UP Board Class 10 Science Syllabus

UPMSP Class 10 Science Syllabus

The UP Board Class 10 Science Syllabus gives you an overview of the simple and complex academic chapters that are included. Students can choose and allocate study time based on the chapters’ complexity. They will also be made aware of the topics on which they should concentrate more.

The 2022 Class 10 Science Syllabus UP Board has been made available. The reduced UP Board Science Syllabus Class 10 for the year 2022 has been made available by UPMSP on the website upmsp.edu.in. Students must create a comprehensive study strategy and be well-versed in the new UP Board Syllabus. Understanding the science curriculum is crucial since it gives you clarity on the various chapters covered and allows you to organise your study time accordingly.

The essential resource for developing your board exam study plan is the Class 10 UP Board Science Syllabus. It lets you determine which topics should be prepared for each unit. Additionally, you can learn the weightage assigned to the various board exam subjects, which will help you prepare more carefully for the subjects with higher weightage. Your chances of getting excellent grades on exams become more heightened.

UPMSP Class 10 Science Syllabus download link

The following is the link to get access to the UPMSP Class 10 Science Syllabus directly

  • UPMSP Class 10 Science Syllabus

The Primary content of UPMSP Class 10 Science Syllabus

The primary contents covered in the UPMSP Class 10 Science Syllabus are given below:

  • Unit by unit weightage is provided
  • Topics prescribed by the board from every unit are available
  • Elements of the practical examination
  • A list of experimental tasks for the practical exam
  • A list of tasks that are to be conducted under project work

So that they can systematically study for the Science exam and perform well on the board exam in 2020–21, students must carefully analyse the entire syllabus.

UPMSP Class 10 Science Syllabus- Unit wise


Chemical substances: Nature and Behaviour
  • Chemical reactions
  • Acids, Bases and Salts
  • Metals and non-metals
  • Carbon compounds
  • Periodic classification of elements
20 marks
World of living
  • Life processes
  • Reproduction
  • Heredity and evolution
20 marks
Natural phenomena 
  • Reflection of light
  • Refraction 
12 marks
Current effect
  • Potential difference and electric current
  • Magnetic effects of electric current
13 marks
Natural resources
  • Sources of energy
  • Our environment
  • Management of natural resources
  • Dams 
5 marks
Total  70 marks
Practicals and projects 30 marks
Total  100 marks


Unit 1: Chemical Substances Nature and Behaviour                                                                                20 Marks

Chemical Reactions: Balanced chemical equations, chemical equations, implications of a balanced chemical equation, type of chemical reactions: displacement, double displacement, combination, decomposition, precipitation, neutralisation, oxidation and reduction.

Acids, Bases and Salts: Their definitions include how they provide H+ and OH- ions concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), General properties, examples and uses, the significance of pH in daily life, and how to prepare and use sodium hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris.

Metals and Non-metals: Corrosion and its prevention; Basic metallurgical processes; Reactivity series.

Carbon compounds: Carbon compounds with covalent bonds. The adaptability of carbon. Homologous series. Difference between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons in the nomenclature of carbon compounds that contain functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes, and alkynes). Chemistry of carbon-based substances (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction). Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents.

Periodic classification of elements: Mendeleev’s Periodic Table, the modern periodic table, gradation in qualities, valency, atomic number, metallic and non-metallic properties and need for classification.

Unit 2: World Of Living                                                                                                                             20 Marks

Life Processes: A “Living Being.” Basic understanding of how plants and animals eat, breathe, move and excrete.

Reproduction: Reproduction in both plants and mammals (asexual and sexual) reproductive health: a need for and family planning strategies. HIV/AIDS versus safe sex. Women’s health and having children.

Heredity and Evolution: Mendel’s role in heredity- Trait inheritance laws: (short introduction) Sex determination; fundamental concepts in evolution.

Unit 3: Natural Phenomena                                                                                                                       12 Marks

Light reflection from curved surfaces; spherical mirror images created by the principal axis, principal focus, focal length and mirror formula (Derivation not required).

Refraction: Refractive index and law of refraction. Light is refracted by a spherical lens; Spherical lenses create an image; the lens formula (Derivation not required). The role of the lens in the human eye, visual problems and how to fix them and uses for spherical mirrors and lenses—dispersion of light or the refraction of light through a prism.

Unit 4: Effects of Electric Current                                                                                                                13 Marks

Electric current and potential difference. Resistance, Resistivity, and Ohm’s law are the variables that affect a conductor’s resistance. Parallel and series resistor combinations are both acceptable. Electric current heating effect electrical energy, P, V, I, and R are related to one another.

Magnetic effects of current: magnetic field, field lines, field owing to a conductor that is carrying current, field due to a coil or solenoid that is carrying current, force on a conductor that is carrying current, Electromagnetic induction, the left-hand rule of Fleming, and electric motors current and induced potential difference. Direct current, the Fleming Right Hand Rule, and an electric generator. AC’s alternating frequency is known as AC.

Unit 5: Natural Resources                                                                                                                              05 Marks

Sources of Energy: Various energy sources, both conventional and unconventional: nuclear energy, fossil fuels, solar energy, wind, water and tidal energy. Sources of energy that are renewable versus non-renewable.

Our Environment: Environmental concerns, waste generation and solutions. Substances that are biodegradable and non-biodegradable.

Management of Natural Resources: The judicious management of natural resources. Conservation of coal and petroleum; protection of the environment. Examples of how people have taken part in resource conservation.

Dams: Dams have both benefits and disadvantages—harvesting water. Natural resource sustainability.

UPMSP Class 10 Science Syllabus- Practical Syllabus

The practical exam will be evaluated at the school level, and the distribution of marks will be as follows:


Three experiment  3*3 = 9 marks
Viva  3 marks
Sessional work 3 marks
Total  = 15 marks


List of Experiments                                                                                                                                         15 marks

  1. Performing and observing the following reactions and classifying them into the following:
  • Combination reaction
  • Decomposition reaction
  • Displacement reaction
  • Double displacement reaction
  1. Action of water on quicklime
  2. Action of heat on ferrous sulphate crystals
  3. Iron nails kept in copper sulphate solution
  4. Reaction between sodium sulphate and barium chloride solutions
  1. Studying the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it, determining its resistance, and plotting a graph between V and I. 
  2. Observing the action of Zn, Cu, Fe and Al metals on the following salt solutions:
  • ZnSO4(aq)
  • FeSO4(aq)
  • CuSO4(aq)
  • Al2 (SO4)3(aq)

Arranging Zn, Fe, Cu and Al (metals) in the decreasing order of reactivity based on the above result. 

  1. A. Finding the pH of the following samples by using pH paper/universal indicator:
  • Dilute Hydrochloric Acid
  • Dilute NaOH solution
  • Dilute Ethanoic Acid solution
  • Lemon juice
  • Water
  • Dilute Hydrogen Carbonate solution 
  1. Studying the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) on the basis of their reaction with the following:
  • Litmus solution (Blue/Red)
  • Zinc metal
  • Solid sodium carbonate
  1. Experimentally show that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration.
  2. Determination of the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series and parallel.
  3. Preparing a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata.
  4. Study of the following properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid):
  • Odour
  • Solubility in water
  • Effect on litmus
  • Reaction with Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate
  1. Tracing the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of incidence. Measure the angle of incidence, angle of refraction, angle of emergence and interpret the result.
  2. Study of the comparative cleaning capacity of a soap sample in soft and hard water. 
  3. Determination of the focal length of the following:
  • Concave mirror
  • Convex lens by obtaining the image of a distant object.

 By obtaining the image of a distant object. 

  1. Identification of the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed (Pea, gram or red kidney bean). 
  2. Studying (a) binary fission in Amoeba, and (b) budding in yeast and Hydra with the help of prepared slides. 
  3. Finding the image distance for varying object distances in the case of a convex lens and drawing corresponding ray diagrams to show the nature of the image formed. 
  4. Tracing the path of the rays of light through a glass prism. 

Project List                                                                                                                                                        15 marks

  1. Using pH paper or a universal indicator, determine the pH of the following natural product and the colour change that occurs in acid and basic solutions.
  • Lemon juice
  • beet juice
  • cabbage juice
  • boiled pea water
  • Rose’s petals juice
  1. Creating a chemical garden. (glass Jar, Sand Water Glass Solution, Crystalline Copper, Cobalt, or Manganese Sulphate crystal).
  2. A comparative analysis based on practical observations of the heat produced during various neutralising processes.
  3. To create a modern periodic series on chart paper and analyse it.
  4. To create an electric bell model and research its scientific principles.
  5. Creating the kaleidoscope model
  6. To investigate in depth by listing the characteristics and contributions to science by the renowned Indian scientists.
  7. To create an electric quiz board model by providing the necessary circuit.
  8. Study the role of science in entertainment with the help of pictures.
  9. Put together a list by observing changes in the nature, position, and size of the picture created by the mirror and lens.
  10. Studying the many parts (petals, sepals, androecium, gynoecium) of bisexual flowers like hibiscus and mustard while keeping an eye out for pollination.
  11. To create a human heart model.
  12. To study germination and structure of seeds with the help of bean and maize seed (soaked).
  13. Assembling a herbarium by gathering various plant species.
  14. Plant growth without soil: creating a project report based on practical observation.
  15. To research the use of CNG to reduce air pollution caused by petrol and diesel.
  16. Plastic and polythene significance in daily life and their contribution to environmental pollution.
  17. Study the causes of the city’s increasing noise levels and its negative effects.

UP Board Class 10 Science Syllabus 2023-24

SR.NO Unit Marks
1 Chemical substances-Nature and Behaviour 20
2 World of living 20
3 Natural phenomena 12
4 Effect of current 13
5 Natural resources 05
Total 70
practical and project work 30
Grand total 100

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