorem – binomial theorem for positive integers, general term, particular term, properties of binomial co- efficient with simple application, binomial theorem for any index (without proof), particular cases of binomial theorem, simple applications.

**7. Limits**

Introduction of concept, meaning of x->a, the limit of a function, fundamental theorem on limits, algebra of limits – standard limits, without proof, limits at infinity – concepts, simple problems.

**8. Differentiation**

Definition : derivative, derivative at a point, geometrical significance of derivative, physical significance (velocity as a rate of change of displacement), derivatives from first principle – of trigonometric functions, logarithmic functions, algebraic functions, exponential functions, rules of differentiation – derivative of sum, difference, product and quotient.

**9. Integration**

Definition of integration as antiderivative, geometrical interpretation of indefinite integrals, algebra of integrals – integrals of some standard functions, rules of integration.

**10. Statistics**

Measures of dispersion – range, quartile & quartile deviation (for grouped and ungrouped data), comparison of two frequency distributions with same mean, mean deviation about mean, mean deviation about median (for grouped & ungrouped data), variance, standard deviation, effect of change of origin and scale on variance and standard deviation, combined variance and standard deviation, co-efficient of variation.

**11. Probability**

Revision, types of events – events and algebra of events, axiomatic definition of probability, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, mutually exclusive events, addition theorem – for any two events A and B, Result on complementary events. Conditional probability – definition, multiplication theorem, independent events, Baye’s theorem, odds in favour and against.

**List of Practicals: XI**

- Problems on locus
- Family of lines.
- Tracing of Conics I.
- Tracing of Conics II.
- Applications of vectors (Dot and cross product).
- Linear
- Applications of determinants.
- Algebra of Matrices.
- Tracing of graphs of functions.
- Numerical problems using laws of logarithms.
- Power and square root of a complex number, cube root of unity.
- Examples on special series.
- Permutations and combinations.
- Mathematical induction.
- Binomial Theorem.
- Limits.
- Differentiation.
- Integration.
- Measures of dispersion.
- Probability.

**Std. XII : PART – 1**

**1. Mathematical Logic**

Statements – Introduction, sentences and statement, truth value of statement, open sentences, compound statement, quantifier and quantified statements, logical connectives : conjunction, disjunction, negation, implication/ conditional, biconditional, truth tables of compound statements, examples related to real life and mathematics, statement patterns and logical equivalence – tautology, contradiction, contingency, duality, negation of compound statement, contrapositive, converse, inverse, algebra of statements-idempotent law, associative law, commutative law, distributive law, identity law, complement law, involution law, DeMorgan’s laws, difference between converse, contrapositive, contradiction, application-introduction to switching circuits (simple examples).

**2. Matrices**

Elementary transformation of a matrix- revision of cofactor and minor, elementary row transformation, elementary column transformation, inverse of a matrix- existance and uniqueness of inverse of a matrix, inverse by elementary transformation, adjoint method, application-solution of system of linear equations by – reduction method, inversion method.

**3. Trigonometric functions**

Trigonometric equations-general solution of trigonometric equation of the type : sinq, = 0, cosq = 0, tanq = 0, sinq = sina, cosq = cosa, tanq = tana, sin2q = sin2a, cos^{2}q = cos^{2}a, tan^{2}q = tan^{2}a, acosq + bsinq = C solution of a triangle : polar coordinates, sine rule, cosine rule, projection rule, area of a triangle, application, Hero’s formula, Napier Analogues, inverse trigonometric functions-definitions, domain, range, principle values, graphs of inverse trigonometric function, properties of inverse functions.

**4. Pair of straight lines**

Pair of lines passing through origin- combined equation, homogenous equation, theorem-the joint equation of a pair of lines passing through origin and its converse, acute angle between the lines represented by ax2+2hxy+by2=0, condition for parallel lines, condition for perpendicular lines, pair of lines not passing through origin-combined equation of any two lines, condition that the equation ax2+2hxy+by2+2gx+2fy+c=0 should represent a pair of lines (without proof), acute angle between the lines (without proof), condition of parallel and perpendicular lines, point of intersection of two lines.

**5. Circle**

Tangent of a circle-equation of a tangent at a point to 1) standard circle,2) general circle, condition of tangency only for line *y = mx + c *to the circle *x*2 + *y*2 = *a*2, tangents to a circle from a point outside the circle, director circle, length of tangent segments, normal to a circle-equation of normal at a point.

**6. Conics**

Tangents and normals-equations of tangent and normal at a point for parabola, ellipse, hyperbola; condition of tangency for parabola; ellipse, hyperbola; tangents in terms of slope for parabola, ellipse, hyperbola, tangents from a point outside conics, locus of points from which two tangents are mutually perpendicular, properties of tangents and normals to conics (without proof).

**7. Vectors**

Revision, Collinearity and coplanarity of vectors : linear combination of vectors, condition of collinearity of two vectors, conditions of coplanarity of three vectors, section formula : section formula for internal and external division, midpoint formula, centroid formula, scaler triple product : definition, formula, properties, geometrical interpretation of scalar triple product, application of vectors to geometry- medians of a triangle are concurrent, altitudes of a triangle are concurrent, angle bisectors of a triangle are concurrent, diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other and converse, median of trapezium is parallel to the parallel sides and its length is half the sum of parallel sides, angle subtended on a semicircle is right angle.

**8. Three dimensional geometry**

Direction cosines and direction ratios: direction angles, direction cosines, direction ratios, relation between direction ratio and direction cosines, angle between two lines, condition of perpendicular lines.

**9. Line**

Equation of line passing through given point and parallel to given vector, equation of line passing through two given points, distance of a point from a line, distance between two skew lines, distance between two parallel lines (vector approach).

### 10. **Plane**

Equation of plane in normal form, equation of plane passing through the given point and perpendicular to given vector, equation of plane passing through the given point and parallel to two given vectors, equation of plane passing through three non- collinear points, equation of plane passing through the intersection of two given planes, angle between two planes, angle between line and plane, condition for the coplanarity of two lines, distance of a point from a plane (vector approach)

### 11 Linear programming problems

Introduction of L.P.P. definition of constraints, objective function, optimization, constraint equations, non- negativity restrictions, feasible and infeasible region, feasible solutions, Mathematical formulation-mathematical formulation of L.P.P. different types of

L.P.P. problems, graphical solutions for problem in two variables, optimum feasible solution.

**Std. XII – PART – 2**

**1. Continuity**

Continuity of a function at a point : left hand limit, right hand limit, definition of continuity of a function at a point, discontinuity of a function, types of discontinuity, algebra of continuous functions, continuity in interval-definition, continuity of some standard functions- polynomial, rational, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic function.

**2. Differentiation**

Revision- revision of derivative, relationship between continuity and differentiability-left hand derivative and right hand derivative (need and concept), every differentiable function is continuous but converse is not true, Derivative of composite function-chain rule, derivative of inverse function, derivative of inverse trigonometric function : Derivative of implicit function definition and examples, derivative of parametric function – definition of parametric function , exponential and logarithmic function- derivative of functions which are expressed in one of the following form a) product of functions, b) quotient of functions, c) higher order derivative, second order derivative d) [f ][g(*x*)]

**3. Applications of derivative**

Geometrical application-tangent and normal at a point, Rolle’s theorem, and Mean value theorem and their geometrical interpretation (without proof), derivative as a rate measure-introduction, increasing and decreasing function, approximation (without proof), Maxima and minima- introduction of extrema and extreme values, maxima and minima in a closed interval, first derivative test, second derivative test.

**4. Integration**

Indefinite integrals-methods of integration, substitution method, integrals of the various types, integration by parts (reduction formulae are not expected), integration by partial fraction-factors involving repeated and non-repeated linear factors, non-repeated quadratic factors, definite integral-definite integral as a limit of sum, fundamental theorem of integral calculus (without proof), evaluation of definite integral 1) by substitution, 2) integration by parts, properties of definite integrals.

**5. Applications of definite integral**

Area under the curve : area bounded by curve and axis (simple problems), area bounded by two curves, volume of solid of revolution-volume of solid obtained by revolving the area under the curve about the axis (simple problems).

**6. Differential equation**

Definition-differential equation, order, degree, general solution, particular solution of differential equation, formation of differential equation-formation of differential equation by eliminating arbitary constants (at most two constants), solution of first order and first degree differential equation-variable separable method, homogeneous differential equation (equation reducible to homogeneous form are not expected), Linear differential equation, applications : population growth, bacterial colony growth, surface area, Newton’s laws of cooling, radioactive decay.

**7. Statistics**

Bivariate frequency distribution – bivariate data, tabulation of bivariate data, scatter diagram, covariance of ungrouped data, covariance for bivariate frequency distribution, Karl Pearson’s coefficient of correlation.

**8. Probability distribution**

Probability distribution of a random variable-definition of a random variable, discrete and continuous random variable, probability mass function (p.m.f.), probability distribution of a discrete random variable, cumulative probability distribution of a discrete random variable, expected value, variance and standard deviation of a discrete random variable, probability density function (p.d.f.), distribution function of a continuous random variable.

**9. Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution**

Definition of Bernoulli trial, conditions for Binomial distribution, binomial distribution (p.m.f.), mean, variance and standard deviation, calculation of probabilities (without proof), Normal distribution : p.d.f., mean, variance and standard deviation, standard normal variable, simple problems (without proof).

**List of Practicals : XII**

- Applications of logic.
- Inverse of a matrix by adjoint method and hence solution of system of linear
- Inverse of a matrix by elementary transformation and hence solution of system of linear
- Solutions of a triangle.
- Tracing of tangents and normals for circle and parabola.
- Tracing of tangents and normals for ellipse and hyperbola.
- Applications of scalar triple product of vectors.
- Three dimensional geometry – line.
- Three dimensional geometry – plane.
- Formations and solutions of LPP.
- Applications of derivatives (Geometric applications).
- Applications of derivatives – Rate Measure.
- Applications of derivatives – Maxima and minima
- Applications of definite integrals – Limit of a sum.
- Applications of definite integrals – Area.
- Applications of definite integrals – Volume.
- Applications of differential equations.
- Bivariate frequency distribution.
- Expected value, variance and S.D of a random variable.
- Binomial distribution.

## FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

### 1. Why should a student go through the Maths syllabus thoroughly?

There are certain benefits of going through the Maharashtra Board Class 12 Maths Syllabus before preparing for Class 12 Maharashtra Board exams. It helps in getting information regarding the syllabus that they have to prepare for in order to score good marks in their Maths exam. It helps the students in setting their goals for the examination. Students can take the help of the syllabus that is being provided by Extramarks to know the important topics and practice in accordance with their strategies. The syllabus provides students with information on section-wise marks distribution so that they know which section to focus more on. Students should definitely go through the Maharashtra State Board Syllabus before starting their preparations. Students will be able to make a proper timetable to study other subjects as well if they know which topics to study

### 2. How can a student prepare well for their Class 12 Mathematics examination?

When it comes to preparation for the exams for Class 12 students, a student must always keep in mind to give a thorough read first to the Maharashtra Board Class 12 Maths Syllabus. That will give the Maths students a clear idea as to what topics they must prepare for, stress the most on, etc. This is one of the best ways that is approved by the teachers, as this makes sure that students utilize their time on topics that have more importance and weightage in exams. Following the completion of their syllabus, students must solve the Maharashtra State Board Sample Papers and Maharashtra State Board Question Papers.

### 3. What are the important topics in the Class 12 Maths Syllabus?

A syllabus is meant for providing the students with information about all the important topics. Students should go and check out the Maharashtra Board Class 12 Maths Syllabus first and then start with their preparations so that things become meaningfully easier for them. The Maharashtra Board Class 12 Maths Syllabus consists of the main topics that a student must cover at the time of his/her exam preparations. This can directly result in the student being confident in their studies and scoring good grades.

### 4. How do I find the latest Maths Syllabus for the year 2022-23?

The Maharashtra Board Class 12 Syllabus is available on the Extramarks’ website. Students can simply type in the search query for the syllabus for Class 12 Maths Maharashtra Board on the website. This will show the student relevant results from which they can proceed and go to the most relevant results. Students can easily download the Maharashtra Board Class 12 Maths in PDF format which will help to get ready for their board as well as their competitive exams.