Derivative Formula

Derivative Formula

A derivative enables us to understand how two variables’ relationships change over time. Think about the variables “x” and “y,” which are independent variables. The Derivative Formula may be used to determine how the value of the dependent variable has changed about the expression’s change in the value of the independent variable. The Derivative Formula is useful for finding the slope of a line, the slope of a curve, and the change in one measurement relative to another measurement in Mathematics.

What is Derivative Formula?

Differentiation is the process of determining a derivative, which is one of the fundamental ideas of Calculus. With an exponent of “n,” the Derivative Formula is defined for the variable “x”. A rational fraction or an integer can serve as the exponent “n.” The Derivative Formula to calculate the derivative is:


Rules of Derivative Formula

There are several fundamentals of the Derivative Formula, or a collection of the Derivative Formula, which are applied at various levels and in various contexts.

Derivation of Derivative Formula

In Mathematics, the Derivative Formula of a function f(x) is represented as f'(x) and may be contextually understood as follows:

  • The slope of the tangent drawn to that curve at that position is the derivative of a function at that location.
  • It also reflects the rate of change at a given point on the function.
  • Finding the derivative of the displacement function yields the velocity of a particle.
  • A function’s derivatives are used to optimise (maximise/minimise) it.
  • They are also used to determine the intervals at which the function is rising or decreasing, as well as the intervals. 

Some Basic Derivatives

In Mathematics, the derivative is the rate of change of a function concerning a variable. Derivative Formula is essential for solving Calculus and Differential Equation problems. In general, scientists observe changing systems (dynamical systems) to determine the rate of change of some variable of interest, then plug this information into a differential equation and use integration techniques to obtain a function that can be used to predict the behaviour of the original system under various conditions.

The derivative of a function can be understood geometrically as the slope of the function’s graph or, more accurately, as the slope of the tangent line at a point. Its computation is based on the slope formula for a straight line, with the exception that curves require a limiting step. The slope is sometimes described as the “rise” over the “run,” or, in Cartesian terminology, the ratio of y to x change.

Chain Rule

The chain rule is applied to determine the derivatives of composite functions such as (x2 + 1)3, (sin 2x), (ln 5x), e2x, and so on. If y = f(g(x)), then y’ = f'(g(x)). g'(x). According to the chain rule, the instantaneous rate of change of f relative to g relative to x assists us in calculating the instantaneous rate of change of f relative to x. Let us study more about the chain rule formula and the processes involved in utilising the chain rule to find derivatives.

The outside-inside rule, composite function rule, or function of a function rule are all names for this chain rule. It is exclusively used to compute the derivatives of composite functions.

Derivative of the Inverse Function 

In Mathematics, a function (e.g. f) is said to be the inverse of another function (e.g. g) if the output of g returns the input value provided to f. Furthermore, this must be true for every element in g’s domain co-domain(range). Assume x and y are constants. If g(x) = y and f(y) = x, the function f is said to be an inverse of g. In other words, if a function f: A B is one-one and onto or bijective, a function defined by g: B A is known as the inverse of function f. The anti function is another name for the inverse function. f-1 represents the inverse of a function.

Derivative of Trigonometric Functions and their Inverses

The derivatives of inverse trigonometric functions are known as inverse trigonometric derivatives. There are six inverse trigonometric functions, which are the inverses of the six basic trigonometric functions.

Derivative of the Hyperbolic functions and their Inverses

As the differentiation of a function indicates the rate of change in function concerning the variable, the derivative of hyperbolic functions gives the rate of change in hyperbolic functions. These derivatives may be evaluated using the derivatives of exponential functions ex and e-x, as well as other hyperbolic function formulae and identities. They have six major hyperbolic functions, which are as follows:

  • Sinhx
  • Coshx
  • Tanhx
  • Cothx
  • Sechx
  • Cschx

The Derivative Formula of hyperbolic functions is used to describe the geometry of free-hanging electrical wires between two poles. They are also used to describe any cable that is freely dangling between two ends. The Derivative Formula of hyperbolic functions is used to describe the creation of satellite rings and planets, among other things.

List of Derivative Formulas

A few more essential Derivative Formula used in many branches of Mathematics such as Calculus, Trigonometry, and so on are listed below. Differentiation of trigonometric functions is accomplished using the Derivative Formula mentioned below.

Derivative Formulas of Elementary Functions

An elementary function in Mathematics is a function of a single variable (typically real or complex) that is defined as taking sums, products, roots, and compositions of a finite number of polynomial, rational, trigonometric, hyperbolic, and exponential functions, as well as possibly their inverse functions (e.g., arcsin, log, or x1/n). On their domains, all elementary functions are continuous.

Derivative Formulas of Trigonometric Functions

In Mathematics, hyperbolic functions are defined similarly to trigonometric functions. As the name implies, the graph of a hyperbolic function mimics a rectangular hyperbola, and its expression is frequently used in hyperbola formulae. They are defined using a hyperbola rather than a unit circle, as in trigonometry. Similar to trigonometric functions, hyperbolic functions are obtained from a hyperbola, whereas trigonometric functions are derived from a unit circle.

A hyperbolic function is defined for a hyperbola in the same way that an ordinary trigonometric function is defined for or on a circle. In traditional trigonometry, we used sine, cosine, and other functions. Similarly, one uses sinh, cosh, tanh, coth, sech, and csch for hyperbolic functions. Students know that the coordinates of points on the unit circle are (cos θ, sinθ,) in trigonometric functions; similarly, in hyperbolic functions, (coshθ, sinhθ,) forms the right half of an equilateral hyperbola.

Derivative Formulas of Hyperbolic Functions

Students will now go through the derivatives of hyperbolic functions formulae. The hyperbolic functions are created by combining the exponential functions ex and e-x. The following are the formulae for hyperbolic function derivatives:

  • Hyperbolic Sine Function Derivative: d(sinhx)/dx = coshx
  • Hyperbolic Cosine Function Derivative: d(coshx)/dx = sinhx
  • Hyperbolic Tangent Function Derivative: d(tanhx)/dx = sech2x
  • d(cothx)/dx = -csch2x (x 0) Hyperbolic Cotangent Function Derivative
  • Hyperbolic Secant Function Derivative: d(sechx)/dx = -sechx tanhx
  • d(cschx)/dx = -cschx cothx (x 0) Hyperbolic Cosecant Function Derivative

Differentiation of Inverse Trigonometric Functions

Inverse trigonometric functions are the inverses of trigonometric ratios such as sin, cos, tan, cot, sec, and cosec. These functions are commonly used in physics, mathematics, engineering, and other disciplines of study. The inverse of trigonometric functions is similar to how addition and subtraction are inverses of each other.

Differentiation of Inverse Hyperbolic Functions

The derivatives of hyperbolic functions are:

  • d(sinh x)/dx = cosh x
  • d(cosh x)/dx = sinh x
  • d(tanh x)/dx = sech2x
  • d(coth x)/dx = – cosech2x
  • d(sech x)/dx = – sech x.tanh x
  • d(cosech x)/dx = – cosech x coth x

Examples Using Derivative Formula

  • Find the derivative of x7 using the Derivative Formula.


Using the Derivative Formula


d/dx .x7 = 7.×6 = 7×6

Therefore, d/dx. x^7=7×6

Maths Related Formulas
Rectangle Formula Gaussian Distribution Formula
Slope Formula Geometric Distribution Formula
Area Formula For Quadrilaterals Parallel Line Formula
Arithmetic Mean Formula Pearson Correlation Formula
Geometry Formulas Population Mean Formula
Interest Formula Sum Of Arithmetic Sequence Formula
Selling Price Formula Cos Inverse Formula
Circumference Formula Direct Variation Formula
Cone Formula Direction Of A Vector Formula
Correlation Coefficient Formula Fibonacci Formula

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What Does Derivative Formula Mean?

One of the essential parts of calculus is the derivative Formula. The Derivative Formula function calculates the sensitivity of a variable using a quantity. A Derivative Formula provides information about the changing connection between two variables. The Derivative Formula may be used to compute the slope of a line, the slope of a curve, and the change in one measurement for another measurement. 

The Derivative Formula is as follows:


2. What is the formula for calculating the derivative?

For a variable ‘x’ with an exponent ‘n,’ the Derivative Formula is defined. An integer or a rational fraction can be used as the exponent ‘n.’ As a result, the Derivative Formula for calculating the Derivative Formula of an algebraic function using the power rule is as follows:


3. What are the Basic Rules of the Derivative Formula?

The basic rules of the Derivative Formula are:

  • Constant Rule
  • Constant Multiple Rule
  • Power Rule
  • Sum Rule
  • Difference Rule
  • Product Rule 
  • Chain Rule
  • Quotient Rule