# CBSE Class 12 Maths Syllabus for 2023-24

## CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Maths Term (1 & 2) 2023-24

The Class 12 Maths Syllabus for CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) for the academic year 2021-22 has been divided into two terms – Term 1 and Term 2. The Maths Syllabus Term 1 Class 12 includes chapters 1 to 10, while the Class 12 Maths Syllabus for Term 2 includes chapters 11 to 21. The syllabus is designed to develop the mathematical skills of students and prepare them for their future academic and professional pursuits.

The Class 12 CBSE Maths Syllabus covers a wide range of topics, including Relations and Functions, Matrices, Calculus, Probability, and Vectors. Students will learn how to solve complex mathematical problems, apply mathematical concepts to real-world scenarios, and develop their critical thinking and analytical skills.

The Maths Syllabus Term 1 Class 12 includes chapters on Differential Calculus, Algebra, and Linear Programming. Students will learn about the principles of differentiation, limits, continuity, and applications of derivatives. In Algebra, they will study the concepts of matrices, determinants, and inverse matrices. In Linear Programming, they will learn about the formulation of mathematical models to solve real-world problems.

The maths syllabus class 12 for Term 2 includes topics such as Three-dimensional Geometry, Probability, and Applications of Integrals. Students will learn about the principles of three-dimensional geometry, probability distributions, and integration. They will also learn how to apply integration to solve problems in physics, engineering, and other disciplines.

The maths syllabus class 12 cbse 2023-24 is designed to provide a comprehensive understanding of mathematical concepts and develop the skills required for success in academics and beyond. Students who study and master the syllabus will be well-prepared for a wide range of academic and professional pursuits.

## Maths Syllabus Class 12

The Class 12 CBSE Maths Syllabus is a must-have resource for any student who wants to excel in their Mathematics exam. It is available for free download in PDF format, making it easily accessible to anyone who needs it.

The CBSE Maths Syllabus is based on NCERT Books and covers a wide range of topics, including Relations and Functions, Matrices, Calculus, Probability, and Vectors. In addition to the syllabus, CBSE Important Questions, CBSE Revision Notes, Formulas for subjects where they are needed and CBSE Sample Papers are also available to help students prepare for their exams.

## CBSE Class 12 Maths Term Wise Syllabus 2023-24

The CBSE Class 12 Maths Term Wise Syllabus 2021-22 by Extramarks is a comprehensive resource for students preparing for their Mathematics exam. The syllabus has been divided into two terms, Term 1 and Term 2, covering a wide range of topics, including Relations and Functions, Matrices, Calculus, Probability, and Vectors.

Along with the CBSE syllabus, CBSE Sample Papers and CBSE Previous Year Question Papers are available to help students prepare for their exams. In addition, formulas and CBSE Extra Questions are also included to provide a better understanding of the concepts and increase the chances of scoring higher marks in the exam.

## CBSE Class 12 Syllabus for Other Subjects:

The CBSE Class 12 syllabus includes a wide range of subjects such as Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, English, Hindi, Political Science, and more. Each subject has its own unique syllabus, which includes topics, concepts, and theories that students need to learn and understand. The syllabus is designed to provide a comprehensive and well-rounded education that prepares students for higher education and future careers.

### CBSE Class 12 Syllabus

• CBSE Class 12 Maths Syllabus

## CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Maths Term 1

It’s worth noting that the CBSE Class 12 Maths Syllabus Term 1 is designed to provide a holistic approach to learning mathematics. The syllabus is structured in a way that not only focuses on theoretical concepts but also encourages students to apply these concepts to real-world scenarios.

In this way, the CBSE maths syllabus class 12 Term 1 not only helps students excel in their exams but also prepares them for life beyond the classroom. It instils critical thinking, analytical skills, and problem-solving abilities in students that can prove to be valuable in any field they choose to pursue.

Furthermore, the CBSE Class 12 Maths Syllabus Term 1 is not just restricted to textbooks. With the help of technology, students can access additional resources, such as online tutorials, videos, and practice papers. These resources complement the syllabus and provide a comprehensive learning experience for students.

Overall, the CBSE Class 12 Maths Syllabus Term 1 is an essential tool for students who want to excel in their maths exam and prepare themselves for a bright future ahead. By staying on top of the syllabus and utilising additional resources, students can ensure that they are fully prepared for the exam and ready to take on any challenge that comes their way.

### Internal Assessment for CBSE Class 12 Maths Term 1

Internal Assessment for CBSE Class 12 Maths Syllabus Term 1 is an integral part of the exam process. It comprises 20 marks out of the total 80 marks for the theory exam. The assessment aims to evaluate the student’s problem-solving and analytical skills and their ability to apply mathematical concepts in real-world situations.

The Internal Assessment for CBSE maths syllabus class 12 Term 1 is conducted in the school and involves projects, assignments, and practical work. CBSE Sample Papers and CBSE Previous Year Question Papers can provide valuable guidance for students to prepare for the internal assessment. Students are expected to complete the projects and assignments on time and submit them to their teachers.

In addition, students must also be thorough with the Class 12 Maths Syllabus for Term 1 and CBSE Important Questions to score well in the Internal Assessment. Students must stay on top of their studies and regularly practice numericals and solve sample papers to strengthen their problem-solving and analytical skills.

Overall, the Internal Assessment for Class 12 Maths Syllabus Term 1 is a crucial aspect of the exam process. Students who take the assessment seriously and prepare thoroughly are likely to perform well in the exam and achieve their academic goals.

## Maths Term 2 Syllabus Class 12

The CBSE maths term 2 syllabus class 12 covers the second half of the academic year and is an extension of the topics covered in Term 1. The Class 12 Maths Syllabus is designed to test the students’ understanding and application of mathematical concepts and theories. In Term 2 of the Class 12 Maths Syllabus, students will cover topics such as Matrices, Determinants, Continuity and Differentiability, Integrals, Differential Equations, Applications of Integrals, Vectors, Three-dimensional Geometry, Linear Programming, and Probability. The CBSE Class 12 Maths Syllabus Term 2 is structured in a way that promotes critical thinking, problem-solving, and analytical skills. CBSE Sample Papers, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers, and CBSE Revision Notes can provide valuable guidance for students to prepare for the exam. Overall, the CBSE Class 12 Maths Syllabus Term 2 is an essential tool for students who want to excel in their maths exam and prepare themselves for a bright future ahead.

### Internal Assessment  for CBSE Class 12 Maths Term 2

Internal Assessment for CBSE maths term 2 syllabus class 12 is an essential component of the final exam. It carries 20 marks out of the total 80 marks for the theory exam. The internal assessment evaluates the student’s practical skills, problem-solving skills, and their ability to apply mathematical concepts in real-world situations. The internal assessment for CBSE Class 12 Maths Syllabus Term 2 comprises projects, assignments, practical work, and oral examinations. Students are expected to complete the assigned tasks and submit them within the stipulated time frame. To score well in the internal assessment, students must be thorough with the Class 12 Maths Syllabus for Term 2, CBSE Important Question, CBSE Sample Papers, and CBSE Previous Year Question Papers. Regular practice and revision are essential to strengthen their problem-solving and analytical skills. In conclusion, the Internal Assessment for CBSE maths syllabus class 12 Term 2 is a critical aspect of the exam process that helps to evaluate students’ practical skills and understanding of mathematical concepts. It is essential for students to take it seriously and prepare well to achieve their academic goals.

### Conclusion

The notes provided by Extramarks for Class 12 Maths Syllabus are of utmost importance for students pursuing their studies in this subject. The Class 12 Maths Syllabus is vast and covers a wide range of topics, from calculus and linear algebra to probability and statistics. With the help of these notes, students can gain a better understanding of the concepts and formulas involved in each topic, which can ultimately lead to better performance in exams.

The notes provided by Extramarks for Class 12 Maths Syllabus are designed in a comprehensive manner, covering all the essential topics and concepts included in the syllabus. These notes are prepared by subject matter experts who have years of experience in teaching mathematics, making them an invaluable resource for students. They are designed in a manner that is easy to understand, making it easier for students to retain the information.

Moreover, the notes provided by Extramarks for maths syllabus class 12 are structured in a way that allows students to revise the subject matter quickly and effectively. This is particularly helpful for students who have a limited amount of time to prepare for exams. The notes are organised in a logical manner, with each topic and subtopic being covered in detail. This makes it easier for students to find the information they need when revising for exams.

CBSE Class 12 Maths Syllabus for 2023-24

 No Units Marks I Relations and Functions 08 II Algebra 10 III Calculus 35 IV Vectors and Three – Dimensional Geometry 14 V Linear Programming 05 VI Probability 08 TOTAL 80 Internal Assessment 20

ENGLISH (CORE)
Code No. 301
(2022-23)
Background
Students are expected to have acquired a reasonable degree of language proficiency in English
Language by the time they come to class XI, and the course aims, essentially, at promoting the
higher-order language skills.
For a large number of students, the higher secondary stage will be a preparation for the
university, where a fairly high degree of proficiency in English may be required. But for another
large group, the higher secondary stage may be a preparation for entry into the professional
domain. The Core Course should cater to both groups by promoting the language skills required
for academic study as well as the language skills required for the workplace.
Competencies to be focused on:
The general objectives at this stage are to:
● listen and comprehend live as well as record in writing oral presentations on a variety of
topics
● develop greater confidence and proficiency in the use of language skills necessary for social
and academic purpose to participate in group discussions, interviews by making short oral
presentation on given topics
● perceive the overall meaning and organisation of the text (i.e., correlation of the vital
portions of the text)
● identify the central/main point and supporting details, etc., to build communicative
competence in various lexicons of English
● promote advanced language skills with an aim to develop the skills of reasoning, drawing
inferences, etc. through meaningful activities
● translate texts from mother tongue(s) into English and vice versa
● develop ability and acquire knowledge required in order to engage in independentreflection
and enquiry
● read and comprehend extended texts (prescribed and non-prescribed) in the following
genres: science fiction, drama, poetry, biography, autobiography, travel and sportsliterature,
etc.
● text-based writing (i.e., writing in response to questions or tasks based on prescribed or
unseen texts) understand and respond to lectures, speeches, etc.
● write expository / argumentative essays, explaining or developing a topic, arguinga case, etc.
write formal/informal letters and applications for different purposes
● make use of contextual clues to infer meanings of unfamiliar vocabulary
● select, compile and collate information for an oral presentation
● produce unified paragraphs with adequate details and support
● use grammatical structures accurately and appropriately
● write items related to the workplace (minutes, memoranda, notices, summaries,reports etc.
● filling up of forms, preparing CV, e-mail messages., making notes from referencematerials,
recorded talks etc.
The core course should draw upon the language items suggested for class IX-X and delve deeper
into their usage and functions. Particular attention may, however, be givento the following areas
of grammar:
• The use of passive forms in scientific and innovative writings.
• Convert one kind of sentence/clause into a different kind of structure as well as other
items to exemplify stylistic variations in different discourses modal auxiliaries- uses based
on semantic considerations.
Students are expected to develop the following study skills:
• skim for main ideas and scan for details
• refer to dictionaries, encyclopedia, thesaurus and academic reference material in
any format
• select and extract relevant information, using reading skills of skimming and scanning
• understand the writer’s purpose and tone
• comprehend the difference between the literal and the figurative
• differentiate between claims and realities, facts and opinions, form business opinions
onthe basis of latest trends available
• comprehend technical language as required in computer related fields, arrive at
personal conclusion and logically comment on a given text.
• Specifically develop the ability to be original and creative in interpreting opinion,
develop the ability to be logically persuasive in defending one’s opinion and making
notes based on a text.
Develop literary skills as enumerated below:
• respond to literary texts
• appreciate and analyse special features of languages that differentiate literary texts
from non-literary ones, explore and evaluate features of character, plot, setting, etc.
• understand and appreciate the oral, mobile and visual elements of drama.
Identify the elements of style such as humour, pathos, satire and irony, etc.
• make notes from various resources for the purpose of developing the extracted ideas
into sustained pieces of writing
B. Listening and Speaking
Speaking needs a very strong emphasis and is an important objective leading toprofessional
competence. Hence, testing of oral skills must be made an important component of the overall
testing pattern. To this end, speaking and listening skills are overtly built into the material to
guide the teachers in actualization of the skills.
Specific Objectives of Listening & Speaking
Students are expected to develop the ability to:
• take organized notes on lectures, talks and listening passages
• listen to news bulletins and to develop the ability to discuss informally a wideranging
issues like current national and international affairs, sports, business, etc.
• respond in interviews and to participate in formal group discussions.
• make enquiries meaningfully and adequately and to respond to enquiries for thepurpose
of travelling within the country and abroad.
• listen to business news and to be able to extract relevant important information.
• to develop public speaking skills.
C. Specific Objectives of Writing
The students will be able to:
• write letters to friends, relatives, etc. to write business and official letters.
• open accounts in post offices and banks. To fill in railway/airline reservation forms.
• write on various issues to institutions seeking relevant information, lodge complaints,
express gratitude or render apology.
• write applications, fill in application forms, prepare a personal bio-data for admissioninto
colleges, universities, entrance tests and jobs.
• write informal reports as part of personal letters on functions, programmes and
activities held in school (morning assembly, annual day, sports day, etc.)
• write formal reports for school magazines/events/processes/ or in local newspapers
• express opinions, facts, arguments in the form of speech or debates, using a varietyof
accurate sentence structures
• draft papers to be presented in symposia.
• take down notes from talks and lectures.
• write examination answers according to the requirement of various subjects.
• summarise a text.
Inculcating good reading habits in children has always been a concern for all stakeholders in
education. The purpose is to create independent thinking individualswith the ability to not only
create their own knowledge but also critically interpret, analyse and evaluate it with objectivity
and fairness. This will also help students in learning and acquiring better language skills.
Creating learners for the 21st century involves making them independent learners whocan learn,
unlearn and relearn. If our children are in the habit of reading, they will learnto reinvent
themselves and deal with the many challenges that lie ahead of them.
Reading is not merely decoding information or pronouncing words correctly. It is an interactive
dialogue between the author and the reader in which the reader and the author share their
experiences and knowledge with each other. Good readers are critical readers with an ability to
arrive at a deeper understanding of not only the worldpresented in the book but also of the real
world around them.
Consequently, they become independent thinkers capable of taking their own decisions in life
rationally. Hence, a few activities are suggested below which teachers may use asa part of the
• Short review / dramatization of the story
• Commentary on the characters
• Critical evaluation of the plot, storyline and characters
• Comparing and contrasting the characters within the story, with other charactersin
stories by the same author or by different authors
• Extrapolating about the story read or life of characters after the story ends defending
characters actions in the story
• Making an audio story out of the novel/text to be read aloud.
• Interacting with the author
• Holding a literature fest where students role-play as various characters to interact with
each other
• Role playing as authors/poets/dramatists, to defend their works and characters
• Symposiums and seminars for introducing a book, an author, or a theme
• Creating graphic novels out of novel or short stories they read
• Dramatizing incidents from a novel or a story
• Creating their own stories
• Books of one genre to be read by the whole class.
Teachers may select books and e-books suitable to the age and level of the learners.Care
ought to be taken to choose books that are appropriate in terms of language, theme and
content and which do not hurt the sensibilities of a child.
Teachers may later suggest books from other languages by dealing with the same themes as an
extended activity. The Project should lead to independent learning/reading skills and hence the
chosen book should not be taught in class, but may be introduced through activities and be left
for the students to read at their own pace. Teachers may, however, choose to assess a student’s
progress or success in reading the book by asking for verbal or written progress reports, looking
at their diary entries, engaging in a discussion about the book, giving a short quiz or a work sheet
about the book/short story. A befitting mode of assessment may be chosen by the teacher.
Methods and Techniques
The techniques used for teaching should promote habits of self-learning and reduce dependence
on the teacher. In general, we recommend a multi-skill, learner-centred, activity based approach,
of which there can be many variations. The core classroom activity is likely to be that of silent
reading of prescribed/selected texts for comprehension, which can lead to other forms of
language learning activities such as role-play, dramatization, group discussion, writing, etc.,
although many such activities could be carried out without the preliminary use of textual
material. It is important that students be trained to read independently and intelligently,
interacting actively withtexts, with the use of reference materials (dictionary, thesaurus, etc.)
where necessary. Some pre-reading activity will generally be required, and the course books
should suggest suitable activities, leaving teachers free to devise other activities when desired.
So also, the reading of texts should be followed by post reading activities. It is important to
remember that students should be encouraged to interpret texts in different ways.
Group and pair activities can be resorted to when desired, although many usefullanguage
activities can be carried out individually. In general, teachers should encourage students to
interact actively with texts and with each other. Oral activity (group discussion, etc.) should be
encouraged.
ENGLISH CORE
CODE NO. 301
CLASS – XI (2022-23)
Section A
Reading Comprehension through Unseen Passage 18 Marks
I. One unseen passage to assess comprehension, interpretation inference and vocabulary. The
passage may be factual, descriptive or literary.
II. One unseen case-based passage with verbal/visual inputs like statistical data, charts etc.
Note: The combined word limit for both the passages will be 600-750.
Multiple Choice Questions / Objective Type Questions will be asked. (10+8 = 18 Marks)
III. Note Making and Summarization based on a passage of approximately 200-250 words.
i. Note Making: 5 Marks
○ Title: 1
○ Numbering and indenting: 1
○ Key/glossary: 1
○ Notes: 2
ii. Summary (up to 50 words): 3 Marks
○ Content: 2
○ Expression: 1
Section B
IV. Grammar 7 Marks
i. Questions on Gap filling (Tenses, Clauses)
ii. Questions on re-ordering/transformation of sentences
(Total seven questions to be done out of the eight given).
V. Creative Writing Skills 16 Marks
i. Short writing task – Classified Advertisements up to 50 words. One out of the two given
questions to be answered (3 Marks: Format : 1 / Content : 1 / Expression : 1)
ii. Short writing task –Poster up to 50 words. One out of the two given questions to be
answered.(3marks:Format : 1 / Content : 1 / Expression : 1)
iii. Writing a Speech in 120-150 words based on verbal / visual cues related to some contemporary
/ age-appropriate topic.
iv. Writing a Debate based on visual/verbal inputs in 120-150 words. The theme should be
contemporary topical issues. One out of the two given questions to be answered. (5 Marks:
Format: 1 / Content: 2 / Expression: 2)
Section C
This section will have variety of assessment items including Multiple Choice Questions, Objective Type
Questions, Short Answer Type Questions and Long Answer Type Questions to assess comprehension,
analysis, interpretation and extrapolation beyond the text.
VI. Reference to the Context
i. One Poetry extract out of two from the book Hornbill to assess comprehension,
interpretation, analysis and appreciation. (3×1=3 Marks)
ii. One Prose extract out of two from the book Hornbill to assess comprehension,
interpretation, analysis and appreciation. (3×1=3 Marks)
iii. One prose extract out of two from the book Snapshots to assess comprehension,
interpretation and analysis. (4×1=4 Marks)
VII. Two Short answer type question (one from Prose and one from Poetry from the book Hornbill), out
of four, to be answered in 40-50 words. Questions should elicit inferential responsesthrough critical
thinking. (3×2=6 Marks)
VIII. One Short answer type question, from the book Snapshots, to be answered I n 40- 50 words.
Questions should elicit inferential responses through critical thinking. Any 1 out of 2 questions to
be done. (3×1=3 Marks)
IX. One Long answer type question, from Prose/Poetry Hornbill, to be answered in 120-150 words.
Questions can be based on incident / theme / passage / extract / event as reference points to
assess extrapolation beyond and across the text. The question will elicit analytical and evaluative
response from student. Any 1 out of 2 questions to be done. (1×6=6 Marks)
X. One Long answer type question, based on the chapters from the book Snapshots to be answered
in 120-150 words to assess global comprehension and extrapolation beyond the text. Questions to
provide evaluative and analytical responses using incidents, events, themes as reference points.
Any 1 out of 2 questions to be done. (1×6=6 Marks)
INTERNAL ASSESSMENT
Assessment of Listening Skills – 05 marks.
Assessment of Speaking Skills – 05 Marks
Project Work – 10 Marks
Prescribed Books
New Delhi
•The Portrait of a Lady (Prose)
•A Photograph (Poem)
•“We’re Not Afraid to Die… if we can be together
•Discovering Tut: the Saga Continues
•The Laburnum Top (Poem)
• The Voice of the Rain (Poem)
•Childhood (Poem)
•Father to Son
and Training, New Delhi
• The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse (Prose)
• Mother’s Day (Play)
• Birth ( Prose)
• The Tale of Melon City
Question Paper Design 2022-23 English
CORE XI (Code No. 301)
Section Competencies Total marks
inferring, interpreting, appreciating, literary,
conventions and vocabulary, summarizing and
usingappropriate format/s.
26
Creative Writing Sills Conceptual Understanding, application ofrules,
Analysis, Reasoning, appropriacy of style and
tone, using appropriate format and fluency,
inference, analysis, evaluation and creativity.
23
Literature Text Books and
Texts
Recalling, reasoning, appreciating literary
convention, inference, analysis, creativity with
fluency, Critical Thinking. 31
TOTAL
80
Assessment ofListening andSpeaking Skills
10
Internal Assessment
• Listening
• Speaking
• Project Work
5
5
10
GRAND TOTAL 100
ENGLISH CORE
CODE NO. 301
CLASS – XII 2022-23
Section A
Reading Comprehension through Unseen Passage 20 Marks
I. One unseen passage to assess comprehension, interpretation and inference. Vocabulary and
inference of meaning will also be assessed. The passage may be factual, descriptive or literary.
(10×1=10
Marks)
II. One unseen case-based passage with verbal/visual inputs like statistical data, charts etc.
(10×1=10 Marks)
Note: The combined word limit for both the passages will be 700-750 words.
Multiple Choice Questions / Objective Type Questions will be asked.
Section B
III. Creative Writing Skills 20 Marks
The section has Short and Long writing tasks.
i. Notice up to 50 words. One out of the two given questions to be answered.(5 Marks: Format :
1 / Organisation of Ideas: 1/Content : 2 / Accuracy of Spelling and Grammar : 1 ).
ii. Formal/Informal Invitation and Reply up to 50 words. One out of the two given questions to
be answered. (5 Marks: Format : 1 / Organisation of Ideas: 1/Content : 2 / Accuracy of Spelling
and Grammar :1 ).
iii. Letters based on verbal/visual input, to be answered in approximately 120-150 words. Letter
types include application for a job with bio data or resume. Letters to the editor (giving
suggestionsor opinion on issues of public interest) . One out of the two given questions to be
answered . (5 Marks: Format : 1 / Organisation of Ideas: 1/Content : 2 / Accuracy of Spelling
and Grammar :1 ).
iv. Article/ Report Writing, descriptive and analytical in nature, based on verbal inputs, to be
answered in 120-150 words. One out of the two given questions to be . (5 Marks: Format : 1 /
Organisation of Ideas: 1/Content : 2 / Accuracy of Spelling and Grammar :1 ).
Section C
This section will have variety of assessment items including Multiple Choice Questions, Objective
Type Questions, Short Answer Type Questions and Long Answer Type Questions to assess
comprehension, analysis, interpretation and extrapolation beyond the text.
IV. Reference to the Context 40 Marks
i. One Poetry extract out of two from the book Flamingo to assess comprehension,
interpretation, analysis and appreciation. (6×1=6 Marks)
ii. One Prose extract out of two from the book Vistas to assess comprehension, interpretation,
analysis and appreciation. (4×1=4 Marks)
iii. One prose extract out of two from the book Flamingo to assess comprehension,
interpretation and analysis. (6×1=6Marks)
V. Short answer type question (from Prose and Poetry from the book Flamingo), to be
answered in 40-50 words. Questions should elicit inferential responses through critical
thinking. Five questions out of the six given are to be answered.
(5×2=10 Marks)
VI. Short answer type question, from Prose (Vistas), to be answered in 40- 50 words. Questions
should elicit inferential responses through critical thinking. Any 2 out of 3 questions to be
done. (2×2=4 Marks)
VII. One Long answer type question, from Prose/Poetry (Flamingo), to be answered in 120-150
words. Questions can be based on incident / theme / passage / extract / event as reference
points to assess extrapolation beyond and across the text. The question will elicit analytical
and evaluative response from student. Any 1 out of 2 questions to be done. (1×5=5 Marks)
VIII. One Long answer type question, based on the chapters from the book Vistas,to be answered
in 120-150 words to assess global comprehension and extrapolation beyond the text.
Questions to provide evaluative and analytical responses using incidents, events, themes as
reference points. Any 1 out of 2 questions to be done. (1×5=5 Marks)
INTERNAL ASSESSMENT
Assessment of Listening Skills – 05 marks.
Assessment of Speaking Skills – 05 Marks
Project Work – 10 Marks
Prescribed Books
New Delhi
(Prose)
• The Last Lesson
• Lost Spring
• Deep Water
• The Rattrap
• Indigo
• Poets and Pancakes
• The Interview
• Going Places
(Poetry)
• My Mother at Sixty-Six
• Keeping Quiet
• A Thing of Beauty
• Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers
Training, New Delhi
• The Third Level
• The Tiger King
• Journey to the end of the Earth
• The Enemy
• On the Face of It
• Memories of Childhood
○ The Cutting of My Long Hair
○ We Too are Human Beings
Question Paper Design 2022-23
Code No. 301
English CORE XII
Section Competencies Total marks
Reading Skills Conceptual understanding, decoding, Analyzing,
inferring, interpreting,appreciating, literary, conventions
and vocabulary, summarizing and using appropriate
format/s.
20
Creative Writing Sills Conceptual Understanding, application ofrules, Analysis,
Reasoning, appropriacy of style and tone, using
appropriate format and fluency, inference, analysis,
evaluation and creativity.
20
Literature Text Books
and Supplementary
Recalling, reasoning, critical thinking, appreciating
literary convention, inference, analysis, creativity with
fluency.
40
TOTAL
80
Assessment ofListening andSpeaking Skills
10
Internal Assessment
• Listening
• Speaking
• Project Work
5
5
10
GRAND TOTAL 100
Annexure I
Guidelines for Internal Assessment
Classes XI-XII
ALS must be seen as an integrated component of all four language skills rather than a compartment of two. Suggested
activities, therefore, take into consideration an integration of the four language skills but during assessment, emphasis will
be given to speaking and listening, since reading and writing are already being assessed in the written exam.
Classes XI-XII Total Marks: 20
Assessment of Listening and Speaking Skills: (5+5=10 Marks)
i. Activities:
● Subject teachers must refer to books prescribed in the syllabus.
● In addition to the above, teachers may plan their own activities and create their own material for assessing
the listening and speaking skills.
ii. Parameters for Assessment: The listening and speaking skills are to be assessed on the following parameters:
a. Interactive competence (Initiation & turn taking, relevance to the topic)
b. Fluency (cohesion, coherence and speed of delivery)
c. Pronunciation
d. Language (grammar and vocabulary)
A suggestive rubric is given below:
Interaction
1.
• Contributions are
mainly unrelated
to those of other
speakers
• Shows hardly any
initiative in the
development of
conversation
• Very limited
interaction
2.
• Contributions
are often
unrelated to
those of the
other speaker
• Generally
passive in the
development of
conversation
3.
• Develops
interaction
makes
however
minimal effort
to initiate
conversation
• Needs
constant
prompting to
take turns
4.
• Interaction is
initiated
and develop
• Can take turn
but needs
little
prompting
5.
• Can initiate &
logically develop
simple
conversation on
familiar topics
• Can take turns
appropriately
Pronunciation
• Insufficient
accuracy in
pronunciation;
many
grammatical
errors
• Communication
is severely
affected
• Frequently
unintelligible
articulation
• Frequent
phonological
errors
• Major
communication
problems
• Largely correct
pronunciation &
clear
articulation
except
occasional
errors
• Some
expressions
cause stress
without
compromising
with
understanding
of spoken
discourse.
• Mostly correct
pronunciation
& clear
articulation
• Can be clearly
understood
most of the
time; very few
phonological
errors
• Can pronounce
correctly &
articulate clearly
• Is always
comprehensible
; uses
appropriate
intonation
Fluency &
Coherence
1.
• Noticeably/ long
pauses; rate of
Speech is slow
• Frequent
repetition and/or
self- correction
sentences;
breakdown of
coherence
evident
2.
• Usually fluent;
produces simple
speech fluently,
but loses
coherence in
complex
communication
• Often hesitates
and/or resorts to
slow speech
• Topics partly
developed; not
always
concluded
logically
3.
• Is willing to
speak at
length,
however
repetition is
noticeable
• Hesitates
and/or self
corrects;
occasionally
loses
coherence
• Topics mainly
developed, but
usually not
logically
concluded
4.
• Speaks without
noticeable
effort, with a
little repetition
• Demonstrates
hesitation to
find words or
use correct
grammatical
structures
and/or selfcorrection
• Topics not fully
developed to
merit
5.
• Speaks fluently
almost with no
repetition &
minimal
hesitation
• Develops topic
fully &
coherently
Vocabulary &
Grammar
• Demonstrates
almost no
flexibility, and
mostly struggles
for appropriate
words
• Uses very basic
vocabulary to
express viewpoints.
• Communicates
with limited
flexibility and
appropriacy on
some of the
topics
• Complex forms
and sentence
structures are
rare; exhibits
limited
vocabulary to
express new
ideas
• Communicate
s with limited
flexibility
and
appropriacy
on most of the
topics
• Sometimes
uses complex
forms and
sentence
structures; has
limited
vocabulary to
describe/
express new
points
• Can express
with some
flexibility and
appropriacy on
most of the
topics
• Demonstrates
ability to use
complex forms
and sentence
structures most
of the time;
expresses with
vocabulary
• Can express
with some
flexibility and
appropriacy on a
variety of topics
such as family,
hobbies, work,
travel and current
events
• Frequently uses
complex forms
and sentence
structures; has
enough
vocabulary to
express himself/
herself
iii. Schedule:
• The practice of listening and speaking skills should be done throughout the academic year.
• The final assessment of the skills is to be done as per the convenience and schedule of the school.
Project Work + Viva: 10 Marks
Out of ten marks, 5 marks will be allotted for the project report/script /essay etc. and 5 marks for the viva.
I. Schedule:
● Schools may refer to the suggestive timeline given in these guidelines for the planning, preparation and viva-voce
of ALS based projects.
● The final assessment of the skills may be done on the basis of parameters suggested by the Board. Language
teachers, however, have the option to adopt/ modify these parameters according to their school specific
requirements.
II. Suggestions for Project Work:
• The Project can be inter-disciplinary in theme. The ideas/issues highlighted in the chapters/ poems/ drama given
the prescribed books can also be developed in the form of a project. Students can also take up any relevant and
age-appropriate theme.
• Such topics may be taken up that provide students with opportunities for listening and speaking.
Some suggestions are as follows:
a. Interview-Based research:
Example:
• Students can choose a topic on which to do their research/ interview, e.g. a student can choose the topic : “
Evolving food tastes in my neighbourhood” or “Corona pandemic and the fallout on families.” Read the available
literature.
• The student then conducts interviews with a few neighbours on the topic. For an interview, with the help of the
teacher, student will frame questions based on the preliminary research/background.
• The student will then write an essay/ write up / report etc. up to 1000 words on his/her research and submit it. He
/ She will then take a viva on the research project. The project can be done in individually or in pairs/ groups
b. Listen to podcasts/ interviews/radio or TV documentary on a topic and prepare a report countering or agreeing with
the speakers. Write an 800 – 1000 words report and submit. Take a viva on the report.
c. Students create their own video/ Audio, after writing a script. Before they decide a format, the following elements can
be taken into consideration:
● Theme/topic of the audio / video. Would the child like to pick a current issue or something artistic like theatre?
● What are the elements that need to be part of the script?
● Will the video/audio have an interview with one or more guests?
● Would they prefer to improvise while chatting with guests, or work from a script?
● What would be the duration?
● How would they present the script/report to the teacher, e.g. Can it be in the form of a narrative?
d. Write, direct and present a theatrical production, /One act play
This will be a project which will be done as a team. It will involve planning, preparation and presentation. In short,
various language skills will be utilised. There will be researching, discussion, writing the script, auditioning and
ultimately producing the play. The project will end with a presentation and subsequently a viva. Teachers will be able
to assess the core language skills of the students and help them grow as 21st century critical thinkers.
III. Instructions for the Teachers:-
1. Properly orient students about the Project work, as per the present Guidelines.
2. Facilitate the students in the selection of theme and topic.
3. Create a rubric for assessment and share with the students before they start so that they know the parameters of
assessment:
• Teachers need to familiarize themselves with the method of assessing students with the rubric– a table
with different criteria and a grading scale.
• Choose the criteria on which you will grade students and list them along the left side of the page.
• Create an even number of columns along the top of the page. These columns will represent potential skill
levels of the students.
• Assessing students on four/five criteria is an easy way to begin. For each criterion, define the ability that
a student would exhibit at each of the levels.
● The more detailed you make your criteria, the easier it will be to evaluate each student and define the level at
which the student is presenting.
{Sample Rubric is attached at the end for reference}
IV. Parameters for Overall Assessment:-
1. Pronunciation:
• When evaluating the pronunciation of the students, teachers must listen for clearly articulated words, pronunciation
of unusual spellings and intonation.
• Assess the students for the pronunciation skills and determine at which level the student needs improvement.
2. Vocabulary:
• After noting their pronunciation levels, evaluate the students on the use of extensive and appropriate vocabulary
during the viva. Check if students are using vocabulary appropriate to the context about which they are speaking.
3. Accuracy:
• Grammar has always been an important component of language skills. As students speak/ answer the questions
during the viva, listen to their grammatical structures. Are they competent enough to use multiple tenses? Is
their word order correct in a given sentence? An effective speaker will automatically use the correct grammatical
structures of his language.
4. Communication:
• Assessing the communication skills of the students means looking at more than language. Look at how
creatively students use the language to make their points understood. Students with a low level of vocabulary and
grammar may still have good communication skills if they are able to make the teacher understand their point of
view.
5. Interaction:
• During the viva teachers need to ask the students some questions. Questions need to be based on the projects
that have been suggested or chosen by the students.
• It is imperative for a teacher to read the essays/project reports before they can be ready to ask questions.
• Teachers need to observe how students answer the questions that are posed to them: Are they able to understand
and answer questions independently or can they answer only when the questions are translated into simpler words
or repeated? Are they able to give appropriate responses in a conversation?
• These elements of interaction are necessary for clear and effective communication. A student with effective
interaction skills will be able to answer questions with relative ease and follow the flow of conversation.
6. Fluency:
• Fluency may be the easiest quality to judge in the students’ speech: How comfortable are they as they speak and
express themselves? How easily do the words come out? Are there inappropriate pauses and gaps in the way a
student speaks?
• Fluency is a judgement of this communication and is an important criterion when evaluating speaking skills. These
criteria: pronunciation, vocabulary, accuracy, interaction and fluency are all the hallmarks of a student’s overall
speaking abilities.
• Teachers must also remember that some students may excel in one area and struggle in another. Helping the
students understand these issues will enable them to become effective speakers in future. Let your students know
that you will be assessing them in these various areas when you evaluate their progress and encourage them to
work and improve in these areas.
• Finally, teachers must remember that a proper evaluation of the students will take into consideration more than
just one oral interview on the final ASL project. Teachers must take note of a student’s progress throughout
V. Project-Portfolio/ Project Report
The Project-Portfolio/Project Report is a compilation of the work that the students produce during the process of working
on their ALS Project.
The Project-Portfolio may include the following:
● Cover page, with title of project, school details/details of students.
● Statement of purpose/objectives/goals
● Certificate of completion under the guidance of the teacher.
● Action plan for the completion of assigned tasks.
● Materials such as scripts for the theatre/role play, questionnaires for interview, written assignments, essays,
survey-reports and other material evidence of learning progress and academic accomplishment.
● The 800-1000 words essay/Script/Report.
● Student/group reflections.
● If possible, Photographs that capture the positive learning experiences of the student(s).
● List of resources/bibliography.
The following points must be kept for consideration while assessing the project portfolios:
● Quality of content of the project
● Accuracy of information
● Adherence to the specified timeline
● Content in respect of (spellings, grammar ,punctuation)
● Clarity of thoughts and ideas
● Creativity
● Contributions by group members
● Knowledge and experience gained
VI. Suggestive Timeline:
The FIVE Steps in Project Plan
Month Objectives
Planning and Research
for the Project Work
Preferably till
November-December
● Teachers plan a day to orient students about the ALS projects, details are shared
with all stakeholders.
● Students choose a project, select team members and develop project- plan.
● Group meets (preferably online) and reports to the team leader about the
progress: shortfalls and successes are detailed.
● Students working individually or in pairs also update the teachers.
● A logical, deliverable and practical plan is drafted by the team/ pair/individual.
Goals/objectives are clearly defined for all.
● Work is delegated to team members by the team leader. Students wishing to work
alone develop their own plan of Action.
● Detailed project schedules are shared with the teacher.
DecemberJanuary
● Suggestions and improvements are shared by the teacher, wherever necessary.
● Group members coordinate and keep communication channels open for
interaction.
● Gaps ( if any) are filled with the right skill sets by the Team Leader/ individual
student.
● The final draft of the project portfolio/ report is prepared and submitted for
evaluation.
January-February ● Students are assessed on their group/pair/individual presentations on allotted
days. Final Viva is conducted by the External/Internal examiner.
February-March
or
as per the timelines
given by the Board
● Marks are uploaded on the CBSE website.
PROJECT-INITIATION
EXECUTION IMPLEMENTATION CLOSURE
PROJECT-PLANNING
SAMPLE RUBRIC FOR ALS Project Work
(For Theatre/Role Play/Oral presentation/Interview/Podcast)
CATEGORY 1 2 3 4 5
TIME LIMIT Presentation is
less than or more
than 5 minutes
long
Presentation
exceeded or less
than specified
time limit by 4 to 5
minutes
Presentation
exceeded or less
than specified
time limit by 3 to 4
minutes
Presentation
exceeded or less
than specified
time limit by 2 to 3
minutes
Student/ group
given time limit
CONTENT/SCRIPT/
QUESTIONNAIRE
Script is not
related to topic or
issue
Well written script/
content shows
little
understanding of
parts of topic
Well written script/
content shows
good
understanding of
parts of topic
Well written script/
content shows a
good
understanding of
subject topic
Well written
script/ content
shows full
understanding of
subject topic
CREATIVITY No
props/costumes/
stage
presentation lacklustre
Some work done,
average stage
set- up and
costumes
Well organized
presentation,
could have
improved
Logical use of
props ,reasonable
work done,
creative
Suitable props /
honest effort
seen/
considerable
work done/
creative and
relevant
costumes
PREPAREDNESS Student /group
seems to be
unprepared
Some
preparedness
visible, but
rehearsal is
lacking
Somewhat
prepared,
rehearsal is
lacking
Good
preparedness ,but
need better
rehearsal
Complete
preparedness/
rehearsed
presentation
CLARITY OF
SPEECH
Lack of clarity in
presentation
many words
mispronounced
Speaks clearly,
some words are
mispronounced
Speaks clearly
90% of the time/ a
few
mispronounced
words
Speaks clearly
and distinctly 95%
of time/ few
mispronounced
words
Speaks clearly
distinctly 95% of
time/ fluency in
pronunciation
USE OF PROPS
( Theatre/Role Play)
Only 1/no relevant
props used
1 to 2 relevant
props used
2 to 3 relevant
props used
3 to 4 relevant
props used
4 to 5 relevant
props used
EXPRESSION/
BODY LANGUAGE
Very little use of
facial
expressions/ body
language, does
not generate
much interest
Little Use of facial
expressions and
body language
Facial
expressions and
body language
are used to try to
generate some
enthusiasm
Facial expression
and body
language
sometimes
generate strong
enthusiasm with
the topic
Facial expression
and body
language
generate strong
enthusiasm with
the topic
PORTFOLIOPRESENTATION
unimpressive
Somewhat
suitable &
convincing
relevant
Interesting,
enjoyable &
relevant
Brilliant, creative
& exceptional