NCERT Solutions Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3 – Matrices
NCERT Solutions Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3 Matrices are available for the students on the Extramarks website. In addition, the students preparing for the Term one exam can refer to the NCERT Solutions for Chapter 3. This chapter provides a simple and clear solution for every complex problem. The solution is built on the CBSE NCERT latest 2022-2023 syllabus, and it offers step-by-step guidance for the students.
Students can get NCERT Solutions Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3 on Extramarks website and can prepare for the upcoming exams and tests. They will be able to understand the essentials of matrices, their order, types, and algebra and will be able to score better. Extramarks solutions cover complex theorems, concepts, formulas, and matrices that aid students in preparing for various competitive exams. Students should check the Extramarks website regularly for the latest updates and notifications regarding CBSE exams, syllabus changes, notes updates, etc. In addition, Extramarks provides NCERT Solutions for all classes from CLass 1 to Class 12.
Key Topics Covered In NCERT Solutions Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3
Extramarks NCERT Solutions Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3 covers all topics under Matrices. These are:
- An introduction to fundamentals of the matrix
- Order of a matrix
- Types of matrices
- Operation on matrices.
Some of the essential topics for students include
- The transpose of a matrix
- The elementary operation of a matrix.
Further to this, the vital subtopics include
- Properties of matrix operation
- The transpose of a matrix.
NCERT Solutions Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3 has approximately 62 questions in four exercises. Along with this, 15 more are provided in various exercises, amongst which 41 questions are short answer type, 11 multiple choice questions, and the others include 25 long answer type questions.
List of formulas the students must learn in the Class 12 Mathematics NCERT Solutions Class 3 Mathematics include
- Scalar Matrix: If a matrix M = [aij]n×n, it is a scalar matrix.
- Identity Matrix: If a matrix M = M = [aij]n×n, then it is known as identity matrix.
- Zero Matrix: If all the elements in a matrix are zero, it is known as zero matrices.
- Negative of a Matrix: A negative matrix is presented as -A or -A = (-1) A
Students can click here to access the NCERT Solutions Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3 provided by Extramarks.
Key topics covered in Chapter 3 Matrices include:
|3.3||Types of Matrices|
|3.4||Operations of Matrices|
|3.5||Transpose of a Matrix|
|3.6||Symmetric and Skew Symmetric Matrices|
|3.7||Elementary Operation of a Matrix|
A brief on the NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3
Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3 Matrices starts with an introductory exercise that helps understand the basic concepts, meaning students will explore concepts of matrices. They will understand the actual application of matrices in various branches of Mathematics. The students will learn about the evolution of the concept of Matrices, which will help them extract compact and simple techniques for solving problems. For a more detailed explanation, students can refer to Extramarks NCERT Solutions, which offer a clear and simple explanation for every complex problem related to Matrices.
The second exercise explains the fundamental principles of matrices. The students will get to know the proper definition of a Matrix and learn the different order of a matrix. They will also understand that the horizontal and vertical lines of entries in a matrix are known as rows and columns. Students may refer to Matrix Class 12 on Extramarks, wherein we cover all essential elements in this exercise.
3.3 Types of Matrices
Different parts and types of Matrices are illustrated with complex examples. The students will get a hold on various types of matrices, including column matrix, row matrix, square matrix, diagonal matrix, and scalar matrix. Further, there are multiple examples of equality of matrices with solutions. The examples provided will help the students boost their calculative minds and help them delve deeper into the concepts. Many questions appear in the entrance exams based on the types of matrices, and it would help if students practise more. Hence, students may refer to NCERT Solutions Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3 on Extramarks by clicking here.
3.4 Operations on Matrices
NCERT Solutions Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3 Exercise 3.4 introduces various operations on matrices. It includes the addition, multiplication, and differences of matrices. Extramarks NCERT Solution highlights every key concept on matrices and scalar multiplication properties. Therefore, it is one of the complex exercises in Class 12 Chapter 3, and students may refer to NCERT Solutions to get a profound understanding of how matrices operate.
3.5 Transpose of a Matrix
In the transpose of a matrix, students will learn about the unique types of matrices, including symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices. It helps to establish the foundation of the transpose of the matrix, and students can refer to comprehensive examples and solutions to strengthen their knowledge.
3.6 Symmetric and Skew Symmetric Matrices
Towards the end of exercise 3.5, all the necessary concepts would have been covered. Students will learn the critical difference between symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices in this exercise. However, the exercise from the section will only discuss the theorems and complex derivations.
3.7 Elementary Operation of a Matrix
This exercise elaborates the six operations on the matrix, amongst which three are due to rows and three due to columns. In addition, students may refer to NCERT examples and solutions to learn more about the elementary operations of matrices.
3.8 Invertible Matrices
In this exercise, students will learn all properties of invertible matrices. This section is essential as students get to know about inverse matrix concepts. They will study the nature of matrices and that not all matrices are invertible. It helps shape a better ideology of the complex concepts as diverse examples and solutions are provided. Students may refer to NCERT Solutions Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3 on Extramarks by clicking here to find more notes on the difficult theorem on invertible matrices.
NCERT Solutions Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3 Exercise & Answer Solutions
Matrices are one of the essential and interactive chapters wherein students get to improve their calculations and speed of solving problems. To benefit the students, NCERT Solutions Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3 Exercise and Answer is made available for students on the Extramarks website. Students can click here to access the study material. It consists of step-by-step solutions with a theoretical explanation of various complex concepts.
In our NCERT Solutions, Extramarks have covered all essential concepts such as elementary operations and invertible matrices. Students may click on the below links to download exercise specific questions and solutions for NCERT Solutions Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3 Matrices:
- Chapter 3: Exercise 3.1 Solutions: 10 Questions (5 Short Questions, 5 Long Questions)
- Chapter 3: Exercise 3.2 Solutions: 22 Questions (3 Short Questions, 19 Long Questions)
- Chapter 3: Exercise 3.3 Solutions: 22 Questions (3 Short Questions, 19 Long Questions)
- Chapter 3: Exercise 3.4 Solutions: 18 Questions (18 Short Questions)
Students can explore Class 12 Mathematics Solutions through our Extramarks website for all primary and secondary classes by clicking on the respective class link given below.
- NCERT Solutions Class 1
- NCERT Solutions Class 2
- NCERT Solutions Class 3
- NCERT Solutions Class 4,
- NCERT Solutions Class 5
- NCERT Solutions Class 6
- NCERT Solutions Class 7
- NCERT Solutions Class 8
- NCERT Solutions Class 9
- NCERT Solutions Class 10
- NCERT Solutions Class 11
NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Mathematics
NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Mathematic is an excellent source of information, and it provides insights into NCERT Solutions. It has various examples that are curtailed with detailed solutions. The students gather complete knowledge on the Mathematics concepts and theories. It will help them secure good marks, and it acts as an excellent material for competitive exam preparation such as JEE Main, NEET, etc.
The exemplar covers all the essential topics and concepts under the NCERT curriculum and CBSE Class 12 Mathematics Syllabus. The language is easy to understand, and students can grasp it quickly. The NCERT Exemplar consists of various types of questions such as multiple-choice questions, short answer type questions, and long answer type questions. The students can refer to the exemplar to understand the concept and improve their performance in the examination.
Key Features of NCERT Solutions Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3
NCERT Solutions Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3 covers all essential topics needed to prepare for the first-term CBSE 12 exam. The students will get to improve their foundational base and the core concepts. The key features are as follows:
- Class 12 Mathematics NCERT Solutions Chapter 3 Matrices has elaborative concepts that help students understand complex concepts easily.
- Students can grasp the concepts quickly and easily and, in turn, inculcate strong principles essential to solve the exercises much quicker.
- Students can refer to NCERT Solutions Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3 to obtain more marks as the solutions are presented with step-by-step details.
- Chapter 3 Class 12 NCERT solutions offer a fundamental understanding of matrices along with their properties and types. Students who wish to track their answers can practise the exercises mentioned in the chapter.
The Chapter 3 Mathematics Class 12 NCERT solutions offer many benefits that students can reap if they refer to it while they study. Students can click here to access the NCERT solutions class 12 mathematics chapter 3 by Extramarks.
(i) The order of matrix A is 3×4.
(ii) The number of elements in matrix A is 12.
(iii) The value of a13 = 19, a21 = 35, a33 = – 5, a24 = 12, a23 = 5/2.
Q.2 If a matrix has 24 elements, what are the possible orders it can have? What, if it has 13 elements?
Possible order of matrix
1 × 24, 2 × 12, 3 × 8, 4 × 6, 6 × 4, 12 × 2, 24 × 1, 8 × 3.
Possible order for 13 elements: 1 × 13, 13 × 1.
Q.3 If a matrix has 18 elements, what are the possible orders it can have? What, if it has 5 elements?
Possible order for 18 elements
1 ×18, 2 × 9, 3 × 6, 6 × 3, 9 × 2, 18 × 1
Possible order for 5 elements = 1 × 5, 5 × 1.
A is a square matrix if m=n.
So, option (C) is correction answer.
Q.10 The number of all possible matrices of order 3 × 3 with each entry 0 or 1 is:
Number of elements is 9 and each element can be filled by 0 or 1.
The number of all possible matrices of order 3 x 3
with each entry 0 or 1 = 29 = 512
So, the option ‘D’ is correct.
Q.29 A trust fund has Rs 30,000 that must be invested in two different types of bonds. The first bond pays 5% interest per year, and the second bond pays 7% interest per year. Using matrix multiplication, determine how to divide 30,000 among the two types of bonds. If the trust fund must obtain an annual total interest of: (a) Rs 1800 (b) Rs 2000.
The bookshop of a particular school has 10 dozen chemistry books, 8 dozen physics books, 10 dozen economics books. Their selling prices are 80, 60 and 40 each respectively. Find the total amount the bookshop will receive from selling all the books using matrix algebra.
Assume X, Y, Z, W and P are matrices of order 2 x n, 3 x k, 2 x p, n x 3 and p x k respectively. Choose the correct answer in Exercises 21 and 22.
The restriction of n, k and p so that PY + WY will be defined are:
(A) k = 3, p = n
(B) k is arbitrary, p = 2
(C) p is arbitrary, k = 3
(D) k = 2, p = 3
|X||2 x n|
|Y||3 x k|
|Z||2 x p|
|W||n x 3|
Assume X, Y, Z, W and P are matrices of order 2 × n, 3 × k, 2 × p, n × 3 and p × k respectively. Choose the correct answer in Exercises 21 and 22.
If n = p, then the order of the matrix 7X – 5Z is:
(A) P × 2
(B) 2 × n
(C) n × 3
(D) p × n
If A, B are symmetric matrices of same order, then AB – BA is a
(A) Skew symmetric matrix
(B) Symmetric matrix
(C) Zero matrix
(D) Identity matrix
A and B are symmetric matrices then, A’ = A and B’ = B
Now, (AB – BA)’= (AB)’ – (BA)’
= B’A’ – A’B’
= BA – AB
= – (AB–BA)
Thus, AB – BA is a skew symmetric matrix.
Therefore, option (A) is correct solution.
Matrices A and B will be inverse of each other only if
(A) AB = BA
(B) AB = BA = 0
(C) AB = 0, BA = I
(D) AB = BA = I
If B is inverse of A then AB = BA = I.
Thus, option (D) is correct.
If A and B are symmetric matrices, prove that AB – BA is a skew symmetric matrix.
A and B are symmetric matrices, so A’ = A, B’ = B and (AB)’ = B’A’.
Now, (AB – BA)’= (AB)’ – (BA)’
= B’A’ – A’B’
= BA – AB
= – (AB – BA)
Hence, (AB – BA) is skew symmetric matrix.
Show that the matrix B’AB is symmetric or skew symmetric according as A is symmetric or skew symmetric.
(i) When A is symmetric matrix i.e., A’ = A.
(B’AB)’ = B’(B’A)’
= B’AB [Since, A’ = A]
Therefore, B’AB is symmetric matrix.
(ii) When A is skew symmetric matrix i.e., A’ = – A.
(B’AB)’ = B’(B’A)’
= B’(– A)B [Since, A’ = A]
Therefore, B’AB is skew symmetric matrix.
A manufacturer produces three product x, y, z which he sells in two markets. Annual sales are indicated below:
I 10,000 2,000 18,000
II 6,000 20,000 8,000
(a) If unit sales prices of x, y and z are 2.50,
1.50 and 1.00, respectively, find the total revenue in each market with the help of matrix algebra.
(b) If the unit costs of the above three commodities are 2.00, 1.00 and 50 paise respectively. Find the gross profit.
A is symmetric matrix then aij=aji
A is skew symmetric matrix then
aij =– aji
This implies that aij = aji = – aji
2aji = 0
Or aji = 0
Therefore, A is a zero matrix.
Option (B) is correct.