CBSE Class 10 History Chapter 3 Notes – The Making of a Global World

In Class 10 History Chapter 3 Notes, students will study globalisation, its repercussions, the silk route and the events that happened in different centuries. Class 10 Chapter 3 History Notes will give students information about the movement of people across the world and how it paved the way for globalisation. The CBSE revision notes of Class 10 History Chapter 3 provided by Extramarks have been created by experts according to the CBSE syllabus. These notes are reliable, informative and precise, which will give students an overview of all the topics of Chapter 3 covered in NCERT books

All the concepts are explained in simple language in Chapter 3 History Class 10 Notes to make them easy to understand for students who struggle with this subject. These notes include important questions to help students efficiently prepare for exams. Along with the Class 10 History Notes Chapter 3, students can also download and solve CBSE extra questions, CBSE sample papers and CBSE past years’ question papers provided on the Extramarks website. It will help students understand the exam pattern and learn time management, which will help them perform well in exams.

The Making of a Global World Class 10 Notes History Chapter 

The Silk Route

In ancient times, the silk route linked numerous places around the world to establish trade relations and cultural alliances. It existed before the Christian era and reached its peak during the 15th century. Interestingly, the religious preachers and leaders who practised religions such as Buddhism, Christianity and Islam travelled through these routes. The silk route spanned across land and sea and was used for trading and exchanging crucial goods such as textiles, Chinese pottery, Indian spices, and precious metals. Several historians have identified these silk routes in modern times

Food Too Saw New Places

As people moved from one place to another, cultures and customs also reached new places. The traders, priests and invaders carried the crops to the new lands they travelled to. This way, food also reached the farthest places, nooks and corners of the world. For example, food items such as noodles are readily available in every country all over the world. 


Land up for Grabs


With improvements in the transportation system, people wanted to travel to different corners of the world and discover new places. People also looked for more potential buyers to sell their products. Before the nineteenth century, the Indian Ocean was an important sea route, and trade activities were carried on through this sea route in India. 


After Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492, countries such as Spain and Portugal followed the same route to colonise the “new” lands. These conquerors began to pay attention to other North American countries like Mexico and South American territories like Peru.


The Portuguese colonists brought certain diseases to the North American region. They did not use guns or fight with swords to kill the natives; the contagious diseases they carried killed many people. Before the nineteenth century, China and India were relatively wealthy compared to European towns, which were not as developed.


The Nineteenth Century


From the advent of the nineteenth century, globalisation accelerated and spread to different parts of the world. 

  • Numerous traders went to far-off places in search of good markets. 
  • People from poor countries migrated to rich nations for work. 
  • Several people carried money to foreign lands with long-term and short-term objectives in mind.
  • During this time, Britain saw enormous growth in industrialisation. As people had enough money, they flocked to the cities to get work in the industries. It led to an increased demand for agricultural goods. Countries like Russia, America, Australia and Eastern Europe met the increased demand for agricultural goods.


As people moved from one place to another, a better network of railways and harbours was required. To build them, thousands of workers were needed. As a result, almost 50 million people migrated from Europe to America and Australia in search of work and a better future. 


By 1890, the world witnessed a change. For example, food in England came from far-off places like America, and people no longer practised local farming. On the other hand, these supplier nations constructed railways, roads, and harbours to aid in the efficient transportation of commodities to Europe. So, these areas also saw huge developments.


Late Nineteenth Century


There were some repercussions of globalisation as well: 

  • The traders who settled in different countries began to rule the regions and exploited the people and resources for their selfish motives. 
  • In Africa, the Europeans imposed heavy taxes and strict inheritance laws. This made Africans work as labourers under the European colonists. 
  • Many people from India migrated to areas such as Caribbean Islands, Mauritius and Fiji and worked as indentured labourers. 
  • Due to industrialisation in England, the exports of India stopped, and people imported cheap goods from Britain. The availability of raw materials increased, which emptied the treasures of India. 


Did You Know?


The term globalisation was coined by Theodore Levitt as per the information published in the New York Times.