NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 2 : Globe Latitudes and Longitudes

Q:

Fill in the blanks.
  1. The Tropic of Capricorn is located at ____.
  2. The Standard Meridian of India is ______.
  3. The 0° Meridian is also known as _________.
  4. The distance between the longitudes decreases towards _______.
  5. The Arctic Circle is located in the ____ hemisphere.

A:

  1. The Tropic of Capricorn is located at 23˚30’ S of the Equator.
  2. The Standard Meridian of India is 82˚30’ E.
  3. The 0° Meridian is also known as Greenwich Meridian.
  4. The distance between the longitudes decreases towards the Poles.
  5. The Arctic Circle is located in the northern hemisphere.

Q:

Tick the correct answers.

(a) The value of the prime meridian is
(i) 90° (ii) 0° (iii) 60°

(b) The frigid zone lies near
(i) the Poles (ii) the Equator (iii) the Tropic of Cancer

(c) The total number of longitudes are
(i) 360 (ii) 180 (iii) 90

(d) The Antarctic circle is located in
(i) the Northern hemisphere
(ii) the Southern hemisphere
(iii) the Eastern hemisphere

(e) Grid is a network of
(i) parallels of latitudes and meridians of longitudes
(ii) the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
(iii) the North Pole and the South Pole

A:

(a)  (ii) 0°
(b)  (i) the Poles
(c)  (i) 360
(d)  (ii) the Southern hemisphere  
(e)  (i) the parallels of latitudes and meridians of longitudes

 

Q:

Answer the following questions briefly. (a) What is the true shape of the earth?
(b) What is a globe?
(c) What is the latitudinal value of the Tropic of Cancer?
(d) What are the three heat zones of the Earth?
(e) What are parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude?
(f) Why does the torrid zone receive maximum amount of heat?
(g) Why is it 5.30 p.m. in India and 12.00 noon in London?

A:

(a)  Earth is not a sphere. It is slightly flattened at the North and the South Poles and bulge in the middle. This shape is called “geoid” which means “earth-like shape”.
(b) Globe is a true model or a miniature form of the Earth. It is three dimensional, so the directions, location and surface feature can be accurately shown with the help of globe.
(c) The latitudinal value of the Tropic of Cancer is  23˚30’ N from the Equator.
(d) The three heat zones of the Earth are:

    Torrid Zone
    Temperate Zone
    Frigid Zone
(e)

Parallels of Latitude

Meridians of Longitude

These are the horizontal lines.

These are the vertical lines.

They run parallel to each other.

They meet at poles.

 

They are 180 in number.

There are 360 meridians.

They determine heat zones of the earth.

They determine the time zones.

(f)  The Torrid Zone receives maximum amount of heat because the mid-day sun is exactly overhead at least once a year on all latitudes in between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.
(g)  The earth rotates from west to east. The places, which are to the east of Greenwich, will be ahead of Greenwich Time and those to the west will be behind it. India located east of Greenwich at 82°30'E is 5 hours and 30 minute ahead of GMT. So, when the time is 12:00 noon in London, it is 5:30 p.m. in India.

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