Class 12 Biology Syllabus 2023-24 UP Board

UPMSP Class 12 Biology Syllabus

For Class 12 Biology, the most recent syllabus published by the Uttar Pradesh Board (UPMSP) is now accessible for download. In order to perform well on the exam, students are suggested to download the Biology Syllabus Class 12 UP Board. Our highly skilled subject professors thoroughly analysed the syllabus using the most recent Uttar Pradesh Board exam format. We have ensured that the Class 12 Biology Syllabus UP Board has been adequately reviewed and provided. The syllabus is the first and most important thing one must read and is crucial for exam preparation.

Besides the official website of UPMSP, the Biology Class 12 UP Board Syllabus is also available on the Extramarks website. Apart from the syllabus, the Extramarks website also offers UPMSP Sample Question Paper, UPMSP Previous Year Question Paper, UPMSP Syllabus and many other study tools.


Class 12 Biology Syllabus 2023-24 UP Board

Extramarks provides a direct link to the UP Board Class 12 Biology Syllabus, and it is as follows:

  • UPMSP Class 12 Biology Syllabus

Class 12 Biology Syllabus 2023-24 UP Board unit-wise weightage

Understanding the Biology chapter-by-chapter marks distribution for the UP Board 12th Biology Syllabus can be beneficial for doing well in Biology.

Learn the UP Board 12 Biology Syllabus to understand how difficult the exam will be. To get top grades in biology, make a schedule in advance. Students should therefore focus more on studying because doing so will boost their exam results.

Unit  Topic  Marks 
Reproduction  14
Genetics and evolution 18
Biology and human welfare 14
Biotechnology and its applications 10
Ecology and environment 14

UPMSP Class 12 Biology Syllabus- unit wise 

In light of the aforementioned, the remaining 70% of the entire syllabus is as follows:

Unit 1: Reproduction

Chapter 2- Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants

Flower structure; development of the male and female gametophytes; pollination – types, agencies, and examples; outbreeding devices; pollen pistil interaction; double fertilisation; post-fertilization events – development of the endosperm and embryo, development of the seed and formation of the fruit; special modes apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; the significance of seed dispersal and fruit formation.

Chapter 3- Human Reproduction

Female and Male reproductive systems, microscopic anatomy of the testis and ovary, gametogenesis (spermatogenesis and oogenesis), the menstrual cycle, fertilisation, embryo development up to blastocyst formation, implantation, pregnancy and placenta formation, parturition and lactation are all covered.

Chapter 4- Reproductive Health

Birth control: techniques, needs and importance; medical termination of pregnancy (MTP); amniocentesis; the need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs); infertility and assisted reproductive technologies: IVF, ZIFT, GIFT; (elementary idea for general awareness).

Unit 2: Genetics and evolution

Sex determination in humans, birds and honey bees; linkage and crossing over; sex-linked inheritance – haemophilia, colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans – thalassemia; chromosomal abnormalities; chromosomes and genes; incomplete dominance, co-dominance, multiple alleles and inheritance of blood groups; pleiotropy; elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; chromosome theory of inheritance; Sex determination – in humans, birds and honey bee; linkage and crossing over; sex-linked inheritance – haemophilia, colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans – thalassemia; chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.

Chapter 6: Molecular Basis of Inheritance

DNA fingerprinting, genome and human and rice genome projects, transcription, genetic code, translation, gene expression and control – lac operon, search for genetic material, DNA as genetic material, DNA packaging, DNA replication and the central dogma.

Unit 3: Biology and human welfare

Chapter 8- Human Health and Diseases

Pathogens, parasites that cause human diseases like ringworm, filariasis, ascariasis, typhoid, pneumonia, and malaria, as well as methods for controlling them; Immunology fundamentals: cancer, HIV/AIDS, vaccinations; abuse of alcohol and drugs during adolescence.

Chapter 10- Microbes in Human Welfare

Food processing in the home, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy production, and the use of microorganisms as biocontrol and biofertilisers. Production and wise usage of antibiotics.

Unit 4: Biotechnology and its applications

Chapter 11- Biotechnology

Principles and procedures Genetic Modification (Recombinant DNA Technology).

Chapter 12- Biotechnology and its Application

Biotechnology’s use in medicine and agriculture include the creation of human insulin and vaccines, stem cell research, gene therapy, genetically modified organisms such as Bt crops, transgenic animals, and problems with biosafety, biopiracy and patents.

Unit 5: Ecology and environment

Chapter 13- Organisms and Populations

Organisms and their surroundings: habitat and niche, population and ecological adaptations; population interactions such as parasitism, competition, predation, and mutualism; and population features such as growth, mortality and age distribution.

Chapter 15- Biodiversity and its Conservation

Concept, patterns and significance of biodiversity; loss of biodiversity; conservation of biodiversity; hotspots; endangered species; extinction; Red Data Book; biosphere reserves; national parks and sanctuaries.

UPMSP Class 12 Biology Syllabus- List of Practicals

  1. UPMSP Class 12 Biology Syllabus- List of experiments:
  • On a slide, examine pollen germination.
  • Collect soil samples and analyse them for texture, moisture content, pH and water-holding capacity from at least two locations. Relate to the kind of plants that can be found there.
  • Gather water from two different nearby water sources, then analyse it to check its pH, clarity and existence of any living things.
  • To examine mitosis, prepare a temporary mount of the onion root tip.
  • Analyse the impact of three distinct pH levels, three different temperatures and salivary amylase activity on starch.
  • Take available plant material, such as spinach, green pea seeds, papaya, etc. and isolate the DNA.
  1. UPMSP Class 12 Biology Syllabus- Observation/Study of the following (spotting):
  • Identify stages of gamete development, i.e., T.S. of testis and T.S. of the ovary, through permanent slides (from grasshopper/mice).
  • Two plants and two animals were discovered in aquatic environments (models or virtual images). Please comment on their morphological adjustments..
  • Flowers are adapted to pollination by different agencies (insects, wind, birds).
  • Prepare pedigree charts of any one of the genetic traits such as rolling of tongue, blood groups, ear lobes, widow’s peak and colourblindness.
  • Meiosis in onion bud cells or grasshopper testis through permanent slides.
  • Two animals and two plants (models/virtual images) found in xeric conditions. Comment upon their morphological adaptations.
  • T.S. of blastula through permanent slides(Mammalian).
  • Common disease-causing organisms like Ascaris, Entamoeba, Plasmodium and any fungus causing ringworm through permanent specimens or slides. Comment on symptoms of diseases that they can cause.

UP Board Class 12 Biology Syllabus 2023-24

SR.No. Units Marks
1 Reproductions 14
2 Genetic and evolution 18
3 Biology and Human welfare 14
4 Biotechnology and its applications 10
5 Ecology and Environment 14
Total 70

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. How do I access the class 12 biology syllabus for the UP board?

On the Uttar Pradesh Board of Intermediate Education website, the UPMSP Class 12 Biology Syllabus is readily available for download. The website offers a search feature that allows you to enter your question and display the results.

2. What characteristics does the Biology syllabus of the UP board have?

The units and chapter names you will be learning throughout the year as part of the course structure are mentioned in the UP board syllabus for class 12 biology. In addition, it lists the subjects and subtopics that are covered in each chapter. Two more essential factors of the syllabus are the format of the questions and the marking scheme.