NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Accountancy Chapter 5 Accounting Ratios

### A:

Current ratio = 4:1

Liquid ratio = 1:1

Current liabilities = ₹75,000

Then liquid assets = ₹75,000

Current assets = ₹75,000 x 4 = ₹3,00,000

Inventory = Current assets – Liquid assets

= ₹3,00,000 – ₹75,000 = ₹2,25,000

### A:

Current ratio = 4.5:1

Quick ratio = 3:1

Let current liabilities = X

Then current assets = 4.5X

Current liabilities = 3X

Inventory = 4.5X – 3X = 1.5X

1.5X = ₹36,000

X = Current liabilities = ₹24,000

Current assets = ₹24,000 x 4.5 = ₹1,08,000

### A:

Ratio analysis refers to a technique of analysing the financial statements by computing various types of ratios. In other words, it is a process of determining and interpreting relationship between the items of financial statements to provide a meaningful result of the performance and financial position of a business.

### A:

Yes, it is true that the liquidity of a business firm is measured by its ability to pay its long term obligations as they become due. Here the long term obligation means payments of principal amount on the due date and payment of interest on the regular basis. For measuring the long term solvency of any business we calculate the following ratios:

1. Debt-equity ratio
2. Total assets to debt ratio
3. Proprietary ratio and
4. Interest coverage ratio

### A:

1. Inventory turnover ratio establishes relationship between Cost of Revenue from Operations and Average Inventory.
2. Trade receivables turnover ratio establishes relationship between Net Credit Revenue from Operations and Average Trade Receivables.
3. Trade payable turnover ratio indicates the relationship between credit purchases and average trade payables.
4. Working capital turnover ratio establishes relationship between Revenue from Operations and Working Capital.

### A:

Accounting ratios are classified as follows:

1. Profitability Ratios: They include Gross Profit Ratio, Net Profit Ratio, Operating Ratio, Operating Profit Ratio and Return on Investment Ratio.
2. Turnover or Performance or Activity Ratios: These ratios comprise Inventory Turnover Ratio, Trade Receivables Turnover Ratio, Trade Payables Turnover Ratio and Working Capital Turnover Ratio.
3. Solvency Ratios: They include Debt Equity Ratio, Total Assets to Debt Ratio, Proprietary Ratio and Interest Coverage Ratio.
4. Liquidity Ratios: These ratios consist of Current Ratio and Liquid Ratio.

### A:

To meet its commitments, business needs liquid funds. The ability of the business to pay the amount due to stakeholders as and when it is due is known as liquidity, and the ratios calculated to measure it are known as ‘Liquidity Ratios’. These ratios are calculated to measure the short-term solvency of the business, i.e. the firm’s ability to meet its current obligations. Liquidity ratios include current ratio and liquid ratio.

Current Ratio: It indicates the amount of current assets available for repayment of current liabilities. Higher the ratio, the greater is the short term solvency of a firm and vice a versa. However, a very high ratio or very low ratio is a matter of concern. If the ratio is very high it means the current assets are lying idle. Very low ratio means the short term solvency of the firm is not good. Thus, the ideal current ratio of a company is 2:1 i.e. to repay current liabilities; there should be twice current assets.

Liquid ratio: This ratio establishes a relationship between liquid assets and current liabilities. Liquid ratio is a measure of the instant debt paying capacity of the business enterprise. It is a measure of the extent to which liquid resources are immediately available to meet current obligations. A quick ratio of 1:1 is considered good/favourable for a company. For the purpose of calculating this ratio, inventory and prepaid expenses are not taken into account as these may not be converted into cash in a very short period.

### Benefits of NCERT Solutions

It is highly recommended to refer to NCERT Solutions while preparing for class 12 board exams. Here are some of the benefits of using NCERT Solutions by Extramarks.
1. It is written in such a manner to help the student enjoy the learning journey.

2. It aims to help students grasp the concepts of every chapter.
3. It comes with in-depth explanations to help student boost their confidence.

4. Diagrams are provided, wherever required in the solution.
5. It is free of cost.

### Tips & Strategies for Class 12 Exam Preparation

1. Start with making a time table. Prioritize the important topics and study them well.

2. Class 12 is important for your career, therefore follow your time table religiously.

3. Always make brief notes while studying a chapter as they will come in handy for revision before the exam.

4. Understand your concepts, diagrams etc. with NCERT Solutions given on the Extramarks website and the Extramarks – The Learning App.

5. Most importantly, be confident.

### Why Opt for Extramarks NCERT Solutions for Class 12 ?

Class 12 board exams are the pillars of a successful career in your life. Thus, with the right study materials, students will be able to achieve their desired marks in exams. NCERT Solutions for class 12 by Extramarks will greatly help students in understanding chapters and will be like a companion in their learning journey.

## Frequently Asked Questions

How to study for the Class 12 Maths CBSE exam?

Math is a subject that analyses the critical and analytical thinking of a student and tests numerical questions. So, the best way to prepare for Math is by studying the NCERT solutions. Make a timetable, jot down the important formulas, and theorems, make time for revision and give as much time as you can give to practicing questions. Solve a maximum number of questions and time your efforts. Extramarks - The Learning App has several sample papers along with NCERT 12 solutions that can be used for practicing for class 12 Math exam.

How to Prepare for Class 12 Board Exams?

Class 12 exams seem like a major feat, but they are actually quite simple and really just a milestone that every student cross in his/her academic life. There is nothing to fear as you can easily prepare for the exams with the help of NCERT solutions for class 12 that are given on the Extramarks website or Extramarks – The Learning App

What part of the CBSE Class 12 exam syllabus is covered in the NCERT books?

The CBSE guide for class 12 study material NCERT contains all syllabus prescribed to students of class 12. Look for NCERT solutions on the Extramarks website in the footer section and you will find all solutions there.

Do you provide solutions for All subjects for class 12 CBSE?

Yes, Extramarks provides all NCERT class 12 solutions for all subjects for class 12. Extramarks - The Learning App also has solved and unsolved sample papers that you can use to practice for your exams. You can also find the previous years solved board question paper on the app.

What are some expert tips to score good marks in Class 12 CBSE?

To score good marks in class 12 CBSE board exams, you must follow these tips:

1. Make a timetable to study well. Organize and prioritize the topics you want to study and haven`t yet had the time to open. Start studying with the most crucial topics.

2. Follow your timetable religiously. Save time for relaxing activities like meditation, swimming or sleeping.

3. Make brief notes containing important answers, character sketches, theorems, formulae, etc. Make clear notes so you can study them before the exam.

4. Learn from class 12 NCERT solutions given on Extramarks website.

5. Be confident that you can crack these exams and take time off to relax.

6. Revise thoroughly before the exam.

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