NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics Chapter 2- Linear equations in one variable
Mathematics is a difficult yet interesting subject. Once you learn how to solve numerical problems in Mathematics, you will start building interest in this subject. It is used in various day-to-day life applications, making it the most demanding subject.
The Chapter linear equations Class 8 include topics like understanding and solving mathematical expressions and equations. . It is interlinked with different Chapters of NCERT Class 9 Mathematics and NCERT Class 10 Mathematics making it one of the most crucial chapters.
Our NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics Chapter 2 includes all the topics students need to focus on during their preparation. You will find solutions to all the questions covered in NCERT textbook as per updated CBSE syllabus. The step by step methods of solving problems in the NCERT Solutions facilitate students in solving NCERT questions. Thus, enhancing their analytical and problem solving skills .
You can find the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics Chapter 2 on the Extramarks’ website. At the same time, you can also avail NCERT study material, NCERT revision notes, NCERT Exemplar and mock tests on our website.
Visit the Extramarks’ website to keep yourself updated about the CBSE syllabus, NCERT Solutions and exam patterns. You can also search for NCERT Solutions Class 9 to keep yourself a step ahead in your preparation.
Key Topics Covered In NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics Chapter 2
Linear equations in two variables are entirely based on algebraic expressions covered in primary classes. This chapter is also interlinked with the chapter quadratic equations of the secondary classes. This suggests that it has immense importance in Mathematics.
Extramarks NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics Chapter 2 has solved key to the textual questions which includes all the topics explained in detail. The chapter briefs about the ways to solve various sets of equations which covers a wide range of Mathematics Algebra Syllabus.
This chapter will require students to use their logical as well as analytical thinking. They will learn to find solutions to problems in a more calculated and smarter way.
An equation is made up of a variable and a constant marked by their equalities. When an equation contains only linear polynomials, it is called linear equations.
If a linear equation has only one variable, it is called a linear equation in one variable, whereas if a linear equation has two variables, it is called a linear equation in two variables.
In this section, we will briefly talk about linear equations in one variable and all the applications and terminologies related to it.
Solving equations which have linear expressions on one side and a number on the other side.
There are different cases of writing an equation. One such case is linear equations on one side and a number on the other side. We will learn more about solving such types of equations in this section.
First, let us see what a linear equation on one side and a number on the other side look like.
Steps to solve equations which have linear expressions on one side and a number on the other side
- Write the equation
- Bring all the numbers on the right-hand side
- Add or subtract them according to the given linear equation
- Divide the obtained number with the coefficient of the constant
- Calculate the result and interpret it.
For instance, taking the case of above mentioned linear equation, we get
In this section, you will learn to solve some word problems based on the types of equations we have completed in the previous section.
You can find tips on how to form linear equations based on word problems and how to calculate results based on them in our NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics Chapter 2.
Solving equations having the variables on both sides
The other set of equations include variables on both sides. These sets of equations are used in applications of various problems in higher classes.
The examples of such types of equations are as follows:
- 4y-5= 7y+ 8
- 10x+4= 7x-3.
Following are the steps to solve such types of equations
- Write the equation
- Bring the same variables on one side and the other group of variables on the other side
- Change the signs while shifting from RHS to LHS and vice versa
- Perform addition, subtraction, multiplication or division accordingly
- Solve further as linear equations on one side and a number on the other side
- Calculate and interpret the results.
For instance, taking the examples mentioned above, we get
Some more applications
In this section, you will solve detailed word problems on equations with variables on both sides. You can find solutions to these problems in our NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics Chapter 2.
Reducing equations to simpler form
You may come across various complex sets of equations. It becomes very difficult to solve equations in their complex form. Hence, it is necessary to reduce them to their simpler form.
This section gives steps to reduce an equation to its simpler form. You can find the sequential written steps along with complete explanation and illustrations in our NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics Chapter 2.
Equations reducible to linear form
Two equations in fractional form can be converted to linear form by cross-multiplying their variables.
For example: If the equation is of the form
Then we can convert it into a linear form by cross-multiplying as follows
One can achieve mastery in this section with a lot of practice and comprehension of the concepts. To sum up, this is one of the root chapters as it is laying the foundation for Algebra of NCERT Class 9 and NCERT Class 10 Mathematics. Hence, students are advised to cover this chapter with complete conceptual understanding and try to make it easier for themselves.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics Chapter 2 Exercise & Solutions
After solving every question, it is necessary that you have a proper reference solution for cross-checking the answers. Hence, Extramarks’ website provides NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics Chapter 2 which helps students to check whether their answers are right and up to the examination standards or not. This will help them to understand all the topics in a better way and motivate them to solve different kinds of problems with greater confidence. Click on the below links to view exercise specific questions and solutions for NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics Chapter 2:
- Chapter 2: Exercise 2.1 Question and answers
- Chapter 2: Exercise 2.2 Question and answers
- Chapter 2: Exercise 2.3 Question and answers
- Chapter 2: Exercise 2.4 Question and answers
- Chapter 9: Exercise 1.5 Question and answers
Along with Class 8 Mathematics Solutions, you can explore NCERT Solutions on our Extramarks website for all primary and secondary classes.
- NCERT Solutions Class 1
- NCERT Solutions Class 2
- NCERT Solutions Class 3
- NCERT Solutions Class 4
- NCERT Solutions Class 5
- NCERT Solutions Class 6
- NCERT Solutions Class 7
- NCERT Solutions Class 8
- NCERT Solutions Class 9
- NCERT solutions Class 10
- NCERT solutions Class 11
- NCERT solutions Class 12
NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Mathematics
NCERT Exemplar book is a great source of knowledge for every Class 8 Mathematics student. The questions cover every corner of NCERT chapters so that students don't miss out on any of the concepts. It covers most of the comprehension based questions thus requiring students to have a strong conceptual understanding of every topic they have learnt.
The book is especially made for the students preparing for various competitive examinations. The questions are updated year by year to ensure that the solutions are up-to-date. It aids in developing logical, analytical and critical thinking which plays a great role in skill development of the students in various disciplines of their lives. Another key skill that they will acquire is conveying their answer clearly and concisely.
Students find themselves fully prepared and ready to solve any question after referring to the NCERT Solutions and NCERT Exemplar. Hence, they are able to solve all the advanced level questions with ease.
Key Features of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics Chapter 2
Students with quality study material always excel with good grades. Hence, NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics Chapter 2 offers a complete solution guide to all the NCERT questions. The key features are provided:
- Students can find a detailed solution to each exercise and every question which enables them to test themselves easily during exam preparations.
- Students will learn to compose an answer that meets the question's requirements After completing the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics Chapter 2, students will start seeing Mathematics as an interesting and scoring subject
- This will help students to boost confidence in their preparation.
Q.1 Solve the following equations.
Q.3 The perimeter of a rectangular swimming pool is 154 m. Its length is 2 m more than twice its breadth. What are the length and breadth of the pool?
Ans. The perimeter of a rectangular swimming pool is 154 m.
Let the breadth be x m. The length will be (2x + 2) m.
According to the question the equation becomes,
Hence, the length and breadth of the pool are 52 m and 25 m.
Q.5 Sum of two numbers is 95. If one exceeds the other by 15, find the numbers.
Ans. Let one number be x.
Therefore, the other number will be x + 15.
According to the question,
x + x + 15 = 95
2x + 15 = 95
On transposing 15 to R.H.S, we obtain
2x = 95 − 15
2x = 80
On dividing both sides by 2, we get
x = 40
Therefore, x+15 = 40+15 = 55
Hence the numbers are 40 and 55.
Q.6 Two numbers are in the ratio 5:3. If they differ by 18, what are the numbers?
Ans. Let the ratio between these numbers be x.
Therefore, the numbers will be 5x and 3x respectively.
Difference between these numbers = 18
According, to the question the equation becomes
5x − 3x = 18
2x = 18
Therefore, the first number is 5x=5×9=45 and,
The second number is 3x=3×9=27.
Q.7 Three consecutive integers add up to 51. What are these integers?
Ans. Let three consecutive integers be x, x + 1, and x + 2.
Sum of these numbers = x+ x + 1 + x + 2 = 51
3x + 3 = 51
On transposing 3 to R.H.S, we obtain
3x = 51 − 3
3x = 48
Hence, the integers are 16, 17 and 18.
Q.8 The sum of three consecutive multiples of 8 is 888. Find the multiples.
Ans. Let the three consecutive multiples of 8 be 8x, 8(x + 1), 8(x + 2).
Sum of these numbers = 8x + 8(x + 1) + 8(x + 2) = 888
8(x + x + 1 + x + 2) = 888
8(3x + 3) = 888
Therefore, 8x = 8×36 = 288
8(x+1) = 8(36+1) = 8×37 = 296
8(x+2) = 8(36+2) = 8×38 = 304
Hence, the numbers are 288,296 and 304.
Q.9 Three consecutive integers are such that when they are taken in increasing order and multiplied by 2, 3 and 4 respectively, they add up to 74. Find these numbers.
Ans. Let three consecutive integers be x, x + 1, x + 2. According to the question,
2x + 3(x + 1) + 4(x + 2) = 74
2x + 3x + 3 + 4x + 8 = 74
9x + 11 = 74
On transposing 11 to R.H.S, we obtain
9x = 74 − 11
9x = 63
Q.10 The ages of Rahul and Haroon are in the ratio 5:7. Four years later the sum of their ages will be 56 years. What are their present ages?
Ans. Let the ratio between Rahul’s age and Haroon’s age be x.
Therefore, the age of Rahul and Haroon will be 5x years and 7x years.
Four years later, the age of Rahul and Haroon will be (5x + 4) years and (7x + 4) years.
According to the given question, the equation becomes,
(5x + 4 + 7x + 4) = 56
12x + 8 = 56
On transposing 8 to R.H.S, we obtain
12x = 56 − 8
12x = 48
Q.11 The number of boys and girls in a class are in the ratio 7:5. The number of boys is 8 more than the number of girls. What is the total class strength?
Ans. Let the ratio between the number of boys and numbers of girls be x.
Then, number of boys = 7x
Number of girls = 5x
According to the given question,
Number of boys = Number of girls + 8
7x = 5x + 8
On transposing 5x to L.H.S, we obtain
7x − 5x = 8
2x = 8
Q.12 Baichung’s father is 26 years younger than Baichung’s grandfather and 29 years older than Baichung. The sum of the ages of all the three is 135 years. What is the age of each one of them?
Ans. Let Baichung’s father’s age be x years.
Therefore, Baichung’s age will be (x − 29) years and Baichung’s grandfather’s age will be (x + 26) years.
According to the given question, the equation becomes:
x + x − 29 + x + 26 = 135
3x − 3 = 135
On transposing 3 to R.H.S, we obtain
3x = 135 + 3
3x = 138
Q.13 Fifteen years from now Ravi’s age will be four times his present age. What is Ravi’s present age?
Ans. Let Ravi’s present age be x years.
Fifteen years later, Ravi’s age = 4 × His present age
x + 15 = 4x
On transposing x to R.H.S, we obtain
15 = 4x − x
15 = 3x
Q.15 Lakshmi is a cashier in a bank. She has currency notes of denominations ₹ 100, ₹ 50 and ₹ 10, respectively. The ratio of the number of these notes is 2:3:5. The total cash with Lakshmi is ₹ 4,00,000. How many notes of each denomination does she have?
Ans. Let the ratio between the numbers of notes of different denominations be x.
Therefore, numbers of ₹ 100 notes, ₹ 50 notes, and ₹ 10 notes will be 2x, 3x, and 5x respectively.
Amount of ₹ 100 notes = ₹ (100×2x) = ₹ 200x
Amount of ₹ 50 notes = ₹ (50×3x) = ₹ 150x
Amount of ₹ 10 notes = ₹ (10×5x) = ₹ 50x
Total cash = ₹ 400000.
200x + 150x + 50x = 400000
⇒ 400x = 400000
On dividing both sides by 400, we obtain
x = 1000
Number of ₹ 100 notes = 2x = 2 × 1000 = 2000 notes
Number of ₹ 50 notes = 3x = 3 × 1000 = 3000 notes
Number of ₹ 10 notes = 5x = 5 × 1000 = 5000 notes
Q.16 I have a total of ₹ 300 in coins of denomination ₹ 1, ₹ 2 and ₹ 5. The number of Rs 2 coins is 3 times the number of ₹ 5 coins. The total number of coins is 160. How many coins of each denomination are with me?
Ans. Let the number of ₹ 5 coins be x.
Since the number of ₹ 2 coins is 3 times the number of ₹ 5 coins, so the number of ₹ 2 coins = 3x
Therefore, the number of ₹1 coins = 160 − (Number of coins of ₹ 5 and of ₹ 2)
= 160 − (3x + x) = 160 − 4x
Now, Amount of ₹ 1 coins = ₹ [1 × (160 − 4x)] = ₹ (160 − 4x)
Amount of ₹ 2 coins = ₹ (2 × 3x) = ₹ 6x
Amount of ₹ 5 coins = ₹ (5 × x) = ₹ 5x
Total amount is ₹300.
Therefore, 160 − 4x + 6x + 5x =300
160 + 7x = 300
On transposing 160 to R.H.S., we obtain
7x = 300 – 160 = 140
On dividing both sides by 7, we get
x = 20No. of ₹ 1 coins = 160 – 4x = 160 – 4×20 = 80
No. of ₹ 2 coins = 3x = 3×20 = 60
No. of ₹ 5 coins = x = 20
Therefore, number of ₹ 1 coins is 80, ₹ 2 coins is 60 and ₹ 5 coins is 20.
Q.17 The organisers of an essay competition decide that a winner of the competition gets a prize of ₹ 100 and a participant who does not win gets a prize of ₹ 25. The total prize money distributed is ₹ 3,000. Find the number of winners, if the total number of participants is 63.
Ans. Let the number of winners be x.
Therefore, the number of participants who did not win will be 63 − x.
Amount given to the winners = ₹ (100 × x) = ₹ 100x
Amount given to the participants who did not win = ₹ [25(63 − x)]
= ₹ (1575 − 25x)
According to the given question,
100x + 1575 − 25x = 3000
On transposing 1575 to R.H.S, we obtain
75x = 3000 − 1575
75x = 1425
Ans. Let the number be x.
According to the given question,
8x − 20 = 3x
Transposing 3x to L.H.S and −20 to R.H.S, we obtain
8x − 3x = 20
5x = 20
On dividing both sides by 5, we get
x = 4
Hence, the number is 4.
Q.20 A positive number is 5 times another number. If 21 is added to both the numbers, then one of the new numbers becomes twice the other new number. What are the numbers? What is the sum of the measures of the angles of a convex quadrilateral? Will this property hold if the quadrilateral is not convex? (Make a non-convex quadrilateral and try!)
Ans. Let the numbers be x and 5x.
Q.21 Sum of the digits of a two-digit number is 9. When we interchange the digits, it is found that the resulting new number is greater than the original number by 27. What is the two-digit number?
Ans. Let the digits at tens place and ones place be x and 9 − x respectively.
Therefore, original number = 10x + (9 − x) = 9x + 9
On interchanging the digits, the digits at ones place and tens place will be x and 9 − x respectively.
Therefore, new number after interchanging the digits = 10(9 − x) + x
= 90 − 10x + x
= 90 − 9x
According to the given question,
New number = Original number + 27
90 − 9x = 9x + 9 + 27
90 − 9x = 9x + 36
Transposing 9x to R.H.S and 36 to L.H.S, we obtain
90 − 36 = 18x
54 = 18x
Dividing both sides by 18, we obtain
3 = x and 9 − x = 6
Hence, the digits at tens place and ones place of the number are 3 and 6 respectively.
Therefore, the two-digit number is 9x + 9
= 9 × 3 + 9
Q.22 One of the two digits of a two digit number is three times the other digit. If you interchange the digits of this two-digit number and add the resulting number to the original number, you get 88. What is the original number?
Q.23 Shobo’s mother’s present age is six times Shobo’s present age. Shobo’s age five years from now will be one third of his mother’s present age. What are their present ages?
Ans. Let Shobo’s age be x years.
His mother’s age will be 6x years.
According to the given question, the equation becomes
Multiplying both sides by 3
Therefore, the present ages of Shobo and his mother will be 5 years and 30 years.
Q.24 There is a narrow rectangular plot, reserved for a school, in Mahuli village. The length and breadth of the plot are in the ratio 11:4. At the rate ₹100 per metre it will cost the village panchayat ₹ 75000 to fence the plot. What are the dimensions of the plot?
Ans. Let the ratio between the length and breadth of the rectangular plot be x.
Hence, the length and breadth of the rectangular plot will be 11x m and 4x m respectively.
Perimeter of the plot = 2(Length + Breadth)
It is given that the cost of fencing the plot at the rate of ₹ 100 per metre is ₹ 75, 000.
100 × Perimeter = 75000
100 × 30x = 75000
3000x = 75000
Dividing both sides by 3000, we obtain
x = 25
Therefore, Length = 11x m = (11 × 25) m = 275 m
and Breadth = 4x m = (4 × 25) m = 100 m
Hence, the dimensions of the plot are 275 m and 100 m.
Q.25 Hasan buys two kinds of cloth materials for school uniforms, shirt material that costs him ₹ 50 per metre and trouser material that costs him ₹ 90 per metre. For every 3 meters of the shirt material he buys 2 metres of the trouser material. He sells the materials at 12% and 10% profit respectively. His total sale is Rs 36,600. How much trouser material did he buy?
Ans. Let the trouser and shirt material bought by Hasan be 2x and 3x .
The selling price of trouser material is
The selling price of Shirt material is
Total sale =36,600
Q.26 Half of a herd of deer are grazing in the field and three fourths of the remaining are playing nearby. The rest 9 are drinking water from the pond. Find the number of deer in the herd.
Ans. Let the number of deer be x.
Number of deer grazing in the field = x / 2
Remaining deer= x – (x / 2)
Therefore, number of deer playing nearby is
The rest 9 are drinking water from the pond, so the equation becomes:
Therefore, the total number of deer in the herd is 72.
Q.27 A grandfather is ten times older than his granddaughter. He is also 54 years older than her. Find their present ages.
Ans. Let the granddaughter’s age be x years.
Therefore, grandfather’s age will be 10x years.
According to the question, the equation becomes:
10x = x + 54
Transposing x to L.H.S, we obtain
10x − x = 54
9x = 54
x = 6
Granddaughter’s age = x years = 6 years
Grandfather’s age = 10x years
= (10 × 6) years
= 60 years
Therefore, the grandfather’s age is 60 years and granddaughter’s age is 6 years.
Q.28 Aman’s age is three times his son’s age. Ten years ago he was five times his son’s age. Find their present ages.
Ans. Let Aman’s son’s age be x years.
Therefore, Aman’s age will be 3x years.
Ten years ago, their age was (x − 10) years and (3x − 10) years.
According to the question, the equation is:
Aman’s son’s age is 20 years and
Aman’s age = 3 × 20 years = 60 years.
Q.30 The ages of Hari and Harry are in the ratio 5:7. Four years from now the ratio of their ages will be 3:4. Find their present ages.
Ans. Let the ratio between their ages be x.
Therefore, Hari’s age and Harry’s age will be 5x years and 7x years
Four years later, their ages will be (5x + 4) years and (7x + 4) years.
According to the question, we get
Q.31 The denominator of a rational number is greater than its numerator by 8. If the numerator is increased by 17 and the denominator is decreased by 1, the number obtained is 3/2.Find the rational number.
Ans. Let the numerator of the rational number be x.
Therefore, its denominator will be x + 8.
Therefore, the numerator is 13 and the denominator is x+8=21.
Hence, the rational number is
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Extramarks’ website is one of the best sources to search for NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics Chapter 2. You will get detailed solutions of all the textual exercises in the form of study material with expert guidance. You can also get NCERT Solutions from Class 1 to Class 10 on our website.
The Linear Chapter equations in one variable are like a pillar for the Mathematics subject . It interconnects with all the Algebra related topics making it the most demanding chapter. You can get well-structured study material as well as NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics Chapter 2 on the Extramarks’ website.