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Syllabus and Exam Weightage for Class 12 Political Science

CBSE Class 12 Political Science syllabus is very important to get a hold on. Students can ace the exams by learning from Extramarks learning material which is kept at par with the new pattern for CBSE Class 12 Political Science. The topics in the Class 12 Political Science syllabus are very vast. Political Science Class 12 syllabus consists of the following topics: 
Chapter 1 the Cold War Era
Chapter 2 the End of Bipolarity
Chapter 3 Us Hegemony in World Politics
Chapter 4 Alternative Centres of Power
Chapter 5 Contemporary South Asia
Chapter 6 International Organisations
Chapter 7 Security in the Contemporary World
Chapter 8 Environment and Natural Resources
Chapter 9 Globalisation

Here is an introduction to the first chapter from the Political Science syllabus of Class 12. 

The cold war generated both an arms race and arms control: 
1. The Cuban missile crisis involved both of them (superpowers) in nuclear weapons development to control the world.
2. The U.S. dropped nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki to deter the soviet union from making military and political progress in Asia.
3. Both the forces were not prepared to start a war because they knew that their loss would not justify their advantage.
4. To guarantee human survival, both the authorities had to be fair and cautious being controlled and preventing the possibility of another world war.
5. Both superpowers, therefore, decided to limit certain types of nuclear and non-nuclear weapons by signing several major agreements within a decade, i.e. Limited Test Ban Convention, Treaty on Nuclear Non-Proliferation, Treaty on Anti-Ballistic Missile, etc.

Superpowers have had military alliances with smaller states that helped them gain access to 
1. Vital resources, such as minerals and oil.
2. A territory where the superpowers were able to launch their arms and soldiers from.
3. Locations they could be spying on each other from.
4. Economic aid to pay for their military expenses.

Yes, the cold war was a simple struggle for power and it had nothing to do with that ideology because of 
1. The cold war resulted in several battles of fighting but this did not lead to another world war.
2. Neither coalition scheme reached those boundaries following direct confrontations in Korea (1950-53), berlin (1958-62), the congo (the early 1960s).
3. In some areas such as Korea, Vietnam, and Afghanistan, many lives have been lost, but world war spread a nuclear war or global hostilities.

India's foreign policy vis-à-vis the U.S.and USSR has been twofold: 
a.) India has taken particular care to stage away from the two alliances.
b.) Also took a stand against those newly decolonized countries becoming part of those alliances.
In addition, India has sought to reduce the differences and rivalries between these alliances from escalating into a war of full scale.

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