CBSE Class 10 Science Revision Notes Chapter 16

CBSE Class 10 Science Revision Notes Chapter 16 – Management of Natural Resources

The Class 10 Science subject comprises several chapters. Since tenth grade is a crucial year, it is important for students to take every subject and chapter seriously. Gradually, the difficulty level of subjects increases and ultimately requires more practice. But, it is equally becoming challenging for students to manage their study load and at the same time perform well in examinations. Hence, Extramarks brings a complete set of revision notes subject-wise on its website. There are several chapters in Science amongst which Chapter 16 – Management of Natural Resources is one of them. 

The Class 10 Science Chapter 4 Notes that are available on the website will help the students in understanding the basic and advanced concepts of Management of Natural Resources. The CBSE Class 10 Science Revision Notes Chapter 16 – Management of Natural Resources are prepared according to the guidelines of the NCERT books and CBSE syllabus so students can rely on it for board examination preparation. One can also access various study materials such as CBSE sample papers, CBSE previous year question papers, CBSE extra questions, etc from the Extramarks website to prepare well for the examination. 

CBSE Class 10 Science Revision Notes for the Year 2022-23

Sign Up and get complete access to CBSE Class 10 Science Chapterwise Revision Notes for the following chapters:

CBSE Class 10 Science Revision Notes
Sr No. Chapters
1 Chapter 1 – Chemical Reactions and Equations
2 Chapter 2 – Acids, Bases and Salts
3 Chapter 3 – Metals and Non-metals
4 Chapter 4 – Carbon and Its Compounds
5 Chapter 5 – Periodic Classification of Elements
6 Chapter 6 – Life Processes
7 Chapter 7 – Control and Coordination
8 Chapter 8 – How do Organisms Reproduce?
9 Chapter 9 – Heredity and Evolution
10 Chapter 10 – Light Reflection and Refraction
11 Chapter 11 – Human Eye and Colourful World
12 Chapter 12 – Electricity
13 Chapter 13 – Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
14 Chapter 14 – Sources of Energy
15 Chapter 15 – Our Environment
16 Chapter 16 – Management of Natural Resources

Access Class 10 Science Chapter 16 – Management of Natural Resources

Why do we need to manage our resources?

  • We should manage the resources as they are present in limited quantities and take millions of years to renew. 
  • With the increase in the human population, there is a constant reduction in resources. 
  • The management of the resources should be in a sustainable manner to protect the environment. 

Forest and Wildlife:

  • Forests are known as the lungs of the Earth as they provide oxygen to the human population. 
  • We depend upon the forests directly or indirectly for survival. 
  • They also provide watershed protection, prevent erosion of soil and reduce climate change. 


The people who depend upon the forests for various life activities are known as stakeholders. These include: 

  • Wildlife and nature enthusiasts
  • Industrialists
  • Forest department of the country

Sustainable Development:

The idea of using natural resources in the present without compromising the requirements of future generations is known as sustainable development. 

Water for All:

  • Water is a basic necessity of life. 
  • It is required for daily consumption by all living organisms. 
  • The lack of water can cause serious health issues. 
  • Humans are unable to sustain water resources due to a lack of the required resources and factors such as pollution. 


  • The structure which is used to control the flow of water in canals and rivers is known as a dam. It is used to convert the kinetic energy of water to electrical energy with the help of motors. 
  • It helps in the storage of water. 
  • It can prevent floods and drought-like situations. 
  • Dams have caused harm to marine and human life.

Water Harvesting:

  • The process of cleaning rainwater and using it for daily activities is known as water harvesting. 
  • It is used in many states of India. 
  • It can benefit irrigation, natural wells, etc. 
  • Groundwater has advantages as it does not evaporate and does not provide breeding grounds. 

Coal and Petroleum:

  • Coal and petroleum are millions of years old fossil fuels. 
  • These resources can be exhausted in the future so we should sustainably use them. 
  • Combustion of fossil fuels can produce carbon dioxide, water oxides of nitrogen, etc. 
  • Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas, and its large volumes present in the air may lead to global warming. 

An Overview of Natural Resource Management:

  • Natural resources are not available in large quantities so we should use them in a sustainable manner. 
  • It can be a difficult task but we should try to achieve it properly. 
  • We can protect our resources for future generations if they use them for sustainability. 

Ch 16 Science Class 10 Notes: Importance of Management of Natural Resource

The Importance of the Management of Natural resources is as follows: 

  • To avoid overindulgence in natural resources
  • To help avoid more destruction of the world around us
  • To support balance in our ecosystem.

The 3Rs of the Environment

The three Rs of the environment are as follows: 

  • Reduce: The best way is to reduce waste production. 
  • Reuse: One can limit environmental degradation by reusing products.
  • Recycle:  It includes remanufacturing the used materials and selling the product in a new manner. 

Class 10 Ch 16 Science Notes: Stakeholders of the Forest and Their Role

  • People who live in and around the forest depend upon it for food, medicines, fuel, fodder for cattle, etc. 
  • The forest department and government use the forest for generating revenue by selling timber. 
  • Industrialists depend upon forest resources for the production of raw materials.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is overgrazing?

When the strata vegetation forest is eaten away by cattle without giving a chance for regression, it is known as overgrazing.

2. Mention 5Rs of sustainable resource management.

  • Recycle
  • Reuse
  • Refuse 
  • Reduce 
  • Repurpose