CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus
CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Physics
Class 11 is an important year for CBSE students as it acts as the foundation for their board exam the next year. The students need to get wellversed with the CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus to know which chapters they need to focus on more for their exams.
CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Physics Term (1 & 2) 202324
The Central Board of Education has divided the CBSE Class 11 Syllabus Physics into two parts for the Term 1 and 2 exams. The CBSE syllabus is designed in a way that covers all the important topics in Physics for the Class 11 students and helps them get ready for the next year.
CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus – Free PDF Download
The official syllabus for CBSE Class 11 Physics is available on our website and can be downloaded. The students can easily navigate through our website and download the PDF for the syllabus.
CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Physics Term (1 & 2) 202324 – PDF Download
Extramarks is offering an easy and fast way to obtain the complete 20232024 CBSE Class 11 Physics syllabus for both Term 1 and 2 on the website.
NCERT Class 11 CBSE Physics Syllabus
The NCERT books prescribed for the Class 11 students for Physics can help the students acquire good marks in their Term 1 and 2 exams with ease. The students must go through CBSE past years’ question papers and practice the CBSE important questions on our site to do their best in the exams.
CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus
The CBSE board has already released the complete syllabus for Class 11 Physics at the beginning of the academic year. The syllabus offers a preview of the chapters and the topics of which the students need to have a thorough understanding. It is the beginning of a journey of strategic preparation for the subject.
Physics Class 11 Term 2 Syllabus
No. of Periods  Marks  
UnitI  Physical World and Measurement  6  20 
Chapter–1: Physical World  
Chapter–2: Units and Measurements  
UnitII  Kinematics  16  
Chapter–3: Motion in a Straight Line  
Chapter–4: Motion in a Plane  
UnitIII  Laws of Motion  10  
Chapter–5: Laws of Motion  
UnitIV  Work, Energy and Power  12  15 
Chapter–6: Work, Energy and Power  
UnitV  Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body  16  
Chapter–7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion  
UnitVI  Gravitation  8  
Chapter–8: Gravitation  
Total  68  35 
CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Physics Term 2
Unit  Chapters  Periods  Marks 
UnitVII  Properties of Bulk Matter  22  23 
Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids  
Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids  
Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter  
UnitVIII  Thermodynamics  10  
Chapter–12: Thermodynamics  
UnitIX  Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases  08  
Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory  
UnitX  Oscillations and Waves  23  12 
Chapter–14: Oscillations  
Chapter–15: Waves  
Total  63  35 
Why is the NCERT Syllabus For Class 11 Important?
The CBSE boards and teachers of Class 11 always give high importance to the Physics syllabus.
 It allows the students to know which Physics chapters they have to study in Class 11.
 It helps them create an effective study plan for the entire year.
 Students can know about the unitwise marks distribution for the exam by going through the syllabus.
 The syllabus is available on our website and downloading it is extremely easy.
CBSE Physics Practical Term Syllabus for Class 11 202324 Wise
The Physics Practical syllabus is divided into 2 terms.
Term 1 syllabus
The record, to be submitted by the students, at the time of their first term examination, has to include:
Record of at least 4 Experiments, to be performed by the students.
Record of at least 3 Activities [with 3 each from section A and section B], to be demonstrated by the teacher.
Time Allowed: One and half hours Max. Marks: 30
Two experiments one from each section  8 Marks 
Practical record (experiment and activities)  2 Marks 
Viva on experiments, and activities  5 Marks 
Total  15 Marks 
Experiments
1. To measure the diameter of a small spherical/cylindrical body and to measure the internal diameter and depth of a given beaker/calorimeter using Vernier Calipers and hence find its volume.
2. To measure the diameter of a given wire and thickness of a given sheet using a screw gauge.
OR
To determine the volume of an irregular lamina using a screw gauge.
 To determine radius of curvature of a given spherical surface by a spherometer.
 To determine the mass of two different objects using a beam balance.
 To find the weight of a given body using the parallelogram law of vectors.
 Using a simple pendulum, plot its LT 2 graph and use it to find the effective length of second’s pendulum.
OR
To study variation of time period of a simple pendulum of a given length by taking bobs of same size but different masses and interpret the result.
 To study the relationship between force of limiting friction and normal reaction and to find the coefficient of friction between a block and a horizontal surface.
OR
To find the downward force, along an inclined plane, acting on a roller due to the gravitational pull of the earth and study its relationship with the angle of inclination θ by plotting a graph between force and sin θ.
Term 2 and activities syllabus are given below
Physics Syllabus Activities for CBSE Class 11
SectionA
 To make a paper scale of given least count, e.g., 0.2cm, 0.5 cm.
 To determine mass of a given body using a metre scale by principle of moments.
 To plot a graph for a given set of data, with proper choice of scales and error bars.
 To measure the force of limiting friction for rolling of a roller on a horizontal plane.
 To study the variation in range of a projectile with angle of projection.
 To study the conservation of energy of a ball rolling down on an inclined plane (using a double inclined plane).
 To study dissipation of energy of a simple pendulum by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.
SectionB
 To observe change of state and plot a cooling curve for molten wax.
 To observe and explain the effect of heating on a bimetallic strip.
 To note the change in level of liquid in a container on heating and interpret the observations.
 To study the effect of detergent on surface tension of water by observing capillary rise.
 To study the factors affecting the rate of loss of heat of a liquid.
 To study the effect of load on depression of a suitably clamped metre scale loaded at (i) its end (ii) in the middle.
 To observe the decrease in pressure with increase in velocity of a fluid.
Term II Practical Syllabus for CBSE Class 11 Physics
The record, to be submitted by the students, at the time of their annual examination, has to include:
Record of at least 4 Experiments, to be performed by the students.
Record of at least 3 Activities [with 3 each from section A and section B], to be demonstrated by the teacher.
Time Allowed: One and half hours Max. Marks: 30
Two experiments one from each section  8 Marks 
Practical record (experiment and activities)  2 Marks 
Viva on experiments, and activities  5 Marks 
Total  15 Marks 
Experiments
 To determine Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a given wire.
OR
To find the force constant of a helical spring by plotting a graph between load and extension.
 To study the variation in volume with pressure for a sample of air at constant temperature by plotting graphs between P and V, and between P and 1/V.
 To determine the surface tension of water by capillary rise method.
OR
To determine the coefficient of viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
 To study the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time by plotting a cooling curve.
 To determine specific heat capacity of a given solid by method of mixtures.
 To study the relation between frequency and length of a given wire under constant tension using sonometer.
OR
To study the relation between the length of a given wire and tension for constant frequency using sonometer.
 To find the speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube by two resonance positions.
The activities part of the practical syllabus has already been discussed above.
nts prepare for their exams in a better way.
PHYSICS
Class XIXII (Code No.42) (202223)
Senior Secondary stage of school education is a stage of transition from general education to disciplinebased focus on curriculum. The present updated syllabus keeps in view the rigor and depth of disciplinary approach as well as the comprehension level of learners. Due care has also been taken that the syllabus is comparable to the international standards. Salient features of the syllabus include:
Emphasis on basic conceptual understanding of the content.
Emphasis on use of SI units, symbols, nomenclature of physical quantities and formulations as per international standards.
Providing logical sequencing of units of the subject matter and proper placement of concepts with their linkage for better learning.
Reducing the curriculum load by eliminating overlapping of concepts/content within the discipline and other disciplines.
Promotion of processskills, problemsolving abilities and applications of Physics concepts.
Besides, the syllabus also attempts to
Strengthen the concepts developed at the secondary stage to provide firm foundation for further learning in the subject.
Expose the learners to different processes used in Physicsrelated industrial and technological applications.
Develop processskills and experimental, observational, manipulative, decision making and investigatory skills in the learners.
Promote problem solving abilities and creative thinking in learners.
Develop conceptual competence in the learners and make them realize and appreciate the interface of Physics with other disciplines.
PHYSICS (Code No. 042) COURSE STRUCTURE
Class XI – 202223 (Theory)
Time: 3 hrs. Max Marks: 70
No. of Periods  Marks  
Unit–I  Physical World and Measurement 
08 
23 
Chapter–2: Units and Measurements  
UnitII  Kinematics 
24 

Chapter–3: Motion in a Straight Line  
Chapter–4: Motion in a Plane  
Unit–III  Laws of Motion 
14 

Chapter–5: Laws of Motion  
Unit–IV  Work, Energy and Power 
14 
17 
Chapter–6: Work, Energy and Power  
Unit–V  Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body 
18 

Chapter–7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion  
UnitVI  Gravitation 
12 

Chapter–8: Gravitation  
Unit–VII  Properties of Bulk Matter 
24 
20 
Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids  
Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids  
Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter  
Unit–VIII  Thermodynamics 
12 

Chapter–12: Thermodynamics  
Unit–IX  Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases 
08 

Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory  
Unit–X  Oscillations and Waves 
26 
10 
Chapter–14: Oscillations  
Chapter–15: Waves  
Total  160  70 
Unit I: Physical World and Measurement 08 Periods Chapter–2: Units and Measurements
Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. significant figures. Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.
Unit II: Kinematics 24 Periods
Chapter–3: Motion in a Straight Line
Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line, Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion, uniform and non uniform motion, and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity – time and positiontime graphs. Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
Chapter–4: Motion in a Plane
Scalar and vector quantities; position and displacement vectors, general vectors and their notations; equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors, Unit vector; resolution of a vector in a plane, rectangular components, Scalar and Vector product of vectors.
Motion in a plane, cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration projectile motion, uniform circular motion.
Unit III: Laws of Motion 14 Periods
Chapter–5: Laws of Motion
Intuitive concept of force, Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion.
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
Equilibrium of concurrent forces, Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on a banked road).
Unit IV: Work, Energy and Power 14 Periods
Chapter–6: Work, Energy and Power
Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy, work energy theorem, power.
Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces: non conservative forces, motion in a vertical circle; elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
Unit V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body 18Periods Chapter–7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion
Centre of mass of a twoparticle system, momentum conservation and Centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of a uniform rod.
Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, law of conservation of angular momentum and its applications.
Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions.
Moment of inertia, radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects (no derivation).
Unit VI: Gravitation 12 Periods
Chapter–8: Gravitation
Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.
Gravitational potential energy and gravitational potential, escape velocity,
orbital velocity of a satellite.
Unit VII: Properties of Bulk Matter 24 Periods Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids
Elasticity, Stressstrain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus of rigidity (qualitative idea only), Poisson’s ratio; elastic energy.
Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids
Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes), effect of gravity on fluid pressure.
Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its simple applications.
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.
Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter
Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases, anomalous expansion of water; specific heat capacity; Cp, Cv – calorimetry; change of state – latent heat capacity.
Heat transferconduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation, Wein’s displacement Law, Stefan’s law .
Unit VIII: Thermodynamics 12 Periods
Chapter–12: Thermodynamics
Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature zeroth law of thermodynamics, heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics,
Second law of thermodynamics: gaseous state of matter, change of condition
of gaseous state isothermal, adiabatic, reversible, irreversible, and cyclic processes.
Unit IX:Behavior of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases 08Periods Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory
Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done in compressing a gas.
Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature; rms speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path, Avogadro’s number.
Unit X: Oscillations and Waves 26 Periods
Chapter–14: Oscillations
Periodic motion – time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions and their application.
Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equations of motion; phase; oscillations of a loaded spring restoring force and force constant; energy in
S.H.M. Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum derivation of expression for its time period.
Chapter–15: Waves
Wave motion: Transverse and longitudinal waves, speed of travelling wave, displacement relation for a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats.
PRACTICALS
Total Periods: 60
The record, to be submitted by the students, at the time of their annual examination, has to include:
 Record of at least 8 Experiments [with 4 from each section], to be performed by the
 Record of at least 6 Activities [with 3 each from section A and section B], to be performed by the
 Report of the project carried out by the
EVALUATION SCHEME
Time 3 hours Max. Marks: 30
Topic  Marks 
Two experiments one from each section  7+7 
Practical record (experiment and activities)  5 
One activity from any section  3 
Investigatory Project  3 
Viva on experiments, activities and project  5 
Total  30 
SECTION–A
Experiments
 To measure diameter of a small spherical/cylindrical body and to measure internal diameter and depth of a given beaker/calorimeter using Vernier Callipers and hence find its
 To measure diameter of a given wire and thickness of a given sheet using screw
 To determine volume of an irregular lamina using screw
 To determine radius of curvature of a given spherical surface by a
 To determine the mass of two different objects using a beam
 To find the weight of a given body using parallelogram law of
 Using a simple pendulum, plot its LT2 graph and use it to find the effective length of second’s
 To study variation of time period of a simple pendulum of a given length by taking bobs of same size but different masses and interpret the
 To study the relationship between force of limiting friction and normal reaction and to find the co efficient of friction between a block and a horizontal
 To find the downward force, along an inclined plane, acting on a roller due to gravitational pull of the earth and study its relationship with the angle of inclination θ by plotting graph between force and Sinθ.
Activities
 To make a paper scale of given least count, g., 0.2cm, 0.5 cm.
 To determine mass of a given body using a metre scale by principle of
 To plot a graph for a given set of data, with proper choice of scales and error
 To measure the force of limiting friction for rolling of a roller on a horizontal
 To study the variation in range of a projectile with angle of
 To study the conservation of energy of a ball rolling down on an inclined plane (using a double inclined plane).
 To study dissipation of energy of a simple pendulum by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and
SECTION–B
Experiments
 To determine Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a given
 To find the force constant of a helical spring by plotting a graph between load and
 To study the variation in volume with pressure for a sample of air at constant temperature by plotting graphs between P and V, and between P and 1/V.
 To determine the surface tension of water by capillary rise
 To determine the coefficient of viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical
 To study the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time by plotting a cooling
 To determine specific heat capacity of a given solid by method of
 To study the relation between frequency and length of a given wire under constant tension using
 To study the relation between the length of a given wire and tension for constant frequency using
 To find the speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube by two resonance positions.
Activities
 To observe change of state and plot a cooling curve for molten
 To observe and explain the effect of heating on a bimetallic
 To note the change in level of liquid in a container on heating and interpret the
 To study the effect of detergent on surface tension of water by observing capillary
 To study the factors affecting the rate of loss of heat of a
 To study the effect of load on depression of a suitably clamped metre scale loaded at (i) its end (ii) in the
 To observe the decrease in pressure with increase in velocity of a
Practical Examination for Visually Impaired Students Class XI
Note: Same Evaluation scheme and general guidelines for visually impaired students as given for Class XII may be followed.
A. Items for Identification/Familiarity of the apparatus for assessment in practical’s (All experiments)
Spherical ball, Cylindrical objects, vernier calipers, beaker, calorimeter, Screw gauge, wire, Beam balance, spring balance, weight box, gram and milligram weights, forceps, Parallelogram law of vectors apparatus, pulleys and pans used in the same ‘weights’ used, Bob and string used in a simple pendulum, meter scale, split cork, suspension arrangement, stop clock/stop watch, Helical spring, suspension arrangement used, weights, arrangement used for measuring extension, Sonometer, Wedges, pan and pulley used in it, ‘weights’ Tuning Fork, Meter scale, Beam balance, Weight box, gram and milligram weights, forceps, Resonance Tube, Tuning Fork, Meter scale, Flask/Beaker used for adding water.
B. List of Practicals
 To measure diameter of a small spherical/cylindrical body using vernier
 To measure the internal diameter and depth of a given beaker/calorimeter using vernier calipers and hence find its
 To measure diameter of given wire using screw
 To measure thickness of a given sheet using screw
 To determine the mass of a given object using a beam
 To find the weight of given body using the parallelogram law of
 Using a simple pendulum plot LT and LT2 Hence find the effective length of second’s pendulum using appropriate length values.
 To find the force constant of given helical spring by plotting a graph between load and
 (i) To study the relation between frequency and length of a given wire under constant tension using a
(ii) To study the relation between the length of a given wire and tension, for constant frequency, using a sonometer.
 To find the speed of sound in air, at room temperature, using a resonance tube, by observing the two resonance
Note: The above practicals may be carried out in an experiential manner rather than recording observations.
Prescribed Books:
 Physics PartI, Textbook for Class XI, Published by NCERT
 Physics PartII, Textbook for Class XI, Published by NCERT
 Laboratory Manual of Physics, Class XI Published by NCERT
 The list of other related books and manuals brought out by NCERT (consider multimedia also).
Note:
The content indicated in NCERT textbooks as excluded for the year 202223 is not to be tested by schools.
CLASS XII (202223) PHYSICS (THEORY)
Time: 3 hrs. Max Marks: 70
No. of Periods  Marks  
Unit–I  Electrostatics 
26 
16 
Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields  
Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance  
UnitII  Current Electricity 
18 

Chapter–3: Current Electricity  
UnitIII  Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism 
25 
17 
Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism  
Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter  
UnitIV  Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents 
24 

Chapter–6: Electromagnetic Induction  
Chapter–7: Alternating Current  
Unit–V  Electromagnetic Waves 
04 
18 
Chapter–8: Electromagnetic Waves  
Unit–VI  Optics 
30 

Chapter–9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments  
Chapter–10: Wave Optics  
Unit–VII  Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter 
8 
12 
Chapter–11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter  
Unit–VIII  Atoms and Nuclei 
15 

Chapter–12: Atoms  
Chapter–13: Nuclei  
Unit–IX  Electronic Devices 
10 
7 
Chapter–14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits  
Total  160  70 
Unit I: Electrostatics 26 Periods
Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields
Electric charges, Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s lawforce between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in uniform electric field.
Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside).
Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of twopoint charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.
Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor (no derivation, formulae only).
Unit II: Current Electricity 18 Periods
Chapter–3: Current Electricity
Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, VI characteristics (linear and nonlinear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity, temperature dependence of resistance, Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel, Kirchhoff’s rules, Wheatstone bridge.
Unit III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism 25 Periods
Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism
Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment.
Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.
Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire. Straight solenoid (only qualitative treatment), force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.
Force on a currentcarrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, force between two parallel currentcarrying conductorsdefinition of ampere, torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, moving coil galvanometer its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter
Bar magnet, bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid (qualitative treatment only), magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis (qualitative treatment only), torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field (qualitative treatment only), magnetic field lines.
Magnetic properties of materials Para, dia and ferro – magnetic substances with examples, Magnetization of materials, effect of temperature on magnetic properties.
Unit IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents 24 Periods Chapter–6: Electromagnetic Induction
Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s laws, induced EMF and current; Lenz’s Law, Self and mutual induction.
Chapter–7: Alternating Current
Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit (phasors only), resonance, power in AC circuits, power factor, wattless current.
AC generator, Transformer.
Unit V: Electromagnetic waves 04 Periods Chapter–8: Electromagnetic Waves
Basic idea of displacement current, Electromagnetic waves, their characteristics, their transverse nature (qualitative idea only).
Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, Xrays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.
Unit VI: Optics 30 Periods
Chapter–9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Ray Optics: Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula, refraction of light, total internal reflection and optical fibers, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens maker’s formula, magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact, refraction of light through a prism.
Optical instruments: Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
Chapter–10: Wave Optics
Wave optics: Wave front and Huygen’s principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle. Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width (No derivation final expression only), coherent sources and sustained interference of light, diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maxima (qualitative treatment only).
Unit VII: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter 08 Periods
Chapter–11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Dual nature of radiation, Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equationparticle nature of light.
Experimental study of photoelectric effect
Matter waveswave nature of particles, deBroglie relation.
Unit VIII: Atoms and Nuclei 15 Periods
Chapter–12: Atoms
Alphaparticle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model of hydrogen atom, Expression for radius of nth possible orbit, velocity and energy of electron in his orbit, of hydrogen line spectra (qualitative treatment only).
Chapter–13: Nuclei
Composition and size of nucleus, nuclear force
Massenergy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission, nuclear fusion.
Unit IX: Electronic Devices 10 Periods
Chapter–14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors and insulators (qualitative ideas only) Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors p and n type, pn junction
Semiconductor diode – IV characteristics in forward and reverse bias, application of junction diode diode as a rectifier.
PRACTICALS
Total Periods 60
The record to be submitted by the students at the time of their annual examination has to include:
Record of at least 8 Experiments [with 4 from each section], to be performed by the students.
Record of at least 6 Activities [with 3 each from section A and section B], to be performed by the students.
The Report of the project carried out by the students.
Evaluation Scheme
Max. Marks: 30
Time 3 hours
Two experiments one from each section  7+7 Marks 
Practical record [experiments and activities]  5 Marks 
One activity from any section  3 Marks 
Investigatory Project  3 Marks 
Viva on experiments, activities and project  5 Marks 
Total  30 marks 
Experiments SECTION–A
 To determine resistivity of two / three wires by plotting a graph for potential difference versus current.
 To find resistance of a given wire / standard resistor using metre
 To verify the laws of combination (series) of resistances using a metre
OR
To verify the laws of combination (parallel) of resistances using a metre bridge.
 To determine resistance of a galvanometer by halfdeflection method and to find its figure of
 To convert the given galvanometer (of known resistance and figure of merit) into a voltmeter of desired range and to verify the
OR
To convert the given galvanometer (of known resistance and figure of merit) into an ammeter of desired range and to verify the same.
 To find the frequency of AC mains with a
Activities
 To measure the resistance and impedance of an inductor with or without iron
 To measure resistance, voltage (AC/DC), current (AC) and check continuity of a given circuit using
 To assemble a household circuit comprising three bulbs, three (on/off) switches, a fuse and a power source.
 To assemble the components of a given electrical
 To study the variation in potential drop with length of a wire for a steady
 To draw the diagram of a given open circuit comprising at least a battery, resistor/rheostat, key, ammeter and voltmeter. Mark the components that are not connected in proper order and correct the circuit and also the circuit
SECTIONB
Experiments
 To find the value of v for different values of u in case of a concave mirror and to find the focal
 To find the focal length of a convex mirror, using a convex
 To find the focal length of a convex lens by plotting graphs between u and v or between 1/u and 1/v.
 To find the focal length of a concave lens, using a convex
 To determine angle of minimum deviation for a given prism by plotting a graph
between angle of incidence and angle of deviation.
 To determine refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling
 To find the refractive index of a liquid using convex lens and plane
 To find the refractive index of a liquid using a concave mirror and a plane
 To draw the IV characteristic curve for a pn junction diode in forward and reverse
Activities
 To identify a diode, an LED, a resistor and a capacitor from a mixed collection of such items.
 Use of multimeter to see the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED and check whether a given electronic component (e.g., diode) is in working
 To study effect of intensity of light (by varying distance of the source) on an
 To observe refraction and lateral deviation of a beam of light incident obliquely on a glass
 To observe diffraction of light due to a thin
 To study the nature and size of the image formed by a (i) convex lens, or (ii) concave mirror, on a screen by using a candle and a screen (for different distances of the candle from the lens/mirror).
 To obtain a lens combination with the specified focal length by using two lenses from the given set of
Suggested Investigatory Projects
 To study various factors on which the internal resistance/EMF of a cell
 To study the variations in current flowing in a circuit containing an LDR because of a variation in
 the power of the incandescent lamp, used to ‘illuminate’ the LDR (keeping all the lamps at a fixed distance).
 the distance of a incandescent lamp (of fixed power) used to ‘illuminate’ the
 To find the refractive indices of (a) water (b) oil (transparent) using a plane mirror, an equiconvex lens (made from a glass of known refractive index) and an adjustable object
 To investigate the relation between the ratio of (i) output and input voltage and (ii) number of turns in the secondary coil and primary coil of a selfdesigned
 To investigate the dependence of the angle of deviation on the angle of incidence using a hollow prism filled one by one, with different transparent
 To estimate the charge induced on each one of the two identical Styrofoam (or pith) balls suspended in a vertical plane by making use of Coulomb’s
 To study the factor on which the selfinductance of a coil depends by observing the effect of this coil, when put in series with a resistor/(bulb) in a circuit fed up by an C. source of adjustable frequency.
 To study the earth’s magnetic field using a compass needle bar magnet by plotting magnetic field lines and tangent
Practical Examination for Visually Impaired Students of Classes XI and XII Evaluation Scheme
Time 2 hours Max. Marks: 30
Identification/Familiarity with the apparatus  5 marks 
Written test (based on given/prescribed practicals)  10 marks 
Practical Record  5 marks 
Viva  10 marks 
Total  30 marks 
General Guidelines
The practical examination will be of twohour duration. A separate list of ten experiments is included here.
The written examination in practicals for these students will be conducted at the time of practical examination of all other students.
The written test will be of 30 minutes duration.
The question paper given to the students should be legibly typed. It should contain a total of 15 practical skill based very short answer type questions. A student would be required to answer any 10 questions.
A writer may be allowed to such students as per CBSE examination rules.
All questions included in the question papers should be related to the listed practicals. Every question should require about two minutes to be answered.
These students are also required to maintain a practical file. A student is expected to record at least five of the listed experiments as per the specific instructions for each subject. These practicals should be duly checked and signed by the internal examiner.
The format of writing any experiment in the practical file should include aim, apparatus required, simple theory, procedure, related practical skills, precautions etc.
Questions may be generated jointly by the external/internal examiners and used for assessment.
The viva questions may include questions based on basic theory/principle/concept, apparatus/ materials/chemicals required, procedure, precautions, sources of error etc.
Class XII
 Items for Identification/ familiarity with the apparatus for assessment in practicals (All experiments)
Meter scale, general shape of the voltmeter/ammeter, battery/power supply, connecting wires, standard resistances, connecting wires, voltmeter/ammeter, meter bridge, screw gauge, jockey Galvanometer, Resistance Box, standard Resistance, connecting wires, Potentiometer, jockey, Galvanometer, Lechlanche cell, Daniell cell [simple distinction between the two visàvis their outer (glass and copper) containers], rheostat connecting wires, Galvanometer, resistance box, Plugin and tapping keys, connecting wires battery/power supply, Diode, Resistor (Wirewound or carbon ones with two wires connected to two ends), capacitors (one or two types), Inductors, Simple electric/electronic bell, battery/power supply, Plug in and tapping keys, Convex lens, concave lens, convex mirror, concave mirror, Core/hollow wooden cylinder, insulated wire, ferromagnetic rod, Transformer core, insulated wire.
B. List of Practicals
 To determine the resistance per cm of a given wire by plotting a graph between voltage and
 To verify the laws of combination (series/parallel combination) of resistances by Ohm’s
 To find the resistance of a given wire / standard resistor using a meter
 To determine the resistance of a galvanometer by half deflection
 To identify a resistor, capacitor, inductor and diode from a mixed collection of such items.
 To observe the difference between
 a convex lens and a concave lens
 a convex mirror and a concave mirror and to estimate the likely difference between the power of two given convex /concave
 To design an inductor coil and to know the effect of
 change in the number of turns
 Introduction of ferromagnetic material as its core material on the inductance of the
 To design a (i) step up (ii) step down transformer on a given core and know the relation between its input and output
Note: The above practicals may be carried out in an experiential manner rather than recording observations.
Prescribed Books:
 Physics, Class XI, Part I and II, Published by
 Physics, Class XII, Part I and II, Published by
 Laboratory Manual of Physics for class XII Published by
 The list of other related books and manuals brought out by NCERT (consider multimedia also).
Note:
The content indicated in NCERT textbooks as excluded for the year 202223 is not to be tested by schools and will not be assessed in the Board examinations 202223.
QUESTION PAPER DESIGN
Theory (Class: XI/XII)
Maximum Marks: 70 Duration: 3 hrs.
S  Typology of Questions  Total
Marks 
Approximate
Percentage 
1  Remembering: Exhibit memory of previously learned material by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts, and answers.
Understanding: Demonstrate understanding of facts and ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions, and stating main ideas 
27  38 % 
2  Applying: Solve problems to new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a
different way. 
22  32% 
3  Analysing : Examine and break information into parts by identifying motives or causes. Make inferences and find evidence to support generalizations
Evaluating: Present and defend opinions by making judgments about information, validity of ideas, or quality of work based on a set of criteria. Creating: Compile information together in a different way by combining elements in a new pattern or proposing alternative solutions. 
21  30% 
Total Marks  70  100  
Practical  30  
Gross Total  100 
Note:
The above template is only a sample. Suitable internal variations may be made for generating similar templates keeping the overall weightage to different form of questions and typology of questions same.
For more details kindly refer to Sample Question Paper of class XII for the year 2022 23 to be published by CBSE at its website.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. How many chapters are there in the CBSE Class 11 Physics?
There are a total of 15 chapters in the CBSE Class 11 Physics. You can go through our CBSE revision notes to understand the topics in a better way.
2. How many units are there in the Class 11 CBSE Physics Syllabus?
There are a total of 10 Units in the Class 11 CBSE Physics syllabus.
3. What books are the best for CBSE Class 11 Physics Term (1 & 2) 202324?
The books and formulas prescribed by the NCERT are enough for students to score good marks in the exam. However, students can also refer to the study material provided by Extramarks for additional learning support.
4. Where can I download the syllabus for free?
Students can download the entire CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus from Extramarks’ website or app. We also offer CBSE sample papers, mock tests, and CBSE extra questions to help students prepare for their exams in a better way.