We should add ice to the lemonade after dissolving sugar.
More sugar can be dissolved before adding ice to the lemonade. This is because sugar dissolves very slowly in cold water.
(a) A mixture of milk and water can be separated by filtration. (False)
(b) A mixture of powdered salt and sugar can be separated by the process of winnowing. (False)
(c) Separation sugar from tea can be done with filtration. (False)
(d) Grain and husk can be separated with the process of decantation. (False)
(a) The method of separating seeds of paddy from its stalks is called threshing.
(b) When milk, cooled after boiling, is poured onto a piece of cloth the cream (malai) is left behind on it. This process of separating cream from milk is an example of filtration.
(c) Salt is obtained from seawater by the process of evaporation.
(d) Impurities settled at the bottom when muddy water was kept overnight in a bucket. The clear water was then poured off the top. The process of separation used in this example is called decantation.
Clear water from the sample of muddy water can be obtained by the process of filtration. Muddy water is allowed to pass through muslin cloth or filter paper. Water passes through the muslin cloth and mud particles remain on the muslin cloth.
Yes, it is possible to separate sugar from wheat flour. Mixture of sugar and wheat flour is allowed to pass through sieve. Wheat flour particles being fine pass through the holes of sieve and sugar remains on the sieve.
Winnowing is a process of separating heavier and lighter components of a mixture by wind or by blowing air. This method is based on the property that grains are heavier than husk and hay.
Farmers use this method to separate grains from husk and hay.
Mixture of sand and water can be separated by two methods:
1) Combination of sedimentation and decantation
1) Combination of sedimentation and decantation: Take the mixture of sand and water in a container and allow the mixture to stand for some time. Sand particles being heavier settle down at the bottom. This process is called sedimentation. Water is poured out into another container without disturbing sand. This process is called decantation.
2) Filtration: Mixture of sand and water is allowed to pass through a strainer or muslin cloth. Water goes through strainer and sand remains on the strainer.
Sieving is the process of separating solid components of a mixture varying in size. In this process, sieves with holes of proper size is used. Sieving allows the fine particles to pass through the holes of sieves, leaving behind the bigger particles on the sieve.
Husk and stones from wheat are separated by sieving.
Husk or dirt particles from the given sample of pulses can be separated by sedimentation. In this process, water is added to the pulses. Pulses being heavier settle down at the bottom and the impurities like husk and dust particles go into water. Water along with dust particles is removed by the process of decantation, leaving the pulses at the bottom.
Different components of a mixture are separated either to separate undesired components, impurities or to obtain more than one useful components from the mixture.
1) Small stone pieces and unwanted seed grains are removed from rice or dal before cooking.
2) From petroleum useful components like petrol, diesel kerosene, etc. are separated.
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