NCERT Solutions Class 6 Science Chapter 16

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 16 – Garbage In, Garbage Out 

The chapter Garbage in Garbage Out Class 6 imparts information about garbage segregation from landfills. Garbage that cannot be recycled is spread over desolate land. It is then covered with soil after which the area is converted into either a playground or a park. The process of preparing manure by converting plant and animal waste is covered in this chapter as well.

Students can use the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 16 by Extramarks to prepare for their final exams more effectively. Students will find clear and concise answers to their textbook questions for this chapter in this study material. They can use it whenever they get stuck on a question, for last-minute revisions, and also to help with their assignments.

NCERT Class 6 Science Other Chapters Solutions

Access NCERT Solutions for Science Class 6 Chapter 16 – Garbage In, Garbage Out

Efficient waste management is introduced with NCERT Class 6 Science Chapter 16 which is a chapter on environmental studies. Environment studies are important to generate a sense of responsibility toward protecting, healing, and maintaining the environment. Students are informed about the hazards of plastic usage and the necessity of recycling as well.

This chapter covers all there is to know about sustaining a green and clean environment. Students can prepare answers for the chapter’s questions using the NCERT Solutions provided by Extramarks. All the questions and answers of the chapter have been covered fully by these solutions and they are available on the Extramarks website. 

A student’s ability to comprehend and write precise answers improves significantly with the help of NCERT Solutions. The link given below will help you access the solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 16.

Class 6 Science Chapter 16  

The solutions of Garbage in Garbage Out Class 6 include six questions. Class 6 Science Chapter 16 Question Answers are theoretical in nature and most of them cover topics about the garbage disposal system and the pollution control techniques utilized by the government.

The Class 6 Science Chapter 16 Question Answers are written in an engaging way with lucid language, making the learning process an interesting one. These questions challenge students and make the process of learning interesting. The activity questions are an enjoyable and creative way of learning concepts outside of the classroom.

Students get to learn about the generation of biodegradable and degradable waste through this chapter. The destruction of microorganisms by electronic waste is discussed in Class 6 Science Chapter 16 as well.

Why NCERT Solution for Class 6th Science Chapter 16 Garbage in Garbage Out is The Best Option? 

To hone one’s answer writing skills, the possession of a reliable study guide is crucial. High-quality study material leads to overall development in a student’s capabilities to comprehend questions and write compelling answers for them. NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 16 is one of the best guides a student can get hold of.

These solutions are put together while keeping CBSE guidelines in mind. The NCERT Solutions Class 6 Chapter 16 – Garbage in Garbage Out has multiple benefits:

  • They facilitate quality learning by providing detailed answers in an easy language to help students grasp the topics easily. 
  • The answers are written while keeping the CBSE guidelines in mind. 
  • Subject matter experts have prepared the NCERT Solutions, resulting in authentic and reliable answers. Students just need to practice to get better results.
  • The solutions are written in a cohesive and well-structured way.  Students can study from it without having to look elsewhere for any assistance. This is true for all subjects.  

Q.1 (a) Which kind of garbage is not converted into compost by the redworms?
(b) Have you seen any other organism besides redworms, in your pit? If yes, try to find out their names. Draw picture of these.


(a) The garbage that contains plastic bags, metal or plastic cans, broken glass pieces, aluminum foil is not converted into compost by redworms.
(b) Besides redworms, other organisms such as flies, spiders, cockroaches, maggots, flies, small insects, etc. can also be observed in the pit.

Q.2 Discuss:
(a) Is garbage disposal the responsibility only of the government?
(b) Is it possible to reduce the problems relating to disposal of garbage?


(a) Proper disposal of garbage should be a responsibility of every citizen. Every citizen should put his efforts to reduce the generation of waste. It is a responsibility of every individual to throw the garbage properly in bins. Municipalities have provided two types of bins for waste disposal. Blue coloured bin is for the wastes that can be reused, such as glass, metals and plastics. Green coloured bin is for the collection of kitchen wastes and other animal or plant wastes. It is our responsibility to throw the waste in the bin specified for the type of waste so that it would be easy for municipality to finally dispose off the waste.

(b) Yes, it is possible to reduce the problems relating to disposal of garbage. Following steps can be taken to reduce the problems relating to disposal of garbage:
1. One should use more of paper bags, cloth bags or jute bags while shopping.
2. One should use separate bins for recyclable or non-recyclable wastes.
3. Compost should be prepared from the kitchen waste.
4. General awareness programs should be run to make people aware about the bad effects of improper disposal of waste.

Q.3 (a) What do you do with the left over food at home?
(b) If you and your friends are given the choice of eating in a plastic plate or a banana leaf platter at a party, which one would you prefer and why?


(a) Left over food can be utilised in following ways:

1. Left over food at home can be used to make some other items and then can be consumed.

2. If it cannot be used in this way, then it should be collected and distributed to the poor people.

3. If the left over food has spoiled, then it should be collected and dumped into soil to make compost.

(b) One should choose eating in a banana leaf platter because of the following reasons:

1. They are easy to dispose.

2. They are eco-friendly.

Q.4 (a) Collect pieces of different kinds of paper. Find out which of these can be recycled.
(b) With the help of a lens look at the pieces of paper you collected for the above question. Do you see any difference in the material of recycled paper and a new sheet of paper?


(a) All the pieces of different kinds of paper can be recycled.
(b) In comparison with the new sheet of paper, the recycled paper is of poor quality, dull in colour and rough in texture.

Q.5 (a) Collect different kinds of packaging material. What was the purpose for which each one was used? Discuss in groups.
(b) Give an example in which packaging could have been reduced?
(c) Write a story on how packaging increases the amount of garbage.


(a) Different kinds of packaging materials are:
1. Plastic covers that are used for the packaging of clothes.
2. Cardboard that is used for cartons of fruits, clothes etc.
3. Wooden boxes that are used for packaging of delicate items, fruits etc.

(b) Instead of keeping clothes in plastic covers, they can be kept in paper covers. Paper covers reduce garbage production, as paper can be recycled to get useful products.
(c) Packaging increases the amount of garbage as we keep on throwing the packaging materials carelessly on roads and other places. Also, since these packaging materials (mainly plastic covers) are non-recyclable, they keep lying on the roads and cannot be properly disposed off. Sometimes, they get into drains and sewer systems and block them, creating more problems.

Q.6 Do you think it is better to use compost instead of chemical fertilisers? Why?


Yes, it is better to use compost instead of chemical fertilisers. The reasons are:
1. Preparation of compost helps in reduction of waste that can be decomposed.
2. Compost is environment friendly as compared to the chemical fertilisers.
3. Use of compost helps in reducing soil pollution and water pollution.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is Garbage In Garbage Out according to Chapter 16 of Class 6 Science?

Topics like garbage disposal and waste management are discussed in Chapter 16 – Garbage in Garbage Out Class 6. Students are informed of the importance of a clean and green environment and about the multiple ways of garbage management. Composting, the 3 Rs (Reduce, Recycle, and Reuse), vermicomposting, disadvantages of plastic use, biodegradable and non-biodegradable wastes and so on.

2. What are the ways of managing garbage and waste?

Biogas generation and garbage composting are two of the ways in which garbage can be managed. 

Biogas Generation: Organic waste like cow dung and other various solid wastes are processed to produce biogas. Microorganisms from this waste let out methane as a part of their digestion process. Methane is a combustible gas that can be used for cooking and lighting. Using this gas reduces reliance on fossil fuels.

Composting: The aerobic process of decomposing organic solid waste is called composting. Organic waste is decomposed into a mixture that can be used as a plant fertilizer. This mixture is called compost. Waste composting can take about 2-3 years depending on the compost’s quantity. 

3. How can we reduce garbage?

If garbage and waste are not disposed of responsibly it can be very harmful to the environment which in turn can harm human beings. Hence, it is very important that different ways of garbage management be put into practice to reduce garbage disposal and responsibly dispose of the waste generated. Garbage disposal can be reduced with the help of 3Rs which are “Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle”. Paper bags should be preferred over plastic bags and biodegradable waste should be composted.

4. Is it possible to reduce the problems of disposal of garbage according to Chapter 16 of Class 6 Science?

Yes, reducing problems related to garbage disposal is possible. It is very important that we act responsibly as human beings so that issues relating to garbage disposal can be reduced to a great extent. Following steps  can help to  reduce the problem of garbage disposal:

  • Non-biodegradable and biodegradable waste disposal should be done separately. 
  • Reduction in issues related to the disposal of garbage is possible with the 3 R’s – Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle. 
  • Garbage should not be discarded just anywhere.
  • Plastic usage needs to be reduced for the sake of a healthy environment. 

5. Why is learning Garbage in Garbage out in Science important?

Class 6 Science Chapter 16 is a chapter about waste management. It is a chapter that attempts to deliver the importance of having a green and clean planet. Information about waste generation as well as garbage disposal is highlighted in this chapter. Students get to know about the ways in which waste generation can be reduced and about the importance of their role in making the world a better place. This chapter also attempts to generate awareness among  students to understand their responsibility in aiding the process of protecting, healing and maintaining the environment for better surroundings. .

6. Where can I find reliable study material for Chapter 16 of Class 6 Science?

Extramarks provides you with all the study material you might need for preparing for this chapter and strengthening your basics. In-depth notes on all chapters are provided by Extramarks. The Extramarks platform provides NCERT Solutions for all subjects as well. The solutions have been framed in accordance with the CBSE curriculum and guidelines. The answers to all questions related to the chapters can be accessed from the Extramarks website. One can visit the link to view the study material for Class 6 Science. Be an early bird and make the most of it.