CBSE Class 3 EVS Syllabus
CBSE Class 3 EVS Syllabus for 2023-24 Examination
The syllabus for CBSE Class 3 EVS consists of chapters that cover the principles of science as well as other components of nature. The themes that are addressed in the Environmental Science syllabus for Class 3 create a solid foundation for understanding more complex and specific ideas pertaining to science, nature, the environment and other related issues. In order for students to perform well on tests, it is imperative that they memorise all of the material contained in the EVS syllabus.
CBSE Class 3 EVS Syllabus for Other Subjects
CBSE Class 3 Syllabus
CBSE Class 3 EVS Syllabus By Extramarks
The EVS syllabus for students enrolled in Class 3 with the CBSE in 2023-24 has a total of 24 chapters. Every one of them has unique content that contains a wide range of facts. The following is an explanation of the topics covered in each chapter of the CBSE Class 3 syllabus:
- Poonam’s Day Out
The first chapter provides a general introduction to the natural world as well as the numerous species of creatures that may be found there. Students get the opportunity to learn about animals that live in trees, ponds, and other environments. Students also gain an understanding of how to discriminate between different animals depending on the behaviors they engage in.
- The Plant Fairy
The various kinds of plants and trees are covered in detail in Chapter 2 of the EVS syllabus for Class 3. It imparts knowledge to kids regarding trees, leaves, and plants such as neem, coriander or dhania, mint or pudina, lemon, basil or tulsi, mango and so on.
- Water O’ Water!
The universal element, water, is discussed in Chapter 3 of the CBSE EVS syllabus for Class 3. In this section, students acquire knowledge of the numerous applications, sources and methods of water conservation.
- Our First School
The term “first school” is used throughout this section of the CBSE syllabus for Class 3, and it refers to the child’s home. This is due to the fact that the foundational education of a child’s morality, etiquette, good habits, virtues and so on takes place before the youngster is allowed to attend school. It occurs as a result of the members of the family and the manner in which they raise the child.
- Chhotu’s House
This chapter offers a number of illustrations, which provide a graphical depiction of many topics. Students get a significant amount of knowledge about the various rooms in a house, its sewage system, and the various insects that may be found within it by looking at these photographs.
- Foods We Eat
Chapter 6 of the syllabus for CBSE Class 3 discusses the various eating customs, staple foods, and other aspects of India’s many regions. The weather, the culture, and the lifestyles of different people all influence the kinds of foods that people prefer to eat.
- Saying Without Speaking
A poem written by Jeanne Whitehouse Peterson is included in the CBSE Class 3 EVS syllabus under Chapter 7. It discusses children who are unable to hear as well as communicate verbally. However, they communicate by hand movements and expressions on their faces.
- Flying High
This chapter will discuss the various species of birds that may be seen around us. The most fundamental aspects of a bird are its feathers, legs, beaks, wings and so on and so forth. However, birds differ not just in their appearance but also in their powers. However, there are a few species of birds that are unable to fly. This chapter covers everything from species specifications to unique traits and adaptations in different birds.
- It’s Raining
The significance of water to living things is examined in depth in the 9th chapter of the CBSE syllabus for Class 3 students. This lesson is conveyed to the audience in the form of a story about an elephant whose name is Appu. In addition to this, students gain an understanding of the function and significance of clouds.
- What is Cooking?
Students are instructed on the various approaches of culinary preparation in Chapter 10 of the CBSE Class 3 syllabus. Cooking methods such as boiling, baking, roasting, frying and steaming are included in this category. They also get knowledge of the many implements that are essential for the cooking process.
- From Here to There
The first section of this lesson is composed of a passage that was taken from the well-known poem “Railgadi,” which was penned by Harindranath Chattopadhyay. It discusses several types of trains. This lesson continues with a discussion of various types of transportation in its second section.
- Work We Do
The various occupations that we see in today’s day and age are covered in detail in Chapter 12 of the EVS Class 3 syllabus. It also discusses a variety of tasks that need to be done around the house.
- Sharing Our Feelings
The first portion of this chapter focuses on a young girl named Seema. The Braille script is broken down in further detail in the following section of this chapter.
- The Story of Food
Students gain knowledge regarding eating routines, serving styles, food categories and sources by looking through images of Rani and Venu’s families.
- Making Pots
In this narrative, the main character is a sparrow named Phugadi, and a crow named Bhanate. The kids who come here learn how to make pots.
- Games We Play
An engaging and informative lesson, Chapter 16 of the EVS Class 3 syllabus covers a variety of indoor and outdoor sports that are popular among children in India.
- Here Comes A Letter
This chapter is a letter’s autobiography, and it’s being told here. This letter is addressed to Reema’s friend, who goes by the name Ahmed. In this chapter, the process of mailing and delivering letters from faraway locations is discussed.
- A House Like This!
The topic of discussion for the 18th chapter is the manner in which homes are built, taking into account factors such as climate, surroundings, culture and so on.
- Our Friends- Animals
Children develop a fondness for animals through reading the two stories that are included in chapter 19 of the CBSE Class 3 syllabus. It sheds light on the many animals and birds and the important roles they play in our lives.
- Drop by Drop
The significance of water in each of our lives is the primary topic of discussion in this chapter. Other issues covered in chapter 20 include water pollution, water conservation and storage, sewage treatment and other similar subjects.
- Families Can Be Different
This chapter provides information on a variety of families, including nuclear families, blended families and joint families.
The many principles of laterality are covered in depth within Chapter 22 of the EVS syllabus for CBSE Class 3. It is essential for a youngster to receive appropriate education on this subject in order to avoid problems associated with laterality later on in their lives.
- A Beautiful Cloth
Students will learn about the skill of weaving as well as how wonderful weaved clothes may be by learning this chapter.
- Web of Life
The many parts of an ecosystem and the ways in which they are linked together are discussed in detail in Chapter 24 of the EVS syllabus for CBSE Class 3.
An Introduction to EVS
Both man and other living organisms are encompassed by their respective environments. Studies of the environment might be thought of as an introduction to scientific inquiry. Since it could be challenging for the students to understand science, doing environmental studies might help them develop a strong foundation for their scientific knowledge. The subject discusses the interconnections that exist between living things, their surroundings, and all of the aspects that have an effect on life on earth. These elements include the conditions of the atmosphere, the food chain, the water cycle and a great deal more. Environmental Science refers to the study of the planet Earth and the processes that occur on it on a daily basis. Because this field of study is relevant to absolutely everyone, schools routinely include it in their syllabus so that students can acquire a more well-rounded education.
The field of environmental studies encompasses a wide range of topics on a variety of levels. This subject is important not only for young individuals but also for people of all ages. The topic raises people’s consciousness of the numerous renewable and non-renewable resources that are located in the region. The study is very important for the students to learn because it analyses the endowment or potential, patterns of utilisation and balance of various resources accessible for future use in the state of a country. This information is very important for the students to understand. It is a source of knowledge regarding ecological systems and the links between them.
Studies of the environment provide vital knowledge regarding the abundance of the environment’s plant, animal and microbial species as well as the threats that may be posed to them. It is possible to gain an understanding of the factors that lead to natural and man-made catastrophes such as floods, earthquakes, landslides and cyclones, as well as their causes and effects. Students who take environmental studies classes are better able to weigh the merits of various solutions to environmental problems before settling on one of several potential alternative courses of action. The field of environmental studies encompasses a vast array of subject areas; however, teaching a kid in Class 3 how to study and acquire basic knowledge about certain topics is of the utmost significance so that a strong foundation can be laid on which knowledge in later classes can be based. Only when children are given the opportunity to read and learn in ways that are engaging and enjoyable for them will this be feasible?
Students are able to obtain an easy and well-planned strategy for approaching the examination with the assistance of the NCERT Solutions for Class 3 EVS. The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is a book that many students who end up at the top of their classes choose to use as a resource for their education.
CLASSES III TO V
Introduction: Teaching of Environmental Studies
The National Curriculum Committee had recommended in the 1975 policy document “The Curriculum for the Ten-year School: A Framework”, that a single subject ‘Environmental Studies’ be taught at the primary stage. It had proposed that in the first two years (Class I-II) Environmental Studies will look at both the natural and the social environment, while in Classes III-V there would be separate portions for social studies and general science termed as EVS Part I and Part
- The National Policy on Education 1986 and the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) 1988 also posited the same approach for the teaching of Environmental Studies at the primary Contemporary research on how children learn to make sense of the world around them and how pedagogy in primary school can enable them to develop scientific abilities and understanding in consonance with social and environmental concerns has further supported this integrated structure. The NCF 2000 had recommended that Environmental Studies be taught as an integrated course for the entire primary stage, instead of in two distinct parts devoted to science and social studies in Classes III-V. The present NCF 2005 has called for the continuation and further strengthening of this integrated approach for Environmental Studies during the primary years.
NCF 2005 and Objectives of Environmental Studies
- The present syllabus is designed to forge an integrated perspective for the primary stage of schooling that draws upon insights from Sciences, Social Sciences and Environmental Education. The National Curriculum Framework 2005 indicates some of the objectives of teaching science and Social Sciences at the primary stage as follows:
- to train children to locate and comprehend relationships between the natural, social and cultural environment;
- to develop an understanding based on observation and illustration, drawn from lived experiences and physical, biological, social and cultural aspects of life, rather than abstractions;
- to create cognitive capacity and resourcefulness to make the child curious about social phenomena, starting with the family and moving on to wider spaces;
- to nurture the curiosity and creativity of the child particularly in relation to the natural environment (including artifacts and people);
- to develop an awareness about environmental issues;
- to engage the child in exploratory and hands-on activities to acquire basic cognitive and psychomotor skills through observation, classification, inference, ;
- to emphasise design and fabrication, estimation and measurement as a prelude to the development of technological and quantitative skills at later stages;
- to be able to critically address gender concerns and issues of marginalisation and oppression with values of equality and justice, and respect for human dignity and
Integrating ‘Subjects’ or Forging a New Understanding?
What do we understand by General Science and Social Sciences? When we think of these ‘subjects’ in school we clearly have in mind some body of knowledge and also typical ways of acquiring that knowledge that we associate with each of them. These school subjects have evolved through their own complicated histories and are today quite different from the way sciences or social sciences are practiced in the real world of specialized disciplines, such as physics, zoology, chemistry, molecular biology, history, sociology, geography, economics, political science, etc. So what happens when groups of specialists sit down to discuss what should be taught at the primary level? They naturally tend to think of ‘topics’ that have traditionally served as the bases of their own different disciplines. Thus biologists (if we can use that term to somehow bring together botanists and zoologists!) would naturally propose a study of plants, animals or the human body, whereas physicists would think of sound, light, force and work, while chemists would propose studying forms of matter, properties of substances, etc. Add to this the different disciplines under the rubric of Social Sciences and we soon end up with a confounding platter of topics, which are not necessarily ‘integratable’, and are neither close to the way the child relates to her world.
Most primary school curricula working on an integrated approach therefore do not proceed with lists of ‘topics’ from different ‘subjects’ but instead propose ‘themes’ that allow for a connected and inter-related understanding to develop. This requires moving beyond traditional boundaries of disciplines and looking at priorities in a shared way. This approach has been followed for the present syllabus. Several themes were discussed to see what possibilities each of them offers, to bring together insights from different disciplines, in an interconnected manner that is basically child centered. For each theme a web of possible connections was drawn up, of concepts and skills, to explore how that may be developed over the primary years. Specialists from several different disciplines of sciences, social sciences, pedagogy, gender studies, child development, curriculum studies, etc. discussed the possibilities of the proposed themes, pointed out the gaps, and debated on the priorities for a child centered approach. It is clear that there is no single format that can offer a uniquely satisfactory elaboration of ideas for primary school and this syllabus too makes no such claim.
This is not a prescriptive but instead a suggestive format, which indicates the key themes and sub–themes along with their possible connections. It consciously begins with key questions rather than key concepts, which can trigger the child’s thinking in new directions and provide scaffolding to her learning process. This format is meant to help textbook writers, teachers and parents to appreciate the immense possibilities and the depth of children’s understanding. It also indicates how adults can stimulate and actively support children’s learning, rather than restrict or throttle it, as often happens when children are forced to memorise information they just cannot understand.
Themes for a Child Centered and Integrated Approach
This syllabus web has been developed within a child centered perspective of themes that provide a common interface of issues in social studies, sciences and environmental education. The syllabus for Classes III-V is woven around six common themes given below; the predominant theme on ‘Family and Friends’ encompasses four sub-themes:
- Family and Friends:
- Work and Play;
- Things We Make and Do
The syllabus web moves outward over the three years; it gradually extends the child’s understanding of her world, beginning from the immediate ‘self ’ to include her family, the neighbourhood, the locality and also the country. Thus by the time the child reaches Class V, she is able to see her ‘self ’ in the larger context – as part of a community, the country and also, more tacitly, as located in this world. Indeed, in some flights of fancy the syllabus even goads the young child to ride on a spacecraft and leap beyond the earth, into outer space, that may yet not be comprehensible but is certainly fascinating for her.
Thus, for instance, the theme on ‘Food’ begins in Class III with ‘cooking’, ‘eating in the family’, about what we eat and what others eat, what animals eat, etc. It then moves on in Class IV to how food is grown, what different plants they may have seen, how food reaches us, etc. In Class V children discuss who grows it, the hardships farmers may face, while staying grounded to the reality of our own pangs of hunger or the plight of people who do not get food. In addition, ‘when food gets spoilt’ explores spoilage and preservation of food, while changes in food habits and the crops grown are analysed through the experiences of elders/grandparents. Finally ‘our mouth – tastes and even digests food’ sees how the saliva makes food taste sweet on chewing, while ‘food for plants?’ also introduces the idea of some curious insect eating plants.
The theme on ‘Travel’ was developed to help the child on this journey of ideas, of expanding social and physical spaces, into newer and unfamiliar terrains of often mind-boggling and no less fascinating diversity. In Class III the theme encourages children to look at their own journeys, if any, and to see how older people in their family may have traveled in earlier times, as they also hear of accounts of how people travel today in a desert, through forests, in the hills, or in big cities. Moreover, it also suggests a story as a ‘resource’, to bring into the classroom the experiences of a child of a migrating family and the problems she faces in the process of her schooling. Such narratives suggested as ‘resources’ are meant to provide creative opportunities of bringing in experiences of other children/people, who may be very different, but whom children can relate
- This can be done through stories, posters, plays, films, and other media. In Class V the theme ‘Travel’ takes children through the ‘rough and tough’ terrain of the Himalayas with, perhaps, the story of Bachhendri Pal, who hoists the national flag after a trying expedition, while they can also be encouraged to design a flag for their own school.
This theme also takes them on a ‘ride on a spacecraft’ into space, from where for the first time they see the aerial view of the earth, and being no less than a Rakesh Sharma or a Kalpana Chawla, each child is asked to give an interview to the Prime Minister of India about what they see from there!. The exercise of looking at aerial views is developed through different views of school, where different perspectives get introduced. It is linked to the concept of mapping, which they begin in Class III through a basic two-dimensional representation of their classroom, and by the time they reach Class V they can read and draw simple aerial views of their locality or city.
‘Plants’ and ‘Animals’ as Part of the Theme ‘Family and Friends’
‘Plants’ and ‘Animals’ have consciously been included under the theme of ‘Family and Friends’ to highlight how humans share a close relationship with them and to also provide a holistic and integrated scientific and social perspective of studying them. Traditionally ‘plants’ or animals’ are presented as autonomous categories, seen purely from the perspective of science. Here an attempt is made to locate them in a social and cultural context, and also to see how the lives and livelihoods of some communities, such as the gujjars, musahars or ‘pattal’-makers, are closely connected with specific animals or plants. Moreover, in the universe of young children narratives of animals and plants play a significant role, and they can relate well even to the animated characters perceived as ‘family and friends’.
It is a challenge to transcend conventional boundaries of scientific disciplines to try and relook at the notions of, say, ‘plants’, ‘animals’, ‘food’, or ‘our body’ from a child’s perspective. In fact, some scientific categories are seen to be too formal and counter-intuitive, and perhaps even ‘reductionist’, for the child to understand. Conventionally biologists divide living things broadly into two categories ‘plants’ and ‘animals’. The idea of ‘plants’ is considered simple enough to be presented in primary school along with ‘parts of a plant’, ‘functions of the parts of the plant’, etc. But why should this way of looking at a plant be considered more ‘natural’ or even desirable for a child? In fact, extensive research across the world has shown that young children find it too abstract to make a distinction between living and non-living, or to divide the living world between plants and animals. Despite considerable exposure to science teaching in several countries, children as old as 13-15 years have consistently believed that a tree is different from a plant, contradicting the conventional categories of biologists’. Children also systematically differentiate between plants and vegetables (‘a carrot and cabbage are not plants’), or even between plants and weeds (‘grass is not a plant’). Moreover, a majority of children do not naturally think of seeds as parts of a plant. This has led some primary school curricula to postpone these conventional categories and first allow space to children to explore their own intuitive ideas, in order to achieve a better understanding later of how science tends to classify them differently.
Taking cognisance of the way children think ‘plants’ are first introduced through the theme on ‘Food’ – through what plants children eat, and also through the idea that we may eat the leaves, or the stem, or seeds of different plants. In fact, this comes after a discussion on questions related to ‘Which of the following is food? – red ants, birds’ nest, goats’ milk, etc. This is to sensitise them to the idea that what some of us take to be ‘food’ may not be so for others; that food is a deeply cultural notion. As discussed above, to allow for a more connected approach ‘plants’ is a sub-theme under the umbrella of ‘Family and Friends’. Thus in Class III children look at the different ‘plants around us’, at possible changes over time from when their parents were young, and also what things around them are made of plants. They are expected to talk to their parents and other elders around them, so that these discussions can act as scaffolding to their learning. This is also indicated in the activity column of the syllabus. Children in Class III also observe the shapes, colours, aroma, etc to see the diversity of ‘leaves in our lives’, to talk of how plant leaves may be used to eat on, the times of the year when lots of leaves fall to the ground, which may be used to make compost, and also paint different leaf motifs they see on their pots, animals, clothes, walls, etc. In Class IV they look at ‘flowers’ and flower sellers, and discuss ‘whom trees belong to?’ while in Class V they move on to ‘forests and forest people’, the notion of parks or sanctuaries, and also ‘plants that have come from far’. In this way they are enabled to construct a more holistically connected understanding, from a scientific, social, cultural and environmental perspective, that is enriched with an aesthetic and caring appreciation of plants around them.
Our Bodies, Ourselves: ‘Family and Friends’ offer Sensitivity and Sensibility Similar to the case of ‘plants’ discussed above, traditionally ‘our body’ is also treated in a purely scientific and socially distanced manner, with units such as ‘our senses’, ‘parts/organs of the body’ and ‘respiration’, ‘digestion’, etc. However, the theme ‘Family and Friends’, specially through its two sub-themes 1.1 Relationships and 1.2 Work and Play, allows children to look at their own body as part of their ‘self ’ in a more contextual and connected manner. In Class III in the sub-theme on Relationships, they discuss their relatives, who live with them and those who have moved away, to get a basic idea of relationships and changing households. They reflect on whom they admire among their relatives and for what qualities or skills, and describe on which occasions or festivals they meet most of them. The unit ‘our bodies – old and young’ helps them place their own body in relation to those of their family members, and asks them to notice differences that may occur with age. More significantly, the rubric of the family provides a sense of intimacy and empathy, to help develop sensitivity towards people having different abilities/disabilities. For instance, they look at how some of their older family members may have difficulty in hearing or seeing, and then go on to discuss how they themselves or their friends may cope with such challenges.
In Class IV, the same sub-theme ‘Relationships’ has a unit on ‘your mother as a child’ to make children find out about who were her relatives with whom she lived then. They also think about their body in relation to their mother’s; how a baby rat or kitten is related to its mother, and through a possible narrative, about children who may have been adopted/looked after by foster parents, say, after a cyclone. By ‘Feeling around with eyes shut’ they explore their senses of touch, smell, etc. – not in isolation of the people or animals they care for – but by trying to identify all those living with them only by touching, hearing or smelling them. They continue the exploration of feeling what is smooth/rough, hot/cold, wet/dry, sticky/slippery, etc. and are asked to think if there are some things (or people) they are not allowed to touch. This unit also attempts to make them sensitive to the fact that while touch can mean both a caress and a painful slap, the caress too can be a ‘good’ touch or a ‘bad’ touch.
In Class V, the unit ‘Whom do I look like?’ helps them identify family resemblances, to look for any similarities in the face, voice, height, etc., and also to note particular traits such as ‘who laughs the loudest?’. It goes on to how by ‘feeling to read’ on a Braille sheet, someone like Helen Keller could manage to overcome tremendous challenges, as described through accounts of her autobiography.
‘Family and Friends’ has another sub-theme 1.2 ‘Work and Play’ through which they explore different patterns of activity when people are working and ‘not-working’ in their family and neighbourhood. This helps them to sensitively look at stereotyped gender roles, and to compare their own daily routine with that of a working child. It also allows them to analyse the games they play, to see how traditional games or toys have changed since the time their grandparents were young. In Class V this sub-theme looks at ‘team games – your heroes’ and also martial arts or wrestlers and how they are trained. An exploration of our bodies and the process of respiration naturally falls into this context, and in ‘blow hot blow cold’ they compare how much faster they breathe after a run. They also see how much they can expand their chest, how they blow on a glass to make it cloudy, and blow to warm their cold hands and also to cool something hot. As suggested this unit could make use of the beautiful story by Dr. Zakir Hussain, “Usee Se Thanda Usee Se Garam’ as a resource. The unit ‘clean work, dirty work’ sensitizes them to the dignity of labour and how different people’s work provides essential services to society, possibly through a narrative/story based on Gandhi’s work.
Things we Make and Do
The area of Things we Make and Do is visualised as an important component as well as a common thread inherent in the process of understanding all the other themes. We humans make things not only to meet our needs but also to express ourselves in a variety of ways and to transcend our limitations. We also comprehend better when we do things ourselves. Often when a young child gets a toy for a gift, she has fun dismantling and later re-assembling it in a completely novel way as much as enjoying it as it is. When she is given a new book she is eager to add ‘her pictures’ into it as much as appreciating the book. Formal education as well as all that goes into ‘being a good child’ however discourages these acts. The theme of Things we Make and Do therefore is an opportunity to recharge the variety of energies/components that make learning more fulfilling, and where cognition is not an end but a process enriched by experience, failure, observation, success, etc. There is also a need to give our rich living traditions of art and craft, of ‘making and doing things’, their rightful place in our curricula.
Another aspect related with this theme is to understand the significance of design and technology in relation to science and society. Technology is not merely applied science; it has an independent existence and in many cases predates developments in science. Moreover, most of the things we make and do also depend on raw materials and interventions that impact the earth and life on earth.
This theme will also help address the issue of dignity of physical labour. A young child loves sweeping, wanting to help the mother in the household chores, loves fiddling with any electrical appliance within her reach. However, she soon begins to ascribe value to these things that she once enjoyed doing. Sweeping becomes dirty, and to be done by servants or women in the house, fiddling with implements becomes an area reserved for men and boys. In short work becomes a way to segregate people, to judge them, to ascribe it to a particular gender, class or caste. Mahatma Gandhi’s vision and plan of ‘Basic Education’ had the potential to overcome these fractures. The present syllabus takes a small step in that direction, while encompassing contemporary concerns relating to environmental education, social relations with a vision for sustainable development and appropriate technologies
It needs to be emphasised that the syllabus has consciously included key questions that openly address issues of inequality or difference and encourage children to think critically. Whether it is about social discrimination in school or in getting water, about physically challenged people, or working children, all these issues are part of the reality of children, especially those who are disadvantaged and therefore more vulnerable to be pushed out of school. The objectives clearly stress the need to enable children to articulate and critically reflect on these lived experiences, however unpleasant, and not promote a culture of evasion or silence in school. This calls for a specially sensitive approach in textbooks as well as in the teaching learning process in classrooms, and teachers will need to review how they can do justice to these questions.
Scaffolding Children’s Learning: The Question Format of the Syllabus
Since the 1970s the philosophy of primary education in different countries, including ours, has been influenced by the Chinese saying “I do, I understand”. This lays emphasis on the principle of ‘learning by doing’, which suggests that learners actively construct their understanding while directly interacting with their environment. However, this model of learning looks at each learner as a solitary individual – it is the “I’ who is trying to understand, struggling to develop each concept. This approach is associated with the ‘cognitive constructivist psychology’ of Piaget, and implies that teachers can only provide a stimulating environment for children to develop. This also suggests that children need to be nurtured individually like delicate plants, as they develop naturally through successive stages of intellectual development. However, in the last few decades it has been increasingly seen that children do not learn alone, through interaction with the environment, but learn more through talking and discussing with other people, both adults and other children. This psychological approach known as ‘social constructivism’ has been influenced by the work of Vygotsky and Bruner, who showed that adult support is crucial to children’s thinking. With an appropriate question or suggestion the child’s understanding can be extended far beyond the point which she could have reached alone. In fact, it has been shown that through the ‘scaffolding’ provided by such questions, discussions, and adult support, the child can be helped to cross what is called ‘the zone of proximal development’ to leap to the next level of understanding.
The present syllabus is framed within this social constructivist perspective of learning. It is hoped that children will be supported to construct knowledge far beyond their individual abilities through appropriate questions and interventions, including discussions with adults, in school and also at home, as also among themselves. Instead of listing key concepts the syllabus begins by suggesting some key questions, framed in a language appropriate to stimulate the thinking of a child that age. These are not meant to be questions of the textbook but are suggestive of the nature of scaffolding to be provided to help children think in certain directions. This is especially important to help children articulate their own ideas, for instance, in the case of what they understand by the term ‘plants’ or ‘animals’. Textbooks written in different contexts and regions will be different and indeed must reflect their own specific concerns. However, such questions are important for textbook writers to know how to guide children to observe, compare, predict or analyse certain phenomena or processes. For instance, in the theme on Food, there is a question “Who provides us the Mid-day Meal?” This is a leading question to encourage children to begin thinking about the agencies and institutions who provide certain services, beyond the concrete observation of the particular person. Thus as they begin to think about the post office or the school or hospital as institutions, it will help them in developing the abstract concept about the notion of governance or ‘government’, which they normally encounter later usually in the form of statements or information that they are totally unable to comprehend. Thus when appropriate connections and linkages are made in the child’s mind about her own immediate experiences she is enabled to understand more abstract or sophisticated concepts and arguments later.
The matrix of each theme contains leading questions and key concepts and also suggested resources and activities. As the name indicates, these are purely suggestive for teachers and textbook writers, to give an idea of how the particular theme can be dealt with. It is clear that different textbooks based on this syllabus structure can turn out to be very diverse in terms of the elaboration of the themes. Just as every structure must have its own foundations and its own stability, similarly each child ultimately needs to construct her own understanding, articulation, knowledge and skills. We do know that children are not blank slates or empty vessels to be filled by ‘information’ about carefully listed key concepts, and that they cannot learn by passively listening to adults, however expressive they may be. This is the basic problem of our traditional system which relies on giving ‘information’, justified on whatever grounds, but without caring to know about the possible zone of the child’s development. Indeed there is no getting away from this: If children have to understand an idea they have to construct knowledge for themselves, which can happen when they get the right cues to connect new understanding with what they already possess. This syllabus identifies those cues that will help children connect with their varied knowledge systems. Our children do indeed know and can learn a lot; it is our responsibility to help them do it better.
What Learning Do We Expect?
How can Environmental Studies help all our children, all those who struggle to go to school, and even all those who still cannot do so; those for whom the main purpose in life is going to school, as well as those who aspire for a school that can support life, with meaning and dignity? This document gives a suggestive matrix of themes and sub-themes through the three years of Classes III-V. It is up to the teachers and textbook writers to translate this into books, materials and classroom activities, to shape an enabling learning environment for each child, wherever she may be located. Even in the earlier years children do learn about their environment, though there is no separate subject in school. It is expected that in Classes I-II the two subjects of Language and Mathematics will incorporate some themes for the development of concepts and skills in areas broadly related to EVS.
This syllabus format consciously does not spell out any outcomes for each theme. For each thematic area related key concepts, skills and activities have been clearly indicated at appropriate places. However, schools must ensure that these activities or discussions will be conducted because only then can it be ensured that learning will happen. For instance, at several places the activities indicate that children need to conduct specific observations. We know that even young children’s senses are sharp and they are able to detect small differences between fairly similar objects, though not always the similarities. However, the purpose of conducting ‘observation’ activities in EVS is usually not to collect random similarities or differences, but to seek information from the object to extend children’s ideas and understanding. For instance, to look specifically at the shapes of leaves, the edges, the patterns of lines in it, etc. to know more about them. Thus specific purposes will need to be spelt out when activities are designed. Similarly, young children ask many questions which help in their development, but which are not all deep, and which do not allow them to understand things at that stage. However, EVS classrooms will need to provide opportunities to children to be able to progressively ask higher order questions that require different levels of reasoning and investigation, by planned activities and exercises to get them to phrase their questions, to answer, discuss and investigate them. These are basic to the learning process in EVS and yet, unfortunately, most classrooms are not designed to ensure this. How then can we expect all children to learn? What then does it mean to specify any outcomes at this point?
We reiterate the purpose in drafting this syllabus through the following example:
What biology do students know?
Janabai lives in a small hamlet in the Sahyadri hills. She helps her parents in their seasonal work of rice and ‘tuar’ farming. She sometimes accompanies her brother in taking the goats to graze. She has helped bring up her younger sister. Nowadays she walks 8 km everyday to attend the nearest secondary school.
She maintains intimate links with her natural environment. She has used different plants as sources of food, medicines, fuel wood, dyes, and building materials; she has observed parts of different plants used for household purposes, religious rituals and in celebrating festivals. She recognises minute differences between trees, and notices seasonal changes based on shape, size, distribution of leaves and flowers, smells and textures. She can identify about a hundred different types of plants around her, many times more than her biology teacher can – the same teacher who believes Janabai is a poor student; that “These students don’t understand science … they come from a deprived background!”
Can we help Janabai translate her rich understanding into formal concepts of biology? Can we convince her that school science is not about some abstract world coded in long texts and difficult language: it is about the farm she works on, the animals she knows and takes care of, the woods that she walks through everyday? (National Curriculum Framework 2005, p. 45)CLASS III ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
|CLASS III ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. In the EVS subject for Class 3, what chapters are there in total?
The EVS book for Class 3 is broken up into 24 different chapters. These chapters include Poonam’s Day out, The Plant Fairy, Water O’ Water, Our First School, Chhotu’s House, Food We Eat, Saying without speaking, Flying High, It’s raining, What is cooking, From Here to There, Work we do, Sharing Our Feelings, The story of Foods, Making Pots, Games we Play, Here comes a Letter, A House like this, Our Friends-Animals, Drop by Drop, Families can be Different, Left-Right, A beautiful Cloth and Web-of life.
2. What are the subjects covered in the CBSE EVS Syllabus for Class 3?
A majority of the topics covered in the CBSE EVS syllabus for standard 3 are related to plants, food, water, animals and rain, and other important topics.
3. What are the various kinds of eating habits that are common in India according to chapter 6 Foods We Eat in CBSE class 3 syllabus?
Regional distinctions have been made with regard to the eating customs that are covered in the EVS syllabus for Class 3. Chapatis, parathas, pooris and other wheat-based products are the most common foods eaten by North Indians. Rice is the most common staple food consumed by people in eastern countries. In different countries, people have different eating customs. People in Hong Kong, for instance, consume snakes; people in China consume insects; while people in the United States of America primarily consume lamb, beef and other similar foods.
4. Which kinds of birds are referred to in the chapter ‘Flying High’?
Pigeons, vultures, tailorbirds, woodpeckers, peacocks, owls, crows, parrots, mynahs, ducks, sparrows, swans and other types of birds are among those that are discussed in chapter 8 of the EVS syllabus for CBSE class 3.
5. What exactly are the games that are discussed in the chapter titled ‘Games We Play?
Games We Play is the 16th chapter of the syllabus for class 3 taught by the CBSE. Stapoo, seven tiles, hide and seek, Gilli-danda, wrestling, kabaddi, langdi-taang, stones, kite, house-house, chess, ludo and carrom are some of the several indoor and outdoor activities that are discussed in this lesson. Other games include kabaddi, langdi-taang, stones and kite. This chapter provides an overview of all of the games, including how they are played and the equipment that is used.