Antimony V Chloride Formula
Antimony(V) Chloride Formula
The Antimony V Chloride Formula is called antimony pentachloride or antimony per chloride. The Antimony V Chloride Formula is without any colour and it is almost like an oil. The Antimony V Chloride Formula has impurities and for which they gradually get a reddish-yellow hue to it and the compound is highly corrosive.
Antimony V Chloride Formula is a chemical compound that is colourless. The distinctive samples of the substance are yellowish due to all its impurities. Antimony V Chloride Formula has a tendency to hydrolyse to hydrochloric acid. It is highly corrosive and carbonizes non-fluorinated plastics. Antimony V Chloride Formula is a very adaptable reagent which acts as a Lewis acid catalyst in many organic reactions such as isomerisation and rearrangements, electrophilic aromatic substitution, preparation of carbonation and onium ion complexes, halogenation, etc.
Structure Of Antimony(V) Chloride
The chemical formula of Antimony V Chloride Formula is Cl5Sb or SbCl5. Antimony V Chloride Formula has a molar mass of 299.01 g·mol−1. In the structure of the antimony, 5 chloride atoms surround Sb. The gaseous SbCl5 has a completely trigonal bipyramidal structure.
Properties Of Antimony(V) Chloride
The Antimony V Chloride Formula has many properties that can be studied about on the Extramarks.
Application and uses of antimony V chloride
Antimony V Chloride Formula is used as a polymerisation catalyst and for the chlorination of organic compounds. It is also used to solubilise materials, and the compound has applications as an excellent source.
Physical properties of antimony V chloride
Antimony V Chloride Formula has a density of 2.36 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.) and has a melting point of 2.8 oC (lit.). The boiling point of the Antimony V Chloride Formula is 92 oC30 mmHg(lit.). The vapour density is >10.2 (vs air) and the vapour pressure is 0.13 psi (55 oC). Antimony V Chloride Formula is easily soluble in HCl, chloroform, hydrochloric acid, tartaric acid, carbon disulphide, carbon tetrachloride, and carbon tetrachloride miscible with chloroform. Antimony V Chloride Formula is soluble in water but reacts with it and therefore that can be an issue at times. Antimony V Chloride Formula is very sensitive to moisture and is stable. When the compound is involved in a fire accident, then it releases extremely toxic gases.
Chemical properties of antimony V chloride
The compound is generally colourless but because of the presence of some impurities, it looks like a yellowish-reddish substance.
Uses of antimony V chloride
In organic compounds, the Antimony V Chloride Formula is used as a catalyst to replace fluorine substituent with chlorine. Antimony V Chloride Formula is also a very strong Lewis acid and an extremely useful chlorine carrier. The chloride is lost in a number of reactions that result in the clear formation of adducts. It is also used as a polymerisation catalyst and also as an analysis for dying intermediates.
Antimony V chloride safety and health hazard
Antimony V Chloride Formula is a very corrosive substance, and therefore it needs to be stored away from heat and moisture. It can cause bad cases of burns on the skin and eyes. Inhaling it can cause irritation in the nose and the throat. If it’s ingested, it causes vomiting and causes bad burns on the mouth and stomach. Overexposure of the Antimony V Chloride Formula by any route can easily cause bloody stools, slow pulse, coma, low blood pressure, and cardiac arrest.
Solved example for you
Antimony V Chloride Formula and all the associated formulas and their examples can be found on the Extramarks website. Extramarks have recently made their mobile applications. Solved examples from the Antimony V Chloride Formula can be accessed by students anywhere and everywhere. It is advisable to visit the Extramarks website to access any kind of informational and instructional resources. Users are advised to register themselves on the website of Extramarks, to acquire the necessary informational resources.