NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 16 : Garbage In, Garbage Out


(a) Collect pieces of different kinds of paper. Find out which of these can be recycled.
(b) With the help of a lens look at the pieces of paper you collected for the above question. Do you see any difference in the material of recycled paper and a new sheet of paper?


(a) All the pieces of different kinds of paper can be recycled.
(b) In comparison with the new sheet of paper, the recycled paper is of poor quality, dull in colour and rough in texture.


(a) What do you do with the left over food at home?
(b) If you and your friends are given the choice of eating in a plastic plate or a banana leaf platter at a party, which one would you prefer and why?


  (a) Left over food can be utilised in following ways:

         1. Left over food at home can be used to make some other items and then can be consumed.

         2. If it cannot be used in this way, then it should be collected and distributed to the poor people.

         3. If the left over food has spoiled, then it should be collected and dumped into soil to make compost.

   (b) One should choose eating in a banana leaf platter because of the following reasons:

          1. They are easy to dispose.

          2. They are eco-friendly.


Discuss: (a) Is garbage disposal the responsibility only of the government?
(b) Is it possible to reduce the problems relating to disposal of garbage?


(a) Proper disposal of garbage should be a responsibility of every citizen. Every citizen should put his efforts to reduce the generation of waste. It is a responsibility of every individual to throw the garbage properly in bins. Municipalities have provided two types of bins for waste disposal. Blue coloured bin is for the wastes that can be reused, such as glass, metals and plastics. Green coloured bin is for the collection of kitchen wastes and other animal or plant wastes. It is our responsibility to throw the waste in the bin specified for the type of waste so that it would be easy for municipality to finally dispose off the waste.

(b) Yes, it is possible to reduce the problems relating to disposal of garbage. Following steps can be taken to reduce the problems relating to disposal of garbage:

  1. One should use more of paper bags, cloth bags or jute bags while shopping.
  2. One should use separate bins for recyclable or non-recyclable wastes.
  3. Compost should be prepared from the kitchen waste.
  4. General awareness programs should be run to make people aware about the bad effects of improper disposal of waste.


(a) Which kind of garbage is not converted into compost by the redworms?
(b) Have you seen any other organism besides redworms, in your pit? If yes, try to find out their names. Draw picture of these.


(a) The garbage that contains plastic bags, metal or plastic cans, broken glass pieces, aluminum foil is not converted into compost by redworms.
(b) Besides redworms, other organisms such as flies, spiders, cockroaches, maggots, flies, small insects etc. can also be observed in the pit.


Do you think it is better to use compost instead of chemical fertilisers? Why?


Yes, it is better to use compost instead of chemical fertilisers. The reasons are:

  1. Preparation of compost helps in reduction of waste that can be decomposed.

  2. Compost is environment friendly as compared to the chemical fertilisers.

  3. Use of compost helps in reducing soil pollution and water pollution.


(a) Collect different kinds of packaging material. What was the purpose for which each one was used? Discuss in groups.
(b) Give an example in which packaging could have been reduced?
(c) Write a story on how packaging increases the amount of garbage.


(a) Different kinds of packaging materials are:

1. Plastic covers that are used for the packaging of clothes.

2. Cardboard that is used for cartons of fruits, clothes etc.

3. Wooden boxes that are used for packaging of delicate items, fruits etc.

(b) Instead of keeping clothes in plastic covers, they can be kept in paper covers. Paper covers reduce garbage production, as paper can be recycled to get useful products.

(c) Packaging increases the amount of garbage as we keep on throwing the packaging materials carelessly on roads and other places. Also, since these packaging materials (mainly plastic covers) are non-recyclable, they keep lying on the roads and cannot be properly disposed off. Sometimes, they get into drains and sewer systems and block them, creating more problems.

Benefits of NCERT Solutions

Following are some of the benefits of using NCERT Solutions by Extramarks.

1. They are developed by our experts with the right approach for precisely answering the textbook questions.

2. They are free of cost and available online to help class 6 students.

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4. They are proven to be helpful to students in their exam preparation, homework and competitive exams.

5. They will help in understanding the solutions and the methodology of writing the answers in the exams.

Tips & Strategies for Class 6 Exam Preparation

1. Make a habit of making notes for your exam preparation.

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6. Make time for relaxation and sleep well.

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NCERT Solutions for class 6 by Extramarks are designed by subject matter experts and provide solutions to every NCERT textbook questions. These solutions help students in their exam preparation and home assignments. Extramarks Education aims to help class 6 students understand concepts in a comprehensive way so that their base is strong for senior classes. We provide free NCERT Solutions for class 6 and all other classes.

Frequently Asked Questions

How to use NCERT Solutions for scoring in class 6 CBSE exams?

Whenever you are stuck solving a question, have doubts or maybe want a step-by-step solution to any question from the textbook- refer to NCERT Solutions class 6 all subjects by Extramarks. It is proven for helping students learn better and improve their exams in class 6.

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NCERT Solutions for class 6 allow students to understand concepts in a simplified manner, and are an irreplaceable support to them. They not only explain every step but also prepare students for further exams. Maths of class 6 is important as a student must understand every concept if he/ she wants to learn maths in senior classes. Hence, NCERT Solutions for class 6 Mathematics is a complete study material and a must-have for every student.

Why are the NCERT solutions Important for Class 6th?

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science, Mathematics and other subjects are important as it is the foundation of concepts and formulas. Once you will understand the basic, you will be able to solve complex problems much easily. It also helps to solve your doubts systematically as they are self-explanatory and provide comprehensive solutions to all students.

Do you provide solutions for all subjects for class 6 CBSE?

Yes, the Extramarks website is your one-stop solution for everything you need while studying. Not just class 6 NCERT Solutions, but we also provide solutions for all other classes. 

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