NCERT solutions class 8 social science our pasts 3 chapter 7

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Our Pasts-III Chapter-7

Extramarks’ NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 7 comprise answers to NCERT textbook exercises. Every solution is detailed, drafted in simple language & in accordance with CBSE guidelines. This makes Extramarks’ NCERT solutions Class 8 History Chapter 7 a must-have guide for students. What makes it better is that it is easy to access on Extramarks’ website & app. 

For thorough learning & revision of the entire Class 8 module, you can also check out Extramarks’ NCERT Solutions Class 8.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 7 – Civilising the “Native”, Educating the Nation

(include NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 7 Pdf) 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Our Pasts-III Chapter 7 Civilising the “Native”, Educating the Nation

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 7 – Curated by  subject matter experts; are the most reliable guide for Class 8 students. The solutions have answers to all the in-text and end-text questions in  Chapter 7. The answers are written in  such a way that they can get to the point answers without wasting much time on a single subject. Students can refer to NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science for initial preparation of the chapter as well as last-minute revision.

NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Social Science (History) Chapter 7 – 

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Social Science History Our Pasts III Chapter 7 – Civilising the “Native”, Educating the Nation

NCERT Class 8 History Chapter 7 is named Civilising the “Native”, Educating the Nation. The chapter is about how the Britishers took a keen interest in the Indian education system & transforme their culture and values.It also reflects the debate between the orientalists and the British regarding the education. This Class 8 History Chapter 7 also gives an explanation that elucidates  Mahatma Gandhi’s & Rabindranath Tagore’s take on Indian mass enslavement under British education. Students will also learn the  perspectives of James Mill, Thomas Macaulay & William Jones to stop Oriental education and promote education policy by Charles Wood also known as Wood’s Despatch, agenda for a National Education. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 7 – Civilising the “Native”, Educating by Extramarks  answers all the queries related to  the above-stated topics. 

Class 8 Social Science History Chapter-wise Marks Distribution

Chapter 7 has the highest weightage among all the chapters. Therefore, students should prepare notes, the origin of new terminology and its meaning and exercise from the NCERT textbooks to score higher marks in exams.  

Why are NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 7 important?

  • Extramarks’ NCERT Solutions Class 8 History Chapter 7 are prepared by subject matter experts. All the Solutions for every subject are reliable and accurate.
  • The solutions adhere to the latest CBSE guidelines and are thoroughly checked and approved by the experts.
  • The answers are written in simple language and are easy to comprehend.The Solutions are prepared in such a way that they can get to the point answers without wasting much time on a single subject.
  • The solutions are easy to access on the Extramarks website or app.

NCERT Class 8 Social Science History – Our Pasts-III Chapter wise Solutions

When it comes to a hard and theory-centric subject like History, it is essential to have chapter-wise solutions. This way, the student can study in an orderly manner and avoid unnecessary confusion. NCERT Class 8 Social Science History – Our Pasts-3 Chapter-wise Solutions are available on both Extramarks’ website and app. Wherein, every solution has answers written as per the latest CBSE guidelines. Here are the chapters for which Extramarks offers solutions.

  • Chapter 1 – How, When and Where
  • Chapter 2 – From Trade to Territory
  • Chapter 3 – Ruling the Countryside
  • Chapter 4 – Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age
  • Chapter 5 – When People Rebel
  • Chapter 6  – Weavers, Iron Smelters and Factory Owners
  • Chapter 7  – Civilising the “Native”, Educating the Nation
  • Chapter 8  – Women, Caste and Reform
  • Chapter 9  – The Making of the National Movement: 1870s-1947
  • Chapter 10  – India After Independence

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Our Past III

Most students believe that scoring high Class 8 Social Science is difficult. Not anymore! With Extramarks’ NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science, it is possible and achievable because the subject experts completely understand what is legitimate as per the board’s standards.

Thanks to the experienced faculty who curate structured answers, and with extra emphasis on textbook questions. Every solution is tailor-made to the specific study requirement of the  student irrespective of their level of understanding. These solutions supplement as a guide to evaluate or correct their answers to textbook questions and maximise their potential.

Q.1 What kinds of cloth had a large market in Europe?

Ans.

(i) Indian cotton and silk textiles were very popular in European markets for their fine quality and artistic designs printed on them.

(ii) Different varieties of Indian textiles were sold in the Western markets; for example, chintz, cossaes or khassa, bandanna and jamdani.

(iii) From the 1680s, there started a craze for printed Indian cotton textiles in England mainly for their exquisite floral designs, fine texture and relative cheapness.

(iv) Rich people of England including the Queen herself wore clothes of Indian fabric.

Q.2 What is jamdani ?

Ans. Jamdani is fine muslin on which decorative motifs are woven on the loom, typically in grey and white. Often a mixture of cotton and gold thread was used.

Q.3 What is bandanna?

Ans. The term bandanna is derived from the word “bandhna” (Hindi for tying), and it refers to a variety of brightly coloured cloth produced through a method of tying and dying.

Q.4 Who are the Agaria?

Ans. The Agarias were a community of iron smelters. They lived in Central India.

Q.5 Fill in the blanks:

(a) The word chintz comes from the word _______.

(b) Tipu’s sword was made of _______ steel.

(c) India’s textile exports declined in _______________century.

Ans.

(a) chhint

(b) Wootz

(c) the beginning of the 19th

Q.6 How do the names of different textiles tell us about their histories?

Ans.

(i) European traders first encountered fine cotton cloth from India carried by Arab merchants in Mosul in present-day Iraq. So they referred to all finely woven textiles as “muslin” – a word that acquired wide currency.

(ii) When the Portuguese first came to India in search of spices, they landed in Calicut on the Kerala coast in south-west India.

(iii) The cotton textiles which they took back to Europe, along with the spices, came to be called “calico” (derived from Calicut), and subsequently calico became the general name for all cotton textiles.

(iv) The English East India Company exported from India printed cotton cloths called chintz, cossaes (or khassa) and bandanna.

(v) The English term chintz comes from the Hindi word chhint, a cloth with small and colourful flowery designs.

(vi) Similarly, the word bandanna used for any brightly coloured and printed scarf for the neck or head is derived from the word “bandhna” (Hindi for tying).

(vii) There were other cloths which the Company exported from India, were noted by their place of origin: Kasimbazar, Patna, Calcutta, Orissa, Charpoore.

(viii) The widespread use of such words shows how popular Indian textiles had become in different parts of the world.

Q.7 Why did the wool and silk producers in England protest against the import of Indian textiles in the early eighteenth century?

Ans.

(i) By the early eighteenth century, wool and silk makers in England were worried by the popularity of Indian textiles and protested against the import of Indian cotton textiles.

(ii) In 1720, the British government enacted a legislation banning the use of printed cotton textiles – chintz – in England; this Act was known as the Calico Act.

(iii) At this time textile industries had just begun to develop in England.

(iv) Unable to compete with Indian textiles, English producers tried to secure market within their country by preventing the entry of Indian textiles.

Q.8 How did the development of cotton industries in Britain affect textile producers in India?

Ans. The development of cotton industries in Britain affected textile producers in India in several ways.

(i) First: Indian textiles now had to compete with British textiles in the European and American markets.

(ii) Second: exporting textiles to England also became difficult since very high duties were imposed on Indian textiles imported into Britain.

(iii) By the beginning of the nineteenth century, English-made cotton textiles successfully ousted Indian goods from their traditional markets in Africa, America and Europe.

(iv) Thousands of weavers in India lost their livelihoods; Bengal weavers were the worst hit.

(v) English and European companies stopped buying Indian goods, and their agents stopped giving advances to weavers to secure supplies.

(vi) Distressed weavers appealed to the government to help them. By the 1830s, British cotton cloth flooded Indian markets.

(vii) By the 1880s, two-thirds of all the cotton clothes worn by Indians were made of cloth produced in Britain.

(viii) This affected not only specialist weavers but also spinners and rural women who made a living by spinning cotton thread.

Q.9 Why did the Indian iron smelting industry decline in the nineteenth century?

Ans.

(i) By the late nineteenth century, the craft of iron smelting was in decline. In most villages, furnaces fell into disuse and the amount of iron produced came down.

(ii) One reason for the decline was the new forest laws enacted by the colonial government prevented people from entering the reserved forests.

(iii) The iron smelters could not collect wood for charcoal and iron ore from the forests.

(iv) However, they often entered the forests secretly and collected wood, but they could not sustain their occupation on this basis for long.

(v) Many gave up their craft and looked for other means of livelihood.

(vi) In some areas the government granted access to the forest. But the iron smelters had to pay a very high tax to the forest department for every furnace they used.

(vii) This reduced their income. Moreover, by the late nineteenth century, iron and steel was being imported from Britain.

(viii) Indian Ironsmiths began using the imported iron to manufacture utensils and implements. This inevitably lowered the demand for iron produced by local smelters.

Q.10 What problems did the Indian textile industry face in the early years of its development?

Ans. The Indian textile industry faced many problems in the early years of its development.

(i) The Indian textile industry could not compete with the cheap textiles imported from Britain.

(ii) In most countries, governments supported industrialisation by imposing heavy duties on imports.

(iii) This eliminated competition and protected emerging industries.

(iv) The British government in India usually refused such protection to local textile industries.

(v) The first major development of cotton factory production in India happened during the First World War when textile imports from Britain declined, and Indian factories were called

upon to produce cloth for military supplies.

Q.11 What helped TISCO expand steel production during the First World War?

Ans.

(i) The Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO) began producing steel in 1912.

(ii) Till 1914, the British used to import its steel into India.

(iii) When the First World War broke out in the same year, steel produced in Britain now had to meet the demands of war in Europe and its imports into India declined severely.

(iv) The Indian Railways turned to TISCO for supply of rails.

(v) As the war dragged on several years, TISCO produced shells and carriage wheels for the war.

(vi) By 1919, the colonial government was buying 90 per cent of the steel manufactured by TISCO.

(vii) All these factors helped TISCO expand steel production during the First World War.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. What are some pointers for mastering Class 8 (History) Chapter 7?

  • Read Class 8 History Chapter 7 thoroughly from the textbook. As soon as you finish the chapter, you will find a set of questions to test your knowledge and understanding.
  • Refer to Extramarks’ NCERT Solutions Class 8 History Chapter 7 for correct answers to these questions.
  • As the solutions are strategically designed for students who aim to score incredibly well, it is easy to understand and even easier to grasp the chapter thoroughly.

2. How do I make the most out of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science?

  • You must refer to  NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 7 as a part of your study routine. 
  • By doing so, you will be surprised by how even a subject like Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 7 becomes interesting & appealing. 
  • As NCERT solution Class 8 History Chapter 7 is curated  from an examination point of view, after  reading it you will be able to write concise  answers  without taking too much time.