CBSE Class 9 Social Science History Revision Notes

CBSE Class 9 History Notes for the Academic Year 2023-24

History holds major weightage in the Social Science exam. Students need History Class 9 notes to explore and understand world history and major events shaping the 21st century. These Class 9 History notes cover an overview of five chapters, making them perfect for revision. The notes include important topics like the French Revolution, European Socialism, The Rise of Hitler and Colonialism. It will give students a brief understanding of world history, particularly Socialism, Nazism and Colonialism.

CBSE Class 9 History Revision Notes 2023-24

Get Access to CBSE Class 9 History Revision Notes for all chapters for the academic year 2023-24

CBSE Class 9 History Revision Notes

History Class 9 Notes

History lets students know what built the foundation of this modern world with revolutions and movements and thus holds significance in the CBSE syllabus. Here, students can find the notes of history class 9 prepared from NCERT books and as per the CBSE guidelines. 

CBSE Class 9th History Notes

Chapter 1 – The French Revolution

In 1789, the city of Paris was in a state of panic. Rumours circulated that the King would open fire upon the citizens. People began gathering and started to break into several government establishments in search of arms. The commander of the Bastille was killed in the armed fight, and the prisoners were released. People hated the Bastille as it favoured the king’s tyrannical power. People protested against the increased price of bread. A new chain of events started, leading to the King’s execution in France.

Napoleon Bonaparte crowned himself the Emperor of France in 1804. He introduced many laws, like protecting private property and a uniform system of weights and measures prepared with the decimal system. Napoleon was overpowered at Waterloo in 1815. The opinions of liberty and democratic rights were the most critical legacy of the French Revolution. Colonised peoples revamped the concept of freedom to build a sovereign nation-state.

Chapter 2 – Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution

Students are asked to begin with the first chapter, The French Revolution, to understand and learn further. It is necessary to understand the French Revolution as it sets the foundations of socialism on the continent of Europe. This chapter classifies liberals, radicals, and conservatives. The chapter outlines how socialism in Europe led to industrial and social changes with the Industrial Revolution. The events spoke about how businessmen exploited their labourers by paying them less than they deserved and making them work for longer hours with no benefits. Later, the chapter includes how socialism began to take off in Europe with new philosophers like Karl Marx and Louis Blanc. This chapter also covers the history of the Russian Empire from 1914, the Russian economy in that era, society, and the Petrograd February Revolution.

Chapter 3 – Nazism and the Rise of Hitler

This lesson allows students to comprehend how Nazism emerged and its reasons. Due to the first World War, most resources in Europe were drained. Then, Germany tried to colonise Belgium and France due to the strong American allies, and they lost. The great depression and radicalism in European politics soon ended in the rise of Hitler. The chapter briefly explains Hitler’s rise to power and how it broke the democracy of the country. The chapter then continues to cover the emergence of Nazism all over Europe and the Second World War. It also includes crucial topics such as how Nazism and its propaganda spread influenced the youth.

Chapter 4 – Forest Society and Colonialism

In this chapter, students can learn how extensive deforestation has flagged off the culture of urbanisation. The chapter includes how early colonialism attempted to improve land, sleepers on tracks and the rise of plantations worldwide. It also covers forest commercialisation and how the British introduced property systems into India. The rise of commercial forestry affected several aspects of life, including the people, the cultivation of crops and who could hunt. The chapter then discusses the forest rebellions and the initial Javan transformations, which involve deforestation, war, and developments in the forestry sector.

Chapter 5 – Pastoralists in the Modern World

The chapter talks about nomadic pastoralists, the effects of colonialism on their lives, and how it affects the people. It also looks deeply at how colonialism affected the countries of India and Africa. Students can find explanations of the straightforward relations between colonialism and pastoral life. The chapters showcase how pastoralists survived with adaptations and how the process of colonialism influenced their lives.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Who was Karl Marx, and what did he believe in?

Karl Marx was a philosopher who supported socialism. His belief was that they should liberate from the exploitation of capitalism. He wanted workers to construct a fundamentally socialist society, where all the resources were socially owned and controlled.

2. Who were the ‘greens’ and ‘whites’?

The Greens and Whites were the groups of people who stood against the Bolshevik Revolution. They began a civil war and were backed by the French, British, American, and Japanese troops as these countries worried about the rise of socialism in Russia.

3. List a few democratic rights we enjoy today whose origins could be traced to the French Revolution.

The following are a few of the democratic rights we enjoy today that can be traced back to the French Revolution:

  1. Right to equality comprises equality before the law, prohibiting discrimination, and equality of opportunity concerning employment.
  2. The right to freedom of speech and expression includes the privilege to practise any profession or occupation.
  3. Right against exploitation.
  4. Right to life.
  5. Right to vote.

4. Which groups in French society benefited most from the revolution? Which groups were forced to renounce power? Which sections of French society would have been disappointed with the outcome of the revolution?

(i) Groups that benefited from the French revolution included peasants, small peasants, landless labour, servants, enslaved people, lawyers, doctors, and workers.

(ii) People of the first estate (novel) and people of the second estate (clergy) were forced to give up power.

5. What were the major causes of the French revolution?

The major factors contributing to the French revolution were: 

  1. The estate system
  2. Absolutism 
  3. Concepts from the ‘Enlightenment.’ 
  4. The American revolution
  5. Poverty and food scarcity